Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Banned
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Not banned
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Recent studies in Ukraine have revealed a prevalence of resistance towards LGBTQ+ rights.

Ukraine Surveys

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights (November)

8%
Neutral
72%
Agree
17%
Disagree

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights (May)

65%
Agree
12%
Neutral
16%
Disagree

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights (January)

58%
Agree
10%
Neutral
20%
Disagree

of Ukrainians agreed that LGBT members should have equal rights

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights

54%
Agree
10%
Neutral
27%
Disagree

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights (December)

29%
Agree
19%
Neutral
42%
Disagree

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights (July)

32%
Agree
18%
Neutral
39%
Disagree

Agreement That LGBT+ People Should Have Equal Rights

28%
Agree
17%
Neutral
39%
Disagree

Orthodox Christian Support for Church's Position of Refusing to Perform Same-Sex Marriage

78%
Support
11%
Oppose

Have you lived in or visited Ukraine?

Share your experience of being LGBTQ+ in Ukraine.

Take Survey

History

Homosexual activity in Ukraine

?

Homosexual activity in Ukraine is legal.

Current status
Since Dec 12, 1991
Legal
Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in Ukraine since 1991.
Added by kevinkobori  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Ukraine

?

Same-sex marriage in Ukraine is banned.

Current status
Since Jun 28, 1996
Banned
Article 51 of the Constitution of Ukraine, adopted in 1996, defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman. However, things may change soon. The country’s current president Zelensky stated that Ukraine’s government may allow civil partnerships for same-sex couples in the future.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Jun 28, 1996
Unrecognized
Before Ukraine's Constitution of 1996 went into effect, there were no laws that defined marriage as between a man and a woman.

Censorship of LGBT issues in Ukraine

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Ukraine is no censorship.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2022
No censorship
In 1999, the former President of Ukraine, Leonid Kravchuk, stated that there are more important issues than LGBT rights to discuss in Parliament and that homosexuality is caused by a mental illness or the corrupting influence of foreign films.
In 2007, the leader of the Parliamentary Committee on Human Rights called gay men "perverts" who must be stopped. Other MPs, namely Communist MP Leonid Grach, have listed homosexuality and lesbianism as evils the state must stop.
A draft law that would make it illegal to talk about homosexuality in public and in the media and to import, distribute, and broadcast video, photo, and audio products that "encourages homosexuality" (with penalties of up to five years in prison and fines for up to ₴5,000 (US$616)) was passed in first reading in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian Parliament) on 2 October 2012. An estimated 20 community activists representing several organizations protested outside of the Verkhovna Rada building during the vote. On 4 October 2012, a second vote was tentatively scheduled for 16 October. This law was deemed homophobic by the LGBT community and human rights organisations and condemned by Amnesty International, the European Union, and the United Nations. The Venice Commission concluded in June 2013 that the bill was "incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights and international human rights standards". In January 2015, the bill was removed from the agenda. A petition was subsequently started by anti-gay groups, calling for "measures to be taken to stop the propaganda of homosexuality and for defending family values". In March 2018, Ukraine's Anti-Discrimination Ombudsperson removed the petition from the electronic petitions section. By then, the petition had received 23,000 signatures and support from various religious organisations. The Ombudsman described the petition as "anti-freedom", and deleted it due to "containing calls to restrict human rights".
Added by Canadianstudent03  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Ukraine

?

Right to change legal gender in Ukraine is legal, but requires medical diagnosis.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2016
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
Since December 2016, new identity documents are issued before surgery is conducted. This followed an August 2016 ruling which ordered changes requested by two transgender people to their passports and all other documents without requiring them to undergo surgery. Transgender individuals who are married or have an underage child can also apply for transition. Previously, all applicants needed permission from a special commission of the Ministry of Healthcare, had to spend 30 days in a psychiatric hospital (usually placed in the same wards with patients considered "mentally ill"), and needed to be "diagnosed with transsexuality"; this is no longer required.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Apr 5, 1972–Jan 1, 2016
Legal, but requires surgery
Under Soviet law, after the fall of the Soviet Union, the regulations were not changed.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Apr 5, 1972
Illegal
Legal gender change is impossible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Ukraine

?

Gender-affirming care in Ukraine is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2005
Legal
In 2005, Ukraine adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1983–Jan 1, 2005
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1983, transsexualism began to be professionally diagnosed in the Soviet Union, which allowed the prescription of hormone therapy
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Restricted
In 1926, the Soviet Union's Ministry of Internal Affairs legalized sex reassignment surgery
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1926
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Ukraine

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Ukraine is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Ukraine does not legally recognize a non-binary gender on official documents.
Sources:
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Ukraine

?

LGBT discrimination in Ukraine is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since Nov 12, 2015
Illegal in some contexts
LGBT discrimination is prohibited at the employment level
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jun 28, 1996–Nov 12, 2015
No protections
No protections afforded
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Ukraine

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Ukraine is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Nov 12, 2015
Sexual orientation and gender identity
The Ukraine parliament voted to change the country's labor code to include protection against employment discrimination regardless of "race, colour, political, religious and other beliefs, sex gender identity, sexual orientation, ethnic, social and foreign origin, age, health, disability, or suspected presence of HIV/AIDS, family and property status, family responsibilities, place of residence, or participation in a strike."
Added by bjb  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Ukraine

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Ukraine is no protections.

Current status
Since Nov 12, 2015
No protections
like in Poland, Protections in Ukraine are unfortunatley highly limited
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Ukraine

?

Same-sex adoption in Ukraine is single only.

Current status
Since Oct 31, 2016
Single only
No restrictions. No laws in place for same sex couples. Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Oct 31, 2016
Illegal
Same-sex marriage is not legal, and only married couples can adopt.
Added by grey-tundra  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Ukraine

?

Intersex infant surgery in Ukraine is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There is no official ban on unnecessary sex reassignment operations in infants in Ukraine.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Ukraine

?

Serving openly in military in Ukraine is legal.

Current status
Since 2022
Legal
All able-bodied male citizens from ages 20–27, must serve either 18 months in the navy or one year in all other services. After serving out the term of service Ukraine's conscripts become part of the inactive reserve and are eligible to be recalled for mobilization until they reach age 55 or age 60 for officers.

According to law, homosexuality is not a reason for exemption from the army. However, many young gay men try to avoid call-up to military service, as they are afraid to face unauthorized relations and other difficulties. In 2018, Viktor Pylypenko, who had served in the Donbass area for two years during the Russia–Ukraine war, became the first Ukrainian soldier to come out publicly. In 2019, several gay soldiers in the Ukrainian army participated in a photo exhibition called "We are here". In 2021, Pylypenko was trying to organize a special unit in the Ukrainian army for LGBT soldiers.[42] In July 2021, Pylypenko stated there were 16 open LGBT soldiers in the Ukrainian army.

The 2022 Russian invasion resulted in an increased influx of openness and acceptance regarding LGBTQ soldiers in the Ukrainian military. A growing number of soldiers disclosed their identity, believing that they could fight not just for their home country but also against existing stereotypes. The invasion also saw the spread of "unicorn insignia" which Ukrainian LGBTQ soldiers sew onto their uniforms. The unicorn was chosen due to its nature as "fantastic 'non-existent' creature", sarcastically countering claims about there being no LGBT+ individuals in the Ukrainian military.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Ukraine

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Ukraine is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2016
Legal
No deferral.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Ukraine

?

Conversion therapy in Ukraine is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
No laws outlawing this practice.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Ukraine

?

Equal age of consent in Ukraine is equal.

Current status
Since Sep 1, 2001
Equal
Age of consent is equal at 16 years old.
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log