Legal recognition of non-binary gender

17 countries legally recognize non-binary or third gender identities.

DATE

Legal recognition of non-binary gender

Most countries around the world only legally recognize male and female on official documents such as passports, licenses, birth certificates, and other official identification documents. However, in recent years, some countries, provinces, and states have begun offering the ability for non-binary and intersex individuals to request a change to official documents.

Usually, official documents will be marked with an "X" gender marker (rather than "M" or "F" for male or female).

Summary

17
Recognized
17 regions (9%)
Recognized
4
Some recognition
4 regions (2%)
Some recognition
176
Not recognized
176 regions (89%)
Not recognized
1
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
8%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
4 regions (8%)
Some recognition
2 regions (4%)
Not recognized
44 regions (88%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Oceania
14%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
2 regions (14%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
12 regions (86%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
25%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
3 regions (25%)
Some recognition
1 regions (8%)
Not recognized
8 regions (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
13%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
3 regions (13%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
19 regions (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (4%)
Africa
0%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
regions (0%)
Some recognition
1 regions (2%)
Not recognized
53 regions (98%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
9%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Recognized
4 regions (9%)
Some recognition
regions (0%)
Not recognized
40 regions (91%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)

Timeline of legal recognition of non-binary gender

Number of countries to legally recognize non-binary genders over the past 14 years.

First Countries to Legally Recognize Non-Binary Genders

⚠️ The table below is a preview for logged-in editors. The countries and order listed here may not be 100% correct. Please review and help make corrections. Discuss in Discord if there are bigger issues.
All
North America
South America
Europe
Africa
Asia
Oceania
RankRegionContinentDate
1stAustraliaOceania 2011
2ndNew ZealandOceania December 2012
3rdNepalAsia 2013
4BangladeshAsia November 2013
5IndiaAsia April 2014
6DenmarkEurope September 2014
7CanadaNorth America August 2017
8MaltaEurope September 2017
9NetherlandsEurope 2018
10PakistanAsia May 2018
11IcelandEurope June 2019
12ArgentinaSouth America July 2021
13ColombiaSouth America March 2022
14United StatesNorth America April 2022
15ChileSouth America October 2022
16MexicoNorth America May 2023
17GermanyEurope November 2024

Regions with unknown dates are ommitted. Regions with pending legislations will appear here once the law goes into effect.

Recent & Upcoming Changes

Upcoming Changes

2023

2022

2021

Legal recognition of non-binary gender by Country

Recognized

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is recognized in 17 regions.

  1. Asia (4)
  2. Bangladesh 2013
  3. India 2014
  4. Nepal 2013
  5. Pakistan 2023
  6. Europe (4)
  7. Denmark 2014
  8. Iceland 2019
  9. Malta 2017
  10. Netherlands 2018
  11. North America (3)
  12. Canada 2017
  13. Mexico 2023
  14. United States 2022
  15. Oceania (2)
  16. Australia 2011
  17. New Zealand 2012
  18. South America (3)
  19. Argentina 2021
  20. Chile 2022
  21. Colombia 2022
  22. Antarctica (1)
  23. Antarctica

Intersex only

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is intersex only in 4 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Austria 2018
  3. Germany 2018
  4. Africa (1)
  5. Kenya 2022
  6. South America (1)
  7. Brazil 2021

Not legally recognized

Legal recognition of non-binary gender is not legally recognized in 176 regions.

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on legal recognition of non-binary gender is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 1 regions.

  1. North America (1)
  2. Costa Rica

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