2021 in LGBT Rights

In 2021, there were 125 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 156 changes made and 141 in the following year. A total of 571 legal changes have been made so far in the 2020s.

  • December 30
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Legalized in 2021.
  • December 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    On 20 December 2021, the Secretary General of Government, Libia Dennise García Muñoz, issued an official directive addressed to officials of the state civil registry that, effective immediately, same-sex couples can marry in the state.
  • December 17
    Serving openly in military becomes lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.
    Under the looming threat from Russia, on Friday December 17, 2021 new legislation was enacted that requires women to register for military service, if they are deemed medically fit for military service, are between the ages of 18 and 60, and work in specific professions. In the event of a major war, this expanded reserve of women would be mobilized as part of the national reserve to serve in a broad range of military specialties. According to earlier legislation, women in certain professions were already required to register for military conscription. However, the recent revision of the law regulating Ukraine's military reserves dramatically expanded the number of professions that qualify for mandatory registration with the armed forces. Now women who are librarians, journalists, musicians, veterinarians, and psychologists, among many other professions, are required to register for military service. Oleksandra Ustinova a member of Ukraine's national parliament stated, "...in [the] current situation, the decision to educate as many people as possible to hold arms and to be ready to serve seems a good one. All able-bodied male citizens from ages 20–27, must serve either 18 months in the navy or one year in all other services. After serving out the term of service Ukraine's conscripts become part of the inactive reserve and are eligible to be recalled for mobilization until they reach age 55 or age 60 for officers. Only 23 countries allow Trans Military service, Ukraine is not one of them
  • December 16
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (6-month deferral).
    Deferral was lowered to 6 months.
  • December 9
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Article 134A of the Penal Code (2000), amended by Law No. 1,482 (2011), criminalizes discrimination based on "sexual orientation", while Article 136C (3) and (4) increases the penalty if such discrimination is committed by public servants or during the provision of public services. These provisions prohibit discrimination based on “sexual orientation” in general terms and therefore apply to employment. Article 136C (6) also includes the reason for denial or restriction of employment rights as an aggravating circumstance. Added to the previous factor we have the SU440-21 decision of the Colombian Constitutional Court. The Colombian Supreme Court "Corte Constitucional de Colombia" ruled on December 9, 2021 based on decision SU440-21 that trans people in Colombia cannot be discriminated against due to their gender identity when receiving financial pensions from the State, despite the ruling of having as its object the receipt of financial pensions from the State, the sentence in its paragraph 55, section III makes it clear that the principle by which this decision was taken is that gender identity is protected by the general constitutional clause of article 13 of the Constitution of Colombia, making clear that discrimination based on gender identity is prohibited in other areas, which includes discrimination in housing and employment. The Colombian Ministry of the Interior released a presidential decree in spring 2016 that provides a broad policy of procedural obligations for government institutions and territorial entities in relation to LGBTI rights. The document calls for the creation of an Intersectoral Commission to Guarantee the Rights of the LGBTI Community (Spanish: Comisión Intersectorial para la Garantía de los Derechos de la comunidad LGBTI). The decree specifically addresses the rights of LGBTI Colombians in public education, health care, prisons and as victims of armed conflicts. The text clarifies that “national entities cannot refuse to recognize that a same-sex couple can form a family and, consequently, enjoy the constitutional protections and equal opportunities provided to other families”. [26] In May 2018, President Juan Manuel Santos issued an executive decree ordering the Ministry of the Interior to continue guaranteeing the rights of LGBT people in the social sector, namely in health, education, work, housing, recreation, sport and culture, as well as establish support programs. Therefore, this decree serves as a prohibition of housing and employment discrimination at the state level, reinforcing previous jurisdiction and legislation.
  • December 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned in all of Canada
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned in all of Canada
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned through all of Canada
  • December 2
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Estonia has put in place a 4 month deferral period for MSMs in place of its life-time ban.
