LGBT Equality Index

The Most LGBT-Friendly Countries in the World

The Equality Index measures the current status of LGBT rights, laws, and freedoms as well as public attitudes towards LGBT people.
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Equality Index ?
0 (Less Equal)
100 (More Equal)

Equality Index by Continent

Average LGBTQ+ Equality Index scores of each continent.

ContinentEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
South America 12 countries
65 / 100
80 / 100
48 / 100
Europe 51 countries
63
81
44
Oceania 14 countries
61
63
70
North America 23 countries
51
66
33
Asia 44 countries
35
42
28
Africa 54 countries
32
42
18

Equality Index by Region

Australia and New Zealand, the Nordic countries, and parts of Europe rank highest in terms of the Equality Index while the Middle East and most of Africa (with the exception of South Africa) rank lowest — both in terms of legal protections and public opinion.

RegionEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
North America 2 countries
86 / 100
98 / 100
73 / 100
Nordic Countries 5 countries
83
89
76
Australia and New Zealand 2 countries
83
95
70
British Islands 3 countries
82
88
68
Western Europe 9 countries
79
91
66
South America 12 countries
65
80
48
Southern Europe 16 countries
64
83
41
Melanesia 4 countries
60
60
Not enough data
Micronesia 5 countries
59
59
Not enough data
Central America 8 countries
59
73
39
Baltic Countries 3 countries
55
80
29
Southern Africa 5 countries
53
69
38
Polynesia 3 countries
52
52
Not enough data
Eastern Europe 10 countries
48
68
28
Eastern Asia 6 countries
47
62
35
Central Africa 9 countries
44
56
21
Caribbean 13 countries
41
56
22
Southeast Asia 11 countries
39
45
31
Southern and Central Asia 14 countries
39
47
22
Western Africa 16 countries
29
42
12
Eastern Africa 17 countries
28
39
16
Middle East 18 countries
28
38
21
Northern Africa 7 countries
17
15
20
Show 18 More

World Equality Index

Which countries are the most LGBT-friendly?

The Legal Index scores the legal rights and freedoms LGBTQ+ people have while the Public Opinion Index scores how the general public feels in each region.

CountryEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
1. Iceland90 / 10094 / 10086 / 100
2. Canada9010079
3. Isle of Man8888
4. Uruguay8710075
5. Norway869081
6. Andorra859773
7. Netherlands859673
8. Germany849870
9. United Kingdom849275
10. Australia849473
11. Switzerland839869
12. Vanuatu8383
13. Denmark829273
14. Argentina829767
15. Malta829865
16. New Zealand819568
17. United States819667
18. San Marino819271
19. Sweden818676
20. Brazil819864
21. Cuba818973
22. Spain809071
23. Fiji8080
24. Liechtenstein809169
25. Luxembourg789463
26. Belize7878
27. Chile789859
28. France789363
29. Belgium778767
30. South Africa769359
31. Israel749751
32. Finland748463
33. Austria739057
34. Portugal739650
35. Ireland728560
36. Mexico728757
37. Suriname7272
38. Costa Rica729251
39. Monaco7171
40. Vatican City7171
41. Cape Verde696177
42. Samoa6969
43. Palau6868
44. Seychelles6868
45. Slovenia688748
46. Nepal688352
47. Colombia688847
48. Ecuador689540
49. Czech Republic677659
50. Marshall Islands6666
51. Japan657556
52. Taiwan658347
53. Equatorial Guinea6464
54. Italy647354
55. Angola637947
56. India637947
57. Mozambique626956
58. Mauritius627152
59. Greece628638
60. Kosovo6161
61. Guinea-Bissau6060
62. Bolivia608237
63. Estonia598336
64. Cyprus598533
65. Namibia586255
66. Nauru5858
67. Croatia588333
68. Laos5858
69. Federated States of Micronesia5858
70. Philippines586254
71. Peru577738
72. Bhutan5757
73. Venezuela576847
74. Central African Republic5757
75. Botswana567537
76. Slovakia567438
77. Bahamas5656
78. Tajikistan5555
79. Latvia548227
80. Timor-Leste5353
81. Thailand526638
82. Bulgaria527925
83. Vietnam526638
84. Hungary526439
85. Democratic Republic of the Congo5252
86. South Korea516636
87. Nicaragua516339
88. Sao Tome and Principe516043
89. Guatemala517031
90. El Salvador506833
91. Lithuania507426
92. Montenegro498316
93. Honduras496929
94. Poland495740
95. Singapore496434
96. Romania487125
97. Ukraine478114
98. Serbia477619
99. Bahrain475242
100. Tonga4747
101. Panama465835
102. Kiribati4646
103. Bosnia and Herzegovina467617
104. North Macedonia467815
105. Uzbekistan4646
106. Albania447811
107. Papua New Guinea4444
108. Georgia44799
109. Lesotho446819
110. Gabon447314
111. Cambodia445829
112. Paraguay435035
113. Trinidad and Tobago425727
114. China425330
115. Mongolia42786
116. Dominican Republic415132
117. Antigua and Barbuda416617
118. Sri Lanka414140
119. Saint Kitts and Nevis406615
120. Burkina Faso40736
121. Turkmenistan4040
122. Tuvalu4040
123. Grenada406118
124. Kyrgyzstan396711
125. Turkey395721
126. Belarus386214
127. Madagascar386511
128. Kazakhstan376213
129. Saint Lucia375817
130. Moldova37677
131. Russia355317
132. Syria353436
133. Benin355514
134. Barbados3434
135. Rwanda34626
136. Republic of the Congo345711
137. Mali34607
138. Haiti335710
139. Pakistan334522
140. Côte d’Ivoire335313
141. Eswatini334422
142. Armenia33615
143. Jamaica324916
144. Solomon Islands3131
145. Maldives3131
146. Sierra Leone30537
147. Guyana303623
148. Niger29536
149. Zimbabwe29508
150. Azerbaijan28524
151. Dominica274114
152. Morocco272133
153. Kuwait2727
154. Indonesia273519
155. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines25438
156. Lebanon253218
157. Burundi253910
158. Kenya253811
159. Liberia24409
160. Ghana24407
161. Bangladesh233611
162. Jordan23424
163. Comoros2222
164. Malawi22395
165. Zambia22377
166. Togo223310
167. South Sudan2121
168. Cameroon20319
169. Eritrea2020
170. Tanzania202613
171. Myanmar192117
172. North Korea1818
173. Guinea18316
174. Tunisia182214
175. Senegal17313
176. Palestine16275
177. Algeria16626
178. Chad16283
179. Iraq15624
180. Uganda15273
181. Ethiopia141810
182. Malaysia14919
183. Oman1414
184. Sudan141215
185. Qatar1313
186. Egypt121410
187. Nigeria10138
188. Gambia10173
189. Libya88
190. Iran7104
191. United Arab Emirates55
192. Djibouti33
193. Mauritania305
194. Somalia22
195. Brunei22
196. Afghanistan102
197. Saudi Arabia00
198. Yemen00

