1980s in LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    No laws for same sex couples.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Five to Ten years in prison and or fine. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Female same-gender sexual activity always legal. Male same-gender sexual activity legalised in 1990. This does not include 'sodomy' (anal intercourse)- it is illegal for anyone regardless of orientation or gender under 18 to partake in.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Female always legal, male legal as of 1990.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Prison up to 10 years
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
  • November 2
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Article 3 of the Constitution of the State, November 2, 1989. Establishing equal conditions to all people, regardless of sex, color, race, sexual orientation.
  • October 5
    LGBT discrimination becomes n/a.
    State Constitution
  • October 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    Denmark becomes the first country in the world to legally recognize same-sex unions as the Danish Registered Partnership Act goes into effect. "Two persons of the same sex may have their partnership registered."
  • July 6
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Same-sex sexual activity in the Falkland Islands has been legal since 1989.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality was legalised by the removal of sections 129 and 130 of the Criminal Code.
  • January 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
  • December 31
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Homosexuality is illegal and same sex marriage is not recognized.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As homosexual conduct is illegal, discrimination is permitted for these people. The government has also explicitly stated their disapproval of homosexual conducts.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 325 of the Guinea Penal Code states that homosexuality is illegal with punishment being 6 months to three years in prison and a fine of 100,000 to 1,000,000 Guinean francs. If the act was committed with a minor (under 21 years), the individual will face the maximum penalty.
  • October 5
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Missing housing discrimination protections since 2011.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Discrimination is illegal in some parts of Brazil.
  • August 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Legalization pending. Law makers say denying gay marriage is unconstitutional. Same sex weddings do happen in The Philippines and can be blessed, but just not registered. Civil unions pending.
  • April 30
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 303 prohibits homosexual behaviours (punishable by 3 months in prison and/or financial fines)
  • March 24
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes other punishment.
    Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 stated that local authorities could not "intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality" or "promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship". The law did not create a criminal offence, leaving staff to fear losing their jobs if they breached the rules.
  • March 4
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Section 14 of the Sexual Offences Act 23 of 1957, as inserted by the Immorality Amendment Act 2 of 1988, set the age of consent for gay and lesbian sex at 19, as opposed to 16 for straight sex. Gay male sex was in any case illegal for all ages.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent is 14 equal for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples in Germany.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    LGBT people regardless of gender are allowed to engage in such acts once old enough according to the law
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female uncertain.
    According to sections 136–142 of the The Criminal Offences Act, the maximum penalty for same-sex sexual activity in Tonga is 10 years in prison and whipping.
  • December 8
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female uncertain.
    Article 354 of the Federal Penal Code could be Imprisonment,fines, floggings,and deportation for foreigners In Abu Dhabi Article 80 of the Penal Code punishable by imprisonment of up to 14 years. In Dubai Article 177 of the Penal Code imposes imprisonment of up to 10 years . Not enforced .If you a travelers or foreigner you will be in jail followed by deportation or directed deportation
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    Article 354 means male homosexuality is punishable by death. Female homosexuality on the other hand, is not mentioned. It maybe covered under article 358 of the Penal Code which mentions indecent act.
  • April 30
    Same-sex marriage becomes foreign same-sex marriages recognized only.
    Gay Marriage and Gay Unions pending. Required by 2018 IACHR Ruling.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Article 72 of the constitution states that marriage is between a man and a woman.
  • March 8
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
  • February 2
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Marriage in the Philippines is defined as a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with law. Furthermore, the Philippine Supreme Court rejects the petition to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    The Philippines does not recognize any form of same-sex union under any circumstance. The Philippine Supreme Court has also denied and dismissed the petition to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    8-14 years in prison under unnatural connections. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending. the president of the senate in Grenada suggested in may 2013 for decriminalization of Homosexuality.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Became legal due to a fatwa from Khomeini in 1987. Trans individuals have the gender they identify with legally recognized and sex reassignment surgeries are publicly funded.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Grenada, with up to 10 years prison as a penalty.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • December 6
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act of 1986 prevents discriminatory activities, however, the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 provides exemptions for religious institutions.
  • November 11
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Anal intercourse between two consenting male adults is punishable by twenty-five (25) years imprisonment. Anal intercourse committed by a minor is punishable by five (5) years imprisonment. Serious indecency between two adults of the same sex is punishable by five years imprisonment. ("An act of “serious indecency” is an act, other than sexual intercourse (whether natural or unnatural), by a person involving the use of the genital organ for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire.")
  • August 8
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986
  • May 27
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • April 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Under Federal law. Almost Nationwide.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes varies by region.
