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    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    Varies by Region
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #17 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(18%) Against
Support (68%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #14 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(25%) Disagree
Agree (69%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #9 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(6.8%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (93.2%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #29 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(33.1%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (28.6%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #24 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(28.5%) Disagree
Agree (51.8%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #15 out of 34 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(23%) No
Yes (67%)

Support for same-sex marriage (North and South America)

Ranked #6 out of 29 regions surveyed. (Source: AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)

Question: "How strongly do you approve or disapprove of same-sex couples having the right to marry?"

(47.9%) Disapprove
Approve (52.1%)

Acceptance of Gay People in Public Office (North and South America)

Ranked #5 out of 29 regions surveyed. (Source: AmericasBarometer, 2016-2017)

Question: "How strongly do you approve or disapprove of [homosexuals] running for public office?"

(35.9%) Disapprove
Approve (64.1%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2013)

Ranked #14 out of 39 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June, 2013)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(36%) No
Yes (60%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #16 out of 119 regions surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(24%) Not a good place
Good place (68%)

By The Numbers

79%
Think homosexuality should be accepted by society as a whole
(Datafolha, 2022)
80%
of Brazilians think homosexuality should be accepted by society
(Datafolha, 2022)
79%
of Brazilians think society accept homosexuality
74%
of Brazilians think homosexuality should be accepted by society

History

Homosexual activity in Brazil

?

Homosexual activity in Brazil is legal.

Current status
Since Dec 16, 1830
Legal
Shortly after Brazil gained independence from Portugal, in 1830, the Imperial Penal Code decriminalized sodomy.

Brazil's 1988 Constitution further strengthened affirmative protections by prohibiting any form of discrimination. Since then courts have since affirmed this additionally applies to sexual orientation.
Added by celoafonso  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Brazil

?

Same-sex marriage in Brazil is legal.

Current status
Since May 14, 2013
Legal
Since May 14, 2013, any same-sex civil union can be converted into marriage, according to the Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) resolution.
Added by celoafonso  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 5, 2011–May 14, 2013
Civil unions
Although the first formal legal recognition of a civil union took place in 2004 (See first source), the Supreme Court did not rule in favor of civil unions throughout the country until May 5, 2011.

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Brazil

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Brazil is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Brazil, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Brazil

?

Right to change legal gender in Brazil is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since Mar 1, 2018
Legal, surgery not required
In March 2018, the Brazilian Supreme Court ruled that transgender people have the right to change name and sex on their birth certificate without the need of sexual reassignment surgery or doctor letters. The change can be made at a notary's office now.

Nov 1, 2003–Mar 1, 2018
Legal, but requires surgery
Until 2018, surgery was required to change your legal gender in Brazil.

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Brazil

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Brazil is varies by region.

Current status
Since Sep 12, 2021
Intersex only
Children born with no gender defined as male or female, in a condition known as Sex Differentiation Anomaly, – also know as intersex – may be registered with the “unknown” gender on the birth certificate. And also perform, at any time, the option of assigning sex at any Civil Registry Office, without the need for judicial authorization, proof of sexual surgery and hormonal treatment or presentation of a medical or psychological report.
Added by Etlot  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
Varies by Region
SĂŁo Paulo legalized in 2021 for example; states like Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul legalizes too. Out of that, is intersex nationwide.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Recognized

  1. Bahia 2022
  2. Rio Grande do Sul 2022
  3. Santa Catarina 2022
  4. Rio de Janeiro 2022
  5. SĂŁo Paulo 2021
  6. Alagoas 2021

Intersex only

  1. Acre 2021
  2. Amapá 2021
  3. Amazonas 2021
  4. Ceará 2021
  5. EspĂ­rito Santo 2021
  6. Goiás 2021
  7. MaranhĂŁo 2021
  8. Mato Grosso 2021
  9. Mato Grosso do Sul 2021
  10. Minas Gerais 2021
  11. ParaĂ­ba 2021
  12. Pará 2021
  13. Pernambuco 2021
  14. PiauĂ­ 2021
  15. Rio Grande do Norte 2021
  16. RondĂ´nia 2021
  17. Roraima 2021
  18. Sergipe 2021

Ambiguous

  1. Paraná 2021
  2. Tocantins

Until Nov 30, -0001
Varies by Region
Nationwide only intersex people have third gender option

On SĂŁo Paulo and Rio de Janeiro it's legally recognized the Non-Binary identity on documents for anyone.

LGBT discrimination in Brazil

?

LGBT discrimination in Brazil is illegal.

Current status
Since Jun 13, 2019
Illegal
The Supreme Federal Court criminalised LGBT discrimination nationwide, and now, according to the new law, it is considered a "crime of racism".
Added by joaoanjos  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Oct 5, 1988–Jun 13, 2019
Illegal in some contexts
Discrimination is illegal in some parts of Brazil.

Oct 5, 1988–Jul 1, 2018
Illegal in some contexts
Missing housing discrimination protections since 2011.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Brazil

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Brazil is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2011
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Nationwide since 2011
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Brazil

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Brazil is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jun 13, 2019
Sexual orientation and gender identity
When renting a property, the owner cannot refuse a tenant on the basis of ethnicity, religion, social status or sexual orientation or any social group someone belongs to. It is written in the Federal Constitution, discrimination is a crime.
Added by Etlot  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Oct 5, 1988–Jun 13, 2019
Ambiguous
Although the Brazilian constitution of 1988 prohibits any form of discrimination, it was not until 2019 that homosexuals and trans people were definitively recognized as one of these groups.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Brazil

?

Same-sex adoption in Brazil is legal.

Current status
Since 2000
Legal
Added by celoafonso  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Brazil

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Serving openly in military in Brazil is legal.

Current status
Since Aug 2005
Legal

Blood donations by MSMs in Brazil

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Blood donations by MSMs in Brazil is legal.

Current status
Since May 8, 2020
Legal
The Supreme Court has ruled that the blood donation ban is unconstitutional in May of 2020.

1993–May 8, 2020
Banned (1-year deferral)
Blood Donation was banned in Brazil until 2020.
Added by celoafonso  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Brazil

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Conversion therapy in Brazil is banned.

Current status
Since Jan 2018
Banned
In January 2018, the Federal Psychology Council established norms of performance for psychologists in relation to transsexual and transvestite people, also banning any conversion therapy.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2018042…//site.cfp.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Resolu%C3%A7%C3%A3o-CFP-01-2018.pdf

site.cfp.org.br/wp-content/…
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 2017–Jan 2018
Banned
The same judge changed his decision, keeping the “treatment” banned.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 2017–Dec 2017
Not banned
In September 2017, a federal judge in Brasília approved the use of conversion therapy by a psychologist to “cure” people of homosexuality, overruling the 1999 decision.
Added by Ro_Guy  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

1999–Sep 2017
Banned
Banned by Brazil's Federal Psychology Council: "psychologists shall not collaborate in events or services offering treatment and cure for homosexuality."
Added by danlev  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Brazil

?

Equal age of consent in Brazil is equal.

Current status
Since Dec 7, 1940
Equal
Age of consent = 14 years old
Added by celoafonso  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log