Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Not banned
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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History

Homosexual activity in Slovenia

?

Homosexual activity in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 1977
Legal
The Criminal Code of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia adopted on May 26, 1977, decriminalized consensual male homosexuality on the territory of Slovenia in the then SFRY.
Jul 1, 1951–Jun 30, 1977
Male illegal, female legal
The Criminal Code of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia adopted on February 27, 1951 criminalized consensual sexual intercourse between men throughout its territory, including Slovenia.
Article 186: for unnatural fornication between persons of the male sex, the perpetrator shall be punished with imprisonment for up to two years.
The 1959 amendment reduced the prison sentence by one year.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1930–Jun 30, 1951
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
The Criminal Code for the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia as of October 3, 1929) adopted on January 27, 1929 criminalized "unnatural fornication" without specifying the definition of the mentioned term.
Paragraph 285: for unnatural fornication between persons, the perpetrator shall be punished with strict imprisonment, unless the act turns into a more serious crime.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Slovenia

?

Same-sex marriage in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 9, 2022
Legal
On June 16, 2022, Constitutional court ruled prohibition of same-sex marriage unconstitutional. The court ordered the Slovenian Parliament to bring legislation in line within six months, although the ruling would take effect immediately after publication.
On October 18, 2022, the National Assembly passed the bill enshrining same-sex marriages and adoption in law. The Act Amending the Family Code came into effect on January 31, 2023.
Feb 24, 2017–Jul 8, 2022
Civil unions (marriage rights)
The Partnership Act was adopted on April 21, 2016. This law confers the rights to subsistence and maintenance, jointly owned property, occupancy, inheritance, and partner healthcare. The rights to joint adoption and in vitro fertilisation were not granted.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jul 23, 2006–Feb 23, 2017
Civil unions (limited rights)
Same-Sex Partnership Registration Act was adopted on June 22, 2005. The law covered only property rights, the obligation to support a socially weaker partner and some inheritance rights.
A bill to legalize same-sex marriage had been approved by Parliament on March 3, 2015. However, it was rejected in a referendum on December 20, 2015.
May 1, 2004–Jul 22, 2006
Unrecognized
There was no definition of marriage in the 1991 Constitution.
Article 53: Marriage and legal relationships within it... are regulated by law.
Family Law from 2004, Article 3: "A marriage union is a life community of a husband and wife regulated by law."

Censorship of LGBT issues in Slovenia

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Slovenia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Slovenia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Slovenia

?

Right to change legal gender in Slovenia is legal, but requires medical diagnosis.

Current status
Since 2005
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
Under Article 37 of the Law on the Register of Deaths, Births and Marriages (2005), "medical certification" is required to attain legal gender recognition. However, there are no apparent criteria for what this "certification" must include or what level of medical intervention (if any) is required. Thus, in practice, the discretion lies with each individual registrar to accept or reject applicants. Before the change of gender marker is registered, the applicant must request a new EMSO (identification number).
According to ILGA-Europe, in January 2017, the Ministry of Internal Affairs published a circular establishing that applicants seeking legal gender recognition had to present a certified statement that they have undergone gender affirming surgery. However, after substantial advocacy efforts by local NGOs, including Legebitra, TransAkcija, and Amnesty Slovenia, the Ministry backtracked and published a new circular establishing that applicants had to submit a "certified statement" issued by a psychiatrist merely stating that they had "changed their gender" and indicating that the medical procedures leading to “gender change” are irrelevant for the legal gender recognition procedure, thus reinstating the interpretation that was in place before January 2017.
Feb 4, 2011–Jul 5, 2018
Legal, but requires surgery
Previously required surgery.
Added by matkoglibota  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Slovenia

?

Gender-affirming care in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since 1997
Legal
In 1997, Slovenia adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Slovenia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Slovenia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Slovenia does not legally recognize non-binary identities.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Slovenia

?

LGBT discrimination in Slovenia is illegal.