    Full joint adoption by same-sex couples is currently legal in the certain states.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    In all aspects since 2013. under federal law since 2015.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Under federal law since 2015.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Greenland allows LGBTQ+ individuals to serve openly as per Danish law.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Israelis can change their legal gender only after a sex-reassignment surgery.
  • April 17
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Non-inclusion of Gender Identity in Charter.
  • March 12
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Decriminalised by the Legislature of the Virgin Islands in 1985.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Dutch Civil Law provides that in order for a citizen to change their legal gender they must first undergo gender re-assignment surgery.
  • July 9
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    2 years in prison and fine and stoning. Legal in some states. death penalty rarely enforced. Changes pending.
  • Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Homosexual activity is illegal in Mauritania.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    Male homosexuality is punishable by stoning; female homosexuality is punishable by fines or imprisonments
  • July 8
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    As homosexuality is illegal, serving in the military by LGBTQ+ individuals are also illegal
  • June 26
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    US Supreme Court ruling issued in Lawrence v. Texas struck down all sodomy laws on the basis of privacy and liberty. The decision overturned any laws remaining in all US states which prohibited acts of sodomy.
  • June 20
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    In 1983, in response to the HIV epidemic, the Directorate General of Health banned MSMs from donating blood indefinitely. This ban was reiterated in 2009.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016 under the FDA ruling.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016 from the FDA.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016. From the FDA changing the blood donating laws.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Under a ruling from the FDA.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Since 2016.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Federally.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    under the Sex Discrimination Amendment Act.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    According to American Pink
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    State law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of "homosexuality" and "transgender status". The relevant law is Part 3A and Part 4C of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977. Federal law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of "sexual orientation", "gender identity" and "intersex status". The relevant law is section 14 of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applied to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man after 1976.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • January 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Banned due to national FDA Guidelines.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    According to the Red Cross, if any man has had any sexual relations with another man, they WILL NOT qualify for a blood donation. Though the FDA deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    This is decided at the federal level by the FDA, which has given an indefinite ban.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Though the deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Though the deferral impacts all MSMs who have had sex with a man since 1977, the policy did not go into effect until 1983. The policy applied retroactively to 1977.
  • December 8
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual activity in Northern Ireland has been legal since 1982.
  • December 4
    Same-sex adoption becomes varies by region.
    Single nationwide. but laws might be pending for same sex couples in some areas.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    The China Center of Adoption Affairs (CCAA) does not allow same-sex couples to adopt, nor does it allow foreign same-sex couples to adopt a baby from China.
  • September 23
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • August 14
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Under the revision of sex change law in 2018. Missing non binary options.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    It is legal for individuals to change their legal gender without having to go through gender reassignment surgery.
  • August 4
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The age of consent in France is 15 for both male-male, female-female, and male-female sex.
  • May 8
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 5 years imprisonment and/or 1,000,000 franc fine.
  • April 14
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Surgery is required
  • January 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Full discrimination protection pending.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Full discrimination protection on sexual orientation only. Full gender identity discrimination protection under section VII ruled that gender identity is included.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    Under state law only. Legalization pending.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    in all areas of Employment for discrimination protection. Full discrimination protection pending state wide.
  • (date unknown)
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Individuals and married couples jointly may petition for adoption per La. CHC 1198, 1202. Second-parent adoption is not legal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    State law provides protections from discrimination based on sexual orientation only. However, public state employees are allowed domestic partner benefits.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    For sex between men aged 21 or over.
  • September 10
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Germans can change their name and gender. Article 1 of Transsexuellengesetz (Transsexuals Act of 10 September 1980)
  • August 13
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    1-3 years in prison ; fine between 100,000 and 500,000 CFA ( US 170- 870 dollars) Not enforced.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    None exist in the criminal code.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Same sex marriage is not legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    1-3 years in prison, 100 000-500 000 cfa fine
  • April 18
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Some protection under the mandate through human rights institute.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Unknown.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Although Zimbabwean constitution does state "All citizens are equal", sexual orientations and gender identities are not protected.
  • February 20
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    There have been measures proposed during 2000 and 2003 to include sexual orientations and gender identities in grounds to protect against discriminations but these measures failed.
  • January 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    "All Rwandans are born and remain equal in rights and freedoms. General guarantee of equality Discrimination of any kind or its propaganda based on, inter alia, ethnic origin, family or ancestry, clan, skin colour or race, sex, region, economic categories, religion or faith, opinion, fortune, cultural differences, language, economic status, physical or mental disability or any other form of discrimination are prohibited and punishable by law."
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual acts were legalized prior to the federal ruling which legalized homosexuality for all federal jurisdictions in 2003.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Prior to November 2011, a lifetime ban was in place for MSM
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Legislative repeal, effective 1980.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    .