Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✖ Legal, but restricted for minors
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✔ Full ban
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Recent studies in Albania indicate societal resistance to LGBTQ+ rights.

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History

Homosexual activity in Albania

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Homosexual activity in Albania is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 1, 1995
Legal
The Penal Code passed on January 27, 1995 decriminalized consensual homosexual intercourse. Article 116 - the crime of "homosexuality" which punished homosexual intercourse when conducted forcefully, with minor people, or with persons unable to protect themselves has been completely repealed by amending the law from 2001.
Oct 1, 1977–May 31, 1995
Male illegal, female legal
The Penal Code adopted on June 15, 1977 criminalised 'pederasty' under Article 137 with deprivation of liberty for up to ten years.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Albania

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Same-sex marriage in Albania is unrecognized.

Current status
Since Nov 28, 1998
Unrecognized
Albania does not legally recognize same-sex marriages, civil unions or domestic partnership benefits.
There is no definition of marriage in the 1998 Constitution.
Article 53: Everyone has the right to get married and have a family.... The entering into and dissolution of marriage are regulated by law."
In the Family Law from 2003, Article 7 reads: "Marriage can be concluded between a man and a woman who are 18 years or older."

Censorship of LGBT issues in Albania

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Censorship of LGBT issues in Albania is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Albania, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Albania

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Right to change legal gender in Albania is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since May 11, 2009
Legal, but requires surgery
Law No. 10-129 on Civil Status of 2009 sets out the conditions required for change legal gender. Sex-reassignment surgery is required, but transgender people do it mainly in Serbia, because in Albania such surgeries are not performed.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until May 11, 2009
Illegal
Albania is one of the only countries in Europe where gender change is illegal

.

Gender-affirming care in Albania

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Gender-affirming care in Albania is legal, but restricted for minors.

Current status
Since 2009
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 2009, Albania legalized the right to sterilization, thanks to which adult Albanians can undergo full medical transition, in accordance with the principles set out in the ICD.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Restricted
In 1987, Albania adopted the ICD-9 classification, which included codes allowing for the diagnosis of transsexualism in adults. That same year, Canada legalized sterilization.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1987
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Albania

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Albania is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Not legally recognized.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Albania

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LGBT discrimination in Albania is illegal.

Current status
Since Mar 13, 2010
Illegal
On February 04, 2010, Albanian parliament approved a unified anti-discrimination law, known as the Law on Protection from Discrimination, which prohibits, among other categories, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics in all areas.
Added by brennen  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Albania

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LGBT employment discrimination in Albania is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Mar 13, 2010
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Chapter II of the Anti-Discrimination Law from 2010 bans discrimination in employment. Discrimination is prohibited on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics among others.
Added by murrayhawthorne  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Albania

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LGBT housing discrimination in Albania is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Mar 13, 2010
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Article 20 of the Anti-Discrimination Law from 2010 bans discrimination in housing. Discrimination is prohibited on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and sex characteristics among others.
Added by Albos  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Albania

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Same-sex adoption in Albania is single only.

Current status
Since Dec 21, 2003
Single only
There are no adoption restrictions for single people. Also, no laws in place for same-sex couples.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Albania

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Intersex infant surgery in Albania is full ban.

Current status
Since Jul 26, 2020
Full ban
On July 26, 2020, the Ministry of Health published the Medical Protocol for the Assessment of Children with Atypical Genital Development. According to the protocol, surgical interventions will only be permitted in cases when it is required and all interventions should be done according to protocol, and not according to the parent’s wishes.
Until Jul 25, 2020
Parental approval required
It is left to the parents to decide on whether an intervention to assign particular sex would take place.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Albania

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Serving openly in military in Albania is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Since May 7, 2013
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Hate crime law allows LGBTQ+ individuals to serve openly without discrimination in the military however transgenders aren't.
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Albania

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Blood donations by MSMs in Albania is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2008
Legal
There are no restrictions for blood donations by MSMs.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Albania

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Conversion therapy in Albania is banned.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2020
Banned
Albania's psychologists have banned so-called "conversion therapy", which tries to change the sexual orientation of young LGBT people, a move hailed on Saturday by the country's rights groups.
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Albania

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Equal age of consent in Albania is equal.

Current status
Since Mar 13, 2001
Equal
With the Criminal Code Amendments of 2001, the age of consent of 14 became equal for everyone.
Added by brennen  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jun 1, 1995–Mar 12, 2001
Unequal
The age of consent was 18 years for homosexual intercourse and 13 years for heterosexual intercourse (for girls).
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by District

View the LGBT laws in each individual district of Albania.