đź’¬ NEW! Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Not legal
    Censorship
    ✖ Fine as punishment
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    Ambiguous
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #26 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(52%) Against
Support (29%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #27 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(67%) Disagree
Agree (23%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #59 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(66.1%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (33.9%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #55 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(71.4%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (8.4%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #58 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(66.5%) Disagree
Agree (11.3%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #29 out of 34 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(74%) No
Yes (14%)

Support for same-sex marriage in Central and Eastern Europe

Ranked #16 out of 19 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

(90%) Oppose
Favor (5%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2016, Eastern/Central Europe)

Ranked #14 out of 19 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement is most similar to your point of view–even if it does not precisely match your opinion. 1 Homosexuality should be accepted by society OR 2 Homosexuality should not be accepted by society"

(86%) No
Yes (8%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2013)

Ranked #25 out of 39 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June, 2013)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(74%) No
Yes (16%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #66 out of 119 regions surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(48%) Not a good place
Good place (12%)

By The Numbers

18%
of Russians believe gays and lesbians should be eliminated from society
80%
of Orthodox Christians support the Church's position on refusing to perform same-sex marriages
13%
oppose
51%
of Russians would not want a homosexual neighbor
16%
of Russians believe homosexuals should be isolated from society
5%
believe homosexuals should be physically destroyed
38%
of Russians would not want a homosexual neighbor

History

Homosexual activity in Russia

?

Homosexual activity in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since 1993
Legal
Homosexual activity is legal in Russia, however, "anti-gay sentiments remain high."

Though its illegal in Chechnya (punishable by caning on the first two offence and execution on the third offence).

On June 29, 2013, Russia was criticized internationally after a law passed that banned "propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations."

Until 1993
Varies by Region
Although legal in most of Russia, in Chechnya there is a de facto criminalization of homosexuality and attacks against homosexuals are constantly ignored by the police.
Added by Etlot  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Russia

?

Same-sex marriage in Russia is not legal.

Current status
Since Dec 29, 1995
Not legal
The federal laws of Russia do not allow for same sex unions of any kind, and the Russian constitution defines marriage as being between a man and a woman.
Added by brennen  ·  6 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Russia

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Russia is fine as punishment.

Current status
Since Jun 11, 2013
Fine as punishment
In 2013, Russia introduced a law known as "for the Purpose of Protecting Children from Information Advocating for a Denial of Traditional Family Values" (known worldwide as the "gay propaganda law") which prohibits the promotion of homosexual topics. According to the Russian government, this law is aimed to "protect" children from being exposed to homosexuality, since it goes against "traditional family values." Foreigners who break this law can be arrested and detained for up to 15 days (or fined up to 5,000 rubles) and then deported.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Russia

?

Right to change legal gender in Russia is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since Jan 19, 2018
Legal, surgery not required
Under the 2018 revision by the Ministry of Health, a medical commision can issue a certificate of gender change without the need for surgery or hormone replacement therapy.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 15, 19972018
Legal, but requires surgery
Transgender people are able to change their gender on identification documents after being issued a document from a health institution confirming the surgical requirements.
Added by brennen  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Russia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Russia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
There's no third gender recognition.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT discrimination in Russia is no protections.

Current status
Since Jul 29, 2013
No protections
Signed into law by President Vladimir Putin, the law on “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors” criminalizes public expression of support for nontraditional relationships.
Added by daveyroo  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Russia is no protections.

Current status
No protections
Article 3 of the Labour Code prohibits employment discrimination but does not explicitly mention sexual
orientation or gender identity. Several prominent people including a TV news anchor have been fired for coming out, although some people have successfully challenged discriminatory dismissal.

LGBT housing discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Russia is no protections.

Current status
Since Jul 29, 2013
No protections
LGBT people can be fired. As well not legally able to put on pride parades. Also intense violence.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Russia

?

Same-sex adoption in Russia is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Dec 29, 1995
Ambiguous
Adoption is being regulated by the Civil Procedure Code of Russia (Chapter 29); Family Code of Russia (Chapter 19); Federal Law On Acts of Civil Status (Chapter V). None of these documents contain any direct restriction or ban for homosexual people to ado
Added by brennen  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Jul 2, 2013
Illegal
Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law on Wednesday banning the adoption of children by same-sex couples, as part of an increasingly conservative agenda the Kremlin is pursuing since his return to power.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Russia

?

Serving openly in military in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2003
Legal
Major-General of Medical Service Valery Kulikov stated that "the new statute about military and medical expertise from July 1, 2003 does not forbid people of non-standard sexual orientation from serving in the military." Also, in February of 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin stated in an interview that gays are not banned from serving in the Russian armed forces.
Added by brennen  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Russia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since Apr 16, 2008
Legal
In 2008, Russia repealed its ban against gay people donating blood. The law was signed in effect on April 16, 2008 by Tatyana Golikova, the minister of Russia's Health and Social Development department.
Added by brennen  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 14, 2001–Apr 16, 2008
Banned (indefinite deferral)
On September 14, 2001, the Russian Ministry of Health announced that men who have sex with men would be considered part of the "HIV high-risk groups," along with prostitutes and drug addicts.
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Russia

?

Conversion therapy in Russia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Not condemned. As well their is still the attitude that homosexuality is a disease.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Russia

?

Equal age of consent in Russia is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1997
Equal
The age of consent in Russia is 16 for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples.
Added by brennen  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log