LGBT discrimination

LGBTQ+ people are protected from discrimination in 53 countries.

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  • Illegal
  • Illegal in some contexts
  • No protections
  • Varies by region or ambiguous
  • Unknown or N/A

Recent Changes

  • Feb 15 2024Became Illegal in region
  • Mar 16 2023Became Illegal in region
  • Feb 9 2023Became Illegal in region
  • Feb 1 2023Became Illegal in region
  • Jan 1 2023Became Illegal in region
  • Jul 26 2022Became Illegal in some contexts in region
  • Jul 5 2022Became Illegal in region
  • Mar 8 2022Became Illegal in some contexts in region

LGBT discrimination

Prohibition of discrimination based on sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

Summary

53
Protected
53 regions (27%)
Protected
62
Some protections
62 regions (31%)
Some protections
81
No protections
81 regions (41%)
No protections
2
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (1%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
58%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
29 regions (58%)
Some protections
15 regions (30%)
No protections
5 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (2%)
Oceania
21%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
3 regions (21%)
Some protections
7 regions (50%)
No protections
4 regions (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
South America
58%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
7 regions (58%)
Some protections
4 regions (33%)
No protections
1 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
26%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
6 regions (26%)
Some protections
13 regions (57%)
No protections
4 regions (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Africa
6%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
3 regions (6%)
Some protections
14 regions (26%)
No protections
37 regions (69%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
Asia
11%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Protected
5 regions (11%)
Some protections
9 regions (21%)
No protections
30 regions (68%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)

Progress Over Time

Number of countries with equality for lgbt discrimination over the past 61 years.

LGBT discrimination by Country

Illegal

LGBT discrimination is illegal in 53 regions.

  1. Asia (5)
  2. Israel 1992
  3. Mongolia 2017
  4. Nepal 2015
  5. Taiwan 2004
  6. Thailand
  7. North America (6)
  8. Antigua and Barbuda 2022
  9. Canada 2017
  10. Cuba 2019
  11. El Salvador 2015
  12. Honduras 2013
  13. Mexico 2003
  14. Africa (3)
  15. Angola 2021
  16. Botswana 2019
  17. South Africa 1996
  18. Oceania (3)
  19. Fiji 2009
  20. Marshall Islands 2019
  21. Vanuatu 2013
  22. South America (7)
  23. Bolivia 2010
  24. Brazil 2019
  25. Chile 2012
  26. Colombia 2011
  27. Ecuador 1998
  28. Peru 2017
  29. Uruguay 2003

Illegal in some contexts

LGBT discrimination is illegal in some contexts in 62 regions.

  1. South America (4)
  2. Argentina 2009
  3. Paraguay 2016
  4. Suriname 2015
  5. Venezuela 2012

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on lgbt discrimination is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 2 regions.

  1. Europe (1)
  2. Italy
  3. Antarctica (1)
  4. Antarctica

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