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    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Not legal
    Censorship
    ✖ Fine as punishment
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    Unknown
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    Ambiguous
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #26 out of 27 countries surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(52%) Against
Support (29%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #27 out of 27 countries surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(67%) Disagree
Agree (23%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #59 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(66.1%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (33.9%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #55 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(71.4%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (8.4%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #58 out of 74 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(66.5%) Disagree
Agree (11.3%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #29 out of 34 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(74%) No
Yes (14%)

Support for same-sex marriage in Central and Eastern Europe

Ranked #16 out of 19 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose, or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

(90%) Oppose
Favor (5%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2016, Eastern/Central Europe)

Ranked #14 out of 19 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 2015-July 2016)

Question: "Please tell me whether the FIRST statement or the SECOND statement is most similar to your point of view–even if it does not precisely match your opinion. 1 Homosexuality should be accepted by society OR 2 Homosexuality should not be accepted by society"

(86%) No
Yes (8%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2013)

Ranked #25 out of 39 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June, 2013)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(74%) No
Yes (16%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #66 out of 119 countries surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(48%) Not a good place
Good place (12%)

By The Numbers

18%
of Russians believe gays and lesbians should be eliminated from society
80%
of Orthodox Christians support the Church's position on refusing to perform same-sex marriages
13%
oppose
51%
of Russians would not want a homosexual neighbor
16%
of Russians believe homosexuals should be isolated from society
5%
believe homosexuals should be physically destroyed
38%
of Russians would not want a homosexual neighbor

History

Homosexual activity in Russia

?

Homosexual activity in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since 1993
Legal
Homosexual activity is legal in Russia, however, "anti-gay sentiments remain high."

Though its illegal in Chechnya (punishable by caning on the first two offence and execution on the third offence ).

On June 29, 2013, Russia was criticized internationally after a law passed that banned "propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations."

Same-sex marriage in Russia

?

Same-sex marriage in Russia is not legal.

Current status
Since Dec 29, 1995
Not legal
Added by brennen  ·  6 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Russia

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Russia is fine as punishment.

Current status
Since Jun 11, 2013
Fine as punishment
In 2013, Russia introduced a law known as "for the Purpose of Protecting Children from Information Advocating for a Denial of Traditional Family Values" (known worldwide as the "gay propaganda law") which prohibits the promotion of homosexual topics. According to the Russian government, this law is aimed to "protect" children from being exposed to homosexuality, since it goes against "traditional family values." Foreigners who break this law can be arrested and detained for up to 15 days (or fined up to 5,000 rubles) and then deported.
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Russia

?

Right to change legal gender in Russia is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Nov 15, 1997
Legal, but requires surgery
Transgender people are able to change their gender on identification documents after being issued a document from a health institution confirming the surgical requirements.
Added by brennen  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 15, 1997–Sep 18, 2018
Legal, surgery not required
Missing non binary options on documents. Under the 2018 revision of the sex change law in Russia.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Russia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Russia is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

LGBT discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT discrimination in Russia is no protections.

Current status
Since Jul 29, 2013
No protections
Signed into law by President Vladimir Putin, the law on “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors” criminalizes public expression of support for nontraditional relationships.
Added by daveyroo  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Russia is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
In one area a person was charged for refusing to hire a gay person.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Russia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Russia is no protections.

Current status
Since Jul 29, 2013
No protections
LGBT people can be fired. As well not legally able to put on pride parades. Also intense violence.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Russia

?

Same-sex adoption in Russia is single only.

Current status
Since Dec 29, 1995
Single only
Adoption is being regulated by the Civil Procedure Code of Russia (Chapter 29); Family Code of Russia (Chapter 19); Federal Law On Acts of Civil Status (Chapter V). None of these documents contain any direct restriction or ban for homosexual people to ado
Added by brennen  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Russia

?

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2003
Legal
Major-General of Medical Service Valery Kulikov stated that "the new statute about military and medical expertise from July 1, 2003 does not forbid people of non-standard sexual orientation from serving in the military." Also, in February of 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin stated in an interview that gays are not banned from serving in the Russian armed forces.
Added by brennen  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Russia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Russia is legal.

Current status
Since Apr 16, 2008
Legal
In 2008, Russia repealed its ban against gay people donating blood. The law was signed in effect on April 16, 2008 by Tatyana Golikova, the minister of Russia's Health and Social Development department.
Added by brennen  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 14, 2001–Apr 16, 2008
Banned (indefinite deferral)
On September 14, 2001, the Russian Ministry of Health announced that men who have sex with men would be considered part of the "HIV high-risk groups," along with prostitutes and drug addicts.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Russia

?

Conversion therapy in Russia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Only in 2 place in Asia where it is criminalized.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Russia

?

Equal age of consent in Russia is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1997
Equal
The age of consent in Russia is 16 for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples.
Added by brennen  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log