Same-sex adoption

It's legal for same-sex couples to adopt children in 48 countries, but 0 require marriage first.

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  • Legal
  • Married couples only
  • Single only
  • Step-child adoption only
  • Illegal
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Same-sex adoption

The ability for same-sex couples to legally adopt a child.

Summary

48
Legal
48 regions (21%)
Legal
126
Somewhere in between
126 regions (54%)
Somewhere in between
35
Illegal
35 regions (15%)
Illegal
23
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
39%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
20 regions (39%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (39%)
Illegal
8 regions (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (8%)
Oceania
29%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (29%)
Somewhere in between
15 regions (63%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (8%)
South America
50%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 regions (36%)
Illegal
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (14%)
North America
19%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
7 regions (19%)
Somewhere in between
25 regions (69%)
Illegal
2 regions (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (6%)
Africa
10%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
6 regions (10%)
Somewhere in between
41 regions (70%)
Illegal
10 regions (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (3%)
Asia
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
1 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
20 regions (44%)
Illegal
15 regions (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (22%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for same-sex adoption over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Same-sex adoption by country

(and dependent territories)

Single only

Same-sex adoption is single only in 122 regions.

  1. South America (5)
  2. Bolivia 2002
  3. Ecuador 2008
  4. Guyana 2017
  5. Suriname
  6. Venezuela

Step-child adoption only

Same-sex adoption is step-child adoption only in 4 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan
  3. Europe (2)
  4. Estonia 2017
  5. Slovenia 2011
  6. Africa (1)
  7. Ghana

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on same-sex adoption is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 23 regions.

  1. North America (2)
  2. Mexico
  3. United States
  4. Africa (2)
  5. Algeria
  6. Namibia
  7. Oceania (2)
  8. Australia
  9. Fiji
  10. South America (2)
  11. Paraguay
  12. Peru
  13. Antarctica (1)
  14. Antarctica

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