Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✖ Legal, but restricted for minors
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Not banned
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (6-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Recent surveys in Sweden indicate a moderate level of acceptance for LGBTQ+ rights in specific areas.

Perception of LGBTQ+ People

Survey results from 5 LGBTQ+ Equaldex users who lived in or visited Sweden.

Overall

Overall

Perceived Safety*

Feel safe being open
Absence of verbal harassment
Absence of threats and violence
*Survey results represent personal perceptions of safety and may not be indicative of current actual conditions.

Equal Treatment

Treatment by family
Treatment at work
Treatment at school
Treatment by general public
Treatment by businesses
Treatment by law enforcement
Treatment by religious groups

Visibility & Representation

Inclusion in education
Representation in entertainment
Representation in news
Political support

Culture

Pride/events
Nightlife
Dating life
Interest groups and clubs

Services

Health and wellness
Gender-affirming care
Support and social services
Advocacy and legal

History

Homosexual activity in Sweden

?

Homosexual activity in Sweden is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 1944
Legal
Homosexual activity has been legal in Sweden since 1944.
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Same-sex marriage in Sweden

?

Same-sex marriage in Sweden is legal.

Current status
Since May 1, 2009
Legal
The Riksdag passed a gender-neutral marriage bill in 2009, making Sweden the seventh country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
Jan 1, 1995–Apr 1, 2009
Civil unions (marriage rights)
Sweden became the second country of the world after Denmark to recognize gay couples with registered partnerships, these partnerships were equal to marriage. However registered partners were not allowed to adopt before 2003.
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Censorship of LGBT issues in Sweden

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Sweden is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Sweden, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
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Right to change legal gender in Sweden

?

Right to change legal gender in Sweden is legal, but requires medical diagnosis.

A new law will be going into effect in 12 months.
Going into effect Jul 1, 2025
Legal, no restrictions
Starting July 1, 2025, updating legal gender on official records will become much easier. People 16 and up will be able to switch their legal gender, however anybody that is under the age of 18 will need permission from their parents, a doctor, and the National Board of Health and Welfare. When the law goes into effect, transgender people won't need a diagnosis of "gender dysphoria" anymore in order to legally change their gender.
Current status
Jan 9, 2013–Jul 1, 2025
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
Legal gender recognition is available in Sweden under the Law on Gender Determination in Certaing Cases (Law No. 1972:119) (1972). Although it has been reformed several times, it still includes pathologizing requirements such as medical diagnosis and a "real life" test. Applications are made to the National Health and Welfare Board. They must be accompanied by a medical report stating that the person has undergone the primary “investigation”, via psychiatrist, to confirm the “diagnosis of transsexualism”. (ILGA)
Sources:
database.ilga.org/sweden-lgbti
gaystarnews.com/article/swe…
loc.gov/item/global-legal-m…~:text=Among%20other%20changes%2C%20a%20compulsory%20sterilization%20requirement%20%28previously,foreign%20country%20or%20a%20resident%20there%20%28new%C2%A7%203a%29.
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Jul 1, 1972–Jan 9, 2013
Legal, but requires surgery
Changes of gender were only legally recognised if the individual had undergone sterilisation.
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Gender-affirming care in Sweden

?

Gender-affirming care in Sweden is legal, but restricted for minors.

Current status
Since Feb 1, 2022
Legal, but restricted for minors
Starting in February 2022, Sweden began restricting gender affirming care to minors with the Sweden’s National Board of Health and Welfare saying that "the risks outweigh the benefits currently".

Sweden now reserves gender affirming care for minors for "exceptional" circumstances.
1997–Feb 2022
Legal
In 1997, Sweden adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Sweden

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Sweden is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Sweden does not recognize a third or non-binary gender option, however introducing such has been proposed.
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LGBT discrimination in Sweden

?

LGBT discrimination in Sweden is illegal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Illegal
The Penal Code has prohibited discrimination against homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals since 1987.
A new, consolidated anti-discrimination code (Discrimination Act 2008:567) was added to in 2008 and went into effect on January 1, 2009, which includes transgender identity or expression.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2010080…//www.do.se/Documents/pdf/new_discrimination_law.pdf
government.se/articles/2018…
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1987–Jan 1, 2009
Illegal in some contexts
Discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation was made unlawful through inclusion in the provisions of the Swedish Penal Code.
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LGBT employment discrimination in Sweden

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Sweden is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1999
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Employment discimination due to sexual orientation (1999), change of legal gender (1996), crossgender identity and expression (2009) are illegal.
Sources:
Diskrimineringslag (2008:567) § 4, riksdagen.se/sv/Dokument-La…
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LGBT housing discrimination in Sweden

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Sweden is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Housing discimination due to sexual orientation, change of legal gender, crossgender identity and expression are illegal. (I am unsure if it was illegal due to legal gender change and sexual orientation before 2009.)
Sources:
Diskrimineringslag (2008:567) kap 2, §§ 12 riksdagen.se/sv/Dokument-La…
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Same-sex adoption in Sweden

?

Same-sex adoption in Sweden is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 6, 2002
Legal
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Intersex infant surgery in Sweden

?

Intersex infant surgery in Sweden is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
No laws banning it in Sweden.
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Serving openly in military in Sweden

?

Serving openly in military in Sweden is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2009
Legal
Protection against discrimination in the Swedish Armed Forces is explicitly stated.

In 2015, Sweden even ran a campaign encouraging LGBT people to serve openly. The campaign featured a poster of an individual in camouflage with a rainbow flag badge on her arm, with the headline, "some things you should not have to camouflage."

The poster read, "Equality is an essential ingredient in a democracy. In the military, we treat them with respect and see the differences of others as a fortress. We are an inclusive organisation where all the people who serve and contribute feel welcome and respected."

Blood donations by MSMs in Sweden

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Sweden is banned (6-month deferral).

Current status
Since May 1, 2021
Banned (6-month deferral)
A proposal was made for a 6-month deferral for MSMs by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare as early as 2006.
Sep 19, 2013–May 1, 2021
Banned (1-year deferral)
Not all clinics/hospitals follow this law.
Until Sep 19, 2013
Banned (indefinite deferral)
MSMs are not allowed to donate blood.
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Conversion therapy in Sweden

?

Conversion therapy in Sweden is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
While Conversion Therapy is not banned,many protesters have demanded it should be and the Swedish Government have investigated it

Equal age of consent in Sweden

?

Equal age of consent in Sweden is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1978
Equal
Age of consent are 15 regardless of sexual orientation.
Sources:
Brottsbalk (1962:700) kap 6 §§ 4-10,14
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