Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is banned in 29 countries and territories.

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  • Banned
  • Not banned
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Conversion therapy

"Conversion therapy" or "reparative therapy" is a pseudoscientific practice of attempting to "convert" or "repair" an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity. The concept is found on the assumption that sexual orientation can be changed and that anything other than homosexual and cisgender is "abnormal."

Conversion therapy is often conducted by religious groups with the use prayer and other religious efforts and teachings.

While some individuals may to undergo this therapy volunteer, many children are forced into it by their parents.

Many medical and psychologist groups have officially condemned this type of harmful "therapy." Some studies have shown that the process can sometimes lead to depression, self-harm, and even suicide.

The practice of attempting to "cure" homosexuality dates back at least to 1888 when a German psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing used hypnotic suggestion therapy to turn a gay man straight.

In the past few decades, countries, provinces, and states have begun outlawing conversion therapy.

Summary

29
Banned
29 regions (13%)
Banned
94
Not banned
94 regions (41%)
Not banned
109
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
109 regions (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
14%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
7 regions (14%)
Not banned
29 regions (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 regions (31%)
Oceania
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
6 regions (25%)
Not banned
1 regions (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 regions (71%)
South America
43%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
6 regions (43%)
Not banned
8 regions (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
11%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
4 regions (11%)
Not banned
10 regions (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 regions (61%)
Africa
3%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
2 regions (3%)
Not banned
18 regions (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
39 regions (66%)
Asia
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
4 regions (9%)
Not banned
28 regions (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 regions (30%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for conversion therapy over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Conversion therapy by country

(and dependent territories)

Banned

Conversion therapy is banned in 29 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. India 2021
  3. Israel 2020
  4. Taiwan 2018
  5. Vietnam 2022
  6. Europe (7)
  7. Albania 2020
  8. France 2022
  9. Germany 2020
  10. Greece 2022
  11. Isle of Man 2021
  12. Malta 2016
  13. Switzerland 2016
  14. North America (4)
  15. Canada 2022
  16. Guadeloupe 2022
  17. Martinique 2022
  18. Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2022
  19. Africa (2)
  20. Mauritius 2017
  21. Réunion 2022
  22. South America (6)
  23. Argentina
  24. Brazil 2018
  25. Chile 2021
  26. Ecuador 2014
  27. French Guiana 2022
  28. Uruguay 2017

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