Legal recognition of non-binary gender

14 countries and territories legally recognize non-binary or third gender identities.

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  • Recognized
  • Not legally recognized
  • Intersex only
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Legal recognition of non-binary gender

Most countries around the world only legally recognize male and female on official documents such as passports, licenses, birth certificates, and other official identification documents. However, in recent years, some countries, provinces, and states have begun offering the ability for non-binary and intersex individuals to request a change to official documents.

Usually, official documents will be marked with an "X" gender marker (rather than "M" or "F" for male or female).

Summary

14
Recognized
14 regions (6%)
Recognized
3
Some recognition
3 regions (1%)
Some recognition
21
Not recognized
21 regions (9%)
Not recognized
194
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
194 regions (84%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
4%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
2 regions (4%)
Some recognition
2 regions (4%)
Not recognized
14 regions (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
34 regions (65%)
Oceania
8%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
2 regions (8%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
regions (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 regions (92%)
South America
21%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
3 regions (21%)
Some recognition
1 regions (7%)
Not recognized
1 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 regions (64%)
North America
6%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
2 regions (6%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
1 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 regions (92%)
Africa
2%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
1 regions (2%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
2 regions (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 regions (95%)
Asia
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
4 regions (9%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
3 regions (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
39 regions (85%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for legal recognition of non-binary gender over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

Legal recognition of non-binary gender by country

(and dependent territories)

Recognized

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is recognized in 14 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. Bangladesh 2013
  3. India 2014
  4. Nepal 2013
  5. Pakistan 2018
  6. Europe (2)
  7. Iceland 2019
  8. Malta 2017
  9. North America (2)
  10. Canada 2017
  11. Greenland 2014
  12. Africa (1)
  13. South Africa 2021
  14. South America (3)
  15. Argentina 2021
  16. Colombia 2022
  17. Uruguay

Not legally recognized

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is not legally recognized in 21 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Dominican Republic
  3. Africa (2)
  4. Egypt
  5. Gambia
  6. South America (1)
  7. Falkland Islands

Intersex only

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is intersex only in 3 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Austria 2018
  3. Germany 2019
  4. South America (1)
  5. Chile

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on legal recognition of non-binary gender is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 194 regions.

  1. Antarctica (1)
  2. Antarctica

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