Same-sex adoption

It's legal for same-sex couples to adopt children in 39 countries.

DATE

Same-sex adoption

The ability for same-sex couples to legally adopt a child.

Summary

39
Legal
39 regions (20%)
Legal
102
Somewhere in between
102 regions (52%)
Somewhere in between
44
Illegal
44 regions (22%)
Illegal
12
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
46%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
23 regions (46%)
Somewhere in between
19 regions (38%)
Illegal
7 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)
Oceania
14%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (14%)
Somewhere in between
9 regions (64%)
Illegal
2 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (7%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
6 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (42%)
Illegal
1 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
17%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
4 regions (17%)
Somewhere in between
17 regions (71%)
Illegal
1 regions (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (8%)
Africa
4%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (4%)
Somewhere in between
35 regions (67%)
Illegal
14 regions (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)
Asia
5%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (5%)
Somewhere in between
17 regions (39%)
Illegal
19 regions (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 regions (14%)

Timeline of same-sex adoption

Number of countries to legalize same-sex adoption over the past 30 years.

Recent & Upcoming Changes

Same-sex adoption by Country

Legal

Same-sex adoption is legal in 39 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Israel 2023
  3. Taiwan 2023
  4. Europe (23)
  5. Andorra 2014
  6. Austria 2015
  7. Belgium 2006
  8. Croatia 2022
  9. Denmark 2009
  10. Estonia 2024
  11. Finland 2017
  12. France 2013
  13. Germany 2017
  14. Greece 2024
  15. Iceland 2006
  16. Ireland 2015
  17. Liechtenstein 2023
  18. Luxembourg 2015
  19. Malta 2014
  20. Netherlands 2000
  21. Norway 2009
  22. Portugal 2016
  23. Slovenia 2022
  24. Spain 2005
  25. Sweden 2002
  26. Switzerland 2022
  27. United Kingdom 2002
  28. North America (4)
  29. Canada 1995
  30. Costa Rica 2020
  31. Cuba 2022
  32. United States 2017
  33. Africa (2)
  34. Namibia 2023
  35. South Africa 2010
  36. Oceania (2)
  37. Australia 2018
  38. New Zealand 2013
  39. South America (6)
  40. Argentina 2010
  41. Bolivia 2002
  42. Brazil 2015
  43. Chile 2022
  44. Colombia 2015
  45. Uruguay 2009

Second parent adoption only

Same-sex adoption is second parent adoption only in 2 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Italy 2016
  3. San Marino 2018

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex adoption is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 12 regions.

  1. Europe (1)
  2. Vatican City
  3. North America (2)
  4. Antigua and Barbuda
  5. Mexico
  6. Africa (1)
  7. Guinea
  8. Antarctica (1)
  9. Antarctica

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