  • November 11
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Legislature of the Oaxaca Congress established that anyone who forces a person to receive a conversion therapy will be punished with jail.
  • November 2
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    The Michigan Secretary of State permits individuals to request a ‘Nonbinary (X)’ sex designation on their state ID and driver’s license.
  • November 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    (ADI) 4.275
  • October 28
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes varies by region.
    Censorship became "other punishment" in the state of Texas, and in Florida Govt. DeSantis wants to ban LGBT topics from being discussed in schools. Generally, LGBT Topics are considered under the Free Speach Clause. Due to the nature of the current laws, and state decisions such as in Flordia; "Varies by region" is the best indicator to use.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes state-enforced.
    Numerous schools and libraries in Texas have been instructed to terminate or remove books with topics that, "make students feel uneasy". The topics under fire include (but are not limited to) lgbtq characters, same-sex relationships and gender discussion. Teachers that ignore this law could be fired.
  • October 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation."
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation."
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    "A Namibian court has found that the constitution bans discrimination based on sexual orientation." Section 139 of the Labour Act of 2004 repealed the Labour Act of 1992 which in Section 107 prohibited sexual orientation discrimination.
  • October 19
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Congress of the State of Tlaxcala approved a reform that prohibits and punishes with up to 4 years in prison conversion therapies.
  • October 15
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    The Justice of Alagoas recognized for the first time a non-binary person. The decision allows a person registered with a male name and gender, but who does not recognize themselves as male or female, to have a new birth certificate, without gender. Coordinator of the Itinerant Justice project, Emanuella Porangaba highlighted that the sentence will serve as a basis for future requests from non-binary people. “Fenix was the first, certainly not the last person to fall into this situation. The judiciary has already taken the first step and is open to accepting these fair and dignified claims that grant citizens the fullest citizenship, which until then this was mitigated”.
  • October
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    From October 2021, gay and bisexual men can donate blood, regardless of when they last had sex. Israel no longer quarantines MSM blood and treats all donors equally, requiring no extra screening beyond the standard process.
  • September 28
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Congress of Colima approved reforms to the state Penal Code to sanction whoever imparts, promotes, offers, applies, finances, submits or forces, with or without profit, another to receive conversion therapies . People who break the law will be sentenced to two to five years in prison and will receive 50 to 100 hours of work in favor of the community. This crime may be prosecuted ex officio.
  • September 26
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    The new law of same sex marriage for Switzerland also guarantees adoption rights for same sex couples.
  • September 24
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal with restrictions.
    On September 24, 2021, new guidelines were introduced. Men in monogamous relationships with men can donate blood with no deferral. However, men who have sex with men outside of a monogamous relationship still face a 4 month deferral.
  • September 23
    Right to change legal gender becomes ambiguous.
    The decision was the result of a lawsuit filed by Xiao E, who was denied the right to change her gender on her national ID card. Under the archaic legislation, transgender people were required to surgically remove their reproductive organs in order to legally change their gender. The Taipei High Administrative Court ruled the requirement was unconstitutional on Thursday (23 September). They also cited that the plaintiff had provided the necessary requirements to undergo the process of legally changing her name without being subjected to surgery. Unfortunately, this ruling will only effect Xiao E. Other trans individuals looking to legally change their gender – without “proof of surgery” – will have to wait for the regulations to be revised or pursue legal action.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The congress of Sonora has voted to legalize same sex marriage.
  • September 22
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The congress of Querétaro approved to legalize same sex marriage.
  • September 21
    Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes ambiguous.
    There is no law on a state level but certain counties like Davis County banned Pride and BLM flags.
  • September 15
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    Homosexuality is Illegal.
  • Censorship of LGBT Issues becomes imprisonment as punishment.
    It is illegal and punishable by death to be homosexual in Afghanistan. Taliban is censoring LGBTQ+ topics because LGBTQ+ is illegal under Islamic Sharia Law.
  • Equal age of consent becomes n/a.
