2012 in LGBT Rights

In 2012, there were 108 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 116 changes made and 150 in the following year. A total of 1462 legal changes were made in the 2010s.

  • December 25
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
  • December 14
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Transgender people are allowed to change their gender, however surgery is required.
  • December 10
    Conversion therapy becomes sexual orientation only.
    The document of the Turkmenistan State Publishing Service in the field of medicine and health from 2012 recognizes Transsexualism as a medical problem under consideration in Turkmenistan, taking into account medical procedures based on the ICD (1981, 1999). Due to the functioning of exclusively state health care, the guidelines must be followed by all doctors.
  • December 6
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    SB 6239 - 2011-12 amended RCW 26.04.010 to legalize same-sex marriage by replacing gendered terms with gender-neutral language. The law, meant to take effect on June 7, 2012, was delayed by Referendum 74 which put the issue to voters who affirmed the legislation. The law went into effect on December 6, 2012. Same-sex marriage was further protected by the US Supreme Court in OBERGEFELL v. HODGES on June 26, 2015, under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The 117th US Congress legislated additional protections in H.R.8404, the Respect for Marriage Act, on December 13, 2022, mandating all states recognize any public act, record, or judicial proceeding pertaining to marriage in any other state; enforceable by the Attorney General and subject to injunctive and declaratory relief.
  • December 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    New Zealand allows an "X" marker on birth certificates and passports.
  • November 28
    Same-sex marriage becomes unregistered cohabitation.
    The Supreme Court adopted a resolution on the interpretation of Art. 691 k.c. in which it ruled: “A person actually cohabiting with the tenant (within the meaning of Article 691 § 1 of the Civil Code) is a person connected with the tenant by emotional, physical and economic bonds; also a person of the same sex."
  • November 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2012, Maryland legalized same-sex marriage.
  • November 6
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2012, Maine legalized same-sex marriage.
  • November 5
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Age of consent for homosexual acts was subsequently changed to 18 in 2000, and to 16 by the Sexual Offenses (Bailiwick of Guernsey) (Amendment) Law of 2011. Legislation to this effect was passed in the same year and came into force on November 5, 2012.
  • October 12
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Ontario-born can now change their assigned gender on their birth certificate without proof of surgery. Other documents can be changed regardless of birthplace without proof of surgery.
  • September 29
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Note that this only applies to youth (under 18 years olds)
  • September 20
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
  • July 31
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • July 24
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    The Law on the Adoption of Measures against Discrimination (Law No. 20,609) (2012) bans discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Since 2012 the Chilean Armed Forces allow gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender people to openly serve. Chile has an anti-discrimination law on the military. In 2020, the Chilean Army officially incorporated a transgender man into its ranks for the first time.
  • July 12
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    The anti-discrimnation law penalizes the arbitrary discrimination and includes protection for discrimination of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    The anti-discrimination law penalizes the arbitrary discrimination and includes protection for discrimination of sexual orientation and gender identity
  • July 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Homosexual men who are sexually active with other men can not donate blood in China, however, in 2012, the Chinese Ministry of Health lifted the ban against lesbians donating blood.
  • June 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Since June 15, 2012, Denmark has recognised both homosexual and heterosexual marriages. Denmark was the eighth country in Europe, and the eleventh in the world to legalise same-sex marriage.
  • June 12
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    The Provisional Constitution of Somalia (2012) upheld the preeminence of Sharia law. As such, the possibility of Sharia courts imposing the death penalty for individuals convicted of engaging in homosexual sex is possible.
  • May 24
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    People have a right to change their legal gender without approval from a doctor or a judge. Sex reassignment surgery and hormonal treatments are not required, but they are provided by the state for free to anyone who requests them. Several people had had their legal gender changed before the Gender Identity Law through court decisions, including popular actress, TV host and trans woman Flor de la V.
  • May 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Constitutional ban under Amendment One ballot initiative in 2011 and 2012.
  • May 3
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Same-Sex Marriage became legal in Quintana Roo on May 12, 2012 after the Secretary of State announced to legalize Same-Sex Marriage
  • April 30
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Labour law protects sexual minority individuals from discrimination and protections were granted based on sexual option in 1996. Gender identity is not explicitly stated however.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Sexual orientation is protected in various realms in Venezuela, including employment, banking, prohibition of incitement and housing. Comprehensive LGBT protections have been proposed in constitutional reforms or legislation several times but faced opposition on each attempt. Laws for LGBT protections have come and gone in the legislatures for at least two decades and progress has languished. In 2023, the national assembly approved the Draft Organic Law against all Types of Discrimination to the second stage of the legislative process and is undergoing a public consultation process.
