LGBT Rights in St. Helens Metropolitan District

St. Helens is governed by federal United Kingdom law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✖ Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✖ Legal, but banned for minors
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Parental approval required
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in St. Helens

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Homosexual activity in St. Helens is legal.

Current status
Since Nov 30, 2000
Legal
The Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000 repealed all criminal provisions regarding homosexuality; setting an equal age of consent for sexual activity between men.
Sources:
legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2000/44
stonewall.org.uk/at_home/ha…
European Court of Human Rights in the case of ADT v. UK
Added by chris  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Jul 27, 1967–Nov 30, 2000
Legal
**LEGAL, WITH RESTRICTIONS**
The Sexual Offences Act of 1967 legalized sexual acts between two men who were 21 or older (Excluding men serving in the military), but it placed new restrictions on sex for men who have sex with men. The act prohibited sex in places where a third party was likely to be present.
Added by chris  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Nov 1, 1861–Jul 26, 1967
Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
The Offences Against the Person Act 1861 lowered the maximum penalty to life imprisonment.

Subsequent laws, such as The Labouchere Amendment (Section 11 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885) redefined the offence and allowed for other punishments, for example Oscar Wilde was sentenced to two years hard labour in 1895, and in 1952 Alan Turing was chemically castrated.

Female homosexuality and sexual acts were not addressed in the law, and therefore, they technically would have been legal, though the law often applied the law towards women.
1534–Oct 31, 1861
Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
Under the Buggery Act 1533, which recieved Royal Assent from King Henry VIII in 1534, homosexuality in what is now the United Kingdom was punishible by death.

It was replaced in whole by the Offences Against the Person Act 1828, which carried the same punishment until repealed in 1861.

Same-sex marriage in St. Helens

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Same-sex marriage in St. Helens is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 13, 2020
Legal
Same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland came into force on 13 January 2020.
Added by Doomdorm64  ·  Report error  ·  Log
2019–Jan 12, 2020
Varies by Region
Marriage equality in Northern Ireland was brought into line with the rest of the UK via the Northern Ireland (Executive Formation etc) Act 2019.
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log
2013–Dec 31, 2018
Varies by Region
Came into force as of March 29th, 2014 . Same-sex marriage is still unrecognized fully in some parts of the UK (such as Northern Ireland).
Civil unions (marriage rights)
The legislation allowed religious organisations to opt in to marry same-sex couples should they wish to do so and protected religious organisations and their representatives from successful legal challenge if they did not wish to marry same-sex couples.
Added by keirwilliams  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Civil unions (marriage rights)
The Civil Partnership Act (2004).

Under the Act, same-sex couples can register a civil partnership, which has almost the same legal effects, rights and obligations as marriage does for mixed-sex couples. For that reason, civil partnership is sometimes called ‘gay marriage’. However, legally, it is not marriage, but is a separate, segregated system
Added by chris  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT issues in St. Helens

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Censorship of LGBT issues in St. Helens is no censorship.

Current status
Since Nov 18, 2003
No censorship
Previous law repealed by section 122 of the Local Government Act 2003.
Sources:
www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2003/26/section/122
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Mar 24, 1988–Nov 17, 2003
Other punishment
Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 stated that local authorities could not "intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality" or "promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship". The law did not create a criminal offence, leaving staff to fear losing their jobs if they breached the rules.
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in St. Helens

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Right to change legal gender in St. Helens is legal, but requires medical diagnosis.

Current status
Since Apr 4, 2005
Legal, but requires medical diagnosis
Legal gender recognition is possible in all four constituent countries of the United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) as per the Gender Recognition Act (2004, in effect 2005). Section 1 of the law states that "any person of either gender" who is aged at least 18 can make an application for "a gender recognition certificate" on the basis of— (a) living in the other gender, or (b) having changed gender under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom. These certificates are issued by a Gender Recognition Panel.
The law includes the following requirements for obtaining such certificate: (1) a "gender dysphoria" diagnosis, proved through two reports (one by a registered medical practitioner or psychologist specialised in gender dysphoria, and another one made by a registered medical practitioner); (2) having lived in the “acquired gender” for two years before filing the application, proved through different means (such as a statutory declaration or documents where their gender identity is stated -i.e. pay slips, benefit documentation, bank statements, utility bills); (3) a statutory declaration showing intention "to continue to live in the acquired gender until death"; (4) spousal consent, if the applicant is married or in a civil partnership (partner must consent to the marriage or partnership continuing after the issue of the full gender recognition certificate).

Gender-affirming care in St. Helens

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Gender-affirming care in St. Helens is legal, but banned for minors.

Current status
Since Jun 3, 2024
Legal, but banned for minors
On May 29th 2024, the UK voted to "close the loophole" by banning private care physicians as well as prescribers registered in the European Economic Area or Switzerland from prescribing puberty blockers to children for gender incongruence. Those who already had a prescription can continue their treatment.

This measure is set to last from June 3rd until September 3rd, but could be extended.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Mar 12, 2024–Jun 3, 2024
Legal, but restricted for minors
On March 12th 2024, England stopped the NHS from prescribing puberty blockers to minors. The drugs can still be accessed in the private sector, but are no longer covered in the public healthcare system.

