LGBT Equality Index

The Most LGBT-Friendly Countries in the World

The Equality Index measures the current status of LGBT rights, laws, and freedoms as well as public attitudes towards LGBT people.
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Equality Index ?
0 (Less Equal)
100 (More Equal)

Equality Index by Continent

Average LGBTQ+ Equality Index scores of each continent.

ContinentEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
South America 12 countries
65 / 100
81 / 100
48 / 100
Europe 51 countries
63
80
44
Oceania 14 countries
61
63
70
North America 23 countries
51
66
33
Asia 44 countries
36
43
28
Africa 54 countries
32
42
18

Equality Index by Region

Australia and New Zealand, the Nordic countries, and parts of Europe rank highest in terms of the Equality Index while the Middle East and most of Africa (with the exception of South Africa) rank lowest — both in terms of legal protections and public opinion.

RegionEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
North America 2 countries
86 / 100
98 / 100
73 / 100
Nordic Countries 5 countries
83
90
76
Australia and New Zealand 2 countries
83
95
70
British Islands 3 countries
81
88
68
Western Europe 9 countries
79
91
66
South America 12 countries
65
81
48
Southern Europe 16 countries
63
81
41
Central America 8 countries
61
79
39
Melanesia 4 countries
60
60
Not enough data
Micronesia 5 countries
59
59
Not enough data
Southern Africa 5 countries
54
69
38
Baltic Countries 3 countries
53
76
29
Polynesia 3 countries
52
52
Not enough data
Eastern Europe 10 countries
48
68
28
Eastern Asia 6 countries
47
61
35
Central Africa 9 countries
41
52
21
Southern and Central Asia 14 countries
40
48
22
Caribbean 13 countries
40
53
22
Southeast Asia 11 countries
38
43
31
Eastern Africa 17 countries
30
41
16
Western Africa 16 countries
29
42
12
Middle East 18 countries
28
40
21
Northern Africa 7 countries
17
15
20
Show 18 More

World Equality Index

Which countries are the most LGBT-friendly?

The Legal Index scores the legal rights and freedoms LGBTQ+ people have while the Public Opinion Index scores how the general public feels in each region.

CountryEquality IndexLegal IndexPublic Opinion Index
1. Iceland90 / 10094 / 10086 / 100
2. Canada9010079
3. Isle of Man8888
4. Uruguay8710075
5. Norway869081
6. Netherlands849673
7. Australia849473
8. Switzerland839869
9. Germany839670
10. Sweden838976
11. Vanuatu8383
12. United Kingdom828975
13. Andorra829173
14. Argentina829767
15. Malta829865
16. New Zealand819568
17. United States819667
18. San Marino819271
19. Brazil819864
20. Spain809071
21. Fiji8080
22. Liechtenstein809169
23. Denmark808673
24. Belgium799067
25. Luxembourg789463
26. Belize7878
27. South Africa789759
28. France789363
29. Chile779559
30. Finland779163
31. Mexico779757
32. Cuba757873
33. Israel749751
34. Ireland748860
35. Austria738957
36. Portugal739650
37. Czech Republic728559
38. Suriname7272
39. Costa Rica729251
40. Monaco7171
41. Vatican City7171
42. Cape Verde696177
43. Samoa6969
44. Palau6868
45. Seychelles6868
46. Nepal688352
47. Colombia688847
48. Ecuador679540
49. Marshall Islands6666
50. Slovenia668548
51. Japan657556
52. Italy657654
53. Equatorial Guinea6464
54. India648147
55. Angola637947
56. Taiwan637847
57. Mozambique626956
58. Mauritius627152
59. Greece628638
60. Bolivia618637
61. Laos6161
62. Guinea-Bissau6060
63. Kosovo5959
64. Cyprus598533
65. Tajikistan5959
66. Namibia586255
67. Nauru5858
68. Croatia588333
69. Nicaragua587739
70. Federated States of Micronesia5858
71. Peru577738
72. Estonia577936
73. Bhutan5757
74. Venezuela576847
75. Botswana567537
76. Bahamas5656
77. Uzbekistan5555
78. El Salvador547633
79. Slovakia547038
80. Philippines545454
81. Guatemala547631
82. Timor-Leste5353
83. Bulgaria527925
84. Honduras527529
85. Lithuania527826
86. Hungary526439
87. Democratic Republic of the Congo5252
88. Sao Tome and Principe516043
89. Thailand516338
90. Vietnam506238
91. Montenegro498316
92. Latvia497127
93. Romania497225
94. Poland485640
95. Serbia477619
96. South Korea475836
97. Bahrain475242
98. Tonga4747
99. Panama465835
100. Kiribati4646
101. Bosnia and Herzegovina467617
102. Georgia46839
103. Albania447811
104. Papua New Guinea4444
105. Lesotho446819
106. Gabon447314
107. Paraguay445235
108. Cambodia445829
109. Sri Lanka434640
110. Turkmenistan4343
111. China425330
112. Mongolia42786
113. Ukraine416914
114. Trinidad and Tobago415527
115. Kyrgyzstan406911
116. Burkina Faso40736
117. Tuvalu4040
118. Dominican Republic404732
119. Antigua and Barbuda406317
120. Grenada406118
121. Indonesia396019
122. Belarus386214
123. Madagascar386511
124. Saint Lucia375817
125. Turkey375321
126. Moldova37677
127. North Macedonia365815
128. Russia365517
129. Haiti366210
130. Kazakhstan355813
131. Benin355514
132. Syria353336
133. Pakistan344722
134. Barbados3434
135. Lebanon345018
136. Rwanda34626
137. Armenia34635
138. Republic of the Congo345711
139. Mali34607
140. Côte d’Ivoire335313
141. Eswatini334422
142. Djibouti3333
143. Singapore333234
144. Jamaica324916
145. Saint Kitts and Nevis325015
146. Solomon Islands3131
147. Guyana313923
148. Niger31566
149. Maldives3131
150. Sierra Leone30537
151. Azerbaijan29544
152. Zimbabwe29508
153. Dominica274114
154. Morocco272133
155. Kuwait2727
156. Central African Republic2626
157. Burundi264210
158. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines24418
159. Liberia24409
160. Ghana24407
161. Bangladesh233611
162. Kenya233511
163. Jordan23424
164. Eritrea2323
165. South Sudan2323
166. Malawi22395
167. North Korea2222
168. Zambia22377
169. Togo223310
170. Comoros2121
171. Palestine21385
172. Cameroon20319
173. Tanzania202613
174. Guinea19336
175. Myanmar181917
176. Tunisia182214
177. Senegal17313
178. Algeria16626
179. Iraq15624
180. Uganda15273
181. Chad15273
182. Ethiopia141810
183. Malaysia14919
184. Sudan141215
185. Oman1313
186. Egypt121410
187. Nigeria10138
188. Gambia9153
189. Libya88
190. Iran694
191. Qatar66
192. United Arab Emirates66
193. Somalia55
194. Mauritania435
195. Yemen33
196. Saudi Arabia22
197. Brunei22
198. Afghanistan102

