Explore the progress of
LGBTQ+
Lesbain,
Gay,
Bisexual,
Transgender,
Questioning,
Intersex...
rights
across the world.
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Homosexual Activity

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • May 3 2021Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Feb 17 2021Became Legal in Bhutan
  • Jun 11 2019Became Legal in Botswana
  • Mar 28 2019Became Illegal (death penalty as punishment) in Brunei
  • Jan 24 2019Became Legal in Angola
  • Sep 6 2018Became Legal in India
  • Jan 1 2018Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Terengganu
  • Aug 1 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Chad

    Today in LGBTQ+ History

    Recent LGBTQ+ Laws Changed

    LGBTQ+ Rights by Country

    Including dependent territories. Select an issue to view a further breakdown.

    Homosexual activity

    154
    Legal
    69
    Illegal
    Legal
    154 regions (67%)
    Illegal
    69 regions (30%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    6 regions (3%)
    Legal
    50 regions (100%)
    Europe
    Legal
    17 regions (71%)
    Illegal
    7 regions (29%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    13 regions (93%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (7%)
    South America
    Legal
    28 regions (78%)
    Illegal
    8 regions (22%)
    North America
    Legal
    24 regions (41%)
    Illegal
    34 regions (58%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (2%)
    Africa
    Legal
    22 regions (48%)
    Illegal
    19 regions (41%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    5 regions (11%)
    Asia

    Same-sex marriage

    45
    Legal
    111
    Somewhere in between
    73
    Illegal
    Legal
    45 regions (20%)
    Somewhere in between
    111 regions (48%)
    Illegal
    73 regions (32%)
    Legal
    15 regions (30%)
    Somewhere in between
    25 regions (50%)
    Illegal
    10 regions (20%)
    Europe
    Legal
    9 regions (38%)
    Somewhere in between
    10 regions (42%)
    Illegal
    5 regions (21%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    5 regions (36%)
    Somewhere in between
    7 regions (50%)
    Illegal
    2 regions (14%)
    South America
    Legal
    9 regions (25%)
    Somewhere in between
    23 regions (64%)
    Illegal
    4 regions (11%)
    North America
    Legal
    5 regions (8%)
    Somewhere in between
    25 regions (42%)
    Illegal
    29 regions (49%)
    Africa
    Legal
    2 regions (4%)
    Somewhere in between
    21 regions (46%)
    Illegal
    23 regions (50%)
    Asia

    Right to change legal gender

    80
    Legal
    41
    Somewhere in between
    20
    Illegal
    Legal
    80 regions (35%)
    Somewhere in between
    41 regions (18%)
    Illegal
    20 regions (9%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    88 regions (38%)
    Legal
    21 regions (42%)
    Somewhere in between
    18 regions (36%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (2%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    10 regions (20%)
    Europe
    Legal
    11 regions (46%)
    Somewhere in between
    1 regions (4%)
    Illegal
    2 regions (8%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    10 regions (42%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    5 regions (36%)
    Somewhere in between
    4 regions (29%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (7%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    4 regions (29%)
    South America
    Legal
    10 regions (28%)
    Somewhere in between
    3 regions (8%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (3%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    22 regions (61%)
    North America
    Legal
    24 regions (41%)
    Somewhere in between
    2 regions (3%)
    Illegal
    6 regions (10%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    27 regions (46%)
    Africa
    Legal
    9 regions (20%)
    Somewhere in between
    13 regions (28%)
    Illegal
    9 regions (20%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    15 regions (33%)
    Asia

