1960s in LGBT Rights

Number of LGBT-related laws changed over time
  • January 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Prior to 2022, Gender change was legal and easier to access
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Consensual same-sex acts were legalized in 1945 after the end of WW2 by the Polish Penal Code. Since 2019 several municipalities have declared themselves to be "LGBT-free zones", while this has no legal standing it does adversely affect LGBT people by opening them up to hate crime. In 1970 homosexuality was completely decriminalized by removing the provision on homosexual prostitution from the penal code.
  • October
    Serving openly in military becomes ambiguous.
    There has never been any specific law banning homosexuals from serving in the army. However, Article 235 of 1969 of the Military Penal Code, which prohibits the "practice of a libidinous act, homosexual or not", was often used to persecute gays in the military and try to expel them.
  • September 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Section 175 of the Criminal Code was relaxed for persons over 21 years in East Germany in 1968, with West Germany following suit in 1969. However, although this meant that homosexual activity between men was decriminalized, it was not made legal.
  • July 19
    Homosexual activity becomes ambiguous.
    Even though Iraq's Criminal Code doesn't mention homosexuality in its penal code, Articles such as 401 in the penal code can be used against LGBT community.
  • June 27
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Criminal Law Amendment Act (Canada) 1968-1969.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Introduced by Pierre Trudeau in the omnibus bill The Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69.
  • May 21
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    Even though gay male sex was illegal for all ages, section 14 of the Immorality Act 23 of 1957, as inserted by the Immorality Amendment Act 57 of 1969, set the age of consent for gay male sex at 19, as opposed to 16 for straight sex. There was no age of consent for lesbian sex.
  • May 15
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality is legal under Canadian Law.
  • May 14
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Bill C-150 decriminalized consensual anal intercourse done in private between two adults over 21 everywhere in Canada
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes ambiguous.
    In Iraq, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) individuals are subject to widespread discrimination. Openly gay men are not permitted to serve in the military and same-sex marriage or civil unions are illegal.[3] LGBT people do not have any legal protections against discrimination and are frequently victims of vigilante justice and honor killings.[3]
  • January 1
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    legal under federal army. legal since
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    under the criminal law amendment act.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    under Atterny general Pierre Trudeau and justice minster. it is under the Criminal Law Amendment Act.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    was decriminalized under the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1968-1969. Fredericton just had a pride parade on August 12, 2018.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Nationwide.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Set age of Consent for heterosexual and lgbt people.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    According to the Iraq Penal Code of 1969, the age of consent is 18, however, this only applies to heterosexual sex.
  • October 12
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    No current discrimination protections whatsoever.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality is legal for both male and female
  • September 6
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
  • May 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality is legal within Razgrad
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Since 1968, homosexual activity in Bulgaria had been legal
  • November 12
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Six months to 5 years in prison and a fine of 20,000-200,000 CFA. Not enforced.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Cameroon.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Up to 5 years imprisonment and/or 200,000 franc fine.
  • July 27
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    **LEGAL, WITH RESTRICTIONS** The Sexual Offences Act of 1967 legalized sexual acts between two men who were 21 or older (Excluding men serving in the military), but it placed new restrictions on sex for men who have sex with men. The act prohibited sex in places where a third party was likely to be present.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Age of consent equalised on November 20th 2000
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    **LEGAL, WITH RESTRICTIONS** The Sexual Offences Act of 1967 legalized sexual acts between two men who were 21 or older (Excluding men serving in the military), but it placed new restrictions on sex for men who have sex with men. The act prohibited sex in places where a third party was likely to be present.
  • June 9
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Although homosexuality is legal, any homosexual act with any person under the age of 21 is illegal.
  • (date unknown)
    Equal age of consent becomes unequal.
    The Sexual Offenses Act made sex between two men legal in 1967*, but it was only legal between consenting men who were 21 or older, whereas the age of consent for different sex couples was 16. *Sex between more than two men remained illegal until later.
  • Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    The Sexual Offences Act of 1967 explicitly made serving in the military as an openly gay/bi man illegal. Prior to this act, it was illegal for a man to have sex with another man entirely, and therefore, it was also illegal.
  • October 4
    Same-sex adoption becomes illegal.
    Single males and same-sex couples cannot adopt
  • Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    The common law definition of marriage is “a union of one man with one woman, to the exclusion, while it lasts, of all others”
  • July 8
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    All Homosexual Activity is outlawed.
  • June 8
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    Homosexuality is illegal in Algeria, and same-sex unions are unrecognized. Single people are allowed to adopt.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is illegal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As homosexuality is legal, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identities are permitted
  • Equal age of consent becomes n/a.
    Not applicable for Algeria. Same sex activity is illegal in Algeria.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    All homosexual activity is illegal in Algeria. Same-sex marriage is not legal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 333 of Algerian law punishes same sex activity with between 2 months and 2 years imprisonment, and a fine of 500 to 2000 Dinars. Article 338 refers to "outrage to public decency" consisting of "an act against nature with an individual of the same sex", with a steeper penalty of between 6 months and 3 years imprisonment and a fine of between 1,000 and 10,000 Dinars.
  • February 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    One to five years in prison. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Same sex marriage is not recognized especially since homosexuality is illegal
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As homosexual conduct is illegal, discrimination on the basis on sexual orientation or gender identity is legal under the law.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 319 of the Senegalese Penal Code. Punishable by imprisonment of 1 to 5 years and a fine of 100,000 to 1,500,000 francs.
