LGBT Equality Index

The Most LGBT-Friendly Countries in the World

The Equality Index measures the current status of LGBT rights, laws, and freedoms as well as public attitudes towards LGBT people.
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Equality Index ?
0 (Less Equal)
100 (More Equal)

Equality Index by Continent

Average LGBTQ+ Equality Index scores of each continent.

ContinentEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
South America 12 countries
65 / 100
80 / 100
48 / 100
Europe 51 countries
63
79
44
Oceania 14 countries
61
63
70
North America 23 countries
51
65
33
Asia 44 countries
36
43
28
Africa 54 countries
33
43
18

Equality Index by Region

Australia and New Zealand, the Nordic countries, and parts of Europe rank highest in terms of the Equality Index while the Middle East and most of Africa (with the exception of South Africa) rank lowest — both in terms of legal protections and public opinion.

RegionEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
North America 2 countries
86 / 100
98 / 100
73 / 100
Nordic Countries 5 countries
83
90
76
Australia and New Zealand 2 countries
83
95
70
British Islands 3 countries
81
88
68
Western Europe 9 countries
79
91
66
South America 12 countries
65
80
48
Southern Europe 16 countries
62
80
41
Central America 8 countries
61
79
39
Melanesia 4 countries
60
60
Not enough data
Micronesia 5 countries
59
59
Not enough data
Southern Africa 5 countries
54
69
38
Baltic Countries 3 countries
53
76
29
Polynesia 3 countries
52
52
Not enough data
Eastern Europe 10 countries
48
68
28
Eastern Asia 6 countries
46
59
35
Central Africa 9 countries
41
52
21
Southern and Central Asia 14 countries
40
49
22
Caribbean 13 countries
39
51
22
Southeast Asia 11 countries
38
42
31
Eastern Africa 17 countries
32
43
16
Middle East 18 countries
29
40
21
Western Africa 16 countries
29
42
12
Northern Africa 7 countries
17
15
20
Show 18 More

World Equality Index

Which countries are the most LGBT-friendly?

The Legal Index scores the legal rights and freedoms LGBTQ+ people have while the Public Opinion Index scores how the general public feels in each region.

CountryEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
1. Iceland90 / 10094 / 10086 / 100
2. Canada9010079
3. Isle of Man8888
4. Uruguay8710075
5. Norway869081
6. Netherlands849673
7. Australia849473
8. Switzerland839869
9. Germany839670
10. Sweden838976
11. Vanuatu8383
12. United Kingdom828975
13. Brazil8210064
14. Andorra829173
15. Argentina829767
16. Malta829865
17. New Zealand819568
18. United States819667
19. San Marino819271
20. Spain809071
21. Fiji8080
22. Liechtenstein809169
23. Denmark808673
24. Belgium799067
25. Luxembourg789463
26. Belize7878
27. South Africa789759
28. France789363
29. Chile779559
30. Finland779163
31. Mexico779757
32. Cuba757873
33. Israel749751
34. Ireland748860
35. Austria738957
36. Portugal739650
37. Czech Republic728559
38. Suriname7272
39. Costa Rica729251
40. Monaco7171
41. Cape Verde696177
42. Samoa6969
43. Djibouti6868
44. Palau6868
45. Seychelles6868
46. Nepal688352
47. Colombia688847
48. Ecuador679540
49. Marshall Islands6666
50. Equatorial Guinea6464
51. India648147
52. Italy647354
53. Angola637947
54. Taiwan637847
55. Slovenia627748
56. Mozambique626956
57. Mauritius627152
58. Greece628638
59. Japan616756
60. Laos6161
61. Guinea-Bissau6060
62. Kosovo5959
63. Cyprus598533
64. Vatican City5959
65. Tajikistan5959
66. Namibia586255
67. Nauru5858
68. Croatia588333
69. Nicaragua587739
70. Federated States of Micronesia5858
71. Peru577738
72. Estonia577936
73. Bhutan5757
74. Venezuela576847
75. Bolivia567637
76. Botswana567537
77. Bahamas5656
78. Uzbekistan5555
79. El Salvador547633
80. Slovakia547038
81. Philippines545454
82. Guatemala547631
83. Timor-Leste5353
84. Bulgaria527925
85. Honduras527529
86. Lithuania527826
87. Hungary526439
88. Democratic Republic of the Congo5252
89. Sao Tome and Principe516043
90. Vietnam506238
91. Montenegro498316
92. Latvia497127
93. Romania497225
94. Poland485640
95. Thailand475638
96. Serbia477619
97. South Korea475836
98. Bahrain475242
99. Tonga4747
100. Panama465835
101. Kiribati4646
102. Bosnia and Herzegovina467617
103. Georgia46839
104. Albania447811
105. Papua New Guinea4444
106. Lesotho446819
107. Gabon447314
108. Paraguay445235
109. Cambodia445829
110. Sri Lanka434640
111. Turkmenistan4343
112. China425330
113. Kazakhstan427113
114. Mongolia42786
115. Ukraine416914
116. Trinidad and Tobago415527
117. Kyrgyzstan406911
118. Burkina Faso40736
119. Tuvalu4040
120. Dominican Republic404732
121. Grenada406118
122. Indonesia396019
123. Belarus386214
124. Madagascar386511
125. Saint Lucia375817
126. Turkey375321
127. Moldova37677
128. North Macedonia365815
129. Russia365517
130. Haiti366210
131. Benin355514
132. Syria353336
133. Pakistan344722
134. Barbados3434
135. Lebanon345018
136. Rwanda34626
137. Armenia34635
138. Republic of the Congo345711
139. Mali34607
140. Côte d’Ivoire335313
141. Eswatini334422
142. Singapore333234
143. Jamaica324916
144. Saint Kitts and Nevis325015
145. Solomon Islands3131
146. Guyana313923
147. Niger31566
148. Maldives3131
149. Sierra Leone30537
150. Azerbaijan29544
151. Zimbabwe29508
152. Dominica274114
153. Morocco272133
154. Central African Republic2626
155. Burundi264210
156. Antigua and Barbuda263417
157. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines24418
158. Liberia24409
159. Kuwait2424
160. Ghana24407
161. Bangladesh233611
162. Kenya233511
163. Jordan23424
164. Eritrea2323
165. South Sudan2323
166. Malawi22395
167. North Korea2222
168. Zambia22377
169. Togo223310
170. Comoros2121
171. Palestine21385
172. Cameroon20319
173. Tanzania202613
174. Guinea19336
175. Oman1919
176. Myanmar181917
177. Qatar1818
178. Tunisia182214
179. Senegal17313
180. Algeria16626
181. Iraq15624
182. Uganda15273
183. Chad15273
184. Ethiopia141810
185. Malaysia14919
186. Sudan141215
187. Egypt121410
188. Nigeria10138
189. Gambia9153
190. Libya88
191. Iran694
192. Somalia55
193. Mauritania435
194. Yemen33
195. Saudi Arabia22
196. Brunei22
197. United Arab Emirates22
198. Afghanistan102

