murrayhawthorne Alpha Tester

murrayhawthorne

Undergrad in Politics and Arab at University of Leeds UK - find me on twitter @murrayhawthorne

Location: United Kingdom

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Recent Edits

murrayhawthorne added an entry to Nebraska.
Same-sex marriage: Legal from Jun 26, 2015 to now.
After a 5-4 vote in Supreme Court attempts by conservative states to ban same-sex marriage were overturned making it legal across the USA.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Belgium.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation and gender identity from 2003 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Austria.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2004 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Andorra.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from Jan 1, 2005 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Albania.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from Aug 30, 2010 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Taiwan.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2007 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Israel.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 1992 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Namibia.
LGBT employment discrimination: No protections from 2004 to now.
Law on prohibition of discrimination in employment was repealed. Section 139 of the Labour Act of 2004 repealed the Labour Act of 1992 which in Section 107 prohibited sexual orientation discrimination.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to South Africa.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation and gender identity from 1996 to now.
prohibition can be found in the Constitution (since 1994) and also in the Labour Relations Act of 1995, in force 11 November 1996 (http://www.info.gov.za/view/DownloadFileAction?id=70985); in the Employment Equity Act of 1998 (www. info.gov.za/view/DownloadFileAction?id=70714; and in the Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act of 2000 (www.info.gov.za/view/DownloadFileAction?id=68207)
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Seychelles.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2006 to now.
See articles 2, 46A (1) and 46B of the Employment Act 1995, amended by Act 4 of 2006
Sources: old.ilga.org/Statehomophobi… staging.ilo. org/dyn/natlex/docs/ELECTRONIC/40108/90799/F1128259675/SYC40108.pdf
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Mozambique.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2007 to now.
Articles 4, 5 and 108 of the Labour Law 23/2007
Sources: : tipmoz.com/library/resource… media/labour_law_23-2007_1533E71.pdf. old.ilga.org/Statehomophobi…
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Mauritius.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2008 to now.
e page 8 of the Equal Opportunities Act 2008, which prohibits discrimination in employment and other activities on many grounds, including ‘sexual orientation
Sources: old.ilga.org/Statehomophobi… : ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/--- ed_protect/---protrav/---ilo_aids/documents/legaldocument/wcms_126781.pdf.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Cape Verde.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from 2008 to now.
According to Article 45(2) and Article 406(3) of the Novo Código Laboral Cabo-Verdiano.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Botswana.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation only from Aug 10, 2010 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Barbados.
Equal age of consent: Unequal from 1992 to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Antigua and Barbuda.
Equal age of consent: Unequal from 1995 to now.
See first note above.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Antigua and Barbuda.
Homosexual activity: Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) from 1995 to now.
Sexual Offences Act of 1995 (Act No. 9) Buggery Article 12. “(1) A person who commits buggery is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment - (a) for life, if committed by an adult on a minor; (b) for  fteen years, if committed by an adult on another adult; (c) for  ve years, if committed by a minor. (2) In this section “buggery” means sexual intercourse per anum by a male person with a male person or by a male person with a female person.” Serious indecency Article 15. “(1) A person who commits an act of serious indecency on or towards another is guilty of an offence and is liable on conviction to imprisonment - (a) for ten years, if committed on or towards a minor under sixteen years of age; (b) for  ve years, if committed on or towards a person sixteen years of age or more, (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an act of serious indecency committed in private between - (a) a husband and his wife; or (b) a male person and a female person each of whom is sixteen years of age or more; (3) An act of “serious indecency” is an act, other than sexual intercourse (whether natural or unnatural), by a person involving the use of genital organ for the purpose of arousing or gratifying sexual desire.”
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Sao Tome and Principe.
Homosexual activity: Illegal (other penalty) from Sep 16, 1886 to 2012.
Inherited from Portuguese colonial era (amended in 1954). Articles 70 and 71(4°) provide for the imposition of security measures on people who habitually practice acts against nature. The security measures may include: a bond of good behavior, being put on probation for a certain period, or even internment in a workhouse or agricultural colony (from 6 months to 3 years).
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Sao Tome and Principe.
Homosexual activity: Ambiguous from 2012 to now.
A new Penal Code was adopted in 2012 but unclear whether it has entered into forced. Appears to remove previous punishments.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Côte d’Ivoire.
Equal age of consent: Unequal from past to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Côte d’Ivoire.
Homosexual activity: Legal from past to now.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Tunisia.
Homosexual activity: Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) from 1913 to now.
Penal Code of 1913: Article 230: “The masculine homosexuality and feminine homosexuality that is not covered by any of the other previous articles, is punished with imprisonment for three years” (unofficial translation)
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Germany.
Right to change legal gender: Legal, but requires surgery from Sep 10, 1980 to Jan 28, 2011.
Germans can change their name and gender. Article 1 of Transsexuellengesetz (Transsexuals Act of 10 September 1980)
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Germany.
LGBT discrimination: Illegal from Jun 29, 2006 to now.
National law was amended in 2006 when the Treaty of Amsterdam was signed - giving all people the same rights under law.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Germany.
LGBT employment discrimination: Sexual orientation and gender identity from 2006 to now.
Due to Germany being a Federal Republic many states have had anti-discrimination laws as early as 1992. But by signing the Treaty of Amsterdam (EU) Germany amended its national anti-discrimination laws to include sexual orientation.
murrayhawthorne added an entry to Germany.
Homosexuals serving openly in military: Legal from 2000 to now.
Article 3 protects against unequal treatment on grounds of sexual orientation.