Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Civil unions (marriage rights)
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    Varies by Region
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    Varies by Region
    Adoption
    ✖ Second parent adoption only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Parental approval required
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    Ambiguous
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
💬 Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

Public opinion surveys in Italy have pointed to a varied attitude towards LGBTQ+ individuals.

Perception of LGBTQ+ People

Survey results from 5 LGBTQ+ Equaldex users who lived in or visited Italy.

Overall

Overall

Perceived Safety*

Feel safe being open
Absence of verbal harassment
Absence of threats and violence
*Survey results represent personal perceptions of safety and may not be indicative of current actual conditions.

Equal Treatment

Treatment by peers
Treatment by family
Treatment at work
Treatment at school
Treatment by general public
Treatment by businesses
Treatment by law enforcement
Treatment by religious groups

Visibility & Representation

Inclusion in education
Representation in entertainment
Representation in news
Political support
Out public figures

Culture

Pride/events
Nightlife
Dating life
Interest groups and clubs

Services

Health and wellness
Gender-affirming care
Support and social services
Advocacy and legal

History

Homosexual activity in Italy

?

Homosexual activity in Italy is legal.

Current status
Since 1890
Legal
No laws against homosexual relationships anywhere in Italy's Penal Code
Added by brennen  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Italy

?

Same-sex marriage in Italy is civil unions (marriage rights).

Current status
Since May 11, 2016
Civil unions (marriage rights)
The law on same sex civil partnerships was adopted on May 11 2016. The law recognizes same-sex couples as a family and they became equal to married couples in everything except in the adoption of children. However a court can still allow second parent adoption.
1942–May 11, 2016
Unrecognized
Some symbolic civil unions are recognized in select regions though no full and meaningful recognition is given.
Added by leomorello  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in Italy

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Italy is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Italy, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Sources:
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Italy

?

Right to change legal gender in Italy is legal, but requires medical diagnosis.

Current status
Since Jul 23, 2015
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
A Supreme Court decision overruled the surgery requirement to change one's legal gender.

On 15 February 2023, a Court in Trento ruled transgender minors could have their legal gender changed on documents as long as their parents consent and a psychologist has been consulted on the matter.
Apr 14, 1982–Jul 23, 2015
Legal, but requires surgery
Surgery is required
Added by leomorello  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Italy

?

Gender-affirming care in Italy is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2003
Legal
In 2003, Italy adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1979–Jan 1, 2003
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1979, Italy adopted the ICD-9 classification, which included codes allowing for the diagnosis of transsexualism in adults.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Italy

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Italy is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Italy does not yet legally recognize non-binary identities.

However, a breaking decision on March 7, 2022, had the Italian court rule in favor of a non-binary person to have their gender recognized.

They are currently the only example of this recognition.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Italy

?

LGBT discrimination in Italy is varies by region.

Current status
Since Mar 1, 2004
Varies by Region
In Tuscany, Piedmont, Liguria, Marche, Umbria, Sicily, Emilia-Romagna and Campania discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity is banned.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Illegal

  1. Campania 2020
  2. Emilia-Romagna 2019
  3. Umbria 2019
  4. Piemonte 2016
  5. Sicilia 2015
  6. Marche 2010
  7. Liguria 2008
  8. Toscana 2004

No protections

  1. Trentino-Alto Adige
Jul 9, 2003–Mar 1, 2004
Illegal in some contexts
Only discrimination in workplace banned.
Added by leomorello  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Italy

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Italy is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 15, 2023
Sexual orientation and gender identity
On 15 January 2023, a court in Rome ruled against a school who had fired a trans professor due to her gender identity, claiming that it amounted to sex discrimination.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jul 9, 2003–Jan 14, 2023
Sexual orientation only
Discrimination protection is afforded on the grounds of sexual orientation
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Italy

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Italy is varies by region.

Current status
Since 2004
Varies by Region
In Tuscany, Piedmont, Liguria, Marche, Umbria, Sicily, Emilia-Romagna and Campania housing discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity is banned
Sources:
gay.it/rainbow-europe-map-2…
regione.piemonte.it/web/tem…~:text=La%20legge%20regionale%20n.,le%20norme%20generali%20dell'argomento.
Added by l_hrz  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Sexual orientation and gender identity

  1. Campania 2020
  2. Emilia-Romagna 2019
  3. Umbria 2019
  4. Piemonte 2016
  5. Sicilia 2015
  6. Marche 2010
  7. Liguria 2008
  8. Toscana 2004

Same-sex adoption in Italy

?

Same-sex adoption in Italy is second parent adoption only.

Current status
Since Jun 22, 2016
Second parent adoption only
On June 22, 2016 the Court of Cassation stated that same sex couples in a civil union should be able to adopt their partner’s child for the child’s best interest. Same-sex couples can also apply for foster care since no law prohibits it.
Mar 1, 2015–Jun 21, 2016
Ambiguous
Some courts have recognized foreign joint adoption. Some receptions are also made for step-children. Gay adoption legalizing pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 20052015
Illegal
The couple applying for adoption must be a married, different sex couple. Custody has been granted to a same-sex parent on the basis of the "child's best interest," but this is very rare.

Intersex infant surgery in Italy

?

Intersex infant surgery in Italy is parental approval required.

Current status
Parental approval required
Surgery on intersex children is not banned, however parental consent is needed.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Italy

?

Serving openly in military in Italy is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1986
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Until 1986, "sexual deviance" was a reason for exclusion for military service. At that time, some men claimed to be homosexual to avoid the draft. Lesbians have never been banned from the Italian military since women were first allowed to serve in 2000. Since 2010, discrimination against gays and lesbians in military service is banned, but the situation for transgender people is unclear. The organization Polis Aperta estimates that 5 to 10% of Italians in uniformed service (military or police) are LGB. Despite the ban on discrimination, some service personnel unfortunately face harassment or violence because of their sexual orientation. Unfortunately transgenders have not yet gained the right to military service in Italy
May 18, 1964–Dec 31, 1985
Illegal
Until 1986, "sexual deviance" was a reason for exclusion for military service. At that time, some men claimed to be homosexual to avoid the draft.
Added by Samuel_NOT_Samuele  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Italy

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Italy is legal.

Current status
Since 2001
Legal
Italy uses a risk-based donor selection system that treats MSM and heterosexual partners equally.
Added by leomorello  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Dec 31, 2000–Jan 1, 2001
Ambiguous
Italy legalizes blood donations as Health Minister lifts blood ban. However, Italy still denies men who engaged in "risky behaviors"
Added by RonnieFernando  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Dec 31, 2000
Banned (indefinite deferral)
The Italian Health Minister Umberto Veronesi lifted the gay blood ban in 2001.
Added by Simo  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Italy

?

Conversion therapy in Italy is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
Not banned by the law. However, the national psychological association officially stated in 2013 that conversion therapy goes strictly against its code of ethics and therefore is not allowed.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Italy

?

Equal age of consent in Italy is equal.

Current status
Equal
Age of consent: 14
Added by leomorello  ·  Report error  ·  Log