Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage is legal in only 44 countries.

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Same-sex marriage

Marriage and marriage recognition between two people of the same biological sex and/or gender identity.

Summary

44
Legal
44 regions (19%)
Legal
109
Somewhere in between
109 regions (47%)
Somewhere in between
73
Illegal
73 regions (32%)
Illegal
4
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
30%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
15 regions (30%)
Somewhere in between
25 regions (50%)
Illegal
10 regions (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Oceania
38%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (38%)
Somewhere in between
10 regions (42%)
Illegal
5 regions (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
36%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 regions (50%)
Illegal
2 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (25%)
Somewhere in between
23 regions (64%)
Illegal
4 regions (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Africa
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (9%)
Somewhere in between
25 regions (42%)
Illegal
29 regions (49%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
19 regions (41%)
Illegal
23 regions (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (7%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex marriage over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex marriage by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal

Same-sex marriage is legal in 44 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan 2019
  3. Europe (15)
  4. Austria 2019
  5. Belgium 2003
  6. Denmark 2012
  7. Finland 2018
  8. France 2013
  9. Germany 2017
  10. Iceland 2010
  11. Ireland 2015
  12. Luxembourg 2014
  13. Netherlands 2001
  14. Norway 2009
  15. Portugal 2010
  16. Spain 2005
  17. Sweden 2009
  18. United Kingdom 2020
  19. South America (5)
  20. Argentina 2010
  21. Brazil 2013
  22. Colombia 2016
  23. French Guiana 2013
  24. Uruguay 2013

Civil unions

Same-sex marriage is civil unions in 14 regions.

  1. Europe (9)
  2. Andorra 2014
  3. Croatia 2014
  4. Cyprus 2015
  5. Czech Republic 2006
  6. Greece 2015
  7. Italy 2016
  8. Liechtenstein 2011
  9. Malta 2014
  10. Switzerland 2007
  11. North America (3)
  12. Bermuda 2018
  13. Cayman Islands 2020
  14. Guadeloupe 1991
  15. South America (2)
  16. Chile 2015
  17. Ecuador 2008

Other type of partnership

Same-sex marriage is other type of partnership in 3 regions.

  1. Europe (3)
  2. Estonia 2014
  3. Hungary 2009
  4. Slovenia 2015

Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only

Same-sex marriage is foreign same-sex marriages recognized only in 19 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Hong Kong 2017
  3. Israel 2006
  4. Oceania (1)
  5. Samoa
  6. South America (1)
  7. Suriname

Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned

Same-sex marriage is unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned in 2 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. El Salvador
  3. South America (1)
  4. Peru 2006

Unregistered cohabitation

Same-sex marriage is unregistered cohabitation in 2 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Macau
  3. Pakistan 1958

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex marriage is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 4 regions.

  1. Antarctica (1)
  2. Antarctica

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