Right to change legal gender

You can change your legal gender in 121 countries, but 34 require surgery.

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  • Legal, surgery not required
  • Illegal
  • Legal, but requires surgery
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • May 1 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in Victoria
  • Feb 11 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in New Zealand
  • Jan 1 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in Colorado
  • Jun 18 2019Became Legal, surgery not required in Iceland
  • Jan 1 2019Became Legal, surgery not required in Serbia
  • May 11 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in Pakistan
  • Mar 1 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in Brazil
  • Feb 12 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in New Jersey

Right to change legal gender

Legal recognition of sex reassignment by permitting a change of legal gender on an individual's birth certificate.

Summary

87
Legal
87 regions (38%)
Legal
34
Somewhere in between
34 regions (15%)
Somewhere in between
24
Illegal
24 regions (10%)
Illegal
87
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
87 regions (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
52%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
27 regions (52%)
Somewhere in between
12 regions (23%)
Illegal
3 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (19%)
Oceania
46%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
11 regions (46%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (4%)
Illegal
2 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (42%)
South America
36%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 regions (29%)
Illegal
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (29%)
North America
28%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (28%)
Somewhere in between
3 regions (8%)
Illegal
1 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 regions (61%)
Africa
41%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
24 regions (41%)
Somewhere in between
2 regions (3%)
Illegal
8 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 regions (42%)
Asia
22%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (22%)
Somewhere in between
12 regions (26%)
Illegal
9 regions (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 regions (33%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for right to change legal gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Right to change legal gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Illegal

Right to change legal gender is illegal in 24 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Bahamas
  3. Oceania (2)
  4. Kiribati
  5. Tonga
  6. South America (1)
  7. Guyana

Legal, but requires surgery

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires surgery in 34 regions.

  1. Asia (12)
  2. Bahrain 2014
  3. China
  4. Hong Kong 2013
  5. Indonesia 2009
  6. Iran 1987
  7. Japan 2008
  8. Lebanon 2016
  9. Nepal 2013
  10. Singapore 1996
  11. South Korea 2013
  12. Taiwan 2013
  13. Vietnam 2017
  14. North America (3)
  15. Mexico 2003
  16. Panama 2006
  17. United States 2013
  18. Africa (2)
  19. Namibia
  20. South Africa 2004
  21. Oceania (1)
  22. Fiji
  23. South America (4)
  24. Bolivia 2015
  25. Chile 2017
  26. Colombia 2013
  27. Uruguay 2009

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