LGBT Equality Index

The most LGBT-Friendly Countries in the World.

The Equality Index measures the current status of LGBT rights, laws, and freedoms as well as public attitudes towards LGBT people.
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Equality Index ?
0 (Less Equal)
100 (More Equal)

Equality Index by Continent

Average LGBTQ+ Equality Index scores of each continent.

ContinentEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
South America 12 countries
63 / 100
77 / 100
48 / 100
Europe 51 countries
62
78
44
Oceania 14 countries
59
60
70
North America 23 countries
50
63
33
Asia 44 countries
35
43
27
Africa 54 countries
31
40
18

Equality Index by Region

Australia and New Zealand, the Nordic countries, and parts of Europe rank highest in terms of the Equality Index while the Middle East and most of Africa (with the exception of South Africa) rank lowest — both in terms of legal protections and public opinion.

RegionEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
North America 2 countries
86 / 100
98 / 100
73 / 100
Nordic Countries 5 countries
84
91
76
British Islands 3 countries
82
88
68
Australia and New Zealand 2 countries
81
91
70
Western Europe 9 countries
78
91
65
South America 12 countries
63
77
48
Southern Europe 16 countries
62
80
41
Micronesia 5 countries
59
59
Not enough data
Central America 8 countries
57
72
39
Melanesia 4 countries
56
56
Not enough data
Baltic Countries 3 countries
54
79
29
Southern Africa 5 countries
52
66
38
Eastern Asia 6 countries
51
66
35
Polynesia 3 countries
48
48
Not enough data
Eastern Europe 10 countries
45
62
28
Central Africa 9 countries
44
54
21
Caribbean 13 countries
40
53
22
Southeast Asia 11 countries
38
47
29
Southern and Central Asia 14 countries
37
45
22
Eastern Africa 17 countries
29
38
16
Middle East 18 countries
27
36
22
Western Africa 16 countries
27
39
12
Northern Africa 7 countries
15
13
20
Show 18 More

World Equality Index

Which countries are the most LGBT-friendly?

The Legal Index scores the legal rights and freedoms LGBTQ+ people have while the Public Opinion Index scores how the general public feels in each region.

CountryEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
1. Isle of Man90 / 10090 / 100
2. Iceland909486
3. Canada9010079
4. Uruguay8610073
5. Norway869081
6. Denmark869873
7. Andorra859773
8. Netherlands859673
9. Spain849871
10. Germany849870
11. Australia849473
12. United Kingdom828975
13. United States829767
14. Sweden828776
15. Brazil829866
16. Argentina829767
17. Malta829865
18. San Marino819271
19. Cuba818973
20. Fiji8080
21. Liechtenstein809169
22. Chile7910059
23. Luxembourg789463
24. Mexico7810057
25. Switzerland788769
26. France789363
27. New Zealand788867
28. Belgium778767
29. South Africa769359
30. Finland758763
31. Austria749257
32. Ireland738660
33. Vatican City7272
34. Costa Rica729251
35. Vanuatu7171
36. Portugal698950
37. Nepal698752
38. Israel698851
39. Cape Verde696177
40. Colombia699147
41. Palau6868
42. Monaco688551
43. Seychelles6868
44. Czech Republic677459
45. Marshall Islands6666
46. Taiwan668647
47. Belize6666
48. Slovenia658348
49. Italy657554
50. Equatorial Guinea6464
51. Japan647356
52. Ecuador648840
53. India637947
54. Greece628638
55. Samoa6161
56. Mozambique606556
57. Angola607347
58. Guinea-Bissau6060
59. Kosovo6060
60. Barbados6060
61. Bolivia608237
62. Estonia598336
63. Suriname5959
64. Laos5959
65. Mauritius586452
66. Cyprus588333
67. Nauru5858
68. Federated States of Micronesia5858
69. Croatia588233
70. Philippines586254
71. Hungary587639
72. Bhutan5757
73. Peru577638
74. Botswana567537
75. Namibia555555
76. Central African Republic5555
77. Bulgaria558425
78. Latvia548227
79. South Korea546938
80. Slovakia536738
81. Singapore527134
82. Thailand526638
83. Vietnam526638
84. Democratic Republic of the Congo5252
85. Bahamas5151
86. Nicaragua516339
87. Sao Tome and Principe516043
88. Guatemala517031
89. Venezuela505447
90. Honduras496929
91. Tajikistan4949
92. Lithuania487126
93. Poland485640
94. Montenegro487916
95. El Salvador486233
96. Tonga4747
97. Romania476825
98. China456030
99. Georgia44799
100. Bahrain444542
101. Gabon447314
102. Panama435235
103. Kiribati4343
104. Djibouti4343
105. Serbia436719
106. Bosnia and Herzegovina436917
107. Lesotho436619
108. North Macedonia426915
109. Mongolia42786
110. Papua New Guinea4141
111. Uzbekistan4040
112. Cambodia405229
113. Dominican Republic404732
114. Kyrgyzstan396711
115. Albania396711
116. Paraguay394235
117. Burkina Faso39716
118. Grenada385818
119. Madagascar386511
120. Sri Lanka373440
121. Ukraine376014
122. Trinidad and Tobago374727
123. Tuvalu3636
124. Turkmenistan3636
125. Saint Lucia365517
126. Benin365714
127. Antigua and Barbuda355417
128. Kazakhstan355713
129. Saint Kitts and Nevis345415
130. Pakistan344722
131. Rwanda34626
132. Republic of the Congo345711
133. Turkey344423
134. Mali34607
135. Moldova34607
136. Haiti335710
137. Timor-Leste335314
138. Indonesia334719
139. Armenia33605
140. North Korea3333
141. Syria332936
142. Eswatini324322
143. Belarus325014
144. Solomon Islands3131
145. Maldives3131
146. Jamaica304416
147. Niger29536
148. Lebanon283423
149. Guyana283323
150. Zimbabwe27468
151. Dominica273914
152. Côte d’Ivoire263913
153. Sierra Leone26457
154. Kenya264011
155. Jordan24454
156. Azerbaijan24444
157. Liberia23379
158. Bangladesh233411
159. Russia232817
160. South Sudan2222
161. Comoros2222
162. Myanmar222717
163. Morocco221133
164. Ghana21357
165. Burundi213210
166. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines21348
167. Kuwait1919
168. Malawi19325
169. Tunisia192314
170. Togo182610
171. Zambia18287
172. Cameroon18269
173. Tanzania172113
174. Algeria17726
175. Palestine16275
176. Guinea16266
177. Iraq15624
178. Malaysia151119
179. Chad15263
180. Senegal14263
181. Ethiopia141810
182. Qatar1414
183. Eritrea1414
184. Oman1313
185. Uganda13223
186. Saudi Arabia13025
187. Sudan11615
188. Egypt111210
189. United Arab Emirates1010
190. Gambia10173
191. Nigeria9118
192. Libya77
193. Iran694
194. Mauritania305
195. Somalia22
196. Brunei22
197. Afghanistan222
198. Yemen00

