Right to change legal gender

You can change your legal gender in 112 countries and territories, but 38 require surgery.

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  • Legal, surgery not required
  • Illegal
  • Legal, but requires surgery
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 30 2021Became Legal, surgery not required in Michigan
  • May 1 2021Became Legal, surgery not required in Ohio
  • Jan 1 2021Became Illegal in Kuwait
  • Jun 18 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in West Virginia
  • May 28 2020Became Illegal in Hungary
  • May 1 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in Victoria
  • Feb 11 2020Became Legal, surgery not required in New Zealand
  • Jan 10 2020Became Legal, but requires surgery in India

Right to change legal gender

Legal recognition of sex reassignment by permitting a change of legal gender on an individual's birth certificate.

Summary

74
Legal
74 regions (32%)
Legal
38
Somewhere in between
38 regions (16%)
Somewhere in between
36
Illegal
36 regions (16%)
Illegal
84
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
84 regions (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
52%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
27 regions (52%)
Somewhere in between
13 regions (25%)
Illegal
3 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 regions (17%)
Oceania
42%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (42%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (4%)
Illegal
2 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 regions (46%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
2 regions (14%)
Illegal
2 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (21%)
North America
31%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
11 regions (31%)
Somewhere in between
2 regions (6%)
Illegal
3 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 regions (56%)
Africa
20%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
12 regions (20%)
Somewhere in between
3 regions (5%)
Illegal
15 regions (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 regions (49%)
Asia
15%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (15%)
Somewhere in between
17 regions (37%)
Illegal
11 regions (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 regions (24%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for right to change legal gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Right to change legal gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal, but requires surgery

Right to change legal gender is legal, but requires surgery in 38 regions.

  1. North America (2)
  2. Mexico 2003
  3. Panama 2006
  4. Oceania (1)
  5. Fiji
  6. South America (2)
  7. Bolivia 2015
  8. Colombia 2013

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