Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage is legal in only 54 countries and territories.

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  • Legal
  • Other type of partnership
  • Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only
  • Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned
  • Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official
  • Unrecognized
  • Unregistered cohabitation
  • Not legal
  • Civil unions
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Feb 17 2023Became Legal in Andorra
  • Sep 26 2022Became Legal in Cuba
  • Sep 19 2022Became Legal in Durango
  • Jul 8 2022Became Legal in Slovenia
  • Jul 1 2022Became Legal in Switzerland
  • Mar 10 2022Became Legal in Chile
  • Jan 1 2022Became Civil unions in Latvia
  • Sep 23 2021Became Legal in Sonora

Same-sex marriage

Marriage and marriage recognition between two people of the same biological sex and/or gender identity.

Summary

54
Legal
54 regions (23%)
Legal
103
Somewhere in between
103 regions (44%)
Somewhere in between
67
Illegal
67 regions (29%)
Illegal
8
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
40%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
21 regions (40%)
Somewhere in between
23 regions (44%)
Illegal
6 regions (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (4%)
Oceania
38%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (38%)
Somewhere in between
10 regions (42%)
Illegal
5 regions (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
57%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
8 regions (57%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (36%)
Illegal
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
28%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (28%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (56%)
Illegal
5 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (3%)
Africa
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (9%)
Somewhere in between
26 regions (44%)
Illegal
27 regions (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
19 regions (41%)
Illegal
23 regions (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (7%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex marriage over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex marriage by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal

Same-sex marriage is legal in 54 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan 2019
  3. Europe (21)
  4. Andorra 2023
  5. Austria 2019
  6. Belgium 2003
  7. Denmark 2012
  8. Faroe Islands 2017
  9. Finland 2017
  10. France 2013
  11. Germany 2017
  12. Iceland 2010
  13. Ireland 2015
  14. Isle of Man 2016
  15. Luxembourg 2014
  16. Malta 2017
  17. Netherlands 2001
  18. Norway 2009
  19. Portugal 2010
  20. Slovenia 2022
  21. Spain 2005
  22. Sweden 2009
  23. Switzerland 2022
  24. United Kingdom 2020
  25. South America (8)
  26. Argentina 2010
  27. Brazil 2013
  28. Chile 2022
  29. Colombia 2016
  30. Ecuador 2019
  31. Falkland Islands 2017
  32. French Guiana 2013
  33. Uruguay 2013

Other type of partnership

Same-sex marriage is other type of partnership in 2 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. China 2017
  3. South America (1)
  4. Bolivia 2020

Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only

Same-sex marriage is foreign same-sex marriages recognized only in 16 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Hong Kong 2017
  3. Oceania (1)
  4. Samoa
  5. South America (1)
  6. Suriname

Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned

Same-sex marriage is unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned in 3 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. El Salvador
  3. South America (2)
  4. Paraguay 1991
  5. Peru 2006

Unregistered cohabitation

Same-sex marriage is unregistered cohabitation in 6 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. Cambodia 2021
  3. India 2020
  4. Macau
  5. Pakistan 1958
  6. Europe (2)
  7. Poland
  8. Slovakia

Not legal

Same-sex marriage is not legal in 67 regions.

  1. North America (5)
  2. Bahamas
  3. Belize 2003
  4. Haiti
  5. Honduras 2005
  6. Jamaica 1962
  7. Oceania (5)
  8. Cook Islands 2000
  9. Fiji 2002
  10. Solomon Islands 1978
  11. Tonga 1998
  12. Tuvalu
  13. South America (1)
  14. Guyana

Civil unions

Same-sex marriage is civil unions in 13 regions.

  1. Europe (11)
  2. Croatia 2014
  3. Cyprus 2015
  4. Czech Republic 2006
  5. Estonia 2016
  6. Greece 2015
  7. Hungary 2009
  8. Italy 2016
  9. Latvia 2022
  10. Liechtenstein 2011
  11. Montenegro 2021
  12. San Marino 2018
  13. North America (2)
  14. Bermuda 2018
  15. Cayman Islands 2020

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex marriage is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 8 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Mexico
  3. Africa (1)
  4. Namibia
  5. Antarctica (1)
  6. Antarctica

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