Same-sex adoption

It's legal for same-sex couples to adopt children in 39 countries, but 1 require marriage first.

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  • Legal
  • Married couples only
  • Single only
  • Step-child adoption only
  • Illegal
  • Varies by region or ambiguous
  • Unknown or N/A

Recent Changes

  • Mar 1 2024Became Illegal in region
  • Feb 15 2024Became Legal in region
  • Feb 1 2024Became Legal in region
  • Jan 1 2024Became Legal in region
  • Dec 28 2023Became Legal in region
  • Sep 1 2023Became Illegal in region
  • Jul 24 2023Became Single only in region
  • Jul 24 2023Became Single only in region

Same-sex adoption

The ability for same-sex couples to legally adopt a child.

Summary

38
Legal
38 regions (19%)
Legal
108
Somewhere in between
108 regions (55%)
Somewhere in between
47
Illegal
47 regions (24%)
Illegal
5
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
46%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
23 regions (46%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (40%)
Illegal
7 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Oceania
14%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (14%)
Somewhere in between
10 regions (71%)
Illegal
2 regions (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
6 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (42%)
Illegal
1 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
17%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
4 regions (17%)
Somewhere in between
17 regions (74%)
Illegal
1 regions (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (4%)
Africa
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
39 regions (72%)
Illegal
14 regions (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
5%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
2 regions (5%)
Somewhere in between
17 regions (39%)
Illegal
22 regions (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 regions (7%)

Progress Over Time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex adoption over the past 30 years.

Same-sex adoption by Country

Legal

Same-sex adoption is legal in 38 regions.

  1. Asia (2)
  2. Israel 2023
  3. Taiwan 2023
  4. Europe (23)
  5. Andorra 2014
  6. Austria 2015
  7. Belgium 2006
  8. Croatia 2022
  9. Denmark 2009
  10. Estonia 2024
  11. Finland 2017
  12. France 2013
  13. Germany 2017
  14. Greece 2024
  15. Iceland 2006
  16. Ireland 2015
  17. Liechtenstein 2023
  18. Luxembourg 2015
  19. Malta 2014
  20. Netherlands 2000
  21. Norway 2009
  22. Portugal 2016
  23. Slovenia 2022
  24. Spain 2005
  25. Sweden 2002
  26. Switzerland 2021
  27. United Kingdom 2002
  28. North America (4)
  29. Canada 1995
  30. Costa Rica 2020
  31. Cuba 2022
  32. United States 2017
  33. Africa (1)
  34. South Africa 2010
  35. Oceania (2)
  36. Australia 2018
  37. New Zealand 2013
  38. South America (6)
  39. Argentina 2010
  40. Bolivia 2014
  41. Brazil 2015
  42. Chile 2022
  43. Colombia 2015
  44. Uruguay 2009

Married couples only

Same-sex adoption is married couples only in 1 regions.

  1. Africa (1)
  2. Namibia 2023

Step-child adoption only

Same-sex adoption is step-child adoption only in 2 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Italy 2016
  3. San Marino 2018

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex adoption is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 5 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Mexico
  3. Antarctica (1)
  4. Antarctica

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