Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✖ Banned
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires surgery
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    Unknown
    Military
    ✖ Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
💬 Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

Public opinion polls in particular regions of Mongolia have found that homophobic beliefs persist.

Mongolia Surveys

(ReportOUT, 2022)
believe negative casual jokes about LGBTQ+ people are commonplace in everyday life
believe political discussion about LGBTQ+ rights is rare or very rare
believe offensive language about the LGBTQ+ community from political is common

Have you lived in or visited Mongolia?

Share your experience of being LGBTQ+ in Mongolia.

Take Survey

History

Homosexual activity in Mongolia

?

Homosexual activity in Mongolia is legal.

Current status
Since Sep 1, 2002
Legal
From 2001,Same sex acts and realtionships are legal in Mongolia
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 2002
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Mongolia

?

Same-sex marriage in Mongolia is banned.

Current status
Since 1992
Banned
Constitutional ban since 1992.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in Mongolia

?

Censorship of LGBT issues in Mongolia is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Mongolia, there are no laws restricting the discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Mongolia

?

Right to change legal gender in Mongolia is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since 2009
Legal, but requires surgery
An amandment made in June 2009 to Article 20(1) of the Civil Registration Law allows transgender people to change their legal gender on birth certificates or citizen identification cards following sex reassignment surgery.
Sources:
BEING LGBT IN ASIA: MONGOLIA COUNTRY REPORT
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Gender-affirming care in Mongolia

?

Gender-affirming care in Mongolia is legal.

Current status
Since 2016
Legal
In 2016, Mongolia adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Legal, but restricted for minors
In 1994, Mongolia adopted the ICD-9 classification, which included codes allowing for the diagnosis of transsexualism in adults.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Restricted
In 1991, Mongolia legalized sterilization, which de facto meant legalizing sex reassignment surgery, however, medical records regarding transsexualism had to be obtained abroad.
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1991
Banned
Medical transition is not possible
Added by JuliaB  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Mongolia

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Mongolia is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Nonbinary gender is not legally recognized in Mongolia
Sources:
Only a few countries in Asia
Added by cihalcoc  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Mongolia

?

LGBT discrimination in Mongolia is illegal.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2017
Illegal
The new criminal code outlaws discrimination against LGBT people.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Mongolia

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Mongolia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Under Hates Crimes.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Mongolia

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Mongolia is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1992
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Full discrimination protection.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Mongolia

?

Same-sex adoption in Mongolia is single only.

Current status
Since Oct 7, 2017
Single only
No laws in place for same sex couples.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in Mongolia

?

Intersex infant surgery in Mongolia is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Serving openly in military in Mongolia

?

Serving openly in military in Mongolia is lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned.

Current status
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned
Only 22 countries allow transgender military service, Mongolia is not one of them
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Mongolia

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Mongolia is legal.

Current status
Legal
No restrictions.
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Mongolia

?

Conversion therapy in Mongolia is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
No laws in place
Sources:
There are no laws whatsoever on it
Added by Ausyk  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Mongolia

?

Equal age of consent in Mongolia is equal.

Current status
Since 1992
Equal
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  Report error  ·  Log


LGBT Rights by Province

View the LGBT laws in each individual province of Mongolia.