2020s in LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time
  • July 1
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    AL HB322 mandates that: An individual or group of individuals providing classroom instruction to students in kindergarten through the fifth grade at a public K-12 school shall not engage in classroom discussion or provide classroom instruction regarding sexual orientation or gender identity in a manner that is not age appropriate or developmentally appropriate for students in accordance with state standards. The State Board of Education shall adopt rules for the implementation and enforcement of this section. It was signed by Gov. Kay Ivey on April 7th 2022 and will go into effect on the first day of the third month following said signature.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Florida HB 1557 bans discussions of sexuality and gender identity in public schools. It also prohibits districts from withholding information from parents unless they believe it may result in abuse/neglect. It also mandates parents to screen any health questionnaires before the school year begins. Districts that violate this policy can be sued for statutory damages and court fees.
  • May 11
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The amendment, introduced in the context of the bill on the "Personal Doctor", introduces a ban on so-called "treatments or conversion practices", ie methods aimed at changing or suppressing the sexual orientation, the gender identity or expression of an LGBT+ individual. The amendment, however, does not include adults who, as stated in Parliament, can undergo conversion therapy with their consent. There is also no mention of people practicing these therapies other than specialists, leaving a legal loophole for spiritual leaders and priests. The LGBT+ organizations protested and demanded the inclusion of all the above
  • May 10
    Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    In May 10, 2022 the Greek Minister of Health, Thanos Plevris submitted an amendment to the bill for the “personal doctor”, based on article 1 of which institutes the prohibition of practical conversions to vulnerable individuals by professionals. With the term "professionals" the amendment defines those who receive remuneration to proceed with such "treatments", leaving a legal gap in practices e.g. of the Church, such as exorcism or other covert practices, which do not involve remuneration. Also, the term "vulnerable" means minors or those who are under legal assistance. At the same time, the provision prohibits professionals from inviting, promoting or advertising conversion practices performed by themselves or other third parties, professionals or not. Violation of the law in addition to the prescribed disciplinary and administrative sanctions, will be punished with imprisonment and a fine, while the repeated commission of the above act constitutes an aggravating circumstance.
  • March 16
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In 2022, France removed the deferral period for gay and bi men donating blood, replacing it with a new policy that applies to all donors, regardless of sexual orientation.
  • February 15
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    With 112 affirmative votes and 8 opposition votes, the parliament of New Zealand has passed a law banning conversion therapy on February 15, 2022.
  • January 27
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned under bill 483
  • January 25
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The National Assembly approved the new law unanimously, voting 142-0 on Tuesday evening.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    As part of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    As part of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    In all of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    In all of France
  • January 10
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In January 10, 2022 the Greek Minister of Health, Thanos Plevris, and the Deputy Minister of Health, Mina Gaga signed the determination of the content of the "Blood Donor History". In the new form, sexual orientation is disconnected from the criteria that must be met by prospective blood donors.
  • January 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Conversion therapy in Canada is banned nationwide under bill C-4(44-1) which recieved Royal Assent on December 8th 2021 and went into effect 30 days after on January 7th 2020. Two previous legislative attempts failed.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In September 2021 it was announced that gay and bi men would legally be able to donate blood after a deferral period of 4 months, effective from January 2022.
  • December 9
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    The new law that legalizes same-sex marriage also provides adoption benefits to same-sex couples.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The Chilean president has signed into law a bill that was approved by the Congress legalizing same-sex marriage.
  • December 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned in all of Canada
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned in all of Canada
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned through all of Canada
  • November 2
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    The Michigan Secretary of State permits individuals to request a ‘Nonbinary (X)’ sex designation on their state ID and driver’s license.
  • October 28
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes varies by region.
    Censorship became "other punishment" in the state of Texas, and in Florida Govt. DeSantis wants to ban LGBT topics from being discussed in schools.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes other punishment.
    Numerous schools and libraries in Texas have been instructed to terminate or remove books with topics that, quote un quote "make students feel uneasy". The topics under fire include (but are not limited to) transgender identity, same-sex relationships and gender identity. Teachers that ignore this law could be fired.