Equality Index Methodology

Equaldex's Equality Index is a rating from 0 to 100 (with 100 being the most equal) to help visualize the legal rights and public attitudes towards LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex...) people in each region. The Equality Index is an average of two indexes: the legal index and the public opinion Index.

Legal Index

The LGBT legal index measures the current legal status of 13 different issues ranging from the legal status of homosexuality, same-sex marriage, transgender rights, LGBT discrimination protections, LGBT censorship laws, and more. Each topic is weighted differently (for example, if same-sex marriage is illegal in a region, it would have a much bigger impact on the score than not allowing LGBT people to serve in the military). Each topic is assigned a "total possible score" and a "score" is assigned based the status of the law using a rating scale that ranges from 0% to 100% (for example, if homosexuality is legal, it would would receive a score of 100, but if it's illegal, it would receve a score of 0.) If the status of an issue is unknown, not applicable, or no data has not been added to Equaldex, the issue's score is completely discarded and not included in the ranking.

Legal Index = (Total Possible Score for each issue × Factor of Status of Issue) / Sum of all Total Possible Scores

IssueTotal Possible ScoreStatusFactor
Homosexual activity100Legal×1.00
Illegal (other penalty)×0.30
Male illegal, female legal×0.60
Male illegal, female uncertain×0.50
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)×0.00
Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)×0.10
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)×0.20
Same-sex marriage60Legal×1.00
Other type of partnership×0.50
Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only×0.40
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned×0.30
Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official×0.20
Unrecognized×0.10
Unregistered cohabitation×0.10
Not legal×0.00
Civil unions×0.70
Censorship of LGBT Issues45Imprisonment as punishment×0.00
Fine as punishment×0.30
Other punishment×0.15
No censorship×1.00
State-enforced×0.40
Right to change legal gender40Legal, surgery not required×1.00
Illegal×0.00
Legal, but requires surgery×0.70
Legal recognition of non-binary gender30Recognized×1.00
Not legally recognized×0.00
Intersex only×0.70
LGBT discrimination25Illegal×1.00
No protections×0.00
Illegal in some contexts×0.50
LGBT employment discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
No protections×0.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
LGBT housing discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
No protections×0.00
Same-sex adoption15Legal×1.00
Married couples only×0.50
Single only×0.40
Step-child adoption only×0.20
Illegal×0.00
Serving openly in military15Legal×1.00
Don't Ask, Don't Tell×0.50
Illegal×0.00
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned×0.70
Blood donations by MSMs10Legal×1.00
Banned (indefinite deferral)×0.00
Banned (5-year deferral)×0.10
Banned (1-year deferral)×0.15
Banned (6-month deferral)×0.20
Banned (3-month deferral)×0.30
Conversion therapy15Banned×1.00
Not banned×0.00
Equal age of consent10Equal×1.00
Unequal×0.00

Public Opinion Index

The LGBT public opinion index measures the public attitudes towards LGBT people using surveys and polls from reputable organizations. This index is scored based on averaging the results of all surveys in a given region. Generally, the value averaged is usually the most “equal” response in the poll. For example, if a poll asked “Do you support same-sex marriage?” and 56% of people said “yes”, the value “56” would be used. In some cases, a survey may be weighted less if the survey is very specific or includes a specific group of people (such as Christians) and might not be a full representation of the overall attitudes of the region.

Note that public opinion data is not available in every region. In these cases, the Equality Index will only be a representation of the legal rights of LGBT people in the region. In some regions with no recent public opinion data, older data is used to score the region.

Notes

  • Equaldex's Equality Index is constantly being improved and tracking it over time may not represent changes in equality over time. As more data is contributed to Equaldex, the index becomes more accurate. For example, adding survey results to a region will likely change the region's Equality Index — even more so if there is limited data on the region. In this case, the change in score could represent a change in attitudes in the region, but it may also just be an increase in the index's accuracy.
  • Global opinion surveys rarely include transgender topics. Especially in more conservative regions, surveys are usually limited to homosexuality or same-sex marriage. Equaldex continues to seek more international transgender public opinion data to make the Equality Index more inclusive.