    As homosexuality is punishable By death in Kandahar , So Kandahar doesn't have age of consent for LGBTQ+.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Homosexuality is Illegal.
  • September 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal with restrictions.
    People who are in a monogamous same sex relationship can now donate blood without deferral.
  • August 25
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Yucatán Congress voted unanimously for prison sentences of up to three years for anyone administering conversion therapy treatment. Those who administer therapy on minors can be faced with up to six years of prison sentences.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The Yucatán Congress passed the marriage equality bill in a 20-5 vote margin.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Zacatecas Congress approved banning and sanctioning conversion therapies or ECOSIG (Efforts to Correct Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity) almost on a par with Yucatan.
  • August 24
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide, expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide, expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; except in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    Nationwide; expect in some states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes intersex only.
    The Superior Administration of the Public Defender's Office of the State of Tocantins (DPE-TO) requested the Internal Affairs Department of Justice of Tocantins the regulation to include the "non-binary" gender in the civil registry for those who do not identify as female or male. However, for the moment, the government only recognizes intersex people as per federal legislation.
  • August 16
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Blood donation criteria brought in line with UK rules, after being delayed since June 2021.
  • August 15
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Homosexuality is Illegal.
  • Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    Nationwide.
  • Equal age of consent becomes ambiguous.
    Homosexuality is Illegal.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (indefinite deferral).
    Under the Taliban rule.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    Changing Gender is Haram in Islam.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (death penalty as punishment).
    Under Taliban rule.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Nationwide.
  • August 6
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Sexual Offences and Obscene Publications Act was revised to ban any therapy that attempts to change or suppress a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • August 5
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    Homosexuality is Illegal.
  • August 3
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Under Chilean Law.
  • July 23
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Recognized in Piauí such as in another states.
  • Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes varies by region.
    Intersex children can be registered with an "unknown" gender on their birth certificate. Non-binary people can have the same registration in some regions of Brazil, court ruling pending.
  • July 21
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Decree in place since july 21th of 2021 as of Presidential Decree N ° 476/21. Recognizing identities outside the male and female binomial by incorporating the nomenclature "X" in the National Identity Document as an option, for all people who do not identify themselves as male or female.
  • July 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    In July 2020, the Parliament of Montenegro passed a bill to recognise life partnerships for same-sex couples and started recognising them in July 2021. The law also applies in Kološin.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On July 15, The governor of Minnesota signed an executive order restricting conversion therapy for LGBTQ youth in the state.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    In July 2020, the Parliament of Montenegro passed a bill to recognise life partnerships for same-sex couples and started recognising them in July 2021.
  • June 30
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel declared unconstitutional a state law requiring sex-reassignment surgery to change the sex designation on a birth certificate.
  • June 28
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    The Government of Baja California Sur approved the 'Trans Identity Law' that prohibits conversion therapies and allows gender self-determination.
  • June 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    The legalization of same-sex marriage was approved in a unanimous vote in Sinaloa, however, a number of lawmakers abstained to vote.
  • June 14
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The 3-month deferral for MSM has been dropped in England, Wales and Scotland. Instead, donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate. Northern Ireland is due to follow suit with these changes in September 2021.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In line with England and UK.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    In line with UK rules.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The 3-month deferral for MSM has been dropped in England, Wales and Scotland. Instead, donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate. Northern Ireland is due to follow suit with these changes in September 2021.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On June 14, 2021, Michigan governor signed an executive order to prohibit the use of state and federal funds for conversion therapy practiced on minors. The state is looking at implementing a total ban.
  • June 8
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On June 8, 2021, the Administrative Rules Committee voted to prohibit licensed social workers from practicing conversion therapy to change a person's sexual orientation or gender identity. This doesn't prevent religious leaders or non-licensed counselors from practicing it, however.
