Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Civil unions (limited rights)
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ Sexual orientation only
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Not banned
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Recent studies in Latvia show a discernible level of opposition to LGBTQ+ rights among the population.

Latvia Surveys

Orthodox Christian Support for Church's Position of Refusing to Perform Same-Sex Marriage

84%
Support
10%
Oppose

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History

Homosexual activity in Latvia

?

Homosexual activity in Latvia is legal.

Current status
Since 1992
Legal
Article 124.1 that prohibits male-male sex was repealed in 1992
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1992
Male illegal, female legal
Homosexual activity between men was prohibited before 1992. Sexual acts between women was not explicitly criminalized.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2007042…//www.ilga-europe.org/europe/guide/country_by_country/latvia
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Latvia

?

Same-sex marriage in Latvia is civil unions (limited rights).

A new law will be going into effect in 1 month.
Going into effect Jul 1, 2024
Civil unions (limited rights)
On 9 November 2023, the Saeima passed legislation establishing same-sex civil unions, subject to approval by President Edgars Rinkevics by 9 January 2024. The law is scheduled to take effect on 1 July 2024. Same-sex couples are not able to inherit from their partners even if they are in a registered partnership.
Current status
Jun 1, 2022–Jun 30, 2024
Civil unions (limited rights)
Civil unions recognized by courts in Latvia with limited rights.
Added by CHR0LL0PH0BICCC  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Dec 15, 2005–May 31, 2022
Banned
Section 110 of the Constitution of Latvia was amended in 2006, explicitly defining marriage as a union exclusively between a man and woman.
Sources:
wipo.int/wipolex/en/text.js…
web.archive.org/web/2006061…//news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/5084832.stm
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in Latvia

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Latvia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Latvia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Latvia

?

Right to change legal gender in Latvia is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Dec 14, 2012
Legal, but requires surgery
Transgender people are allowed to change their gender, however surgery is required.
Added by Muhammadaji2022  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Apr 5, 1972–Dec 14, 2012
Legal, but requires surgery
Under Soviet law, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the regulations were not changed.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Apr 5, 1972
Illegal
Legal gender change is impossible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Latvia

?

Gender-affirming care in Latvia is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1996
Legal
In 1996, Latvia adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1983–Jan 1, 1996
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1983, transsexualism began to be professionally diagnosed in the Soviet Union, which allowed the prescription of hormone therapy
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Restricted
In 1926, the Soviet Union's Ministry of Internal Affairs legalized sex reassignment surgery
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1926
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Latvia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Latvia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
No non-binary recognition.
Added by Markissik  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Latvia

?

LGBT discrimination in Latvia is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since Nov 9, 2006
Illegal in some contexts
The labour law was amended to protect LGBTQ+ population in some aspects of the labour market.
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Latvia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Latvia is sexual orientation only.

Current status
Since Nov 9, 2006
Sexual orientation only
only banned on sexual orientation
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Latvia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Latvia is no protections.

Current status
Since Nov 9, 2006
No protections
no protections based on ILGA Europe
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Latvia

?

Same-sex adoption in Latvia is single only.

Current status
Single only
Latvian law allows any person over 25 to adopt. However persons who are not married to each other may not adopt the same child. This means that only one person of an unmarried couple can adopt a child. However, lesbian couples can get access to IVF and assisted insemination treatment.
Added by Skeleton  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Latvia

?

Intersex infant surgery in Latvia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There is no official ban on unnecessary sex reassignment operations in infants in Latvia.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Latvia

?

Serving openly in military in Latvia is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Sexual orientation is a protected category for employment discrimination, however gender identity is not.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Latvia

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Blood donations by MSMs in Latvia is legal.

Current status
Legal
No restrictions about gay sex.
Added by Simo  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Latvia

?

Conversion therapy in Latvia is not banned.

Current status
Since Dec 23, 2017
Not banned
No laws in place.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Latvia

?

Equal age of consent in Latvia is equal.

Current status
Equal
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by District

View the LGBT laws in each individual district of Latvia.