Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Illegal
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ Sexual orientation only
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ Sexual orientation only
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    Unknown
    Military
    Ambiguous
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Public Opinion

Recent surveys in Belize have revealed a mixed response towards LGBTQ+ rights and issues, based on a limited set of sources.

Belize Surveys

(UNAids, 2013)
of Belizeans would accept someone who is gay or homosexual
of Belizeans would tolerate someone who is gay or homosexual.

Belize is missing public opinion data.

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History

Homosexual activity in Belize

?

Homosexual activity in Belize is legal.

Current status
Since Aug 10, 2016
Legal
On August 10th 2016, after 6 years of pending the Belizean Supreme Court ruled in favor of Caleb Orosco in the landmark Orozco v Attorney General case. The court struck down Section 53 of the Belize code which criminalized sodomy emphasizing the rights of privacy, equality and dignity which Belizeans possess, in the process also expanding the definiton of sex in the constitution to include sexual orientation. It was the last sodomy law in Central America to be struck down.
Jan 1, 2003–Aug 10, 2016
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
The Section 53 of the Belize Criminal Code states that all kinds of sexual acts, except for the natural sex, are illegal. People found guilty are liable for a 10-year imprisonment. "Every person who has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any person ... shall be liable to imprisonment for 10 years." Moreover, homosexual immigrants are prohibited an entry to the country.
Added by Asher  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Belize

?

Same-sex marriage in Belize is unrecognized.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2003
Unrecognized
The legal system in Belize does not recognise same sex marriages or civil unions.
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in Belize

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Belize is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Belize, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Belize

?

Right to change legal gender in Belize is illegal.

Current status
Illegal
Full legalization required under 2018 IACHR ruling. Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Belize

?

Gender-affirming care in Belize is legal.

Current status
Since 1997
Legal
In 1997, Belize adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1980, Belize adopted the ICD-9 classification, which included codes allowing for the diagnosis of transsexualism in adults.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Belize

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Belize is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
No way to change legal gender, including to non-binary.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Belize

?

LGBT discrimination in Belize is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Illegal in some contexts
The constitution of Belize grants fundamental rights to all Belizeans, forbiding discrimination based on race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex and emphasizing all Belizeans are entitled to these fundamental rights regardless of characteristics. With the Orozco v Attorney General (2016) court case that struck down sodomy laws in the nation, the court also emphasized and expanded the definition of sex in the constitution to provide the constitutional right to non-discrimination based on sexual orientation.

LGBT employment discrimination in Belize

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Belize is sexual orientation only.

Current status
Sexual orientation only
The constitution of Belize grants fundamental rights to all Belizeans, forbiding discrimination based on race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex and emphasizing all Belizeans are entitled to these fundamental rights regardless of characteristics. With the Orozco v Attorney General (2016) court case that struck down sodomy laws in the nation, the court also emphasized and expanded the definition of sex in the constitution to provide the constitutional right to non-discrimination based on sexual orientation.

LGBT housing discrimination in Belize

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Belize is sexual orientation only.

Current status
Sexual orientation only
The constitution of Belize grants fundamental rights to all Belizeans, forbiding discrimination based on race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex and emphasizing all Belizeans are entitled to these fundamental rights regardless of characteristics. With the Orozco v Attorney General (2016) court case that struck down sodomy laws in the nation, the court also emphasized and expanded the definition of sex in the constitution to provide the constitutional right to non-discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Same-sex adoption in Belize

?

Same-sex adoption in Belize is single only.

Current status
Single only
No laws in place for same sex couples.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Belize

?

Intersex infant surgery in Belize is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Serving openly in military in Belize

?

Serving openly in military in Belize is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
There are no explicit legal provisions that allow or restrict LGBT people from serving openly in the military
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Belize

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Belize is legal.

Current status
Legal
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Belize

?

Conversion therapy in Belize is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
According to the ILGA World, there's no ban on conversion therapy in Belize.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Belize

?

Equal age of consent in Belize is equal.

Current status
Since Aug 10, 2016
Equal
The age of consent was equalized when the Supreme Court struck down the sodomy law and granted non-discrimination rights in the constituion under grounds of sexual orientation for LGBT individuals.
Jan 1, 2003–Aug 10, 2016
Unequal
Section 53 of the Belizean Penal Code criminalized sodomy until being striked down in 2016, coincidely with this illegality the age of consent was unequal.


LGBT Rights by District

View the LGBT laws in each individual district of Belize.