Equality Index Methodology

Equaldex's Equality Index is a rating from 0 to 100 (with 100 being the most equal) to help visualize the legal rights and public attitudes towards LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, questioning, intersex...) people in each region. The Equality Index is an average of two indexes: the legal index and the public opinion Index.

Legal Index

The LGBT legal index measures the current legal status of 13 different issues ranging from the legal status of homosexuality, same-sex marriage, transgender rights, LGBT discrimination protections, LGBT censorship laws, and more. Each topic is weighted differently (for example, if same-sex marriage is illegal in a region, it would have a much bigger impact on the score than not allowing LGBT people to serve in the military). Each topic is assigned a "total possible score" and a "score" is assigned based the status of the law using a rating scale that ranges from 0% to 100% (for example, if homosexuality is legal, it would would receive a score of 100, but if it's illegal, it would receve a score of 0.) If the status of an issue is unknown, not applicable, or no data has not been added to Equaldex, the issue's score is completely discarded and not included in the ranking.

Legal Index = (Total Possible Score for each issue × Factor of Status of Issue) / Sum of all Total Possible Scores

IssueTotal Possible ScoreStatusFactor
Homosexual activity100Legal×1.00
Illegal (other penalty)×0.30
Male illegal, female legal×0.60
Male illegal, female uncertain×0.50
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)×0.00
Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)×0.10
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)×0.20
Same-sex marriage60Legal×1.00
Other type of partnership×0.50
Foreign same-sex marriages recognized only×0.40
Unrecognized, same-sex marriage and civil unions banned×0.30
Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official×0.20
Unrecognized×0.10
Unregistered cohabitation×0.10
Not legal×0.00
Civil unions×0.70
Censorship of LGBT Issues45Imprisonment as punishment×0.00
Fine as punishment×0.30
Other punishment×0.15
No censorship×1.00
State-enforced×0.40
Right to change legal gender40Legal, surgery not required×1.00
Illegal×0.00
Legal, but requires surgery×0.70
Legal recognition of non-binary gender30Recognized×1.00
Not legally recognized×0.00
Intersex only×0.70
LGBT discrimination25Illegal×1.00
No protections×0.00
Illegal in some contexts×0.50
LGBT employment discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
No protections×0.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
LGBT housing discrimination20Sexual orientation and gender identity×1.00
Sexual orientation only×0.50
No protections×0.00
Same-sex adoption15Legal×1.00
Married couples only×0.50
Single only×0.40
Step-child adoption only×0.20
Illegal×0.00
Serving openly in military15Legal×1.00
Don't Ask, Don't Tell×0.50
Illegal×0.00
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals permitted, transgender people banned×0.70
Blood donations by MSMs10Legal×1.00
Banned (indefinite deferral)×0.00
Banned (5-year deferral)×0.10
Banned (1-year deferral)×0.15
Banned (6-month deferral)×0.20
Banned (3-month deferral)×0.30
Conversion therapy15Banned×1.00
Not banned×0.00
Equal age of consent10Equal×1.00
Unequal×0.00

Public Opinion Index

The LGBT public opinion index measures the public attitudes towards LGBT people using surveys and polls from reputable organizations. This index is scored based on averaging the results of all surveys in a given region. Generally, the value averaged is usually the most “equal” response in the poll. For example, if a poll asked “Do you support same-sex marriage?” and 56% of people said “yes”, the value “56” would be used. In some cases, a survey may be weighted less if the survey is very specific or includes a specific group of people (such as Christians) and might not be a full representation of the overall attitudes of the region.

Note that public opinion data is not available in every region. In these cases, the Equality Index will only be a representation of the legal rights of LGBT people in the region. In some regions with no recent public opinion data, older data is used to score the region.

Notes

  • Equaldex's Equality Index is constantly being improved and tracking it over time may not represent changes in equality over time. As more data is contributed to Equaldex, the index becomes more accurate. For example, adding survey results to a region will likely change the region's Equality Index — even more so if there is limited data on the region. In this case, the change in score could represent a change in attitudes in the region, but it may also just be an increase in the index's accuracy.
  • Global opinion surveys rarely include transgender topics. Especially in more conservative regions, surveys are usually limited to homosexuality or same-sex marriage. Equaldex continues to seek more international transgender public opinion data to make the Equality Index more inclusive.