Right to change legal gender

You can change your legal gender in 67 countries, but 35 require surgery.

DATE

Right to change legal gender

Legal recognition of sex reassignment by permitting a change of legal gender on an individual's birth certificate.

Summary

32
Legal
32 regions (16%)
Legal
57
Somewhere in between
57 regions (29%)
Somewhere in between
98
Illegal
98 regions (50%)
Illegal
10
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
32%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
16 regions (32%)
Somewhere in between
27 regions (54%)
Illegal
7 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Oceania
7%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (7%)
Somewhere in between
regions (0%)
Illegal
11 regions (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
South America
58%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (58%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (8%)
Illegal
4 regions (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
13%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
3 regions (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 regions (9%)
Illegal
17 regions (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (4%)
Africa
4%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (4%)
Somewhere in between
6 regions (11%)
Illegal
41 regions (77%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (8%)
Asia
7%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
3 regions (7%)
Somewhere in between
21 regions (48%)
Illegal
18 regions (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (5%)

Timeline of right to change legal gender

Number of countries to allow changing legal gender over the past 61 years.

Recent & Upcoming Changes

Right to change legal gender by Country

Legal, no restrictions

Right to change legal gender is legal, no restrictions in 32 regions.

  1. Asia (3)
  2. Bangladesh 2013
  3. Pakistan 2023
  4. Taiwan 2021
  5. Europe (16)
  6. Andorra 2023
  7. Belgium 2018
  8. Croatia 2014
  9. Cyprus 2022
  10. Denmark 2014
  11. Finland 2023
  12. France 2018
  13. Greece 2017
  14. Iceland 2019
  15. Ireland 2015
  16. Luxembourg 2018
  17. Malta 2015
  18. Norway 2016
  19. Portugal 2018
  20. Spain 2022
  21. Switzerland 2022
  22. North America (3)
  23. Canada 2017
  24. Costa Rica 2018
  25. Mexico 2009
  26. Africa (2)
  27. Botswana 2017
  28. Mozambique 2004
  29. Oceania (1)
  30. New Zealand 2023
  31. South America (7)
  32. Argentina 2012
  33. Bolivia 2016
  34. Brazil 2018
  35. Chile 2019
  36. Colombia 2015
  37. Ecuador 2016
  38. Uruguay 2018

Legal, but requires medical diagnosis

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires medical diagnosis in 22 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. Bhutan
  3. Israel 2014
  4. Sri Lanka 2016
  5. Uzbekistan 1998
  6. Europe (15)
  7. Austria 2009
  8. Belarus 2010
  9. Estonia 1999
  10. Germany 2011
  11. Italy 2015
  12. Lithuania 2022
  13. Moldova
  14. Netherlands 2013
  15. Poland 1995
  16. Serbia 2019
  17. Slovakia 2023
  18. Slovenia 2005
  19. Sweden 2013
  20. Ukraine 2016
  21. United Kingdom 2005
  22. Africa (2)
  23. Angola 2015
  24. South Africa 2004
  25. South America (1)
  26. Peru 2016

Legal, but requires surgery

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires surgery in 35 regions.

  1. North America (2)
  2. Cuba 2008
  3. Panama 1972
  4. Africa (4)
  5. Egypt
  6. Namibia
  7. Tunisia 2018
  8. Zimbabwe 1986

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on right to change legal gender is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 10 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. United States
  3. Oceania (2)
  4. Australia
  5. Samoa
  6. Antarctica (1)
  7. Antarctica

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