1991 in LGBT Rights

In 1991, there were 33 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 13 changes made and 56 in the following year. A total of 328 legal changes were made in the 1990s.

  • December 25
    Serving openly in military becomes don't ask, don't tell.
    Only 22 countries allow trans service, Kyrgyzstan is not one of them
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    There are no discrimination laws for sexual orientation and gender identities. The date shown is that of the foundation of the country.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    No laws about discrimination
  • December 23
    LGBT discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    The Constitution of Slovenia from 1991 guarantees the equality of people under the law in general. However, it does not explicitly mention sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • December 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Constitutional Ban.
  • December 12
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in Ukraine since 1991.
  • August 25
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No discrimination protections exist.
  • Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    No laws are in place against conversion therapy.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protection
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Even though article 22 states all citizens are equal, sexual orientations and gender identities are not included in the forms of discriminations covered.
  • July 12
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protection is granted as homosexuality still carries a death sentence.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Mauritania. As such, date provided is the date where the most recent version of the constitution came into effect.
  • June 21
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual acts were not mentioned anymore in the revision of the Penal Code of 1991. Therefore the age of consent was lowered to 16 years old for all consenting sexual intercourse.
  • June 11
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes ambiguous.
    Some protection under Article 23 of the Constitution.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Under Article 23 of their constitution.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Marriage in Burkina Faso is defined as between a man and a woman. Article 23 of the country's constitution of 1991 states: "Marriage is founded on the free consent of the man and of the woman. All discrimination founded on race, colour, religion, ethnicity, caste, social origin, or fortune is forbidden in the matter of marriage."
  • April 3
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    The new penal code adopted in 1991 did not mention if homosexuality was illegal.
  • April 1
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female uncertain.
    Article 354 of the Federal Penal Code could be Imprisonment,fines, floggings,and deportation for foreigners In Abu Dhabi Article 80 of the Penal Code punishable by imprisonment of up to 14 years. In Dubai Article 177 of the Penal Code imposes imprisonment of up to 10 years . Not enforced .If you a travelers or foreigner you will be in jail followed by deportation or directed deportation
  • February 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Homosexuality is not legal in Sudan.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    the Soviet 1972 case of sex change after undergoing sex reassignment surgery does not apply to independent Turkmenistan
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    Homosexuality under the third conviction can result in the death penalty. This was later removed in 2020 following the revolution.
  • January 1
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Serving openly in military becomes lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.
    Legal for LGB people, but not transgender people.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    the Soviet 1972 case of legal sex change after undergoing sex reassignment surgery is not applicable to independent Uzbekistan
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Legal between consenting adults.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (other penalty).
    Under article 409 of the Somali Penal Code, 1973, mentions that sexual intercourse with a partner of same sex is punishable, and may result in an imprisonment for 3 months to 3 years. However, in an autonomous region of Jubaland homosexuality could be punished by the death penalty, in territories controlled by Al-Shabaab, homosexuality could be ‘de facto’ punishable by the death penalty aswell.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.

LGBT Organizations Founded in 1991