1980s in LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time
  • (date unknown)
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    No official censorship since the fall of communism in 1991. Will likely be condemned if brought back
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Christmas Island follows the law of West Australia, as the island belongs to Australia. West Australia decriminalized homosexual activity with the Decriminalisation of Sodomy Act. However, the age of consent for homosexuals stood at 21, while the heterosexual age of consent was 16. This was equalized in 2002.
  • Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Female same-gender sexual activity always legal. Male same-gender sexual activity legalised in 1990. This does not include 'sodomy' (anal intercourse)- it is illegal for anyone regardless of orientation or gender under 18 to partake in.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Female always legal, male legal as of 1990.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Prison up to 10 years. (Decriminalization pending)
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    Before April 1st 2001, gay people could not marry, but had access to civil unions.
  • November 2
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Article 3 of the Constitution of the State, November 2, 1989. Establishing equal conditions to all people, regardless of sex, color, race, sexual orientation.
  • October 15
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    After the constitutional amendments in Serbia were adopted in March 1989 and Serbia regained sovereignty in its provinces (Vojvodina and Kosovo & Metohija), the criminal code of (Central) Serbia became valid in the entire territory of Serbia. Consensual sex between two men was punishable by up to one year in prison.
  • October 5
    LGBT discrimination becomes n/a.
    State Constitution
  • October 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    Denmark becomes the first country in the world to legally recognize same-sex unions as the Danish Registered Partnership Act goes into effect. "Two persons of the same sex may have their partnership registered."
  • July 6
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • January 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Change legal gender is possible but requires sterilization
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Same-sex sexual activity in the Falkland Islands has been legal since 1989.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality was legalised by the removal of sections 129 and 130 of the Criminal Code.
  • December 31
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Homosexuality is illegal and same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As homosexual conduct is illegal, discrimination is permitted for these people. The government has also explicitly stated their disapproval of homosexual conducts.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 325 of the Guinea Penal Code states that homosexuality is illegal with punishment being 6 months to three years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000 Guinean francs. If the act was committed with a minor (under 21 years), the individual will face the maximum penalty.
  • December 23
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality is legal
  • October 5
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Nationwide.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Censorship is illegal nationwide according to the Brazilian Constitution.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes no censorship.
    Laws enforcing any kind of censorship in Brazil are explicitly against the Brazilian Constitution of 1988, that severely punishes it. Every time a State Congress tries to introduce a bill like this on a state level, the Supreme Court intervenes on the case.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 criminalizes any form of discrimination based on ethnicity, race, sex, color and age, but it does not include sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    Although the Brazilian constitution of 1988 prohibits any form of discrimination, it was not until 2019 that homosexuals and trans people were definitively recognized as one of these groups.
  • August 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Legalization pending. Law makers say denying gay marriage is unconstitutional. Same sex weddings do happen in The Philippines and can be blessed, but just not registered. Civil unions pending.
  • May 24
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes other punishment.
    Section 28 was put in place during Margaret Thatcher’s government and prohibited the “promotion of homosexuality” by local authorities. This harmed LGBT+ support groups and prevented schools from discussing LGBT+ matters, impacts which have been felt for years after the law was repealed.
  • May 4
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Never was banned, officially legalized in 1988. In Turkey, the minimum age required to get sex reassignment surgery is 18. In order for one to legally change their gender, the surgery must be conducted at a state hospital.
  • March 24
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes other punishment.
    Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 stated that local authorities could not "intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality" or "promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship". The law did not create a criminal offence, leaving staff to fear losing their jobs if they breached the rules.
  • March 4
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Section 14 of the Sexual Offences Act 23 of 1957, as inserted by the Immorality Amendment Act 2 of 1988, set the age of consent for gay and lesbian sex at 19, as opposed to 16 for straight sex. Gay male sex was in any case illegal for all ages.
  • (date unknown)
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    An archaic 1988 law "banning homosexual or gay topics within school classrooms" was made.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Since 1988, Denmark had a life-time ban on blood donations for men who have sex with men.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    no description
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent of 14 years is equal for everyone.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Transgender citizens are permitted to change their legal gender in Taiwan provided they undergo gender re-assignment surgery.. In 2008 the Taiwanese Health Department announced it would recommend that female to male transexuals would no longer be required
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    According to sections 136–142 of the The Criminal Offences Act, the maximum penalty for same-sex sexual activity in Tonga is 10 years in prison and whipping. Decriminalization pending.
  • April 30
    Same-sex marriage becomes foreign same-sex marriages recognized only.
    Gay Marriage and Gay Unions pending. Required by 2018 IACHR Ruling.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Article 72 of the constitution states that marriage is between a man and a woman.