UK Government has put an emergency order up for puberty blockers, this bans HRT and puberty blockers for those under 18. This was effective dated 29/05/2024. This is effective June 3rd until Sept 3rd for 2024, Scotland and Wales have done the same earlier in the year.
Jan 1, 2001–Mar 12, 2024
Legal
In 2001, United Kingdom adopted the ICD-10 classification, which contains codes for diagnosing transsexualism in adulthood and childhood, which authorize the initiation of medical transition.
Sources:
creativesupport.co.uk/trans…
theguardian.com/society/202…~:text=Children%20with%20gender%20dysphoria%20will,for%20their%20safety%20and%20effectiveness.
ourworldindata.org/grapher/…
Added by Doomdorm64  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in St. Helens

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in St. Helens is not legally recognized.

Current status
Since Feb 10, 2004
Not legally recognized
In 2021 the UK government said (in response to a petition) that legal recognition of non-binary gender identity would have "complex practical consequences for other areas of the law, service provision and public life", and said that they felt existing legislation allowing people to change their legal gender went far enough. Courts have, however, ruled that people with non-binary identities are protected from discrimination by the Equality Act. On 4 October 2023, British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak asserted his stance on gender identity in a speech Wednesday, stating it was “common sense” that “a man is a man and a woman is a woman”.

LGBT discrimination in St. Helens

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LGBT discrimination in St. Helens is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since Oct 1, 2010
Illegal in some contexts
LGBT discrimination in Great Britain is illegal, but Northern Ireland only offers limited anti-discrimination laws.

LGBT employment discrimination in St. Helens

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LGBT employment discrimination in St. Helens is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Oct 1, 2010
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Employment discrimination protections in the UK stem from several peices of legislation, which were combined into the wide-ranging Equality Act 2010. There are, however, exemptions for certain occupations (such as religious organisations).
Added by robertshippey  ·  Report error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in St. Helens

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LGBT housing discrimination in St. Helens is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Oct 1, 2010
Sexual orientation and gender identity
For Local Authorities they would be bound by Equality Act 2010 and have a duty under Public Sector Equality Duty. For private landlords would be bound by Equality Act 2010
Added by l_oam  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in St. Helens

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Same-sex adoption in St. Helens is legal.

Current status
Since Nov 7, 2002
Legal
IVF treatment is available for lesbian couples too.
Added by chris  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Intersex infant surgery in St. Helens

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Intersex infant surgery in St. Helens is parental approval required.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1989
Parental approval required
In the UK it is illegal to perform medical treatment onto any person without consent. For infants, consent is given by their parents on their behalf under the Children’s Act
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in St. Helens

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Serving openly in military in St. Helens is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 12, 2000
Legal
The Ministry of Defence were forced to change their stance on when the European Court of Human Rights ruled in September 1999 that the then current ban on gays in the military was unlawful.
1967–Jan 11, 2000
Illegal
The Sexual Offences Act of 1967 explicitly made serving in the military as an openly gay/bi man illegal. Prior to this act, it was illegal for a man to have sex with another man entirely, and therefore, it was also illegal.
Added by imullin01  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Until 1967
Illegal
Same-sex sexual activity was illegal for men, and therefore, these individuals were not permitted in the military.
Added by imullin01  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in St. Helens

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Blood donations by MSMs in St. Helens is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 14, 2021
Legal
The 3-month deferral for MSM has been dropped in England, Wales and Scotland. Instead, donors of any gender will be asked about their recent sexual activity, and those who have only had one sexual partner within the last 3-months will be eligible to donate.
Northern Ireland is due to follow suit with these changes in September 2021.
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log
Nov 28, 2017–Jun 13, 2021
Banned (less than 6-month deferral)
In 2017, the 3-month blood donation rule came into force at blood donation centres in Scotland in November, and in early 2018 in England.
Nov 7, 2011–Nov 27, 2017
Banned (1-year deferral)
Following an evidence-based review by the Advisory Committee on the Safety of Blood, Tissues and Organs (SaBTO) the lifetime ban was reduced to a 1-year deferral period in England, Wales, and Scotland.
1985–Nov 6, 2011
Banned (indefinite deferral)
In reaction to the HIV/AIDS crisis, MSMs were banned from donating blood for life.
Added by beeurd  ·  Report error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in St. Helens

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Conversion therapy in St. Helens is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
According to ILGA, laws in force in United Kingdom do not regulate or restrict sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression change efforts (SOGIECE), regularly known as “conversion therapies”.

Conversion therapy ban has been discussed for many years. Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised to ban conversion therapy in July 2020 and this was reiterated in the 2021 Queen's Speech. In March 2022, the plans were dropped, only for a partial U-turn just hours later when the government announced that the ban would go ahead but not cover trans people.

On January 17 2023, the government announced they'd pass a new law to include transgender people in the conversion therapy ban.

Since 2023, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak has failed to comment on actually banning practices of Conversion therapy. He is known to be Anti-LGBTQ, and preaches "Save the kids"

Equal age of consent in St. Helens

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Equal age of consent in St. Helens is equal.

Current status
Since Aug 1, 2001
Equal
On November 30, 2000 a bill was signed to make the ages of consent equitable, regardless of gender. The law came into effect on August 1, 2001. The age of consent for men who have sex with men was reduced from 18 to 16, on par with different sex individuals.
1994–Jul 31, 2001
Unequal
A bill was signed to reduce the age of consent for men who have sex with men from 21 to 18.
Unequal
The Sexual Offenses Act made sex between two men legal in 1967*, but it was only legal between consenting men who were 21 or older, whereas the age of consent for different sex couples was 16.

*Sex between more than two men remained illegal until later.
Until 1967
N/A
Sexual activities between two or more men were illegal prior to 1967, and therefore, the age of consent was irrelevant; it was all illegal.
Added by imullin01  ·  Report error  ·  Log