2005 in LGBT Rights

In 2005, there were 78 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 71 changes made and 56 in the following year. A total of 660 legal changes were made in the 2000s.

  • December 30
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Adoption discrimination is illegal in England, this extends to Manchester.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Adoption discrimination is illegal in England. IVF treatment is available for lesbian couples too.
  • December 28
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Article 6 of the FBH Family Law states: "Marriage is a union of life between a woman and a man regulated by law." The FBH constitution does not mention marriage.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Family Law of FBH entity adopted on March 3, 2005 recognizes two categories of adoption: "incomplete adoption" and "full adoption". Only married partners and non-marital partners who have lived in the community for at least 5 years can fully adopt (Article 102). Incomplete adoption is allowed only to married partners without restrictions, and with the existence of particularly justified reasons, this type of adoption can also be enabled for non-marital partners who have lived in the community for at least 5 years and for single people (Article 104).
  • December 27
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    State Law 3157 of December 27, 2005
  • December 18
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    .
  • December 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Section 110 explicitly states marriage as being a union between a man and a woman.
  • December 5
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    Activists are trying to get this legalized. Legalized required under EU Ruling. Gay marriage legalization pending. Foreign Same Sex Marriage recognized from other countries.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    The law still allows both same sex couples and straight couples to form civil unions as of December 2, 2019.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    Civil partnership
  • September 28
    Equal age of consent becomes n/a.
    16 for heterosexual males/females. No established age of consent for homosexual males/females, but they can be charged with engaging in consensual activity starting at age 12.
  • August 5
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Aricle 6 of the 2005 Labour Law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The 2010 Law on Prevention and Protection against Discrimination prohibited discrimination in Employment but sexual orientation and gender identity were not explicitly mentioned grounds.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Aricle 6 of the 2005 Labour Law prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The 2010 Law on Prevention and Protection against Discrimination prohibited discrimination in general but sexual orientation and gender identity were not explicitly mentioned grounds.
  • August
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • July 21
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Homosexuality is not legal in Gambia.
  • July 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Under Canadian law there is a bill named Civil Marriage Act that was passed in 2005. This is from the Canadian government.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Under bill C-38.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The Civil Marriage Act was passed at a federal level, overriding provincial marriage law.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Same-sex marriage in Canada became legally recognised nationwide with the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country in the world to legalise gay marriage.
  • July 14
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    The Community/Union legislation (directive 2000/78) prohibited discrimination based on sexual orientation in the workspace. Later on it was transferred to the Greek legal order, with law 3304/2005, almost verbatim. The greek translation of the directive and the greek law referred to sexual orientation as “genetic orientation”.
  • July 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Marriage in Uganda is defined as a union between a man and a woman constitutionally.
  • July 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Under the Civil Marriage Act.
  • July 3
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Included in equal marriage legislation
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In July of 2005, Spain became the third country in the world to legalize gay marriage, following the Netherlands and Belgium. The law, which was passed by the Spanish parliament and signed into law by Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, also allows same-sex couples to adopt children.
  • July 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    According to article 101 of the current Family law in Serbia, adoptive parents can be: (1) spouses or common-law partners together (2) the spouse or common-law partner of the child's parent (3) exceptionally, with the permission of the cabinet minister responsible for families, a person who lives alone if particulary justified reasons exist for doing so This practically means that no single person (regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity) can adopt a child.
  • May 25
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    If medical opinion states that the individual is their desired gender, courts should comply and legally recognise the desired gender. (High Court in Re JG)
  • May 4
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    The 2005 constitution explicitly prohibits the marriage or union between two people of the same sex
  • April 13
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (marriage rights).
    The Civil Union Act 2004 received Royal assent on 13 December 2004, allowing for same-sex couples to enter civil unions when it commenced on 13 April 2005.
  • April 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Kansas voters adopted a constitutional amendment in April 2005 that said "Marriage shall be constituted by one man and one woman only" and banned granting the "rights or incidents" of marriage to other relationships.
  • April 4
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Requires diagnosis of gender dysphoria
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Changing gender is legal.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Changing gender is legal.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Changing your gender is legal within Manchester.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    As in the United Kingdom, the law is the same Surgery is not required
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    UK changes of gender are recognised. The Criminal Procedure and Evidence Ordinance 2014 states "the gender of an individual is his or her gender as registered at birth, unless the person possesses a gender recognition certificate issued under section 9 of the UK Gender Recognition Act 2004, in which case the person's gender is the acquired gender."
