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LGBT Rights in Chile

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, no restrictions
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✔ Recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal

Recent surveys in Chile indicate a moderate level of acceptance for LGBTQ+ rights in specific areas.

History

Homosexual activity in Chile

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Homosexual activity in Chile is legal.

Current status
Since Dec 23, 1998
Legal
Homosexual activity is legal in Chile.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Chile

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Same-sex marriage in Chile is legal.

Current status
Since Mar 10, 2022
Legal
The Chilean president has signed into law a bill that was approved by the Congress legalizing same-sex marriage.
Added by chae  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Oct 22, 2015–Mar 9, 2022
Civil unions
Since 2015, same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples have the same legal protections available to opposite-sex married couples, within a civil union - except for adoption rights and the title of marriage.
Added by ryanbynes  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Oct 21, 2015
Unrecognized
No legal recognition of same-sex unions.
Added by James  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Chile

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Censorship of LGBT Issues in Chile is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Chile, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Chile

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Right to change legal gender in Chile is legal, no restrictions.

Current status
Since Dec 27, 2019
Legal, no restrictions
Since 2019, the Law that Recognises and Protects the Right to Gender Identity (Law No. 21,120) allows transgender people over the age of 14 to legally change their name and gender on all official documents. For persons over 18 years of age, the change is requested by submitting a request to the Civil Registry and Identification Service. Article 4(c) of the law stipulates that it will not be a requirement to have undergone any type of intervention or appearance-modifying treatment.
In 1974, Marcia Alejandra Torres became the first person in Chile to legally change her name and gender on the birth certificate after undergo sex reassignment surgery.

Jan 1, 2017–Dec 27, 2019
Legal, but requires surgery
Change of name and gender legal since 2007
Added by James  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Chile

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Chile is recognized.

Current status
Since Oct 14, 2022
Recognized
Non-binary gender "x" is recognized, but court order is required. "I" option for intersex children is available on birth certificates
Added by JordanB3047  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Oct 14, 2022
Intersex only
Birth certificates allow for an "indeterminate" sex to be recorded.
Added by beeurd  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Chile

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LGBT discrimination in Chile is illegal.

Current status
Since Jul 24, 2012
Illegal
The Law on the Adoption of Measures against Discrimination (Law No. 20,609) (2012) bans discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Chile

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LGBT employment discrimination in Chile is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jul 12, 2012
Sexual orientation and gender identity
The anti-discrimination law penalizes the arbitrary discrimination and includes protection for discrimination of sexual orientation and gender identity
Added by ryanbynes  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Chile

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LGBT housing discrimination in Chile is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jul 12, 2012
Sexual orientation and gender identity
The anti-discrimnation law penalizes the arbitrary discrimination and includes protection for discrimination of sexual orientation and gender identity
Added by ryanbynes  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Chile

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Same-sex adoption in Chile is legal.

Current status
Since Mar 10, 2022
Legal
Since March 10, 2022, joint parenthood of same-sex couples is legal after the entry into force of Law 21,400 on Equal Marriage, which explicitly guarantees non-discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity for custody purposes, filiation and adoption whether or not the couples are married or whether or not they had their children through assisted human fertilization In addition, the motherhood of transgender women and the fatherhood of transgender men are recognized on the birth certificates of their children.
Added by chae  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Jan 1, 2017
Single only
Chilean law stipulates that single gays are allowed to adopt, but gay couples may not.
Added by ryanbynes  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Chile

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Serving openly in military in Chile is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 24, 2012
Legal
Since 2012 the Chilean Armed Forces allow gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender people to openly serve. Chile has an anti-discrimination law on the military. In 2020, the Chilean Army officially incorporated a transgender man into its ranks for the first time.
Added by James  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Chile

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Blood donations by MSMs in Chile is legal.

Current status
Since Apr 24, 2013
Legal
The Chilean Health Ministry repeals the blood ban after a year of lobbying by the country's leading LGBT organization, Chilean Homosexual Integration and Liberation Movement (MOVILH).
Added by yangosplat  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Chile

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Conversion therapy in Chile is banned.

Current status
Since Apr 23, 2021
Banned
Since 2021, Law on the recognition and protection of the rights of people in mental health care (Law 21.331) (2021) prohibits mental health professionals from diagnosing patients based on their sexual identity or orientation. In March 2023, the Ministry of Health issues Circular B2 No. 6 instructing all individual and institutional health providers, both public and private, the prohibition of the implementation of "conversion therapies" for not be valid clinical practices. It also states that diagnoses of mental health status cannot be based on criteria biasedly related to sexual orientation or gender identity and gender expression.
The Senate approved the bill that modifies and strengthens Law No. 20,609, which establishes measures against discrimination, adding as arbitrary discrimination any act, practice and/or medical, psychological, psychiatric treatment or of any other nature that aims to modify the sexual orientation or gender identity and expression of a person or a group of people.

Until Apr 22, 2021
Not banned
Conversion therapy ban pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Chile

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Equal age of consent in Chile is equal.

Current status
Since Aug 26, 2022
Equal
Age of consent equalized to 14 years since 2022.
Added by JordanB3047  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 8, 2014–Aug 25, 2022
Unequal
Article 365 of the Penal Code establishes 18 as age if consent for gay couples, whereas 14 is the standard age if consent for straight couples.
Added by James  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log