Current status
Since May 24, 2016
Illegal
Article 1 of the Protection Against Discrimination Act adopted on April 21, 2016, prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression in public and private spheres concerning all activities in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil and other fields.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1995–May 23, 2016
Illegal in some contexts
Article 141 of Slovenian Penal Code adopted on September 29, 1994, strictly prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation. This protection applies to any of the human rights or fundamental freedoms recognized by the international community or determined by the constitution or laws of Slovenia.
Added by vviet93  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Dec 23, 1991–Dec 31, 1994
Ambiguous
The Constitution of Slovenia from 1991 guarantees the equality of people under the law in general. However, it does not explicitly mention sexual orientation or gender identity.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Slovenia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Slovenia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since May 24, 2016
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Article 2 of the Protection against Discrimination Act from 2016 bans labour discrimination. Discrimination is prohibited on basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression among others.
Added by Markissik  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 2003–May 23, 2016
Sexual orientation only
Aricle 6 of the 2002 Labour Law prohibits employment discrimination. Sexual orientation is one of explicitly mentioned grounds.
Added by matkoglibota  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1995–Dec 31, 2002
Ambiguous
Article 141 of Slovenian Penal Code adopted on September 29, 1994, prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation. Imployment is not strictly mentioned.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Slovenia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Slovenia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since May 24, 2016
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Article 2 of the Protection against Discrimination Act from 2016 bans discrimination in Housing. Discrimination is prohibited on basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and expression among others.
Sources:
uradni-list.si/_pdf/2016/Ur…/u2016033-pdf
Added by Markissik  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jan 1, 1995–May 23, 2016
Ambiguous
Article 141 of Slovenian Penal Code adopted on September 29, 1994, prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation. Housing is not strictly mentioned.
Added by matkoglibota  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Slovenia

?

Same-sex adoption in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 9, 2022
Legal
On June 16, 2022, Constitutional court found ban on adoption by same-sex people unconstitutional. The court ordered the Slovenian Parliament to bring legislation in line within six months, although the ruling would take effect immediately after publication.
On 18 October 2022, the National Assembly passed the bill enshrining same-sex marriages and adoption in law. The Act Amending the Family Code came into effect on 31 January 2023.
Jul 17, 2011–Jul 8, 2022
Second parent adoption only
On June 16, 2011, the Slovenia National Assembly voted 43 to 38 in favor of repealing the previous law that prevented same-sex couples from adopting children. The new Family Code was supposed to allow stepchild adoption but it was rejected on referendum held on March 25, 2012.
The right to step-parent adoption for same-sex couples was recognised by the Ministry of Labour, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities on July 17, 2011, (by allowing a woman to adopt her same-sex partner's biological child) on the basis of the Law on Marriage and Family Relations (1976). This is despite the fact that Article 135 stipulates that adopters must be married. This raised the possibility that such an adoption would be possible even if the 2011 Family Code were to be repealed in a referendum.
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Jul 16, 2011
Single only
There were no restrictions for LGBT singles.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Slovenia

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Intersex infant surgery in Slovenia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There is no official ban on unnecessary sex reassignment operations in infants in Slovenia.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Slovenia

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Serving openly in military in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since Aug 14, 2007
Legal
In Slovenia there is no regulation that would prohibit LGBT persons from participating in the Armed Forces.
Article 15 of the 2007 Act on Service in the Slovenian Army: Equality during military service is guaranteed, regardless of any personal circumstances.

Blood donations by MSMs in Slovenia

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Blood donations by MSMs in Slovenia is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2022
Legal
On July 1st, 2022, Slovenia removed the ban and will now vet donors according to how risky their sexual behavior is, regardless of their sexual orientation.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Jun 30, 2022
Banned (indefinite deferral)
There was infinite deferral for men who have (or have had) sex with men.
Added by matkoglibota  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Slovenia

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Conversion therapy in Slovenia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Conversion therapy is not banned in Slovenia

Equal age of consent in Slovenia

?

Equal age of consent in Slovenia is equal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 1977
Equal
The age of consent in Slovenia has been the same for everyone since 1977. The age limit of 14 was raised to 15 in 1999.
Sources:
dlib.si/stream/URN:NBN:SI:doc-PO73TMWF/7ea9c9e9-fcd0-4e74-81c0-ce845c8a7c2d/PDF
Added by matkoglibota  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Jun 30, 1977
N/A
Consensual anal sex between two men was illegal before 1977 in Slovenia.
Added by Aleksandar  ·  Report error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by

View the LGBT laws in each individual of Slovenia.