Timeline of LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time

This year, there were 71 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 95 changes made. A total of 285 legal changes have been made so far in the 2020s.

  • December 4
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following the Health Canada decision to remove the deferral for men who have sex with men, Héma-Québec will remove it as well, but a little bit later than other provinces. In the Fall 2022, men who have sex with men will be allowed to donate plasma without deferral, but not blood or platelets yet. On December 4, 2022, the criteria will be expanded for blood and platelets. Donors will be asked about sexual partners and pregnancy history instead of being singled out for their sexual orientation.
  • September 30
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following the Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following the Canadian Blood Services guidelines, men who have sex with men will be allowed to donate on September 30, 2022 and onwards without a deferral.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    After having a 3 month deferral for gay people to donate blood was deemed unfair, it is now completely legal for gays to donate blood with no deferral as long as they tested negative for HIV. (Which everyone has to do before donating blood, regardless of sexuality.)
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Following the Canadian Blood Services guidelines.
  • September 26
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    On 25 September, Cuba held a referendum on the development of a new family code that includes provisions that would legalise same-sex marriage and same-sex adoption. Article 30 and 31 allow for same-sex adoption and explicitly grant the right to couples using forms of assisted reproductive technology. On 26 September, the President of the Cuban National Electoral Council confirmed that the referendum had passed with 66.87% of the vote. They also confirmed the result is valid and binding. The law will come into effect upon formal confirmation, expected 30 September.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    On 25 September, Cuba held a referendum on the development of a new family code that includes provisions that would legalise same-sex marriage and same-sex adoption. On 26 September, the President of the Cuban National Electoral Council confirmed that the referendum had passed with 66.87% of the vote. They also confirmed the result is valid and binding. The law will come into effect upon formal confirmation, expected 30 September.
  • September 19
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Judges have struck down Montana's ban on birth certificate gender marker changes for transgender people. The judges argue the state acted in bad faith, as they were told to suspend the requirement for surgery, not the change of birth certificates altogether.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Durango state legalized Same Sex marriages at 19 September 2022
  • August 29
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Following a ruling of the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court on August 29, 2022, consensual same-sex intercourse between adults in private is no longer illegal in Saint Kitts and Nevis.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Homosexuality is legal since 2022.
  • August 26
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Age of consent equalized to 14 years since 2022.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Under the Chilean Law.
  • August 16
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On August 16, 2022, Pennsylvania governor signed an executive order against conversion therapy. While not a full on ban, it forbids providers from receiving any government funds or reimbursement for such practices and offers ways to denounce any providers who partake in it.
  • August 3
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On August 3, 2022, Vietnamese Health Ministry published a document saying that homosexuality is not disease and that conversion therapy to change a person's sexual orientation or gender identity was illegal. It is currently not clear what the consequences of partaking in the practice will be, if any.
  • August 2
    Same-sex marriage becomes ambiguous.
    Although the Ukraine Constitution defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman, Zelensky said that Ukraine’s government may allow civil partnerships for same-sex couples.
  • July 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Constitutional court ruled prohibition of same-sex marriage unconstitutional. The ruling took immediate effect.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Court found ban on adoption by same-gender people unconstitutional in 2022. Ruling took immediate effect.
  • July 5
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    The high court of Justice for Antigua and Barbuda ruled that sections of the Penal Code that made consensual same-sex intimacy illegal were unconstitutional, and void, therefore legalizing homosexuality since 2022.
  • July
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Intersex people can now be identified with an I gender marker on their birth certificate in Kenya. Genital surgery on intersex babies is now punishable by a 5000$ fine.
  • July 1
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    ‘Don’t say gay’ inspired law going to affect mississippi schools starting in the 2022-23 school year.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Public Schools are now required to not mention anything lgbt related, especially at elementary schools, a law very similar to what florida is doing along with some other southern states.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Schools are no longer allowed to mention anything related to lgbt.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    AL HB322 mandates that: An individual or group of individuals providing classroom instruction to students in kindergarten through the fifth grade at a public K-12 school shall not engage in classroom discussion or provide classroom instruction regarding sexual orientation or gender identity in a manner that is not age appropriate or developmentally appropriate for students in accordance with state standards. The State Board of Education shall adopt rules for the implementation and enforcement of this section. It was signed by Gov. Kay Ivey on April 7th 2022 and will go into effect on the first day of the third month following said signature.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Florida HB 1557 bans discussions of sexuality and gender identity in public schools. It also prohibits districts from withholding information from parents unless they believe it may result in abuse/neglect. It also mandates parents to screen any health questionnaires before the school year begins. Districts that violate this policy can be sued for statutory damages and court fees.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Switzerland approved same-sex marriage with a national referendum. The law will come in effect on 1st July, 2022.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    On July 1st, 2022, Slovenia removed the ban and will now vet donors according to how risky their sexual behavior is, regardless of their sexual orientation.
  • June 26
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Vermont-born residents can change their gender marker to an X on their birth certificate.
  • June 23
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    On June 23 2022, a judgement passed to allow trans individuals to modify their gender marker without proof of surgery. Non-binary options absent.
  • June 17
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Starting June 17 2022, Quebecers can change their gender marker to an X on their birth certificate, free of charge and with no consulting required. They can also be classified as a parent rather than a mother or father on their child's birth certificate.