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Under a section titled “Physical and Mental Health Professionals”, justice Venkatesh said healthcare professionals should offer support to LGBT+ people “who are facing stigma and discrimination from society”. However, he also prohibited “any attempt to medically ‘cure’ or change the sexual orientation of LGBTIQA+ people to heterosexual or the gender identity of transgender people to cisgender.” Justice Venkatesh also ordered the National Medical Commission, the Indian Psychiatric Society and the Rehabilitation Council of India to revoke the licence of any professionals who involve themselves “in any form or method of conversion ‘therapy'”.
  • June 7
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On 7 June 2021, in delivering the verdict on this case, Justice N Anand Venkatesh prohibited Conversion Therapy with India becoming only the 2nd country in Asia to ban conversion therapy behind Taiwan
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Nationwide.
  • June 1
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    On June 1, 2021, Wisconsin governor signed an executive order prohibiting state and federal funds being used for conversion therapy which aims to change a minor's sexual orientation or gender identity. Cities like Milwaukee and Lacrosse also have a complete ban on conversion therapy.
  • May 3
    Equal age of consent becomes n/a.
    Not applicable since same-sex sexual relationships are illegal.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland (4 months).
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    In all of Finland.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since May 3, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to four months.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (up to life in prison as punishment).
    The Sexual Offences Bill (2019), first tabled in 2015, criminalises sexual activity between persons of the same gender.
  • May 1
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (6-month deferral).
    A proposal was made for a 6-month deferral for MSMs by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare as early as 2006.
  • May
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    While making gender marker change on birth certificates available to transgender individuals, an X gender marker option was also added for non-binary individuals.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, no restrictions.
    Ohio's birth certificate law was struck down in December 2020 and judged discriminatory against transgender individuals. Thus, Ohio-born citizens will now be able to modify their gender marker. There is no specific requirement to modify the gender marker, since each court will have their own ruling, but it is advised that their requirement be as accessible as possible.
  • April 23
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Since 2021, Law on the recognition and protection of the rights of people in mental health care (Law 21.331) (2021) prohibits mental health professionals from diagnosing patients based on their sexual identity or orientation. In March 2023, the Ministry of Health issues Circular B2 No. 6 instructing all individual and institutional health providers, both public and private, the prohibition of the implementation of "conversion therapies" for not be valid clinical practices. It also states that diagnoses of mental health status cannot be based on criteria biasedly related to sexual orientation or gender identity and gender expression. The Senate approved the bill that modifies and strengthens Law No. 20,609, which establishes measures against discrimination, adding as arbitrary discrimination any act, practice and/or medical, psychological, psychiatric treatment or of any other nature that aims to modify the sexual orientation or gender identity and expression of a person or a group of people.
  • March 16
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Nationwide
  • March 6
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes recognized.
    Prince Edward Island residents can change their IDs and birth certificate to a gender neutral marking.
  • March
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Banned by passing of Change or Suppression (Conversion) Practices Prohibition Bill 2020
  • Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Same sex couples banned from adopting.
  • February 26
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Legalized in every state.
  • February 17
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Same-sex sexual activity was decriminalized in Bhutan on February 17, 2021.
  • January 31
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been lowered to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, deferral time has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral time for MSMs has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    As of January 31 2021, Australian Red Cross’s Lifeblood service requires a 3-month deferral.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Reduced to 3-months on Jan 31, 2021.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to three months.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (3-month deferral).
    Since January 31, 2021, the deferral period has been reduced to three months.
  • January 26
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    On January 26, 2021 the biden administration made it so transgender individuals can openly serve in the military, 10 years after don’t ask don’t tell was repelled.
  • January 25
    Serving openly in military becomes varies by region.
    Biden administration overturns Trump administration's policy against transgender people serving in the military, however, Texas govt. Greg Abbot kept the ban in place for his state.
  • January 14
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    Donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.

LGBT Organizations Founded in 2021

  • Rainbow Tarnow FaviconRainbow Tarnow
    Rainbow Tarnów was initiated to create a safe space for LGBTQAIP+ people from Tarnów and the surrounding area. The assosiation was inspired by the traumatic events for the…