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    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Civil unions
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    Unknown
    Discrimination
    Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✖ Step-child adoption only
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (indefinite deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #41 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(35.6%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (59.1%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #39 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(50.2%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (18.9%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #44 out of 74 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(48.3%) Disagree
Agree (23.2%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against transgender people (European Union)

Ranked #6 out of 28 countries surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "For each of the following types of discrimination, could you please tell me whether, in your opinion, it is very widespread, fairly widespread, fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of: Being transgender"

(24%) Widespread
Rare (40%)

Acceptance of same-sex relationships (European Union)

Ranked #18 out of 28 countries surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: There is nothing wrong in a sexual relationship between two persons of the same sex"

(44%) Disagree
Agree (49%)

Support for transgender people changing legal gender (European Union)

Ranked #15 out of 28 countries surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "Do you think that transgender persons should be able to change their civil documents to match their inner gender identity?"

(32%) No
Yes (51%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against sexual orientation (European Union)

Ranked #11 out of 28 countries surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "For each of the following types of discrimination, could you please tell me whether, in your opinion, it is very widespread, fairly widespread, fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of: Sexual orientation (being gay, lesbian, bisexual)"

(34%) Widespread
Rare (44%)

Support for same-sex marriage in Central and Eastern Europe

Ranked #6 out of 19 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

(71%) Oppose
Favor (23%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2016, Eastern/Central Europe)

Ranked #7 out of 19 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement is most similar to your point of view–even if it does not precisely match your opinion. 1 Homosexuality should be accepted by society OR 2 Homosexuality should not be accepted by society"

(62%) No
Yes (31%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #46 out of 119 countries surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(41%) Not a good place
Good place (27%)

By The Numbers

82%
of Orthodox Christians support the Church's position on refusing to perform same-sex marriages
13%
oppose

History

Homosexual activity in Estonia

?

Homosexual activity in Estonia is legal.

Current status
Since May 7, 1992
Legal
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Estonia

?

Same-sex marriage in Estonia is civil unions.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2016
Civil unions
A civil partnership law was passed and took effect on January 1, 2016.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Oct 8, 2014
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned
Marriage is not recognized.
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Estonia

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Estonia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Estonia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Estonia

?

Right to change legal gender in Estonia is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since May 7, 1999
Legal, but requires surgery
The main legislation on gender change is the “General Requirements on Medical Procedures for the Change of Gender” issued by the Minister for Social Affairs (Soovahetuse arstlike
toimingute ühtsed nõuded, of 07.05.1999, no 32). This sets out the conditions for changing a person’s legal gender and allowing medical treatment for gender reassignment. It requires:
• An application to the Ministry for Social Affairs;
• The decision is made by a medical expert committee appointed by the Minister of Social Affairs;
• Certification of transsexual identity during at least two years prior to the application;
• A psychiatrist’s decision that excludes the possibility that the wish to undergo gender/sex
change is caused by psychiatric disorder;
• Compatibility of chromosomatic and gonad gender/sex certified by genetic research;
• At least two years of treatment must pass from the beginning of medical treatment. At least one year must pass from the positive response from the Minister for Social Affairs to have the right to surgically change gender. If the Person decides otherwise during that year they are not obliged to go ahead with the change of gender.
Sources:
official law : riigiteataja.ee/akt/91001
Added by Fandorine  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 7, 1999–Sep 18, 2018
Legal, surgery not required
Just got rid of the requirement for surgery. Missing non binary options on documents.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Estonia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Estonia is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

LGBT discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT discrimination in Estonia is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Illegal in some contexts
Although the Constitution prohibits any kind of discrimination (but this is difficult to enforce and unclear how applies), Equal Treatment Act only prohibits discrimination in employment.
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2009–Oct 19, 2017
Illegal
Since 2009.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Estonia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Sources:
humanrights.ee/wp-content/u…¤isaruanne_ENG.pdf
Added by karikas  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Estonia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Estonia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Under Estonian law.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Estonia

?

Same-sex adoption in Estonia is step-child adoption only.

Current status
Since Feb 2017
Step-child adoption only
In February of 2017, a lesbian woman successfully adopted her partner’s child. Since then, many other same-sex couples adopted their partners child.
Added by Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2016–Sep 1, 2018
Single only
Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Feb 2017
Single only
Added by karikas  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Estonia

?

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Estonia is legal.

Current status
Legal
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Estonia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Estonia is banned (indefinite deferral).

Current status
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Added by karikas  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2011–Sep 2, 2018
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Estonia

?

Conversion therapy in Estonia is not banned.

Current status
Since Sep 1, 2017
Not banned
Not criminalized in the country.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Estonia

?

Equal age of consent in Estonia is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 6, 2002
Equal
Age of consent is equal and is set at 14.
Sources:
file:///Users/randhill/Downloads/Estonia_Penal%20Code_am2013_en.pdf
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights in Baltic Countries