LGBT employment discrimination

LGBTQ+ people are protected from employment discrimination in 91 countries and territories.

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  • Sexual orientation and gender identity
  • No protections
  • Sexual orientation only
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2022Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Spain
  • Oct 21 2021Became Sexual orientation only in Namibia
  • Jul 18 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Virginia
  • Jun 15 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Florida
  • Jun 15 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Texas
  • Jun 15 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Oklahoma
  • Jun 15 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Louisiana
  • Jun 15 2020Became Sexual orientation and gender identity in Arkansas

LGBT employment discrimination

Prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation and/or gender identity in employment, including hiring, promotion, termination, harassment, etc.

Summary

91
Protected
91 regions (39%)
Protected
26
Some protections
26 regions (11%)
Some protections
88
No protections
88 regions (38%)
No protections
27
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 regions (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
67%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
35 regions (67%)
Some protections
10 regions (19%)
No protections
5 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (4%)
Oceania
58%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
14 regions (58%)
Some protections
2 regions (8%)
No protections
5 regions (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (13%)
South America
57%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
8 regions (57%)
Some protections
3 regions (21%)
No protections
2 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (7%)
North America
56%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
20 regions (56%)
Some protections
2 regions (6%)
No protections
12 regions (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (6%)
Africa
10%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
6 regions (10%)
Some protections
7 regions (12%)
No protections
34 regions (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 regions (20%)
Asia
17%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
8 regions (17%)
Some protections
2 regions (4%)
No protections
30 regions (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 regions (13%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for lgbt employment discrimination over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

LGBT employment discrimination by country

(and dependent territories)

Sexual orientation and gender identity

LGBT employment discrimination is sexual orientation and gender identity in 91 regions.

  1. Asia (8)
  2. India 1949
  3. Macau 2008
  4. Mongolia 1992
  5. Nepal 2016
  6. South Korea 2016
  7. Sri Lanka 2017
  8. Taiwan 2007
  9. Thailand 2015
  10. South America (8)
  11. Bolivia 2010
  12. Brazil 2011
  13. Chile 2012
  14. Falkland Islands 2008
  15. French Guiana
  16. Peru 2016
  17. Suriname 1975
  18. Uruguay 2004

Sexual orientation only

LGBT employment discrimination is sexual orientation only in 26 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Israel 1992
  3. Philippines
  4. North America (2)
  5. Bahamas
  6. Panama 2017
  7. Africa (7)
  8. Botswana 2010
  9. Cape Verde 2008
  10. Mauritius 2008
  11. Mozambique 2007
  12. Namibia 2021
  13. Seychelles 2006
  14. Zambia
  15. Oceania (2)
  16. New Zealand 1994
  17. Tonga
  18. South America (3)
  19. Colombia 2011
  20. Ecuador 2015
  21. Venezuela 2012

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on lgbt employment discrimination is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 27 regions.

  1. South America (1)
  2. Argentina
  3. Antarctica (1)
  4. Antarctica

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