LGBT discrimination

LGBTQ+ people are protected from discrimination in 79 countries and territories.

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  • Illegal
  • No protections
  • Illegal in some contexts
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jan 1 2022Became Illegal in some contexts in Nebraska
  • Oct 21 2021Became Illegal in some contexts in Namibia
  • Jul 1 2020Became Illegal in Virginia
  • Jun 13 2019Became Illegal in Brazil
  • Jan 1 2019Became Illegal in Isle of Man
  • Jan 1 2019Became Illegal in Cuba
  • Jan 1 2019Became Illegal in Botswana
  • Sep 6 2018Became Illegal in India

LGBT discrimination

Prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

Summary

79
Protected
79 regions (34%)
Protected
52
Some protections
52 regions (22%)
Some protections
97
No protections
97 regions (42%)
No protections
4
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 regions (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
65%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
34 regions (65%)
Some protections
12 regions (23%)
No protections
5 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)
Oceania
42%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
10 regions (42%)
Some protections
8 regions (33%)
No protections
6 regions (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
57%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
8 regions (57%)
Some protections
2 regions (14%)
No protections
4 regions (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
42%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
15 regions (42%)
Some protections
7 regions (19%)
No protections
13 regions (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (3%)
Africa
15%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
9 regions (15%)
Some protections
13 regions (22%)
No protections
37 regions (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
7%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
3 regions (7%)
Some protections
10 regions (22%)
No protections
32 regions (70%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)

Progress over time

Number of countries with equality for lgbt discrimination over the past 60 years.

Recent changes

LGBT discrimination by country

(and dependent territories)

Illegal in some contexts

LGBT discrimination is illegal in some contexts in 52 regions.

  1. Europe (12)
  2. Denmark 1996
  3. Estonia 2009
  4. Italy 2003
  5. Latvia 2006
  6. Lithuania 2009
  7. Moldova 2013
  8. Monaco 2005
  9. North Macedonia 2010
  10. Poland 2003
  11. Slovakia 2013
  12. Ukraine 2015
  13. Vatican City
  14. South America (2)
  15. Argentina 2009
  16. Venezuela 2012

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on lgbt discrimination is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 4 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Sri Lanka
  3. Europe (1)
  4. Sweden
  5. North America (1)
  6. United States
  7. Antarctica (1)
  8. Antarctica

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