💬 NEW! Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    Unknown
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #68 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(76.1%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (23.9%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #22 out of 79 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(22.8%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (31.5%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #8 out of 74 countries surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(19.3%) Disagree
Agree (66.8%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #50 out of 119 countries surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(41%) Not a good place
Good place (21%)

History

Homosexual activity in Vietnam

?

Homosexual activity in Vietnam is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
Legal
Sources:
Vientnamese Constitution 1992 - vietnamlaws.com/freelaws/Co…
Added by vviet93  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Vietnam

?

Same-sex marriage in Vietnam is unrecognized.

Current status
Since Nov 12, 2013
Unrecognized
Proposition 110 still states that same sex union is not legal. However, it removed all penalty involved with marriage ceremony or attempts to register, effectively de-criminalizing the act.
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 12, 2013–Sep 10, 2018
Unrecognized
Vietnamese government said that they are trying to get a bill passed. Gay marriage pending and Gay Union pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jun 9, 2000–Nov 11, 2013
Not legal
The marriage law explicitly prohibits marriage between same-sex couples
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Vietnam

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Vietnam is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Vietnam, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Vietnam

?

Right to change legal gender in Vietnam is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2017
Legal, but requires surgery
On November 24, 2015, the Vietnamese National Assembly voted overwhelmingly (282 from the 366 members of the National Assembly) in favour of legalizing the right to change an individual's legal gender. This law went into effect in 2017.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Aug 5, 2008–Nov 23, 2015
Illegal
Legally, one can only change the gender when he/she is very young and has condition that "confuses" the actual gender of the child. Once the sexual organ is "fully developed", a citizen can't change his/her gender.
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Vietnam

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Vietnam is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

LGBT discrimination in Vietnam

?

LGBT discrimination in Vietnam is no protections.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
No protections
Full discrimination protections pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
No protections
There are no specific laws protecting members of LGBTQ communities from discrimination
Sources:
Australia Country Advice - refworld.org/pdfid/50f7fa112.pdf
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Vietnam

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Vietnam is no protections.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
No protections
Discrimination protections pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Vietnam

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Vietnam is no protections.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
No protections
Housing discriminating protections pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Vietnam

?

Same-sex adoption in Vietnam is single only.

Current status
Since Jun 9, 2000
Single only
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 1992–Sep 9, 2018
Single only
Legalization pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Vietnam

?

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Vietnam is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
Legal
Technically, homosexuals can serve openly in the military. There are no laws protecting them against discriminations though.
Sources:
Vietnam People's Army - Thayer american.edu/sis/aseanstudi…
Added by vviet93  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Vietnam

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Vietnam is legal.

Current status
Legal
There are no laws regarding donating blood in Vietnam.
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Vietnam

?

Conversion therapy in Vietnam is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Not banned
Added by Antinousosiris  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Vietnam

?

Equal age of consent in Vietnam is equal.

Current status
Since Dec 21, 1999
Equal
The age of consent is 16 years old. However, this is due to the LGBT population not being officially mentioned or recognized in the law
Added by vviet93  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log