Right to change legal gender

You can change your legal gender in 120 countries, but 41 require surgery.

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  • Legal, surgery not required
  • Legal, but requires surgery
  • Illegal
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 11 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in New Zealand
  • Jan 1 2019Became Legal, surgery not required in Serbia
  • Mar 1 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in Brazil
  • Feb 12 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in New Jersey
  • Feb 12 2018Became Legal, but requires surgery in Maine
  • Feb 2 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in Minnesota
  • Jan 9 2018Became Legal, surgery not required in New Hampshire
  • Dec 27 2017Became Legal, surgery not required in Jammu and Kashmir

Right to change legal gender

Legal recognition of sex reassignment by permitting a change of legal gender on an individual's birth certificate.

Summary

79
Legal
79 regions (34%)
Legal
41
Somewhere in between
41 regions (18%)
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
20 regions (9%)
Illegal
90
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
90 regions (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
42%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
21 regions (42%)
Somewhere in between
18 regions (36%)
Illegal
1 regions (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (20%)
Oceania
46%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
11 regions (46%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (4%)
Illegal
2 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (42%)
South America
36%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 regions (29%)
Illegal
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (29%)
North America
28%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (28%)
Somewhere in between
3 regions (8%)
Illegal
1 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 regions (61%)
Africa
41%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
24 regions (41%)
Somewhere in between
2 regions (3%)
Illegal
6 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 regions (46%)
Asia
17%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
8 regions (17%)
Somewhere in between
13 regions (28%)
Illegal
9 regions (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 regions (35%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for right to change legal gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Right to change legal gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal, but requires surgery

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires surgery in 41 regions.

  1. Asia (13)
  2. Bahrain 2014
  3. China
  4. Hong Kong 2013
  5. India 2014
  6. Indonesia 2009
  7. Iran 1987
  8. Japan 2008
  9. Lebanon 2016
  10. Nepal 2013
  11. Singapore 1996
  12. South Korea 2013
  13. Taiwan 2013
  14. Vietnam 2017
  15. North America (3)
  16. Mexico 2003
  17. Panama 2006
  18. United States 2013
  19. Africa (2)
  20. Namibia
  21. South Africa 2004
  22. Oceania (1)
  23. Fiji
  24. South America (4)
  25. Bolivia 2015
  26. Chile 2017
  27. Colombia 2013
  28. Uruguay 2009

Illegal

Right to change legal gender is illegal in 20 regions.

  1. Europe (1)
  2. Macedonia
  3. North America (1)
  4. Bahamas
  5. Oceania (2)
  6. Kiribati
  7. Tonga
  8. South America (1)
  9. Guyana

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