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LGBT Rights in Finland

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal

Recent surveys in Finland have revealed a mixed response towards LGBTQ+ rights and issues.

History

Homosexual activity in Finland

?

Homosexual activity in Finland is legal.

Current status
Since 1971
Legal
It was not until 1980s that homosexuality was not treated as an illness
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
Before 1971, homosexuality was illegal and punished by prison
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Finland

?

Same-sex marriage in Finland is legal.

Current status
Since Mar 1, 2017
Legal
Finland voted to legalize full marriage for same-sex couples on November 28, 2014, but it went into effect on March 1, 2017.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2017030…//yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/same-sex_marriage_law_goes_into_effect_in_finland/9486556
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 8, 2014–Mar 1, 2017
Legal
After various referendums that asked the Finnish public on gay marriage, they finally cleared the last referendum in the 22nd of February, and gay marriage was finally allowed since this date.
Added by b_ashh  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 28, 2001–Nov 28, 2014
Other type of partnership
Same-sex couples are legally able to form registered partnerships
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Finland

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Finland is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Finland, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Finland

?

Right to change legal gender in Finland is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since Apr 3, 2023
Legal, surgery not required
A new legislation lifted the former requirements for gender-affirming surgery and sterilization in order to legally change one’s gender.
Recognition will be available for adults upon written application after a mandatory 30-day "period of reflection".
Minors under the age of 18 are not allowed to change their gender status.
The new law comes in effect on April 3rd 2023.
Added by Samanthos  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2003–Apr 3, 2023
Legal, but requires surgery
The authorities shall recognise a person as belonging to the opposite sex to that recorded on the population register, provided they:
• Provides a medical report testifying that they permanently experience being a member of the opposite sex and that they live in the gender roles of those and that they have been sterilized or are otherwise incapable of having children
• They are an adult
• They are not married or in a registered partnership; unless the spouse or partner gives their consent in which case a marriage become a registered partnership and a registered partnership becomes a marriage
• They are a Finnish citizen or is resident in Finland
Added by Fandorine  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Finland

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Finland is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Finland does not currently recognize non-binary identities.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Finland

?

LGBT discrimination in Finland is illegal.

Current status
Since Feb 1, 2004
Illegal
Lgbtq+ from Finland are protected from all types of discrimination
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Finland

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Finland is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Feb 1, 2004
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Finland

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Finland is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Feb 1, 2004
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Finland

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Same-sex adoption in Finland is legal.

Current status
Since Mar 1, 2017
Legal
Full adoption is now legal in Finland.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 15, 2009–Mar 1, 2017
Step-child adoption only
Only able to adopt child of the other partner
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Finland

?

Serving openly in military in Finland is legal.

Current status
Legal
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Finland

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Blood donations by MSMs in Finland is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since May 3, 2021
Banned (3-month deferral)
Since May 3, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to four months.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 12, 2014–May 3, 2021
Banned (1-year deferral)
Before May 3, 2021, Finland had a one year deferral period.
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until May 11, 2014
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Finland

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Conversion therapy in Finland is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Conversion therapy ban pending. Many of the general public have demanded and protested to ban it.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Finland

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Equal age of consent in Finland is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1999
Equal
The age of consent of 16 years is equal for everyone.
Added by sykke  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log