Same-sex marriage

Same-sex marriage is legal in only 50 countries.

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  • Legal
  • Other type of partnership
  • Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only
  • Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned
  • Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official
  • Unrecognized
  • Unregistered cohabitation
  • Not legal
  • Civil unions
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Same-sex marriage

Marriage and marriage recognition between two people of the same biological sex and/or gender identity.

Summary

50
Legal
50 regions (22%)
Legal
108
Somewhere in between
108 regions (47%)
Somewhere in between
70
Illegal
70 regions (30%)
Illegal
4
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
37%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
19 regions (37%)
Somewhere in between
24 regions (46%)
Illegal
9 regions (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Oceania
38%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (38%)
Somewhere in between
10 regions (42%)
Illegal
5 regions (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
6 regions (43%)
Illegal
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (25%)
Somewhere in between
23 regions (64%)
Illegal
4 regions (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Africa
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
5 regions (9%)
Somewhere in between
25 regions (42%)
Illegal
29 regions (49%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (44%)
Illegal
22 regions (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (7%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex marriage over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex marriage by country

(and dependent territories)

Legal

Same-sex marriage is legal in 50 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan 2019
  3. Europe (19)
  4. Austria 2019
  5. Belgium 2003
  6. Denmark 2012
  7. Faroe Islands 2017
  8. Finland 2018
  9. France 2013
  10. Germany 2017
  11. Iceland 2010
  12. Ireland 2015
  13. Isle of Man 2016
  14. Luxembourg 2014
  15. Malta 2017
  16. Netherlands 2001
  17. Norway 2009
  18. Portugal 2010
  19. Spain 2005
  20. Sweden 2009
  21. Switzerland 2021
  22. United Kingdom 2020
  23. South America (7)
  24. Argentina 2010
  25. Brazil 2013
  26. Colombia 2016
  27. Ecuador 2019
  28. Falkland Islands 2017
  29. French Guiana 2013
  30. Uruguay 2013

Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only

Same-sex marriage is foreign same-sex marriages recognized only in 18 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Hong Kong 2017
  3. Israel 2006
  4. Oceania (1)
  5. Samoa
  6. South America (1)
  7. Suriname

Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned

Same-sex marriage is unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned in 2 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. El Salvador
  3. South America (1)
  4. Peru 2006

Unregistered cohabitation

Same-sex marriage is unregistered cohabitation in 2 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Macau
  3. Pakistan 1958

Not legal

Same-sex marriage is not legal in 70 regions.

  1. North America (4)
  2. Bahamas
  3. Belize 2003
  4. Haiti
  5. Honduras 2005
  6. Oceania (5)
  7. Cook Islands 2000
  8. Fiji 2002
  9. Solomon Islands 1978
  10. Tonga 1998
  11. Tuvalu
  12. South America (1)
  13. Guyana

Civil unions

Same-sex marriage is civil unions in 16 regions.

  1. Europe (12)
  2. Andorra 2014
  3. Croatia 2014
  4. Cyprus 2015
  5. Czech Republic 2006
  6. Estonia 2016
  7. Greece 2015
  8. Hungary 2009
  9. Italy 2016
  10. Liechtenstein 2011
  11. Montenegro 2021
  12. San Marino 2018
  13. Slovenia 2017
  14. North America (3)
  15. Bermuda 2018
  16. Cayman Islands 2020
  17. Guadeloupe 1991
  18. South America (1)
  19. Chile 2015

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex marriage is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 4 regions.

  1. Antarctica (1)
  2. Antarctica

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