2018 in LGBT Rights

In 2018, there were 73 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 212 changes made and 78 in the following year. A total of 1394 legal changes were made in the 2010s.

  • December 14
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Only for inter
  • November 29
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    People can register their gender on their birth certificate as non-binary, intersex, indeterminate or other.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Transgender individuals can change their gender marker on documents without surgery.
  • November 16
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    San Marino passed a law recognizing same sex civil unions.
  • November 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    British Columbia residents can ask for an X gender marker on their driver’s license, identity card, birth certificate and BC Services Card.
  • October 19
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    On 19 October 2018, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) adopted a request for the legalisation of civil unions. The Government will now form a working group to analyse the proposal, which will need to be later adopted by the Parliament.
  • October 18
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Changing your gender legally no longer requires surgery in Uruguay.
  • October
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    It is currently possible to request an X gender marker on legal documents, but this must be debated in court and there is no guarantee that it will be granted. A more streamlined way to proceed is currently being studied.
  • October 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Residents of Minnesota can change their gender marker to an X on their driver's license.
  • September 9
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    The Japanese Constitution promises equal rights to all and this is widely interpretted as extending to LGBT citizens.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes varies by region.
    Civil unions in some cities. Nationwide civil unions and gay marriage pending.
  • September 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Same-sex marriage is not legal in Singapore.
  • September 6
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of France.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Under Indian Laws.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes varies by region.
    Single nationwide. but laws might be pending for same sex couples in some areas.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Article 46 got Removed. As well homosexuality just became legal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Full discriminiation protections pending for transgender people. Sexual orientation discrimination protection through human rights institute.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Just got ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on July 17, 2018. Might be legal in Oct 2018. Section 377 of the Indian Criminal Code is being rewritten. The ban just got struck down today.
  • September 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Under French regulation.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Individuals can legally change their gender in France. Sex reassignment surgery is state-funded. According to media reports, in 2010, France became the first country to remove "transsexualism" from their official list of mental illnesses.
  • August 27
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned since 2018 under “New York local law-22” after conversion therapy ruled unconstitutional.
  • August 20
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Single adoption by unmarried individuals, joint adoption by married couples and second parent adoption by married couples are all legal.
  • August 8
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    The law allows adults to change their legal gender based on self-detirmination without any requirements. Minors aged 16 and 17 must have parental consent and a professional psychological opinion.
  • July 24
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Delaware is the 15th state to ban conversion therapy.
  • July 12
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    "Consensual sex between people of the same sex is not unlawful"
  • July 8
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under a new bill that updated the housing, employment and public accommodation law to include sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    On June 8, 2018 Governor Chris Sununu signed into law House Bill 1319, AN ACT prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity, which banned discrimination in employment, public accommodations and housing based on gender identity. The law went into effect on July 8, 2018.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    On June 8, 2018 Governor Chris Sununu signed into law House Bill 1319, AN ACT prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender identity, which banned discrimination in employment, public accommodations and housing based on gender identity. The law went into effect on July 8, 2018.
  • July 5
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No requirements for surgery or sterilization. Missing non binary options. "Regulation of Execution of the Register of Deaths, Births and Marriages Act defines legal gender recognition as a relatively quick administrative procedure as the application for legal gender recognition is submitted to one of the administration units in Slovenia. After the administration unit issues a new birth certificate reflecting one’s own gender (without reference to the previous gender), the person can apply for new documents. This is accessible only to persons aged 18 or more and with full legal capacity. There are no legal provisions for a third/other gender options."
  • July 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Single adoption, joint adoption by married couples and second parent adoption by married couples are legal. However, Kansas allows discrimination against LGBT people on the basis of religion, which means LGBT couples can be refused by some adoption agencies.
  • June 21
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    City housing discrimination protections in Lamorie, Jackson.
  • June 17
    Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    In June of 2018, the Ukraine justice ministry said that there is no legal grounds in Ukraine currently for same-sex marriage. Deputy Justice Minister Natalia Bernatska has said, "To date, no draft laws or government decisions regarding the legalization of same-sex partnerships in civilian or other forms have been developed." In August 2022, the country’s president Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated that Ukraine’s government may allow civil partnerships for same-sex couples in the future.