  • October 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation."
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation."
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation." Section 139 of the Labour Act of 2004 repealed the Labour Act of 1992 which in Section 107 prohibited sexual orientation discrimination.
  • September 26
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Switzerland approved same-sex marriage with a national referendum. The law will come in effect on 1st July, 2022.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    The new law of same sex marriage for Switzerland also guarantees adoption rights for same sex couples.
  • September 24
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes ambiguous.
    The Greek Minister of Health requested the review of the “Blood Donor History” form of the National Blood Donation Center, which, among other things, prohibits anyone who has had even a homosexual relationship since 1977 from becoming a voluntary blood donor.
  • September 23
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The congress of Sonora has voted to legalize same sex marriage.
  • September 22
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The congress of Querétaro approved to legalize same sex marriage.
  • September 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    People who are in a monogamous same sex relationship can now donate blood without deferral.
  • August 25
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Yucatán Congress voted unanimously for prison sentences of up to three years for anyone administering conversion therapy treatment. Those who administer therapy on minors can be faced with up to six years of prison sentences.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The Yucatán Congress passed the marriage equality bill in a 20-5 vote margin.
  • August 16
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Blood donation criteria brought in line with UK rules, after being delayed since June 2021.
  • August 6
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Sexual Offences and Obscene Publications Act was revised to ban any therapy that attempts to change or suppress a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • August 3
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Senate approved the bill that modifies and strengthens Law No. 20,609, which establishes measures against discrimination, adding as arbitrary discrimination any act, practice and/or medical, psychological, psychiatric treatment or of any other nature that aims to modify the sexual orientation or gender identity and expression of a person or a group of people.
  • July 21
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Decree in place since july 21th of 2021 as of Presidential Decree N ° 476/21. Recognizing identities outside the male and female binomial by incorporating the nomenclature "X" in the National Identity Document as an option, for all people who do not identify themselves as male or female.
  • July 15
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On July 15, The governor of Minnesota signed an executive order restricting conversion therapy for LGBTQ youth in the state.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    In July 2020, the Parliament of Montenegro passed a bill to recognise life partnerships for same-sex couples and started recognising them in July 2021.
  • June 30
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel declared unconstitutional a state law requiring sex-reassignment surgery to change the sex designation on a birth certificate.
  • June 29
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    "fin des descriminations au don du sang pour les hommes ayant des relations sexuelles avec des hommes."
  • June 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The legalization of same-sex marriage was approved in a unanimous vote in Sinaloa, however, a number of lawmakers abstained to vote.
  • June 14
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In line with England and UK.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In line with UK rules.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The 3-month deferral for MSM has been dropped in England, Wales and Scotland. Instead, donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate. Northern Ireland is due to follow suit with these changes in September 2021.
  • June 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On 7 June 2021, in delivering the verdict on this case, Justice N Anand Venkatesh prohibited Conversion Therapy with India becoming only the 2nd country in Asia to ban conversion therapy behind Taiwan
  • June
    Same-sex marriage becomes unregistered cohabitation.
    Cambodian national law does not recognize same sex marriage. Some provinces have begun recognizing lesbian partnerships as marriages. As of June 2021, same sex relationship recognition offering limited legal rights known as "declaration of family relationship" was available in 68 Communes.
  • May 5
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Despite not having same-sex marriage, Croatia allows joint adoption for same-sex couples.
  • May 3
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (up to life in prison as punishment).
    The Sexual Offences Bill (2019), first tabled in 2015, criminalises sexual activity between persons of the same gender.
  • March 16
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Nationwide
  • March
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned by passing of Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Bill 2020
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Same sex couples banned from adopting.
  • February 17
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Same-sex sexual activity was decriminalized in Bhutan on February 17, 2021.
  • January 31
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Reduced to 3-months on Jan 31, 2021.
  • January 25
    Serving openly in military becomes varies by region.
    Biden administration overturns Trump administration's policy against transgender people serving in the military, however, Texas govt. Greg Abbot kept the ban in place for his state.
  • (date unknown)
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Non-Binary people will now have access to a 3rd gender option in government documents, should come into effect shortly.