  • (date unknown)
    Serving openly in military becomes n/a.
    The BIOT does not have a military, with defence provided by a joint agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • August 9
    Right to change legal gender becomes illegal.
    A trans individual does not currently have the right to change their legal gender. A recent court ruling in favour of allowing trans women to wear female clothing was overturned by a federal court. The date reference is the date Singapore separated from Malaysia, making it the country it is today.
  • November 17
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Under 2018 revision of the sex change law. Requires surgery. Missing non binary options on documents.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    A medical diagnosis required, and individuals need to sue their parents in order to have their birth certificate changed. Under Polish law reassignment surgery can only take place after a person's gender has been legally changed.
  • September 24
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Judgment of the Voivodship Court for the Capital City of of Warsaw, II Cr 515/64, LEX No. 1726970.
  • June 10
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    only allows straight couples to get married
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Fine; up to seven years imprisonment. Although same-sex sexual acts remain illegal, their prosecution is rare according to a 2004 publication.
  • May 18
    Serving openly in military becomes illegal.
    Until 1986, "sexual deviance" was a reason for exclusion for military service. At that time, some men claimed to be homosexual to avoid the draft.
  • April 25
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    In Syria, there are currently no laws in place to prevent discrimination against LGBT individuals. Same-sex sexual activity is illegal.
  • February 25
    Same-sex adoption becomes single only.
    General rules regarding adoption are set out in the Family and Guardianship Code, in articles 114 to 127. Formally, there is no prohibition against adopting a child by a single person.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    No laws in place.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Marriage act passed in 1964 implies that a marriage is between a man and a woman.
  • May 31
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Same sex marriage is not recognized in Gabon
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Not criminalised but same sex couple report being harassed by the police.
  • December 16
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Government just formed. One of the many countries that do not put on pride parade. As well the intense discrimination which make it impossible to improve conditions in Somalia or Somaliland.
  • November 26
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    six months to 3 years in prison and fine. in the country if lesbians engage in sex it is widely accepted. Not enforced.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    Article 489 of the Penal Code punishes same sex behaviour by imprisonment of between 6 months and 3 years, and a fine of 200 to 1000 dirhams.
  • August 16
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal. As well no discrimination protection exist in the criminal code.
  • August 6
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is illegal there. A cop in Jamaica said that conditions for lgbt were improving.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    People are being killed for being perceived gay.
  • June 15
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Under Provincial protection and Federal protection including Bill C-16.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Ontario's Human Rights Code prohibits discrimination and harassment because of sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender expression in housing, contracts, employment, goods, services, facilities, and membership in unions or professional associations. The Code is enforced by the Ontario Human Rights Commission.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Ontario's Human Rights Code states that every person has a right to equal treatment with respect to employment without discrimination or harassment because of gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation. The Code is enforced by the Ontario Human Rights Commission.
  • June 1
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes varies by region.
    Before Lawrence v. Texas, some states had already decriminalized sodomy. The first state was Illinois in 1962.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Legislative repeal, effective 1962. First state to repeal sodomy law.
  • Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual activity was decriminalized in 1962.
  • December 15
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexual activity was decriminalised in Hungary in 1961.
  • August 3
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    5-7 years in prison under the crime of sodomy. Not enforced. Decriminalization pending.
  • Equal age of consent becomes equal.
  • (date unknown)
    Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Up to 5 years prison. Decriminalization pending.
  • January 1
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Homosexuality was legalized in the former Czechoslovakia.
  • September 22
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protections exist.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No protections exist.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    The date is the date at which Mali became indepedent
  • August 3
    Serving openly in military becomes legal.
    No restrictions on lgbt serving.
  • Serving openly in military becomes ambiguous.
    There are no explicits bans on service by LGBT citizens, but intense discrimination discourages openness in this area.
  • July 1
    Legal recognition of non-binary gender becomes not legally recognized.
    Does not appear to be option on legal documents and information regarding the status is little to none.
  • June 30
    LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Unsafe to be LGBT
  • June 2
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (other penalty).
    fine and up to 6 years in prison. Not enforced. Decimalization pending. There is no law protecting either genders from discrimination. It truly depends on which police officer or individuals you encounter. No gay man or woman can ask for protection and imprisonment is applied to anyone breaking sharia law. "
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Homosexuality is illegal there. Homosexuality is currently illegal.
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Imprisonment of up to 7 years. If the offender is an adult (>21) male who has sex with an individual less than 21 years old, imprisonment of up to 10 years. For female same sexual activity is legal.
  • January 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Same sex marriage is not recognized in Ghana
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Up to 3 years in prison. Not enforced. information from lgbt silk map. as well as from HRW. decriminalization pending.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Same sex marriage is not recognized in Ghana
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    As homosexuality is illegal, there are no legal protections
  • Homosexual activity becomes male illegal, female legal.
    Under Section 104 of the Ghanaian Criminal Code of 1960 as "unnatural carnal knowledge". If the person is of 16 years or older and has consent, this is considered a misdemeanour, punishable by imprisonment not exceeding 3 years as per Article 296(4) of the Criminal Procedural Code. (Decriminalization pending)