  • June 11
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    No discrimination protections currently.
  • June 8
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Residents of Alberta can ask for an X gender marker on their IDs and birth certificates.
  • June 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    SB 5722 - 2017-18 amended RCW 18.130.020 to define conversion therapy and RCW 18.130.180 to discipline licensed health care providers that perform conversion therapy on any patient under the age of eighteen. The ban does not apply to religious practices unless they are performed by licensed health care providers. The US Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the bill's constitutionality in TINGLEY V. ROBERT FERGUSON, ET AL, No. 21-35815
  • June 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    Domestic Partnership Act 2018, effectively repealed same sex marriage.
  • May 26
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Saskatchewan residents can request an X gender marker on their IDs or birth certificates or opt to remove the marker altogether.
  • May 11
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Countrywide recognized, Transgender people are allowed to identify as male, female, a blend of both, or neither.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Transgender people in Pakistan are allowed to identify as male, female, a blend of both, or neither.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Transgender people in Pakistan are allowed to self-identify gender legally.
  • May 9
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    For Gender identity only.
  • May
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    In March 2018, the Government gazetted, for a two-month public consultation, amendments to the Standards on Assessing Donor Suitability for Blood Donation that included allowing gay and bisexual men who have not had sex with another man for five years to donate blood. A spokesperson for the Ministry of Health and Welfare said that the abstinence period would be further reduced to one year in the future, so as to bring the Taiwanese standard in line with Western countries.
  • April 20
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Adoption of Children Legislation Amendment (Equality) Bill 2017
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Adoption is not a federal law and is state-based. Since April 2018, same-sex couples can adopt children in all jurisdictions within Australia.
  • April 12
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Since decriminalization of homosexuality in 2018, the age of consent has been equal.
  • April 10
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • April
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    A more complex testing process is in place for MSM donations.
  • April 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protections involving sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Only in state employment only.
  • March 26
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No discrimination Protections Yet.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    Gay people or transgender people are misunderstood.
  • March 13
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    On March 13, 2018, the Northern Territory passed a new law allowing same-sex couples to adopt children.
  • March 7
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Since 2015. no laws restricting adoption.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Full discrimination protections in city of Jackson, Mongolia, Clarksville.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Under federal law as well as Idaho state law
  • March 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    In March 2018, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled that transgender people have the right to change name and sex on their birth certificate without the need of sexual reassignment surgery or doctor letters. The change can be made at a notary's office now.
  • February 15
    Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    Conversion therapy ban pending.
  • February 13
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes not legally recognized.
    Gender-neutral names can be used on IDs and birth certificates, following the case of Jason-Antigone Dane, but one can only legally identify as male or female
  • February 12
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    requires public announcement of name change. Changes pending. Missing non binary options on drivers licenses.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Requires surgery to change birth Certificate. Changes pending. Non binary options pending.
  • February 2
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    In four cities.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Full City protections in Jackson and city of Mongolia.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Full City protections in Jackson, Mongolia, Clarksville. Starkville just had its first pride parade. Currently being faught by Mississippi Gov.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Complete State protection. as well complete city protections for all areas. State wide discrimination protections in employment, housing. previous sex prohibition on sex discrimination is interpreted to include sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No conditions required. Non binary options on drivers licenses pending.
  • January 27
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    WAC 246-490-075 includes the legal gender marking "X" as a gender that is not exclusively male or female, including, but not limited to, intersex, agender, amalgagender, androgynous, bigender, demigender, female-to-male, genderfluid, genderqueer, male-to-female, neutrois, nonbinary, pangender, third sex, transgender, transsexual, Two Spirit, and unspecified.
  • January 22
    Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    Not criminalized or regulated. However it is widely condemned.
  • January 19
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Under the 2018 revision by the Ministry of Health, a medical commision can issue a certificate of gender change without the need for surgery or hormone replacement therapy.
  • January 15
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Only for gender identity and expression.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Nationwide.
  • January 9
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Under Movement advancement project. Missing non binary options on documents.