  • January
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Hungary’s parliament has passed a law banning gay people from featuring in school educational materials or TV shows for under-18s, as Viktor Orbán’s ruling party intensified its campaign against LGBT rights.
  • December 15
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Although same-sex couples cannot adopt jointly, adoption by individuals is illegal regardless of sexual orientation or partnership status. Stepchild adoption is only available for married (different-sex) couples.
  • December 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    12 month deferral periods were dropped to 3 months across multiple categories of donor, including MSMs.
  • September 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    Civil Partnership Law, 2020
  • August 13
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Health Leislation Ammendment Act of 2020 modified the Public Health Act of 2005 to make conversion therapy illegal. Penalties are up to 18 months in jail for attempting to change or suppress a person's sexual orientation or gender identity using practices such as aversion therapy, hypnotherapy and psychoanalysis.
  • July 31
    Conversion therapy becomes varies by region.
    Some states have banned conversion therapy. Nationwide ban pending.
  • July 23
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Conversion Therapy is banned in Israel
  • July 16
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (up to life in prison as punishment).
    5 years in prison for the first offender(article 148). Third offenders is punishable by life imprisonment
  • June 29
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Serving openly in the military is legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual acts are not criminalized.
  • June 15
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As of June 15th, 2020 the Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that discrimination in employment based on sexual orientation or gender identity is illegal under Title VII the Civil Rights Act of 1964, classified as sex discrimination.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As of June 15, 2020, all persons working for employers that employ more than 15 people are protected from discrimination based solely on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity via the Supreme Court's landmark decision in Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Employment distribution protection for sexual orientation and gender identity is now included in "sex" in Title VII. Other forms of protection (housing for example) are not yet present.
  • June 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unregistered cohabitation.
    The Uttarakhand High Court acknowledged that cohabitation and "live-in relationships" are protected by law.
  • June 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    1-year deferral reduced to a 3-month deferral in line with other UK regions (at the time).
  • May 28
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    On International Transgender Day of Visibility 2020 Hungary's parliament submitted a bill to amend the definition of sex to match sex at birth, making it impossible for individuals to change their legal gender.
  • May 26
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Adoption was legalized for gay couples when gay marriage became legal. Single individuals (whether gay or straight) have been allowed to adopt equally before then.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Same-sex marriage in Costa Rica has been legal since May 26, 2020 as a result of a ruling by the Supreme Court of Justice. Costa Rica was the first country in Central America to recognize and perform same-sex marriages.
  • May 8
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The Supreme Court has ruled that the blood donation ban is unconstitutional in May of 2020.
  • May 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Same birth laws that allowed gender change without GRS.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Amended birth certificate laws.
  • May
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned for minors.
  • April 20
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • April 2
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers in Washington follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    3-month deferral in line with FDA guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    The FDA announced changes to blood donor eligibility policy on 2nd April 2020, reducing the MSM deferral period from 12 months to 3 months, it is not legally binding but most agencies and the American Red Cross treat it as such.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In July 2019, Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn announced that the deferral period would be reduced to four months of abstinence from 2 April 2020.
  • March 31
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    There is now an option to have “X” written for the gender mark on your license.
  • March 8
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On the 7th of March Germany banned Conversion Therapy for minors.
  • February 11
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Law was changed to allow trans people to apply through the family court under section 28 of the Births, Deaths, Marriages, and Relationship Registration Act 1995.
  • January 22
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Utah is the 19th U.S State to ban conversion therapy.
  • January 13
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Marriage equality in Northern Ireland was brought into line with the rest of the UK via the Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality is legal, even inside Poland's LGBT-free zones, and the penal code cannot be revised for each local government as Poland is not a federal state.
  • January 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Rule 5 CCR 1006-1 states that Colorado citizens can update their birth certificate and driver’s license to include their correct gender information.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Jude’s Law lets a person who does not identify as male or female to check an ‘X’ box on a Colorado issued driver’s license or identification. This law also allows for a new birth certificate with the correct information to be issued to the individual.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In 2020, the 12-month deferral period was scrapped, with individualised risk assessment introduced.