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    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    Varies by Region
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✔ Recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    Varies by Region
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    Ambiguous
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (6-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Views on same-sex marriage or other legal recognition

Ranked #13 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(6%) Against
Support (69%)

Views on same-sex couples' right to adopt

Ranked #10 out of 27 regions surveyed. (Source: Ipsos, April–May, 2021)
(20%) Disagree
Agree (68%)

Acceptance of homosexuals as neighbors

Ranked #29 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "On this list are various groups of people. Could you please mention any that you would not like to have as neighbors?"

(26.4%) Mentioned homosexuals
Did not mention homosexuals (70.8%)

Justifiability of homosexuality

Ranked #16 out of 79 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Please tell me for each of the following statements whether you think it can always be justified, never be justified, or something in between."

(15.1%) Not justifiable
Justifiable (49.7%)

Opinion on same-sex couples as parents

Ranked #16 out of 74 regions surveyed. (Source: World Values Survey, 2017-2020)

Question: "Homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples"

(10%) Disagree
Agree (43.8%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2019)

Ranked #13 out of 34 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, May–October, 2019)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(22%) No
Yes (68%)

"Should society accept homosexuality?" (2013)

Ranked #15 out of 39 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June, 2013)

Question: "Should society accept homosexuality?"

(36%) No
Yes (54%)

Perceived Acceptance of Gay People

Ranked #44 out of 119 regions surveyed. (Source: Gallup, 2013)

Question: "Is the city or area where you live a good place or not a good place for homosexuals?"

(39%) Not a good place
Good place (28%)

By The Numbers

78.4%
of Japanese, ages 20-59, support legalization of same-sex marriage
(Dentsu, 2019)
8.9%
of Japanese people, age 20 to 59, identify as LGBT
(Dentsu, 2018)
42.3%
of Japanese adults support or somewhat supported same-sex marriage
7.7%
of Japanese people between 20 and 59 identify as LGBT

History

Homosexual activity in Japan

?

Homosexual activity in Japan is legal.

Current status
Since 1881
Legal
Anal sodomy was decriminalized in 1881 when the provision was dropped from Japan's Penal Code. It was eliminated by supervision of Gustave Boissonade, a French legal scholar who served as an advisor to develop the legal system in Japan.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  5 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (other penalty)
Sodomy ("keikan") was criminalized in 1873 with article 266 of the Meiji Legal Code, however, it was hardly ever punished, with only 20 recorded instances of sodomy during 1876 to 1881.
Sources:
Homosexuality in Modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities by Mark J. McLelland
books.google.com/books?id=d… Male
iglhrc.org/sites/default/fi…
Added by danlev  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Japan

?

Same-sex marriage in Japan is varies by region.

Current status
Since Sep 9, 2018
Varies by Region
Civil unions in some cities. Nationwide civil unions and gay marriage pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 3, 1947–Sep 9, 2018
Unrecognized
Article 24 of the Japanese Constitution states that "marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and wife as a basis".
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Japan

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Japan is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Sources:
In Japan, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
Added by equaldex  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Japan

?

Right to change legal gender in Japan is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Since Jan 2004
Legal, but requires surgery
Law 111 gave unmarried transgender citizens over the age of 22 with no children under the age of 20 the option to legally change their gender, only after undergoing sex-reassignment surgery.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Japan

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Japan is recognized.

Current status
Since Jun 12, 2019
Recognized
Although non-binary gender recognition and changing gender is legal, it is a regressive and harmful progress.
Added by Meelis  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Japan

?

LGBT discrimination in Japan is illegal.

Current status
Since Sep 9, 2018
Illegal
The Japanese Constitution promises equal rights to all and this is widely interpretted as extending to LGBT citizens.
Added by tsusamu  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

May 3, 1947–Sep 9, 2018
No protections
Japan does not have LGBT protections from discrimination in employment, housing, etc.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Japan

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Japan is varies by region.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 2008
Varies by Region
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including employment. Employement Discrimination protections only in Tokyo and Ibaraki.
Added by danlev  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Japan

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Japan is no protections.

Current status
No protections
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including housing. According to Article 23(1) of Japan’s Public Housing Law, it only applies to married and unmarried different-sex couples. However, in October of 2012, the Japanese government stated that Article 23(1) was abolished and, therefore, same-sex partners were no longer excluded.

However, the Human Rights Committee report states that in reality, "municipalities decide who can rent public houses under the amended Public Housing Law and few municipal policies allow same-sex couples to qualify. Thus, in practice same-sex couples remain excluded from public housing."
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Japan

?

Same-sex adoption in Japan is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
The US State Department states: "there are no laws regulating or addressing same-sex couples adopting in Japan."
It was reported in 2016 that many same-sex couples have been rejected by public authorities and are told “Children will never be fostered” by same-sex couples and “couples of friends are not accepted.”
There is however one documented case from 2016 of same-sex foster parents in Osaka.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Japan

?

Serving openly in military in Japan is legal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Legal
Japan has a Self Defense Force in place of a traditional military. There is no specific policy either banning or encouraging LGBT participation in the Self Defense Forces. Research by Sabine Fruhstuck has shown that many Japanese do not object to open LGBT service in the military provided it does not interfere with their performance.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Japan

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Japan is banned (6-month deferral).

Current status
Since Apr 1, 2011
Banned (6-month deferral)
Red Cross Japan reduces deferral for high HIV risk individual from 12 months to 6 months.
Added by vviet93  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

2005–Apr 1, 2011
Banned (1-year deferral)
Gay men in Japan are banned from donating blood following one (1) year after male-male sexual contact. Japanese Red Cross opposses this practice.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Japan

?

Conversion therapy in Japan is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
There are no laws banning conversion therapy in Japan.
Added by beeurd  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Japan

?

Equal age of consent in Japan is equal.

Current status
Since May 3, 1947
Equal
The national age of consent is 13 for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples. Cities and prefectures may set higher ages of consent.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log