    LGBT discrimination

    76
    Protected
    52
    Some protections
    104
    No protections
    Protected
    76 regions (33%)
    Some protections
    52 regions (23%)
    No protections
    104 regions (45%)
    Protected
    31 regions (62%)
    Some protections
    13 regions (26%)
    No protections
    6 regions (12%)
    Europe
    Protected
    12 regions (50%)
    Some protections
    6 regions (25%)
    No protections
    6 regions (25%)
    Oceania
    Protected
    7 regions (50%)
    Some protections
    3 regions (21%)
    No protections
    4 regions (29%)
    South America
    Protected
    15 regions (42%)
    Some protections
    8 regions (22%)
    No protections
    13 regions (36%)
    North America
    Protected
    9 regions (15%)
    Some protections
    15 regions (25%)
    No protections
    37 regions (63%)
    Africa
    Protected
    2 regions (4%)
    Some protections
    7 regions (15%)
    No protections
    38 regions (83%)
    Asia

    LGBT housing discrimination

    95
    Protected
    4
    Some protections
    107
    No protections
    Protected
    95 regions (41%)
    Some protections
    4 regions (2%)
    No protections
    107 regions (47%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    23 regions (10%)
    Protected
    38 regions (76%)
    Some protections
    2 regions (4%)
    No protections
    7 regions (14%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (6%)
    Europe
    Protected
    12 regions (50%)
    No protections
    10 regions (42%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    2 regions (8%)
    Oceania
    Protected
    8 regions (57%)
    Some protections
    1 regions (7%)
    No protections
    2 regions (14%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (21%)
    South America
    Protected
    19 regions (53%)
    Some protections
    1 regions (3%)
    No protections
    15 regions (42%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (3%)
    North America
    Protected
    9 regions (15%)
    No protections
    42 regions (71%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    8 regions (14%)
    Africa
    Protected
    9 regions (20%)
    No protections
    31 regions (67%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    6 regions (13%)
    Asia

    LGBT employment discrimination

    88
    Protected
    25
    Some protections
    85
    No protections
    Protected
    88 regions (38%)
    Some protections
    25 regions (11%)
    No protections
    85 regions (37%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    31 regions (14%)
    Protected
    29 regions (58%)
    Some protections
    12 regions (24%)
    No protections
    6 regions (12%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (6%)
    Europe
    Protected
    15 regions (63%)
    Some protections
    1 regions (4%)
    No protections
    5 regions (21%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (13%)
    Oceania
    Protected
    9 regions (64%)
    Some protections
    3 regions (21%)
    No protections
    2 regions (14%)
    South America
    Protected
    20 regions (56%)
    Some protections
    2 regions (6%)
    No protections
    11 regions (31%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (8%)
    North America
    Protected
    7 regions (12%)
    Some protections
    5 regions (8%)
    No protections
    31 regions (53%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    16 regions (27%)
    Africa
    Protected
    8 regions (17%)
    Some protections
    2 regions (4%)
    No protections
    30 regions (65%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    6 regions (13%)
    Asia

    Homosexuals serving openly in military

    156
    Legal
    4
    Somewhere in between
    22
    Illegal
    Legal
    156 regions (68%)
    Somewhere in between
    4 regions (2%)
    Illegal
    22 regions (10%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    47 regions (21%)
    Legal
    42 regions (84%)
    Somewhere in between
    1 regions (2%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (2%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    6 regions (12%)
    Europe
    Legal
    15 regions (63%)
    Somewhere in between
    1 regions (4%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    8 regions (33%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    12 regions (86%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (7%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (7%)
    South America
    Legal
    27 regions (75%)
    Somewhere in between
    1 regions (3%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    8 regions (22%)
    North America
    Legal
    39 regions (66%)
    Somewhere in between
    1 regions (2%)
    Illegal
    12 regions (20%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    7 regions (12%)
    Africa
    Legal
    21 regions (46%)
    Illegal
    8 regions (17%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    17 regions (37%)
    Asia

