Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is banned in 18 countries.

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Conversion therapy

Legal status of conducting sexual orientation changing therapy ("ex-gay" therapy)

Summary

18
Banned
18 regions (8%)
Banned
84
Not banned
84 regions (37%)
Not banned
128
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
128 regions (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
8%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
4 regions (8%)
Not banned
28 regions (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 regions (36%)
Oceania
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
6 regions (25%)
Not banned
1 regions (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 regions (71%)
South America
21%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
3 regions (21%)
Not banned
9 regions (64%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
North America
3%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
1 regions (3%)
Not banned
12 regions (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 regions (64%)
Africa
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
1 regions (2%)
Not banned
12 regions (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 regions (78%)
Asia
7%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Banned
3 regions (7%)
Not banned
22 regions (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 regions (46%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for conversion therapy over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Conversion therapy by country

(and dependent territories)

Banned

Conversion therapy is banned in 18 regions.

  1. Asia (3)
  2. India 2021
  3. Macau
  4. Taiwan 2018
  5. Europe (4)
  6. Albania 2020
  7. Germany 2020
  8. Malta 2016
  9. Switzerland 2016
  10. North America (1)
  11. Saint Lucia
  12. Africa (1)
  13. Mauritius
  14. South America (3)
  15. Argentina
  16. Brazil 1999
  17. Ecuador 2014

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