Same-sex adoption

It's legal for same-sex couples to adopt children in 49 countries, but 0 require marriage first.

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  • Legal
  • Married couples only
  • Single only
  • Step-child adoption only
  • Illegal
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Same-sex adoption

The ability for same-sex couples to legally adopt a child.

Summary

49
Legal
49 regions (21%)
Legal
131
Somewhere in between
131 regions (56%)
Somewhere in between
32
Illegal
32 regions (14%)
Illegal
20
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 regions (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
39%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
20 regions (39%)
Somewhere in between
21 regions (40%)
Illegal
7 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (8%)
Oceania
33%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
8 regions (33%)
Somewhere in between
15 regions (63%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (4%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (36%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
North America
19%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (19%)
Somewhere in between
25 regions (69%)
Illegal
2 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (6%)
Africa
10%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
6 regions (10%)
Somewhere in between
41 regions (70%)
Illegal
10 regions (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (3%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
24 regions (52%)
Illegal
13 regions (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 regions (17%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex adoption over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex adoption by country

(and dependent territories)

Single only

Same-sex adoption is single only in 127 regions.

  1. South America (5)
  2. Bolivia 2002
  3. Ecuador 2008
  4. Guyana 2017
  5. Suriname
  6. Venezuela

Step-child adoption only

Same-sex adoption is step-child adoption only in 4 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan
  3. Europe (2)
  4. Estonia 2017
  5. Slovenia 2011
  6. Africa (1)
  7. Ghana

Illegal

Same-sex adoption is illegal in 32 regions.

  1. North America (2)
  2. El Salvador
  3. Panama 2021

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex adoption is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 20 regions.

  1. North America (2)
  2. Mexico
  3. United States
  4. Africa (2)
  5. Algeria
  6. Namibia
  7. Oceania (1)
  8. Fiji
  9. South America (2)
  10. Paraguay
  11. Peru
  12. Antarctica (1)
  13. Antarctica

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