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LGBT Rights in Estonia

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Civil unions
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors ?

Ranked #41 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(35.6%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (59.1%)

Justifiability of homosexuality ?

Ranked #39 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(50.2%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (18.9%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents ?

Ranked #44 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(48.3%) Disagree
Agree (23.2%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against transgender people (European Union) ?

Ranked #6 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(24%) Widespread
Rare (40%)

Acceptance of same-sex relationships (European Union) ?

Ranked #18 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(44%) Disagree
Agree (49%)

Support for transgender people changing legal gender (European Union) ?

Ranked #15 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(32%) No
Yes (51%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against sexual orientation (European Union) ?

Ranked #11 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(34%) Widespread
Rare (44%)

Support for same-sex marriage in Central and Eastern Europe ?

Ranked #6 out of 19 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)
(71%) Oppose
Favor (23%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2016, Eastern/Central Europe) ?

Ranked #7 out of 19 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)
(62%) No
Yes (31%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People ?

Ranked #46 out of 119 regions surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)
(41%) Not a good place
Good place (27%)

By The Numbers

82%
of Orthodox Christians support the Church's position on refusing to perform same-sex marriages
13%
oppose

History

Homosexual activity in Estonia

?

Homosexual activity in Estonia is legal.

Current status
Since May 7, 1992
Legal
Homosexual activity is legal in Estonia as of it's independence.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Estonia

?

Same-sex marriage in Estonia is civil unions.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2016
Civil unions
A civil partnership law was passed and took effect on January 1, 2016.
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Oct 8, 2014
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned
Marriage is not recognized.
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Estonia

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Estonia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Estonia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Estonia

?

Right to change legal gender in Estonia is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since Jun 2002
Legal, surgery not required
Since June 2002, transgender people in Estonia have been allowed to change their legal gender and name. Additionally, they are not required to undergo sex reassignment surgery, sterilisation or divorce their partner.
Added by _it4_  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 7, 1999–Sep 18, 2018
Legal, surgery not required
Just got rid of the requirement for surgery. Missing non binary options on documents.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 7, 1999–Jun 2002
Legal, but requires surgery
The main legislation on gender change is the “General Requirements on Medical Procedures for the Change of Gender” issued by the Minister for Social Affairs (Soovahetuse arstlike
toimingute ühtsed nõuded, of 07.05.1999, no 32). This sets out the conditions for changing a person’s legal gender and allowing medical treatment for gender reassignment. It requires:
• An application to the Ministry for Social Affairs;
• The decision is made by a medical expert committee appointed by the Minister of Social Affairs;
• Certification of transsexual identity during at least two years prior to the application;
• A psychiatrist’s decision that excludes the possibility that the wish to undergo gender/sex
change is caused by psychiatric disorder;
• Compatibility of chromosomatic and gonad gender/sex certified by genetic research;
• At least two years of treatment must pass from the beginning of medical treatment. At least one year must pass from the positive response from the Minister for Social Affairs to have the right to surgically change gender. If the Person decides otherwise during that year they are not obliged to go ahead with the change of gender.
Sources:
official law : riigiteataja.ee/akt/91001
Added by Fandorine  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Estonia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Estonia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Non-binary gender is not legally recognized.
Added by Meelis  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT discrimination in Estonia is illegal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Illegal
Discrimination of people based on sexual orientation, race, sex, and others is illegal.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2009–Jan 1, 2009
Illegal in some contexts
Although the Constitution prohibits any kind of discrimination (but this is difficult to enforce and unclear how applies), Equal Treatment Act only prohibits discrimination in employment.
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Estonia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Rejecting job applications due to sexual orientation, race, sex and others is illegal.
Sources:
humanrights.ee/wp-content/u…¤isaruanne_ENG.pdf
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Estonia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Under Estonian law.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Estonia

?

Same-sex adoption in Estonia is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 2017
Legal
In February of 2017, a lesbian woman successfully adopted her partner’s child. Since then, many other same-sex couples adopted their partners child.

In 2020 a same-sex couple adopted a child.
Added by Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2016–Sep 1, 2018
Single only
Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Feb 2017
Single only
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Estonia

?

Serving openly in military in Estonia is legal.

Current status
Legal
Serving openly in the military is legal.
Sources:
equaldex.com
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Estonia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Estonia is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since Dec 2, 2021
Banned (3-month deferral)
Estonia has put in place a 4 month deferral period for MSMs in place of its life-time ban.
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2011–Dec 2, 2021
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Estonia

?

Conversion therapy in Estonia is not banned.

Current status
Since Sep 1, 2017
Not banned
Not criminalized in the country, but is not encouraged by any public services. Accessibility is very low due to high atheism.
Sources:
equaldex.com
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Estonia

?

Equal age of consent in Estonia is equal.

Current status
Since Jun 1, 2022
Equal
The age of consent of 16 years is equal for everyone.
Added by Samanthos  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 6, 2002–Jun 1, 2022
Equal
The age of consent of 14 years is equal for everyone.
Sources:
file:///Users/randhill/Downloads/Estonia_Penal%20Code_am2013_en.pdf
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights in Baltic Countries