Homosexuality
    ✖ Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
    Censorship
    ✖ Imprisonment as punishment
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Illegal
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✖ Banned
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    Unknown
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Illegal
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    Unknown
    Military
    ✖ Illegal
    Donating Blood
    Unknown
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    N/A
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History

Homosexual activity in Iraq

?

Homosexual activity in Iraq is illegal (imprisonment as punishment).

Current status
Since Apr 27, 2024
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
On April 27th, 2024, Iraq's parliament passed a law that criminalizes same-sex relationships with a maximum 15-year prison sentence.
Added by Unknownmiles  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jul 19, 1969–Apr 27, 2024
Ambiguous
Even though Iraq's Criminal Code doesn't mention homosexuality in its penal code, Articles such as 401 in the penal code can be used against LGBT community. Efforts have been made to officially recriminalize homosexuality in Iraq, however.

Same-sex marriage in Iraq

?

Same-sex marriage in Iraq is unrecognized.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2003
Unrecognized
Same-sex relationships are not recognized in Iraq.
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in Iraq

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Iraq is imprisonment as punishment.

Current status
Imprisonment as punishment
Not known in Iraqi Kurdistan but LGBT people could be censored in Iraq under extensive public morality law namely , paragraph 215 , 220, 376, 401,402,403,404 and 408 of the Iraqi Penal code.

In August 2023, Iraq banned all media from using term "homosexuality", saying they must use "sexual deviance." The term "gender" was also banned.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Iraq

?

Right to change legal gender in Iraq is illegal.

Current status
Since Apr 27, 2024
Illegal
Article 3 of the new bill Iraq’s Parliament passed April 27th, prohibits altering a person's biological sex based on psychological desires, and Article 6 imposes penalties of imprisonment for those attempting or performing such changes.
Oct 29, 2018–Apr 27, 2024
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
Person applying for gender change must submit all documents and medical analyzes confirming their request, then their documents are submitted to the Ministry of the Interior, obtain the consent of the minister's office.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Iraq

?

Gender-affirming care in Iraq is banned.

Current status
Since Apr 27, 2024
Banned
On April 27th, 2024, the Iraqi Parliament passed the amendment to the Law Against Prostitution and Sexual Deviance. Article 2 of the bill criminalizes "acts of effeminacy," defined as imitating women through actions such as wearing women’s cosmetics or clothes in public, taking hormones to display feminine traits, or any other behavior deemed effeminate by medical and social standards. Offenders could face imprisonment ranging from one to three years or fines between five and ten million dinars. Additionally, Article 3 prohibits altering a person's biological sex based on psychological desires, with Article 6 imposing penalties of imprisonment for those attempting or performing such changes, except in cases of necessary surgical interventions for congenital anomalies.
2008–Apr 27, 2024
Legal
In 2008, Iraq adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by theo_paris  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 2008
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Iraq

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Iraq is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

LGBT discrimination in Iraq

?

LGBT discrimination in Iraq is no protections.

Current status
No protections
According to the United States' Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, "[Iraq] law prohibits discrimination based on race, disability, or social status, but it does not address the problem of sexual orientation or gender identity. Societal discrimination in employment, occupation, and housing based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and unconventional appearance was common."
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Iraq

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Iraq is no protections.

Current status
No protections
There are no employment discrimination protection for LGBT people in Iraq.

According to the United States' Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, "[Iraq] law prohibits discrimination based on race, disability, or social status, but it does not address the problem of sexual orientation or gender identity. Societal discrimination in employment, occupation, and housing based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and unconventional appearance was common."
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Iraq

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Iraq is no protections.

Current status
No protections
There are no housing discrimination protection for LGBT people in Iraq.

According to the United States' Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, "[Iraq] law prohibits discrimination based on race, disability, or social status, but it does not address the problem of sexual orientation or gender identity. Societal discrimination in employment, occupation, and housing based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and unconventional appearance was common."
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Iraq

?

Same-sex adoption in Iraq is illegal.

Current status
Illegal
Adoption by any person goes against Iraqi law. Guardianship is possible by extended family and close friends of the same religion as the child.

Intersex infant surgery in Iraq

?

Intersex infant surgery in Iraq is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Serving openly in military in Iraq

?

Serving openly in military in Iraq is illegal.

Current status
Since 2007
Illegal
The Military penal law No. 19 2007 prohibits its men from engaging Homosexual acts.
Added by Muhammadaji2022  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Iraq

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Iraq is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Conversion therapy in Iraq

?

Conversion therapy in Iraq is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
No protections
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Iraq

?

Equal age of consent in Iraq is n/a.

Current status
Since Apr 27, 2024
N/A
On April 27th, 2024, Iraq's parliament passed a law that criminalizes same-sex relationships. So, the age of consent for homosexual sex is N/A.
Added by maansf  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until Apr 27, 2024
Ambiguous
While the age of consent for non-married couples in Iraq is 18, the laws regarding homosexuality are ambiguous so the age of consent status is also ambiguous.
Added by danlev  ·  Report error  ·  Log