Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage is legal in only 56 countries and territories.

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  • Legal
  • Other type of partnership
  • Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only
  • Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned
  • Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official
  • Unrecognized
  • Unregistered cohabitation
  • Not legal
  • Civil unions
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 17 2023Became Legal in Andorra
  • Dec 1 2022Became Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only in American Samoa
  • Oct 26 2022Became Legal in Mexico
  • Oct 26 2022Became Legal in Tamaulipas
  • Oct 19 2022Became Legal in Tabasco
  • Sep 26 2022Became Legal in Cuba
  • Sep 19 2022Became Legal in Durango
  • Aug 21 2022Became Unrecognized in Singapore

Same-sex marriage

Marriage and marriage recognition between two people of the same biological sex and/or gender identity.

Summary

56
Legal
56 regions (24%)
Legal
102
Somewhere in between
102 regions (44%)
Somewhere in between
70
Illegal
70 regions (30%)
Illegal
4
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
40%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
21 regions (40%)
Somewhere in between
23 regions (44%)
Illegal
6 regions (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (4%)
Oceania
38%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (38%)
Somewhere in between
10 regions (42%)
Illegal
5 regions (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
57%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
8 regions (57%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (36%)
Illegal
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
31%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
11 regions (31%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (56%)
Illegal
5 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Africa
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (9%)
Somewhere in between
22 regions (37%)
Illegal
32 regions (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
22 regions (48%)
Illegal
21 regions (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (4%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex marriage over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex marriage by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal

Same-sex marriage is legal in 56 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan 2019
  3. Europe (21)
  4. Andorra 2023
  5. Austria 2019
  6. Belgium 2003
  7. Denmark 2012
  8. Faroe Islands 2017
  9. Finland 2017
  10. France 2013
  11. Germany 2017
  12. Iceland 2010
  13. Ireland 2015
  14. Isle of Man 2016
  15. Luxembourg 2014
  16. Malta 2017
  17. Netherlands 2001
  18. Norway 2009
  19. Portugal 2010
  20. Slovenia 2022
  21. Spain 2005
  22. Sweden 2009
  23. Switzerland 2022
  24. United Kingdom 2020
  25. South America (8)
  26. Argentina 2010
  27. Brazil 2013
  28. Chile 2022
  29. Colombia 2016
  30. Ecuador 2019
  31. Falkland Islands 2017
  32. French Guiana 2013
  33. Uruguay 2013
  34. Antarctica (1)
  35. Antarctica

Other type of partnership

Same-sex marriage is other type of partnership in 1 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. China 2017

Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only

Same-sex marriage is foreign same-sex marriages recognized only in 19 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Hong Kong 2017
  3. Israel 2006
  4. Africa (1)
  5. Namibia
  6. Oceania (1)
  7. Samoa
  8. South America (1)
  9. Suriname

Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned

Same-sex marriage is unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned in 3 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. El Salvador
  3. South America (2)
  4. Paraguay 1991
  5. Peru 2006

Unregistered cohabitation

Same-sex marriage is unregistered cohabitation in 6 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. Cambodia 2021
  3. India 2020
  4. Macau 2013
  5. Pakistan 1958
  6. Europe (2)
  7. Poland
  8. Slovakia

Not legal

Same-sex marriage is not legal in 70 regions.

  1. Europe (6)
  2. Belarus 1996
  3. Georgia
  4. Moldova 1994
  5. Russia 1995
  6. Serbia 2006
  7. Ukraine 2018
  8. North America (5)
  9. Bahamas
  10. Haiti
  11. Honduras 2005
  12. Jamaica 1962
  13. Panama 1972
  14. Oceania (5)
  15. Cook Islands 2000
  16. Fiji 2002
  17. Solomon Islands 1978
  18. Tonga 1998
  19. Tuvalu
  20. South America (1)
  21. Guyana

Civil unions

Same-sex marriage is civil unions in 14 regions.

  1. Europe (11)
  2. Croatia 2014
  3. Cyprus 2015
  4. Czech Republic 2006
  5. Estonia 2016
  6. Greece 2015
  7. Hungary 2009
  8. Italy 2016
  9. Liechtenstein 2011
  10. Monaco 2020
  11. Montenegro 2021
  12. San Marino 2018
  13. North America (2)
  14. Bermuda 2018
  15. Cayman Islands 2020
  16. South America (1)
  17. Bolivia 2020

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex marriage is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 4 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Japan
  3. Nepal

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