Equality Index Methodology

Equaldex's Equality Index is a rating from 0 to 100 (with 100 being the most equal) to help visualize the legal rights and public attitudes towards LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex...) people in each region. The Equality Index is an average of two indexes: the legal index and the public opinion Index.

Legal Index

The LGBT legal index measures the current legal status of 13 different issues ranging from the legal status of homosexuality, same-sex marriage, transgender rights, LGBT discrimination protections, LGBT censorship laws, and more. Each topic is weighted differently (for example, if same-sex marriage is illegal in a region, it would have a much bigger impact on the score than not allowing LGBT people to serve in the military). Each topic is assigned a "total possible score" and a "score" is assigned based the status of the law using a rating scale that ranges from 0% to 100% (for example, if homosexuality is legal, it would would receive a score of 100, but if it's illegal, it would receve a score of 0.) If the status of an issue is unknown, not applicable, or no data has not been added to Equaldex, the issue's score is completely discarded and not included in the ranking.

Legal Index = (Total Possible Score for each issue × Factor of Status of Issue) / Sum of all Total Possible Scores

IssueTotal Possible ScoreStatusFactor
Homosexual activity100Legal×1.00
Illegal (other penalty)×0.30
Male illegal, female legal×0.50
Male illegal, female uncertain×0.40
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)×0.00
Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)×0.10
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)×0.20
Same-sex marriage60Legal×1.00
Other type of partnership×0.50
Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only×0.40
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned×0.30
Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official×0.20
Unrecognized×0.10
Unregistered cohabitation×0.10
Not legal×0.00
Civil unions×0.70
Censorship of LGBT Issues45Imprisonment as punishment×0.00
Fine as punishment×0.30
Other punishment×0.15
No censorship×1.00
State-enforced×0.40
Right to change legal gender40Legal, surgery not required×1.00
Illegal×0.00
Legal, but requires surgery×0.70
Legal recognition of non-binary gender30Recognized×1.00
Not legally recognized×0.00
Intersex only×0.70
LGBT discrimination25Illegal×1.00
No protections×0.00
Illegal in some contexts×0.50
LGBT employment discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
No protections×0.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
LGBT housing discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
No protections×0.00
Same-sex adoption15Legal×1.00
Married couples only×0.50
Single only×0.40
Step-child adoption only×0.20
Illegal×0.00
Serving openly in military15Legal×1.00
Don't Ask, Don't Tell×0.50
Illegal×0.00
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned×0.70
Blood donations by MSMs10Legal×1.00
Banned (indefinite deferral)×0.00
Banned (5-year deferral)×0.10
Banned (1-year deferral)×0.15
Banned (6-month deferral)×0.20
Banned (3-month deferral)×0.30
Conversion therapy15Banned×1.00
Not banned×0.00
Equal age of consent10Equal×1.00
Unequal×0.00

Public Opinion Index

The LGBT public opinion index measures the public attitudes towards LGBT people using surveys and polls from reputable organizations. This index is scored based on averaging the results of all surveys in a given region. Generally, the value averaged is usually the most “equal” response in the poll. For example, if a poll asked “Do you support same-sex marriage?” and 56% of people said “yes”, the value “56” would be used. In some cases, a survey may be weighted less if the survey is very specific or includes a specific group of people (such as Christians) and might not be a full representation of the overall attitudes of the region.

Note that public opinion data is not available in every region. In these cases, the Equality Index will only be a representation of the legal rights of LGBT people in the region. In some regions with no recent public opinion data, older data is used to score the region.

Notes

  • Equaldex's Equality Index is constantly being improved and tracking it over time may not represent changes in equality over time. As more data is contributed to Equaldex, the index becomes more accurate. For example, adding survey results to a region will likely change the region's Equality Index — even more so if there is limited data on the region. In this case, the change in score could represent a change in attitudes in the region, but it may also just be an increase in the index's accuracy.
  • Global opinion surveys rarely include transgender topics. Especially in more conservative regions, surveys are usually limited to homosexuality or same-sex marriage. Equaldex continues to seek more international transgender public opinion data to make the Equality Index more inclusive.