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Not required.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Missing non binary options on documents.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    As in United Kingdom
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    The Act gives transsexual people legal recognition as members of the sex appropriate to their gender (male or female) allowing them to acquire a new birth certificate, affording them full recognition of their acquired sex in law for all purposes, including marriage.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Gender Recognition Act 2004
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    As in United Kingdom
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Legal gender recognition is possible in all four constituent countries of the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) as per the Gender Recognition Act (2004, in effect 2005). Section 1 of the law states that "any person of either gender" who is aged at least 18 can make an application for "a gender recognition certificate" on the basis of— (a) living in the other gender, or (b) having changed gender under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom. These certificates are issued by a Gender Recognition Panel. The law includes the following requirements for obtaining such certificate: (1) a "gender dysphoria" diagnosis, proved through two reports (one by a registered medical practitioner or psychologist specialised in gender dysphoria, and another one made by a registered medical practitioner); (2) having lived in the “acquired gender” for two years before filing the application, proved through different means (such as a statutory declaration or documents where their gender identity is stated -i.e. pay slips, benefit documentation, bank statements, utility bills); (3) a statutory declaration showing intention "to continue to live in the acquired gender until death"; (4) spousal consent, if the applicant is married or in a civil partnership (partner must consent to the marriage or partnership continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate).
  • March 23
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Aricle 18 of the 2005 Labour Law prohibits employment discrimination. Sexual orientation is one of explicitly mentioned grounds.
  • March 18
    Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Burundian constitution explicitly prohibits same-sex marriage. In article 29 it states “Marriage between two people of the same sex is forbidden.”
  • January 11
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    it is the more open-minded places besides Nepal and tiwan. No laws in place for same sex couples.
  • (date unknown)
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Legal since 2005
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Morocco has several censorship measures in place including LGBT media censorship. Article 3 of the Decree Regulating the Right of Association prohibits associations from engaging in activities that, inter alia, “breach the laws or public morals” or “offend Islam”. Further amendments were made by Decree No. 2?04?969 (2005), which include prohibitive provisions, such as capacities at start-up. LGBT organisations are refused to register by the authorities.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    No laws in place in for same sex couples. Legalization pending.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Requires surgery to change documents. Changes pending. Missing non binary options on documents.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires medical diagnosis.
    Under Article 37 of the Law on the Register of Deaths, Births and Marriages (2005), "medical certification" is required to attain legal gender recognition. However, there are no apparent criteria for what this "certification" must include or what level of medical intervention (if any) is required. Thus, in practice, the discretion lies with each individual registrar to accept or reject applicants. Before the change of gender marker is registered, the applicant must request a new EMSO (identification number). According to ILGA-Europe, in January 2017, the Ministry of Internal Affairs published a circular establishing that applicants seeking legal gender recognition had to present a certified statement that they have undergone gender affirming surgery. However, after substantial advocacy efforts by local NGOs, including Legebitra, TransAkcija, and Amnesty Slovenia, the Ministry backtracked and published a new circular establishing that applicants had to submit a "certified statement" issued by a psychiatrist merely stating that they had "changed their gender" and indicating that the medical procedures leading to “gender change” are irrelevant for the legal gender recognition procedure, thus reinstating the interpretation that was in place before January 2017.
  • January 1
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    included in hate crimes as well.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    5- 10 years in prison. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending. Since 2013 police officers have to take lgbt sensitivity training.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As being a French territory.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    as being a territory of France. French laws apply.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Age of Consent for sex is equal in the Falkland Islands.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    protections in in all areas.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Anti-discrimination laws in hate speech and violence
  • (date unknown)
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    State law provides for protections against employment discrimination in regards to both sexual orientation and gender identification.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • January 1
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Sexual orientation only
  • Same-sex marriage becomes banned.
    Known as Amendment 3.
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Sex-reassignment surgery is required to change legal documents in Kentucky.
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    The couple applying for adoption must be a married, different sex couple. Custody has been granted to a same-sex parent on the basis of the "child's best interest," but this is very rare.
  • (date unknown)
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Gay men in Japan are banned from donating blood following one (1) year after male-male sexual contact. Japanese Red Cross opposses this practice.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions (limited rights).
    Same-sex couples can register their partnership under the name "Stable Union of a Couple" with limited rights.