• Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
  • Marriage
    ✔ Legal
  • Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
  • Adoption
    ✔ Legal
  • Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
  • Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
  • Military
    ✔ Legal
  • Age of Consent
    ✖ Unequal
  • Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (5-year deferral)
  • Conversion Therapy
    Varies by Region

Public Opinion

"Should Society Accept Homosexuality?"

Canada ranks #3 out of 39 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 4, 2013)
(14%) No
Yes (80%)

History

Homosexual activity in Canada

?
Current status
(since May 14, 1969)
Legal
Canada decriminalizes homosexuality with the introduction of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69.
Added by alexkillby  ·  35 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Jul 1, 1867–May 14, 1969
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
Indefinite Imprisonment as "Dangerous Sex Offender" - origin of law was included from confederation in 1867.
Added by alexkillby  ·  18 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Canada

?
Current status
(since Jul 20, 2005)
Legal
Same-sex marriage in Canada became legal with The Civil Marriage Act.
Added by danlev  ·  47 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Canada

?
Current status
(since Jan 1, 2014)
Legal, surgery not required
Under Recent ruling by the Federal Government. Missing non binary options on documents.
Sources:
No
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Until Jan 1, 2014
Varies by Region
Legal gender change has many different contexts within Canada. Birth certificate is arguably the most recognized authoritative statement of gender. Changes to this document are regulated province by province. Some require proof of surgery for a certificate change, others require a psychologist's statement. For citizens born outside of Canada, recognition is at the federal level in the form of changes to one's certificate of Canadian citizenship and/or passport which at present requires proof of surgery to obtain.

Same-sex adoption in Canada

?
Current status
(since May 25, 1995)
Legal
Added by alexkillby  ·  36 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Canada

?
Current status
(since Jan 1, 2017)
Illegal
Bill C-16 amended the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.
Added by smulligan  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Apr 17, 1985–Jan 1, 2017
Illegal in some contexts
Non-inclusion of Gender Identity in Charter.
Added by alexkillby  ·  13 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Apr 17, 1985–Jul 14, 2018
Illegal
just passed gender identity and expression protection. under Bill C-16 makes it illegal to spread hate propaganda. discrimination and hate speech high for aboriginals and lgbt communities.
Sources:
everydayforlifecanada.blogs…/2016/11/bill-c-16-canadians-never-voted-for.html
Added by Ausyk  ·  10 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Canada

?
Current status
(since Jun 1, 2017)
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Protections since 2017. Under revisions to the criminal code and under Bill C-16
Sources:
No
Added by Ausyk  ·  5 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Jun 1, 1996–Jan 1, 2017
Sexual orientation only
Federal human rights law applies directly to only federal government employment and employers which fall under federal jurisdiction. Gender identity is only implicitly protected under interpretation of the law by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. Attempts have been made to have gender identity and gender expression added as protected classes to both the Canadian Human Rights Act and Criminal Code, though none of these attempts so far has been successful.

Provincial human rights acts are separate, but Supreme Court precedent exists for requiring provinces to protect the same classes as the Canadian Human Rights Act. At this time all provinces protect against employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Of the provinces only Ontario has explicit protection on the basis of both gender identity and gender expression in its human rights code, though several provide implicit protections on the basis of gender identity or "transsexualism" under the category of "sex" or "gender".

LGBT housing discrimination in Canada

?
Dec 7, 2015–Apr 12, 2018
Sexual orientation and gender identity
“Gender identity and gender expression” were added by Bill 7, the Alberta Human Rights Amendment Act which received royal assent in 2015.
Added by smulligan  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Housing and tenancy typically falls under provincial jurisdiction.
Added by litui  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Canada

?
Current status
(since Oct 10, 1992)
Legal
LGBT soldiers are permitted to serve in the Canadian military.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  22 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Canada

?
Current status
(since May 1, 2008)
Unequal
The age of consent in for anal sex in Canada is 18, whereas the age of consent for acts of sex is 16.
Added by alexkillby  ·  26 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
May 1, 2008–Sep 18, 2018
Unequal
Age of consent equalization pending. under bill C-75 pending.
Sources:
No
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Canada

?
May 12, 2015–Sep 7, 2018
Banned (1-year deferral)
According to Canadian Blood Bank. Since 2016. Prime minister Justin Truedau is trying to get this legalized.
Sources:
No
Added by Ausyk  ·  12 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
(since Jul 22, 2013)
Banned (5-year deferral)
Health Canada changed the indefinite deferral period to a 5-year deferral, effective July 22, 2013.
Added by alexkillby  ·  17 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Sep 26, 1998–Jun 22, 2013
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Added by alexkillby  ·  9 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Canada

?
Current status
Varies by Region
Conversion therapy in Canada is not yet banned at a Federal level and many ex-gay organizations and groups who endorse conversion/reparative therapy continue to operate as registered charities. Some provinces have made gestures or passed laws to make conversion therapy illegal both for sexual orientation and gender identity.
Added by litui  ·  9 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Banned

  1. Ontario 2015
  2. Manitoba 2015

Not banned

  1. Alberta 2017
  2. New Brunswick
  3. Newfoundland and Labrador
  4. Northwest Territories
  5. Nova Scotia
  6. Nunavut
  7. Quebec
  8. Saskatchewan
  9. Yukon Territory

Ambiguous

  1. British Columbia
  2. Prince Edward Island


LGBT Rights by Province

View the LGBT laws in each individual province of Canada.



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