Equality Index Methodology

Equaldex's Equality Index is a rating from 0 to 100 (with 100 being the most equal) to help visualize the legal rights and public attitudes towards LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex...) people in each region. The Equality Index is an average of two indexes: the legal index and the public opinion Index.

Legal Index

The LGBT legal index measures the current legal status of 13 different issues ranging from the legal status of homosexuality, same-sex marriage, transgender rights, LGBT discrimination protections, LGBT censorship laws, and more. Each topic is weighted differently (for example, if same-sex marriage is illegal in a region, it would have a much bigger impact on the score than not allowing LGBT people to serve in the military). Each topic is assigned a "total possible score" and a "score" is assigned based the status of the law using a rating scale that ranges from 0% to 100% (for example, if homosexuality is legal, it would would receive a score of 100, but if it's illegal, it would receve a score of 0.) If the status of an issue is unknown, not applicable, or no data has not been added to Equaldex, the issue's score is completely discarded and not included in the ranking.

Legal Index = (Total Possible Score for each issue × Factor of Status of Issue) / Sum of all Total Possible Scores

IssueTotal Possible ScoreStatusFactor
Homosexual activity100Legal×1.00
Illegal (other penalty)×0.30
Male illegal, female legal×0.60
Male illegal, female uncertain×0.50
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)×0.00
Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)×0.10
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)×0.20
Same-sex marriage60Legal×1.00
Other type of partnership×0.50
Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only×0.40
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned×0.30
Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official×0.20
Unrecognized×0.10
Unregistered cohabitation×0.10
Not legal×0.00
Civil unions×0.70
Censorship of LGBT Issues45Imprisonment as punishment×0.00
Fine as punishment×0.30
Other punishment×0.15
No censorship×1.00
State-enforced×0.40
Right to change legal gender40Legal, surgery not required×1.00
Illegal×0.00
Legal, but requires surgery×0.70
Legal recognition of non-binary gender30Recognized×1.00
Not legally recognized×0.00
Intersex only×0.70
LGBT discrimination25Illegal×1.00
No protections×0.00
Illegal in some contexts×0.50
LGBT employment discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
No protections×0.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
LGBT housing discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
No protections×0.00
Same-sex adoption15Legal×1.00
Married couples only×0.50
Single only×0.40
Step-child adoption only×0.20
Illegal×0.00
Serving openly in military15Legal×1.00
Don't Ask, Don't Tell×0.50
Illegal×0.00
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned×0.70
Blood donations by MSMs10Legal×1.00
Banned (indefinite deferral)×0.00
Banned (5-year deferral)×0.10
Banned (1-year deferral)×0.15
Banned (6-month deferral)×0.20
Banned (3-month deferral)×0.30
Conversion therapy15Banned×1.00
Not banned×0.00
Equal age of consent10Equal×1.00
Unequal×0.00

Public Opinion Index

The LGBT public opinion index measures the public attitudes towards LGBT people using surveys and polls from reputable organizations. This index is scored based on averaging the results of all surveys in a given region. Generally, the value averaged is usually the most “equal” response in the poll. For example, if a poll asked “Do you support same-sex marriage?” and 56% of people said “yes”, the value “56” would be used. In some cases, a survey may be weighted less if the survey is very specific or includes a specific group of people (such as Christians) and might not be a full representation of the overall attitudes of the region.

Note that public opinion data is not available in every region. In these cases, the Equality Index will only be a representation of the legal rights of LGBT people in the region. In some regions with no recent public opinion data, older data is used to score the region.

Notes

  • Equaldex's Equality Index is constantly being improved and tracking it over time may not represent changes in equality over time. As more data is contributed to Equaldex, the index becomes more accurate. For example, adding survey results to a region will likely change the region's Equality Index — even more so if there is limited data on the region. In this case, the change in score could represent a change in attitudes in the region, but it may also just be an increase in the index's accuracy.
  • Global opinion surveys rarely include transgender topics. Especially in more conservative regions, surveys are usually limited to homosexuality or same-sex marriage. Equaldex continues to seek more international transgender public opinion data to make the Equality Index more inclusive.