💬 NEW! Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✔ Intersex only
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #10 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(10%) Against
Support (81%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #12 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(24%) Disagree
Agree (69%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #13 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(7.4%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (90.1%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #8 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(13.2%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (68.3%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #11 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(18.7%) Disagree
Agree (61.3%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #4 out of 34 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(11%) No
Yes (86%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against transgender people (European Union)

Ranked #7 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "For each of the following types of discrimination, could you please tell me whether, in your opinion, it is very widespread, fairly widespread, fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of: Being transgender"

(31%) Widespread
Rare (44%)

Acceptance of same-sex relationships (European Union)

Ranked #6 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "To what extent do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?: There is nothing wrong in a sexual relationship between two persons of the same sex"

(10%) Disagree
Agree (86%)

Perceived prevalence of discrimination against sexual orientation (European Union)

Ranked #4 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "For each of the following types of discrimination, could you please tell me whether, in your opinion, it is very widespread, fairly widespread, fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of: Sexual orientation (being gay, lesbian, bisexual)"

(36%) Widespread
Rare (56%)

Support for transgender people changing legal gender (European Union)

Ranked #5 out of 28 regions surveyed. (Source: Eurobarometer, May 2019)

Question: "Do you think that transgender persons should be able to change their civil documents to match their inner gender identity?"

(17%) No
Yes (70%)

By The Numbers

60%
of Muslims in Germany approve of gay marriage

History

Homosexual activity in Germany

?

Homosexual activity in Germany is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 11, 1994
Legal
Germany fully repealed Paragraph 175 and legalized homosexual activity in 1994.
Added by beeurd  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Legal
Paragraph 175 was relaxed in East Germany in 1968, with West Germany following suit in 1969. However, although this meant that homosexual activity between men was decriminilized, it was not made legal.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
Paragraph 175 was amended during Nazi rule to create harsher penalties for homosexual behavior between men. Imprisonment was to range from three (3) months to ten (10) years in prison. Many homosexual men died in the Nazi concentration camps they were sent to.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
No minimum or maximum sentences given.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Germany

?

Same-sex marriage in Germany is legal.

Current status
Since Oct 1, 2017
Legal
A bill for marriage equality passed the Bundestag on 30 June 2017 and the Bundesrat on 7 July, becoming law on 1 October.
Added by David97  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Aug 1, 2001–Sep 30, 2017
Civil unions
Germany recognizes civil unions and provides tax benefits to couples in a civil union.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2012011…//www.bverfg.de/entscheidungen/ls20020717_1bvf000101.html
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Germany

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Germany is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Germany, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Germany

?

Right to change legal gender in Germany is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since Jan 28, 2011
Legal, surgery not required
The German Constitutional Court found the provision that required surgery to change one's legal gender unconstitutional.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 10, 1980–Jan 28, 2011
Legal, but requires surgery
Germans can change their name and gender. Article 1 of Transsexuellengesetz (Transsexuals Act of 10 September 1980)
Added by murrayhawthorne  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Germany

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Germany is intersex only.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2019
Intersex only
Intersex people in Germany can now legally identify themselves as such under a new law that took effect January 1, 2019.
Added by chae  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Germany

?

LGBT discrimination in Germany is illegal.

Current status
Since Jun 29, 2006
Illegal
National law was amended in 2006 when the Treaty of Amsterdam was signed - giving all people the same rights under law.
Added by murrayhawthorne  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Germany

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Germany is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since 2006
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Due to Germany being a Federal Republic many states have had anti-discrimination laws as early as 1992. But by signing the Treaty of Amsterdam (EU) Germany amended its national anti-discrimination laws to include sexual orientation.

LGBT housing discrimination in Germany

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Germany is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Aug 18, 2006
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Landlords are not allowed to discriminate based on gender or sexual identity.
Added by joe  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Germany

?

Same-sex adoption in Germany is legal.

Current status
Since Oct 1, 2017
Legal
The law that allows same-sex marriage in Germany also gives adoption rights to those couples.
Added by chae  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Feb 19, 2013–Aug 22, 2018
Legal
Will become legal in 2019. Full legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Feb 19, 2013–Sep 30, 2017
Step-child adoption only
Same-sex couples in Germany can legally adopt a step-child, biological or not of the other partner.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Germany

?

Serving openly in military in Germany is legal.

Current status
Since 2000
Legal
Article 3 protects against unequal treatment on grounds of sexual orientation.
Added by murrayhawthorne  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Germany

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Germany is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since Sep 2021
Banned (3-month deferral)
From September 2021 new guidelines were introduced that lowered the deferral period to 4 months.
Added by beeurd  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Aug 7, 2017–Jan 2021
Banned (1-year deferral)
A 1-year deferral was in effect.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Aug 7, 2017
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Banned up until 2017.
Sources:
(sources in German language)
zeit.de/wissen/2010-06/schw…
Added by xevu  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Germany

?

Conversion therapy in Germany is banned.

Current status
Since Mar 8, 2020
Banned
On the 7th of March Germany banned Conversion Therapy for minors.
Added by myri  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Germany

?

Equal age of consent in Germany is equal.

Current status
Since 1988
Equal
The age of consent is 14 equal for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples in Germany.
Added by James  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log