Legal recognition of non-binary gender

17 countries and territories legally recognize non-binary or third gender identities.

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  • Recognized
  • Not legally recognized
  • Intersex only
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Legal recognition of non-binary gender

Most countries around the world only legally recognize male and female on official documents such as passports, licenses, birth certificates, and other official identification documents. However, in recent years, some countries, provinces, and states have begun offering the ability for non-binary and intersex individuals to request a change to official documents.

Usually, official documents will be marked with an "X" gender marker (rather than "M" or "F" for male or female).

Summary

17
Recognized
17 regions (7%)
Recognized
3
Some recognition
3 regions (1%)
Some recognition
79
Not recognized
79 regions (34%)
Not recognized
133
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
133 regions (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
8%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
4 regions (8%)
Some recognition
1 regions (2%)
Not recognized
28 regions (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 regions (37%)
Oceania
8%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
2 regions (8%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
1 regions (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 regions (88%)
South America
29%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
4 regions (29%)
Some recognition
1 regions (7%)
Not recognized
9 regions (64%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
3%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
1 regions (3%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
23 regions (64%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 regions (33%)
Africa
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
1 regions (2%)
Some recognition
1 regions (2%)
Not recognized
5 regions (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
52 regions (88%)
Asia
11%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
5 regions (11%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
13 regions (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 regions (61%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for legal recognition of non-binary gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Legal recognition of non-binary gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Recognized

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is recognized in 17 regions.

  1. Asia (5)
  2. Bangladesh 2013
  3. India 2014
  4. Japan 2019
  5. Nepal 2013
  6. Pakistan 2018
  7. Europe (4)
  8. Estonia
  9. Iceland 2019
  10. Malta 2017
  11. Netherlands 2018
  12. North America (1)
  13. Canada 2017
  14. Africa (1)
  15. South Africa 2021
  16. South America (4)
  17. Argentina 2021
  18. Chile 2022
  19. Colombia 2022
  20. Uruguay

Intersex only

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is intersex only in 3 regions.

  1. Europe (1)
  2. Austria 2018
  3. Africa (1)
  4. Kenya 2022
  5. South America (1)
  6. Brazil 2021

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