Blood donations by MSMs

Men who have sex with men are banned from donating blood in 59 countries.

DATE

Blood donations by MSMs

Historically, men who have sex with men (MSM) faced blanket bans from donating blood in many countries due to the perceived higher risk of HIV transmission associated with this group. Initiated during the height of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, these policies have since evolved with advancements in medical testing and greater understanding of the virus. While some countries have lifted these lifetime bans, others have implemented deferral periods, requiring MSMs to abstain from sexual activity for a specified duration before donating.

Efforts to reform blood donation guidelines have continued over the years, as activists push for policies that both ensure the safety of the blood supply and respect the rights of potential donors without unjustified discrimination based on sexual orientation.

Summary

115
Legal
115 regions (58%)
Legal
3
Somewhere in between
3 regions (2%)
Somewhere in between
59
Illegal
59 regions (30%)
Illegal
20
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 regions (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
Europe
72%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
36 regions (72%)
Somewhere in between
regions (0%)
Illegal
12 regions (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (4%)
Oceania
64%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
9 regions (64%)
Somewhere in between
regions (0%)
Illegal
4 regions (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 regions (7%)
South America
83%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
10 regions (83%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (8%)
Illegal
1 regions (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
regions (0%)
North America
74%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
17 regions (74%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (4%)
Illegal
3 regions (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 regions (9%)
Africa
55%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
29 regions (55%)
Somewhere in between
regions (0%)
Illegal
14 regions (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 regions (19%)
Asia
30%
LEGAL EQUALITY
Legal
13 regions (30%)
Somewhere in between
1 regions (2%)
Illegal
25 regions (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 regions (11%)

Timeline of blood donations by msms

Number of countries to allow blood donations by msms over the past 61 years.

Recent Changes

2024

2023

2022

Blood donations by MSMs by Country

Legal with restrictions

Blood donations by MSMs is legal with restrictions in 3 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Turkmenistan
  3. North America (1)
  4. El Salvador
  5. South America (1)
  6. Peru

Banned (less than 6-month deferral)

Blood donations by MSMs is banned (less than 6-month deferral) in 5 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Belgium 2023
  3. Denmark 2020
  4. North America (1)
  5. Trinidad and Tobago
  6. Oceania (2)
  7. Australia 2021
  8. New Zealand 2020

Banned (6-month deferral)

Blood donations by MSMs is banned (6-month deferral) in 4 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Japan 2011
  3. Europe (3)
  4. Norway 2024
  5. Serbia 2007
  6. Sweden 2021

Banned (1-year deferral)

Blood donations by MSMs is banned (1-year deferral) in 3 regions.

  1. Europe (2)
  2. Luxembourg 2021
  3. Slovakia
  4. Oceania (1)
  5. Samoa

Banned (5-year deferral)

Blood donations by MSMs is banned (5-year deferral) in 1 regions.

  1. Asia (1)
  2. Taiwan 2018

No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous

Data on blood donations by msms is unclear, not applicable, or missing in 20 regions.

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