  • March 8
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
  • January 1
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    not allowed at all
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes not legally recognized.
    not recognized a tall
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation was made unlawful through inclusion in the provisions of the Swedish Penal Code.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    The Philippines does not recognize any form of same-sex union under any circumstance. The Philippine Supreme Court has also denied and dismissed the petition to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    8-14 years in prison under unnatural connections. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending. the president of the senate in Grenada suggested in may 2013 for decriminalization of Homosexuality.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Became legal due to a fatwa from Khomeini in 1987. Trans individuals have the gender they identify with legally recognized and sex reassignment surgeries are publicly funded.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Grenada, with up to 10 years prison as a penalty. (Decriminalization pending)
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Same-sex marriage in the United Arab Emirates is not legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual activity is legal in Argentina.
  • December 31
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • December 6
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act of 1986 prevents discriminatory activities, however, the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 provides exemptions for religious institutions.
  • November 11
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Anal intercourse between two consenting male adults is punishable by twenty-five (25) years imprisonment. Anal intercourse committed by a minor is punishable by five (5) years imprisonment. Serious indecency between two adults of the same sex is punishable by five years imprisonment. ("An act of “serious indecency” is an act, other than sexual intercourse (whether natural or unnatural), by a person involving the use of the genital organ for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire.")
  • August 8
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Equal age of consent since homosexual (male-and-male) activity was legalised with the commencement of the Homosexual Law Reform Act on 8 August 1986.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Legalised with the commencement of the Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986, introduced as a bill by former member of Parliament Fran Wilde.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    In all aspects since 2013. under federal law since 2015.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Section 18(2) of the the Births and Deaths Registration Act 11 of 1986 allows a person to change their forename. Section 18(3) provides for the change of a surname, but the Registrar-General must be satisfied that it is for a “lawful purpose”.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Greenland allows LGBTQ+ individuals to serve openly as per Danish law.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Israelis can change their legal gender only after a sex-reassignment surgery.
  • January 1
    Serving openly in military becomes lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.
    Until 1986, "sexual deviance" was a reason for exclusion for military service. At that time, some men claimed to be homosexual to avoid the draft. Lesbians have never been banned from the Italian military since women were first allowed to serve in 2000. Since 2010, discrimination against gays and lesbians in military service is banned, but the situation for transgender people is unclear. The organization Polis Aperta estimates that 5 to 10% of Italians in uniformed service (military or police) are LGB. Despite the ban on discrimination, some service personnel unfortunately face harassment or violence because of their sexual orientation. Unfortunately transgenders have not yet gained the right to military service in Italy
  • April 17
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Non-inclusion of Gender Identity in Charter.
  • March 12
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    In reaction to the HIV/AIDS crisis, MSMs were banned from donating blood for life.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Decriminalised by the Legislature of the Virgin Islands in 1985.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Dutch Civil Law provides that in order for a citizen to change their legal gender they must first undergo gender re-assignment surgery.
  • July 9
    Equal age of consent becomes n/a.
    Homosexual activity is illegal in Mauritania.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    Male homosexuality is punishable by stoning; female homosexuality is punishable by fines or imprisonments
  • July 8
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    As homosexuality is illegal, serving in the military by LGBTQ+ individuals are also illegal
  • June 26
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    US Supreme Court ruling issued in Lawrence v. Texas struck down all sodomy laws on the basis of privacy and liberty. The decision overturned any laws remaining in all US states which prohibited acts of sodomy.
  • June 20
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    In 1983, in response to the HIV epidemic, the Directorate General of Health banned MSMs from donating blood indefinitely. This ban was reiterated in 2009.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016 under the FDA ruling.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016 from the FDA.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016. From the FDA changing the blood donating laws.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Federally.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    under the Sex Discrimination Amendment Act.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    According to American Pink
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    State law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of "homosexuality" and "transgender status". The relevant law is Part 3A and Part 4C of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977. Federal law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of "sexual orientation", "gender identity" and "intersex status". The relevant law is section 14 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applied to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man after 1976.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Banned due to national FDA Guidelines.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    According to the Red Cross, if any man has had any sexual relations with another man, they WILL NOT qualify for a blood donation. Though the FDA deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    This is decided at the federal level by the FDA, which has given an indefinite ban.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Though the deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Though the deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • December 8
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual activity in Northern Ireland has been legal since 1982.
  • December 4
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    The China Center of Adoption Affairs (CCAA) does not allow same-sex couples to adopt, nor does it allow foreign same-sex couples to adopt a baby from China.
  • September 23
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality was decriminalised within Portugal in 1982.
  • August 14
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    It is legal for individuals to change their legal gender without having to go through gender reassignment surgery.
  • August 4
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent in France is 15 for both male-male, female-female, and male-female sex.