    Same-sex adoption

    46
    Legal
    139
    Somewhere in between
    28
    Illegal
    Legal
    46 regions (20%)
    Somewhere in between
    139 regions (61%)
    Illegal
    28 regions (12%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    16 regions (7%)
    Legal
    17 regions (34%)
    Somewhere in between
    22 regions (44%)
    Illegal
    7 regions (14%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    4 regions (8%)
    Europe
    Legal
    7 regions (29%)
    Somewhere in between
    16 regions (67%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (4%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    6 regions (43%)
    Somewhere in between
    7 regions (50%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (7%)
    South America
    Legal
    7 regions (19%)
    Somewhere in between
    26 regions (72%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (3%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    2 regions (6%)
    North America
    Legal
    6 regions (10%)
    Somewhere in between
    45 regions (76%)
    Illegal
    8 regions (14%)
    Africa
    Legal
    3 regions (7%)
    Somewhere in between
    23 regions (50%)
    Illegal
    12 regions (26%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    8 regions (17%)
    Asia

    Equal age of consent

    180
    Equal
    35
    Unequal
    Equal
    180 regions (79%)
    Unequal
    35 regions (15%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    14 regions (6%)
    Equal
    50 regions (100%)
    Europe
    Equal
    20 regions (83%)
    Unequal
    3 regions (13%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (4%)
    Oceania
    Equal
    11 regions (79%)
    Unequal
    3 regions (21%)
    South America
    Equal
    24 regions (67%)
    Unequal
    9 regions (25%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    3 regions (8%)
    North America
    Equal
    44 regions (75%)
    Unequal
    11 regions (19%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    4 regions (7%)
    Africa
    Equal
    31 regions (67%)
    Unequal
    9 regions (20%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    6 regions (13%)
    Asia

    Blood donations by MSMs

    141
    Legal
    53
    Illegal
    Legal
    141 regions (62%)
    Illegal
    53 regions (23%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    35 regions (15%)
    Legal
    18 regions (36%)
    Illegal
    23 regions (46%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    9 regions (18%)
    Europe
    Legal
    16 regions (67%)
    Illegal
    7 regions (29%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    1 regions (4%)
    Oceania
    Legal
    11 regions (79%)
    Illegal
    1 regions (7%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    2 regions (14%)
    South America
    Legal
    29 regions (81%)
    Illegal
    5 regions (14%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    2 regions (6%)
    North America
    Legal
    46 regions (78%)
    Illegal
    2 regions (3%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    11 regions (19%)
    Africa
    Legal
    21 regions (46%)
    Illegal
    15 regions (33%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    10 regions (22%)
    Asia

    Conversion therapy

    18
    Banned
    84
    Not banned
    Banned
    18 regions (8%)
    Not banned
    84 regions (37%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    127 regions (55%)
    Banned
    4 regions (8%)
    Not banned
    28 regions (56%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    18 regions (36%)
    Europe
    Banned
    6 regions (25%)
    Not banned
    1 regions (4%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    17 regions (71%)
    Oceania
    Banned
    3 regions (21%)
    Not banned
    9 regions (64%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    2 regions (14%)
    South America
    Banned
    1 regions (3%)
    Not banned
    12 regions (33%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    23 regions (64%)
    North America
    Banned
    1 regions (2%)
    Not banned
    12 regions (20%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    46 regions (78%)
    Africa
    Banned
    3 regions (7%)
    Not banned
    22 regions (48%)
    No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
    21 regions (46%)
    Asia
Equaldex is a collaborative
LGBTQ+
Lesbain,
Gay,
Bisexual,
Transgender,
Questioning,
Intersex...
knowledge base
built by people like you.
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Equaldex is tracking 8983 LGBTQ-related laws.

11
LAWS CHANGED
this year
13
LAWS CHANGED
last year
8
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK

Top Contributors (Month)

25 contributions
8 contributions
7 contributions

Recent Edits

beeurd added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in New Zealand
Antinousosiris added an entry.
Conversion therapy in Switzerland
Antinousosiris added an entry.
Conversion therapy in Vietnam

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region. Equaldex includes the legal status of same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Highlighted regions are frequently visited

LGBT Rights in Antarctica

1 Region