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LGBT Rights in Slovakia

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unregistered cohabitation
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    Ambiguous
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (1-year deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors ?

Ranked #42 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(37.4%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (60%)

Justifiability of homosexuality ?

Ranked #26 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(28%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (31.1%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents ?

Ranked #51 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)
(58%) Disagree
Agree (16.3%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019) ?

Ranked #23 out of 34 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May‚ÄďOctober, 2019)
(46%) No
Yes (44%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against sexual orientation (European Union) ?

Ranked #2 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(25%) Widespread
Rare (55%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against transgender people (European Union) ?

Ranked #2 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(20%) Widespread
Rare (51%)

Acceptance of same-sex relationships (European Union) ?

Ranked #25 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(61%) Disagree
Agree (29%)

Support for transgender people changing legal gender (European Union) ?

Ranked #25 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)
(56%) No
Yes (25%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People ?

Ranked #38 out of 119 regions surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)
(36%) Not a good place
Good place (32%)

History

Homosexual activity in Slovakia

?

Homosexual activity in Slovakia is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1961
Legal
Homosexuality was legalized in the former Czechoslovakia.
Added by vviet93  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Slovakia

?

Same-sex marriage in Slovakia is unregistered cohabitation.

Current status
Unregistered cohabitation
Since 2018, Slovak law has recognised a "close person", defined as a sibling or a spouse.
Added by tominon  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Slovakia

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Slovakia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Slovakia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Slovakia

?

Right to change legal gender in Slovakia is ambiguous.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2016
Ambiguous
Currently it is de facto not possible to change the legal gender. The law requires surgery and sterilization, which was ruled illegal under EU court.
Due to a lack of standards and regulations as of November 18, 2022, healthcare facilities in Slovakia are refusing to treat transgender patients, forcing them to travel abroad for care. Additionally, some civil registry offices are delaying the processing of applications to change one's legal gender because they are waiting for the Ministry of Health to approve the new standards of care, which indicates that changing one's legal gender might soon be possible again.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Jan 1, 2016
Ambiguous
Legal, requirements ambiguously defined.
Added by NicoleTheLizard  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Slovakia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Slovakia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
A report by Ilga’s rainbow map shows Slovakia doesn’t recognise none Binary genders
Added by JohnQuebec98  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Slovakia

?

LGBT discrimination in Slovakia is illegal.

Current status
Since May 22, 2013
Illegal
Homophobia is now considered hate speech
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Slovakia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Slovakia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2008
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Under the amendment in the Anti-Discrimination Act.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Slovakia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Slovakia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2008
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Under the amendment Anti-Discrimination Act.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Slovakia

?

Same-sex adoption in Slovakia is single only.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2017
Single only
Missing joint adoption and step child adoption.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Slovakia

?

Serving openly in military in Slovakia is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1993
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Of the 27 EU countries, Slovakia is one of the exceptions in which transgender people cannot serve in the military
Added by JohnQuebec98  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Only place you can not serve is in Cyprus.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Slovakia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Slovakia is banned (1-year deferral).

Current status
Banned (1-year deferral)
Changes pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Slovakia

?

Conversion therapy in Slovakia is not banned.

Current status
Since Jan 22, 2018
Not banned
Not criminalized or regulated. However it is widely condemned.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Slovakia

?

Equal age of consent in Slovakia is equal.

Current status
Equal
Added by tominon  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log