Same-sex adoption

It's legal for same-sex couples to adopt children in 53 countries, but 1 require marriage first.

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  • Legal
  • Married couples only
  • Single only
  • Step-child adoption only
  • Illegal
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Same-sex adoption

The ability for same-sex couples to legally adopt a child.

Summary

52
Legal
52 regions (22%)
Legal
124
Somewhere in between
124 regions (53%)
Somewhere in between
35
Illegal
35 regions (15%)
Illegal
21
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 regions (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
42%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
22 regions (42%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (39%)
Illegal
6 regions (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (8%)
Oceania
29%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (29%)
Somewhere in between
16 regions (67%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (4%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (36%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
North America
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (25%)
Somewhere in between
24 regions (67%)
Illegal
2 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (3%)
Africa
10%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
6 regions (10%)
Somewhere in between
38 regions (64%)
Illegal
13 regions (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (3%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
21 regions (46%)
Illegal
14 regions (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (22%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex adoption over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex adoption by country

(and dependent territories)

Married couples only

Same-sex adoption is married couples only in 1 regions.

  1. Oceania (1)
  2. New Zealand 2013

Single only

Same-sex adoption is single only in 122 regions.

  1. South America (5)
  2. Bolivia 2002
  3. Ecuador 2008
  4. Guyana 2017
  5. Suriname
  6. Venezuela

Step-child adoption only

Same-sex adoption is step-child adoption only in 1 regions.

  1. Africa (1)
  2. Ghana

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex adoption is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 21 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Mexico
  3. Africa (2)
  4. Algeria
  5. Namibia
  6. Oceania (1)
  7. Fiji
  8. South America (2)
  9. Paraguay
  10. Peru
  11. Antarctica (1)
  12. Antarctica

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