Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is banned in 26 countries.

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  • Banned
  • Not banned
  • Varies by region or ambiguous
  • Unknown or N/A

Recent Changes

Conversion therapy

"Conversion therapy" or "reparative therapy" is a pseudoscientific practice of attempting to "convert" or "repair" an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity. The concept is found on the assumption that sexual orientation can be changed and that anything other than homosexual and cisgender is "abnormal."

Conversion therapy is often conducted by religious groups with the use prayer and other religious efforts and teachings.

While some individuals may to undergo this therapy volunteer, many children are forced into it by their parents.

Many medical and psychologist groups have officially condemned this type of harmful "therapy." Some studies have shown that the process can sometimes lead to depression, self-harm, and even suicide.

The practice of attempting to "cure" homosexuality dates back at least to 1888 when a German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing used hypnotic suggestion therapy to turn a gay man straight.

In the past few decades, countries, provinces, and states have begun outlawing conversion therapy.

Summary

26
Banned
26 regions (13%)
Banned
138
Not banned
138 regions (70%)
Not banned
34
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 regions (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
20%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
10 regions (20%)
Not banned
37 regions (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (6%)
Oceania
21%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
3 regions (21%)
Not banned
9 regions (64%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
6 regions (50%)
Not banned
5 regions (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (8%)
North America
4%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
1 regions (4%)
Not banned
12 regions (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (44%)
Africa
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
1 regions (2%)
Not banned
37 regions (69%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 regions (30%)
Asia
11%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
5 regions (11%)
Not banned
38 regions (86%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)

Progress Over Time

Number of countries with equality for conversion therapy over the past 60 years.
There are no recent changes about Conversion therapy.

Conversion therapy by Country

Banned

Conversion therapy is banned in 26 regions.

  1. Asia (5)
  2. India 2021
  3. Israel 2022
  4. Singapore
  5. Taiwan 2018
  6. Vietnam 2022
  7. Europe (10)
  8. Belgium 2023
  9. Cyprus 2023
  10. France 2022
  11. Germany 2020
  12. Greece 2022
  13. Iceland 2023
  14. Malta 2016
  15. Norway 2023
  16. Portugal 2024
  17. Spain 2022
  18. North America (1)
  19. Canada 2022
  20. Africa (1)
  21. Mauritius 2017
  22. Oceania (3)
  23. Fiji 2015
  24. New Zealand 2022
  25. Samoa 2007
  26. South America (6)
  27. Argentina 2010
  28. Brazil 2018
  29. Chile 2021
  30. Ecuador 2014
  31. Paraguay 2022
  32. Uruguay 2017

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