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    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    Unknown
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✔ Recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #6 out of 27 countries surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(8%) Against
Support (82%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #2 out of 27 countries surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(13%) Disagree
Agree (81%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #14 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(10.2%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (89.8%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #7 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(9.6%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (69.2%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #3 out of 74 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(8.6%) Disagree
Agree (72.3%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #4 out of 34 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(10%) No
Yes (85%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2013)

Ranked #3 out of 39 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June, 2013)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(14%) No
Yes (80%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #3 out of 119 countries surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(12%) Not a good place
Good place (80%)

History

Homosexual activity in Canada

?

Homosexual activity in Canada is legal.

Current status
Since May 14, 1969
Legal
Canada decriminalizes homosexuality with the introduction of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69.
Added by alexkillby  ·  9 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jul 1, 1867–May 14, 1969
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
Indefinite Imprisonment as "Dangerous Sex Offender" - origin of law was included from confederation in 1867.
Added by alexkillby  ·  6 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Canada

?

Same-sex marriage in Canada is legal.

Current status
Since Jul 20, 2005
Legal
Same-sex marriage in Canada became legal with The Civil Marriage Act.
Added by danlev  ·  8 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Canada

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Canada is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Canada, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Canada

?

Right to change legal gender in Canada is unknown.


Until Jan 1, 2014
Varies by Region
Legal gender change has many different contexts within Canada. Birth certificate is arguably the most recognized authoritative statement of gender. Changes to this document are regulated province by province. Some require proof of surgery for a certificate change, others require a psychologist's statement. For citizens born outside of Canada, recognition is at the federal level in the form of changes to one's certificate of Canadian citizenship and/or passport which at present requires proof of surgery to obtain.
Current status
Unknown

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Canada

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Canada is recognized.

Current status
Since Aug 13, 2017
Recognized
The Canadian federal government now allows individuals to put "X" on their passport to indicate an unspecified gender.
Added by danlev  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jun 2016–Aug 31, 2017
Varies by Region
Some provinces allowed "X" as a gender identity on drivers licenses and birth certificates.
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Canada

?

LGBT discrimination in Canada is illegal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2017
Illegal
Bill C-16 amended the Canadian Human Rights Act to add gender identity and gender expression to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination.
Added by smulligan  ·  5 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Apr 17, 1985–Jan 1, 2017
Illegal in some contexts
Non-inclusion of Gender Identity in Charter.
Added by alexkillby  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Canada

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Canada is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jun 1, 2017
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Protections since 2017. Under revisions to the criminal code and under Bill C-16
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jun 1, 1996–Jan 1, 2017
Sexual orientation only
Federal human rights law applies directly to only federal government employment and employers which fall under federal jurisdiction. Gender identity is only implicitly protected under interpretation of the law by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. Attempts have been made to have gender identity and gender expression added as protected classes to both the Canadian Human Rights Act and Criminal Code, though none of these attempts so far has been successful.

Provincial human rights acts are separate, but Supreme Court precedent exists for requiring provinces to protect the same classes as the Canadian Human Rights Act. At this time all provinces protect against employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Of the provinces only Ontario has explicit protection on the basis of both gender identity and gender expression in its human rights code, though several provide implicit protections on the basis of gender identity or "transsexualism" under the category of "sex" or "gender".

LGBT housing discrimination in Canada

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Canada is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Housing and tenancy typically falls under provincial jurisdiction.
Added by litui  ·  5 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 7, 2015–Apr 12, 2018
Sexual orientation and gender identity
“Gender identity and gender expression” were added by Bill 7, the Alberta Human Rights Amendment Act which received royal assent in 2015.
Added by smulligan  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Canada

?

Same-sex adoption in Canada is legal.

Current status
Since May 25, 1995
Legal
Added by alexkillby  ·  6 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Canada

?

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Canada is legal.

Current status
Since Oct 10, 1992
Legal
LGBT soldiers are permitted to serve in the Canadian military.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Canada

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Canada is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since May 9, 2019
Banned (3-month deferral)
Banned with 3 months deferral
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 2016–May 9, 2019
Banned (1-year deferral)
Health Canada approved Canadian Blood Services’ proposal to reduce the blood donation ineligibility period for men who have sex with men from five years to one year.
Added by alexkillby  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jul 22, 2013–Jan 2016
Banned (5-year deferral)
Health Canada changed the indefinite deferral period to a 5-year deferral, effective July 22, 2013.
Added by alexkillby  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 26, 1998–Jun 22, 2013
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Added by alexkillby  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Canada

?

Conversion therapy in Canada is banned.

Current status
Since Jun 18, 2019
Banned
Conversion therapy in Canada is now banned nationwide after the House of Commons voted in favor of banning it.
Added by litui  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Canada

?

Equal age of consent in Canada is equal.

Current status
Since Jan 2019
Equal
Age of consent equalized to age 16.
Added by DCan  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 1, 2008–Jun 19, 2019
Unequal
The age of consent in for anal sex in Canada is 18, whereas the age of consent for acts of sex is 16.
Added by alexkillby  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by Province

View the LGBT laws in each individual province of Canada.