💬 NEW! Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

LGBT Rights in Turkmenistan

    Homosexuality
    ✖ Male illegal, female legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Not legal
    Censorship
    ✖ State-enforced
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Illegal
    Military
    ✖ Illegal
    Donating Blood
    N/A
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✖ Unequal

Public Opinion

Turkmenistan is missing public opinion data.

Help expand our understanding of the public's view on LGBTQ+ issues in Turkmenistan by sharing a link to a survey from a reputable organization.

Suggest Public Opinion Data

History

Homosexual activity in Turkmenistan

?

Homosexual activity in Turkmenistan is male illegal, female legal.

Current status
Since 1999
Male illegal, female legal
Male homosexuality is explicitly illegal and sodomy— defined as sexual intercourse between men —is punishable by up to two years in prison, with additional terms of two to five years in a labor camp possible, under the Criminal Code of Turkmenistan, Chapter 3; Article 135, section. In addition, the provisions of Article 19 of the code allow for increased penalties for repeat convictions, applying to any crime under the code. Prior to a 2019 amendment, the 1997 code's maximum term was two years.
Sources:
www.lemonde.fr
Added by l_hrz  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Male illegal, female legal
up to 2 years imprisonment for men
Added by robertshippey  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Turkmenistan

?

Same-sex marriage in Turkmenistan is not legal.

Current status
Since May 18, 1992
Not legal
Marriage is not recognized. However, it is implied to be illegal for male as male homosexuality is illegal.
Added by vviet93  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Turkmenistan

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Turkmenistan is state-enforced.

Current status
Since Apr 14, 2022
State-enforced
The authorities almost completely banned the Internet in Turkmenistan
Added by cihalcoc  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Apr 14, 2022
Other punishment
In Turkmenistan, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Sources:
No laws against it
Added by equaldex  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Turkmenistan

?

Right to change legal gender in Turkmenistan is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Apr 5, 1972
Legal, but requires surgery
the Soviet 1972 law allowing legal sex change after undergoing sex reassignment surgery was never repealed
Added by JuliaB  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Apr 5, 1972
N/A
No Rules in Place.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Turkmenistan

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Turkmenistan is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
there are no laws recognizing this.
Added by Turnopi_karnavara  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Turkmenistan

?

LGBT discrimination in Turkmenistan is no protections.

Current status
Since May 18, 1992
No protections
As male homosexuality is illegal, there are no protection for LGBTQ+ populations (including women and other gender identities)
Added by vviet93  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Turkmenistan

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Turkmenistan is no protections.

Current status
Since May 18, 1992
No protections
haven't decriminalized homosexuality yet. Tolerance of the lgbt community is slowly coming.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Turkmenistan

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Turkmenistan is no protections.

Current status
Since May 18, 1992
No protections
Homosexuality is illegal there.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Turkmenistan

?

Same-sex adoption in Turkmenistan is illegal.

Current status
Illegal
NO laws for same sex couples.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Turkmenistan

?

Serving openly in military in Turkmenistan is illegal.

Current status
Illegal
No laws for LGBT people to serve in military.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Turkmenistan

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Turkmenistan is n/a.

Current status
N/A
Not applicable
Sources:
Homosexuality is illegal in Turkmenistan
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Turkmenistan

?

Conversion therapy in Turkmenistan is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
According to the ILGA World, there's no ban on conversion therapy in Turkmenistan.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Turkmenistan

?

Equal age of consent in Turkmenistan is unequal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2014
Unequal
Set age of 16 years for same sexual activity between women and for heterosexual sexual activity. However male same sexual activity is illegal
Sources:
"NGO Submission In Connection with Turkmenistan's Mid-Term Reporting On the Implementation of the 2018 UPR Recommendations (Third Cycle)"
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by region

View the LGBT laws in each individual region of Turkmenistan.