  • April 23
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    only sexual orientation.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Illegal in all contexte
  • April 20
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes n/a.
    The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) ruled on April 20, 2012 that an employer who discriminates against an employee or applicant on the basis of the person’s gender identity is violating the prohibition on sex discrimination contained in Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • April 11
    Right to change legal gender becomes varies by region.
    Most provinces in canada require surgery to legally change gender, however, since 2012 Ontario has not required surgery to change gender.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    It is legal in Ontario to change one's birth certificate and driver's license without surgery, provided (among other items) a signed letter from a physician or psychologist.
  • April 9
    Same-sex adoption becomes ambiguous.
    There is no specific exclusion for same-sex couples. It is legal, however, to deny adoption based on religious grounds.
  • March 26
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
  • March 9
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    high discrimination from the aids epidemic. Discrimination protections pending.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    The Penal Code Act of 2010 decriminalized homosexuality.
  • March 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Only in one city.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Various by city. Pending state wide.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Only city discrimination protections. As well as state housing discrimination protection for sexual orientation only.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    In the city of New Orleans and Shreveport. As well as Full State discrimination protections under the current governor. Pending statewide.
  • February 12
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    According to the Grenadian Blood Bank.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    according to the blood bank there and on facebook.
  • January 6
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    After the Civil Partnership (Jersey) Law (2012) became registered by the Royal Court on January 6th, 2012, Jersey began offering civil unions. The civil unions offer many of the rights and responsibilities of marriage to same-sex couples who register for the union.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Contained in the state constitution and is regulated by Law number 7383
  • (date unknown)
    Gender-affirming care becomes legal.
    In 2012, Singapore adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSMs are allowed to donate blood following the same criteria as any other donor.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    Governor Linda Lingle vetoed a civil union law in 2010. Governor Neil Abercrombie signed the same legislation on February 23, 2011, the first law he signed as governor. The law went into effect on January 1, 2012.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Cities and under the ruling of Section VII sex discrimination contains sexual orientation and gender identity. sexual orientation under hate crime law.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Only in the Omaha.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Only in the city of Norman.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Only City Housing discrimination protections.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Civil Unions 2012.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM requires surgery
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate bloo
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Serving openly in military becomes lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.
    LGB people can serve in the military openly, Transgenders Can’t
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    MSM can donate blood
  • January 1
    Serving openly in military becomes ambiguous.
    No laws restricting or allowing MSM to donate blood.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    According to Wikipedia.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    as being an island of Netherlands.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    when they decriminalized homosexuality.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Completely legal since Jan 1, 2012.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    Since after 2011. Missing laws for same sex couples.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Various forms of discrimination are prohibited for protected classes including sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression.
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    State law provides for protections against employment discrimination in regards to both sexual orientation and gender identification.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes varies by region.
    Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska do not discriminate towards MSMs while Br?ko District still does.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    A new Penal Code was adopted in 2012 removing previous punishments.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes ambiguous.
    Cambodia no longer bans gay foreign couples from adopting. It is unclear if gay and lesbian Cambodian citizens can adopt.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    The legislation allowed religious organisations to opt in to marry same-sex couples should they wish to do so and protected religious organisations and their representatives from successful legal challenge if they did not wish to marry same-sex couples.

LGBT Organizations Founded in 2012