Right to change legal gender

You can change your legal gender in 109 countries and territories, but 38 require surgery.

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  • Legal, surgery not required
  • Illegal
  • Legal, but requires surgery
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 17 2023Became Legal, surgery not required in Andorra
  • Sep 19 2022Became Legal, surgery not required in Montana
  • Jun 23 2022Became Legal, surgery not required in North Carolina
  • May 23 2022Became Illegal in Montana
  • Jan 1 2022Became Legal, surgery not required in Mexico
  • Jan 1 2022Became Illegal in Oklahoma
  • Jun 30 2021Became Legal, surgery not required in Michigan
  • May 1 2021Became Legal, surgery not required in Ohio

Right to change legal gender

Legal recognition of sex reassignment by permitting a change of legal gender on an individual's birth certificate.

Summary

71
Legal
71 regions (31%)
Legal
38
Somewhere in between
38 regions (16%)
Somewhere in between
52
Illegal
52 regions (22%)
Illegal
71
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
71 regions (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
54%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
28 regions (54%)
Somewhere in between
12 regions (23%)
Illegal
5 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 regions (14%)
Oceania
38%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (38%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (4%)
Illegal
3 regions (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 regions (46%)
South America
64%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (64%)
Somewhere in between
regions (0%)
Illegal
5 regions (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
33%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
12 regions (33%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (3%)
Illegal
14 regions (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 regions (25%)
Africa
14%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
8 regions (14%)
Somewhere in between
3 regions (5%)
Illegal
16 regions (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 regions (54%)
Asia
11%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (11%)
Somewhere in between
21 regions (46%)
Illegal
9 regions (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 regions (24%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for right to change legal gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Right to change legal gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal, but requires surgery

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires surgery in 38 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Panama 2006
  3. Oceania (1)
  4. Fiji

Spot an error? Visit the region and select "Accurate?: No" so Equaldex's editors can review it.