  • May 8
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 5 years imprisonment and/or 1,000,000 franc fine.
  • April 14
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Surgery is required
  • January 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Full discrimination protection pending.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Full discrimination protection on sexual orientation only. Full gender identity discrimination protection under section VII ruled that gender identity is included.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    Under state law only. Legalization pending.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    in all areas of Employment for discrimination protection. Full discrimination protection pending state wide.
  • (date unknown)
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Individuals and married couples jointly may petition for adoption per La. CHC 1198, 1202. Second-parent adoption is not legal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    State law provides protections from discrimination based on sexual orientation only. However, public state employees are allowed domestic partner benefits.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    The Law on Marriage and Family Relations adopted on June 5, 1980 also recognized two categories of adoption: "incomplete adoption" and "full adoption". In the first case, adoptive parents could be both individuals and married partners (Article 157). In the second case, adoptive parents are married partners, and exceptionally unmarried persons if there are justified reasons for that (Article 191).
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Following the amendment of the Act on the Amendment of Names and Sex Determination in Special Cases, known as the Law on Transsexuality (1981) by Judgment No. 1 BvR 3295/07 (2011) of the Federal Constitutional Court, the criteria for changing the name or both the name and the gender marker were unified. Currently, the law requires applicants to (i) prove that "due to their transsexual status, they do not feel comfortable with their sex registered at birth", (ii) they have lived for at least three years "in accordance with the gender they identify with" and (iii) that their "situation of transexuality is foreseeably stable". This procedure is carried out before a municipal judge, which has to verify that these requirements are met by subjecting the applicant to an examination carried out by two expert witnesses "specialised in transsexualism". (ILGA) In 2017, the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSJ) commissioned the Humboldt University in Berlin to prepare an expert opinion on the "need for regulation and reform for transgender people". It found that the current assessment procedure is in many cases characterized by disproportionate time and expense as well as degrading and discriminatory experiences and violates the fundamental rights of the applicants. The non-governmental organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Transidentität und Intersexualität e.V. (dgti) issues a supplemental ID card which contains one's self-chosen first names, pronouns and gender before a legal name change has taken place. It is known and accepted by German ministries, the police, and many authorities. The supplemental ID card is often a condition to correct one's name at, among others, schools, universities, banks and insurance companies. In five German states, references to the ID have been included in coronavirus ordinances and associated explanations to recognize it as an identification document, e.g., together with vaccination certificates. It has a special status of recognition in Germany. The legal basis of the supplemental ID card is the implementation of the request of the European Parliament, communicated in the 11th legislative period of the German parliament. When the Self-Identification law was introduced, people who went through this old process could apply for a monetary compensation.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As of 1981, Employment discrimination was outlawed as well as LGBTQ discrimination.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    For sex between men aged 21 or over.
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Section 5 of the Act on the Prohibition of Discrimination on the grounds of Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Gender Expression bans discrimination towards LGBTQ+ persons. Norway was the first country in the world to enact a law against the discrimination of LGBT people by amending Paragraph 349a of the Norwegian Penal Code. In the same year Paragraph 135a was amended to prohibit hate speech directed at sexual minorities.
  • September 10
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Section 8 § 1 of the German Transsexuellengesetz (Transsexuals Act of September 10, 1980) states that transgender people can change their first names and gender entry under the condition of gender-affirming surgery, sterilization, and divorce.
  • August 13
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    1-3 years in prison ; fine between 100,000 and 500,000 CFA ( US 170- 870 dollars) Not enforced.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist in the criminal code.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    1-3 years in prison, 100 000-500 000 cfa fine. Decriminalization pending
  • April 18
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Some protection under the mandate through human rights institute.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Unknown.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Although Zimbabwean constitution does state "All citizens are equal", sexual orientations and gender identities are not protected.
  • February 20
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    There have been measures proposed during 2000 and 2003 to include sexual orientations and gender identities in grounds to protect against discriminations but these measures failed.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual Activity is Legal in Trentino Alto Adige
  • January 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    "All Rwandans are born and remain equal in rights and freedoms. General guarantee of equality Discrimination of any kind or its propaganda based on, inter alia, ethnic origin, family or ancestry, clan, skin colour or race, sex, region, economic categories, religion or faith, opinion, fortune, cultural differences, language, economic status, physical or mental disability or any other form of discrimination are prohibited and punishable by law."
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual acts were legalized prior to the federal ruling which legalized homosexuality for all federal jurisdictions in 2003.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Prior to November 2011, a lifetime ban was in place for MSM
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Legislative repeal, effective 1980.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Homosexual men in Turkey cannot donate blood. The Turkish Red Crescent considers homosexuality to be a risk factor for HIV/AIDS.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    .