  • June 6
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes ambiguous.
    Recognized in immigration documents.
  • June 2
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    NC passed florida-style censorship law, School districts heavily censored on lgbt topics. Also now schools are forced to tell students parents if they find out they’re gay.
  • May 26
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Despite not having same-sex marriage, Croatia allows joint adoption for same-sex couples. This follows a six-year legal battle which was finally settled when the High Administrative Court rejected an appeal by a government ministry against an earlier ruling by the Zagreb court. The ministry can no longer appeal this verdict.
  • May 23
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    Montana will no longer amend sex markers on birth certificates, unless biological sex was "marked wrong" at birth.
  • May 12
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Persons over 18 years of age qualified for all acts of civil life may, from now on, request the Civil Registry Offices of Natural Persons to change and record their first name and gender in the birth record to adapt them to their self-perceived identity. , regardless of judicial authorization.
  • May 11
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The amendment, introduced in the context of the bill on the "Personal Doctor", introduces a ban on so-called "treatments or conversion practices", ie methods aimed at changing or suppressing the sexual orientation, the gender identity or expression of an LGBT+ individual. The amendment, however, does not include adults who, as stated in Parliament, can undergo conversion therapy with their consent. There is also no mention of people practicing these therapies other than specialists, leaving a legal loophole for spiritual leaders and priests. The LGBT+ organizations protested and demanded the inclusion of all the above
  • May 10
    Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    In May 10, 2022 the Greek Minister of Health, Thanos Plevris submitted an amendment to the bill for the “personal doctor”, based on article 1 of which institutes the prohibition of practical conversions to vulnerable individuals by professionals. With the term "professionals" the amendment defines those who receive remuneration to proceed with such "treatments", leaving a legal gap in practices e.g. of the Church, such as exorcism or other covert practices, which do not involve remuneration. Also, the term "vulnerable" means minors or those who are under legal assistance. At the same time, the provision prohibits professionals from inviting, promoting or advertising conversion practices performed by themselves or other third parties, professionals or not. Violation of the law in addition to the prescribed disciplinary and administrative sanctions, will be punished with imprisonment and a fine, while the repeated commission of the above act constitutes an aggravating circumstance.
  • April 29
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    A new and modern measure was authorized by the Corregedoria-Geral (CGJ) of Rio Grande do Sul. From now on, notaries will accept non-binary gender in civil birth registration.
  • April 23
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    The determination is pioneering since it allows the change in an administrative way, just going to a notary and requesting the change, without the need for a lawsuit.
  • April 5
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    A alteração do sistema de identificação civil do Detran permitindo a inclusão do gênero “não binarie” é de extrema importância para a afirmação da existência destas pessoas. A partir desta alteração, outros órgãos públicos perceberão a necessidade de adequação dos seus sistemas. É uma medida de inclusão social e reconhecimento de direitos.
  • April
    Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    In April 2022, a lawmaker introduced a bill to criminally ban conversion therapy.
  • Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    In April 2022, a lawmaker introduced a bill to criminally ban conversion therapy.
  • March 28
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    On March 28, 2022, the deferral period has been reduced to four months.
  • March 17
    Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    Banned for sexual orientation only, not gender identity.
  • Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    Conversion therapy ban has been discussed for many years. Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised to ban conversion therapy in July 2020 and this was reiterated in the 2021 Queen's Speech. In March 2022 it the plans were dropped, only for a partial U-turn just hours later when the government announced that the ban would go ahead but not cover trans people.
  • Conversion therapy becomes ambiguous.
    United Kingdom banned conversion therapy for sexual orientation only, not gender identity. Wales is however looking at banning the practice entirely, including for gender identity.
  • March 16
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In all of France.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In 2022, France removed the deferral period for gay and bi men donating blood, replacing it with a new policy that applies to all donors, regardless of sexual orientation.
  • March 10
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The Chilean president has signed into law a bill that was approved by the Congress legalizing same-sex marriage.
  • February 19
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    With 112 affirmative votes and 8 opposed votes, the Parliament of New Zealand passed the Conversion Practices Prohibition Legislation Act, banning conversion therapy on February 15, 2022, which took partial effect on February 19, 2022, with the remaining protections for those over 18 with "decision-making" capacity where "serious harm" has not been caused will take effect on July 19, 2022.
  • February
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    The Constitutional Court of Columbia ruled that a non-binary person was entitled to a birth certificate and identity card with a "no binario"/"NB" sex marker.
  • January 27
    Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    Ban pending statewide.
  • January 26
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    French law applies.
  • January 25
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The National Assembly approved the new law unanimously, voting 142-0 on Tuesday evening.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    As part of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    As part of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    In all of France
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    According to French laws.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    According to French laws
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    In all of France
  • January 10
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In January 10, 2022 the Greek Minister of Health, Thanos Plevris, and the Deputy Minister of Health, Mina Gaga signed the determination of the content of the "Blood Donor History". In the new form, sexual orientation is disconnected from the criteria that must be met by prospective blood donors.
  • January 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Conversion therapy in Canada is banned nationwide under bill C-4(44-1) which recieved Royal Assent on December 8th 2021 and went into effect 30 days after on January 7th 2022. Two previous legislative attempts failed.