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State

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    Unknown
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, surgery not required
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✔ Recognized
    Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    Ambiguous
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Support for LGBT protections by US state

Ranked #1 out of 50 regions surveyed. (Source: PRRI, 2018)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose laws that would protect gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people against discrimination in jobs, public accommodations, and housing?"

 
Favor (68%)

Opposition of religiously based refusals to serve gay and lesbian people

Ranked #1 out of 50 regions surveyed. (Source: PRRI, 2018)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose allowing a small business owner in your state to refuse to provide products or services to gay or lesbian people, if doing so violates their religious beliefs"

 
Oppose (60%)

Support of same-sex marriage by US state

Ranked #30 out of 51 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research, 2014)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

(42%) Oppose
Favor (50%)

Support of homosexuality by US state

Ranked #27 out of 51 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research, 2014)

Question: "Which statement comes closer to your own views: homosexuality should be accepted by society OR homosexuality should be discouraged by society?"

(32%) Oppose
Support (60%)

History

Homosexual activity in Ohio

?

Homosexual activity in Ohio is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 26, 2003
Legal
US Supreme Court ruling issued in Lawrence v. Texas struck down all sodomy laws on the basis of privacy and liberty. The decision overturned any laws remaining in all US states which prohibited acts of sodomy.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Ohio

?

Same-sex marriage in Ohio is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 26, 2015
Legal
The US Supreme Court rules that same-sex marriage is legal nationwide.
Added by danlev  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Nov 4, 2004–Jun 26, 2015
Not legal
Constitutional amendment adopted by state wide vote in 2004. Passed with 62% of the vote. Text of amendment follows:

§ 15.11 Marriage Amendment

Only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid in or recognized by this state and its political subdivisions. This state and its political subdivisions shall not create or recognize a legal status for relationships of unmarried individuals that intends to approximate the design, qualities, significance or effect of marriage.
Added by thedanger513  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Ohio

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Ohio is unknown.

Current status
Unknown

Right to change legal gender in Ohio

?

Right to change legal gender in Ohio is legal, surgery not required.

Current status
Since May 2021
Legal, surgery not required
Ohio's birth certificate law was struck down in December 2020 and judged discriminatory against transgender individuals. Thus, Ohio-born citizens will now be able to modify their gender marker.

There is no specific requirement to modify the gender marker, since each court will have their own ruling, but it is advised that their requirement be as accessible as possible.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until May 2021
Ambiguous
Only option that is not legal is changing birth certificates. Missing non binary options on documents.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Ohio

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Ohio is recognized.

Current status
Since May 2021
Recognized
While making gender marker change on birth certificates available to transgender individuals, an X gender marker option was also added for non-binary individuals.
Sources:
lgbtq.osu.edu/support/legal…~:text=The%20Ohio%20Department%20of%20Health,neutral%20gender%20marker%20(X).
Added by Notdog1996  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Ohio

?

LGBT discrimination in Ohio is no protections.

Current status
No protections
As of December 16, 2014, there are no legal protections for people who are LGBT in regards to employment. However, public employees of the state are protected based on both sexual orientation as well as gender identities.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 2018–Sep 12, 2018
Illegal
Full discrimination protection in state employment. As well under Section VII under sex discrimination. Section VII ruled to include gender identity. As well as city discrimination protection in 22 cities and one county for sexual orientation protection. in 21 cities full discrimination protection.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Ohio

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Ohio is no protections.

Current status
No protections
As of December 16, 2014, there are no legal protections for people who are LGBT in regards to employment. However, public employees of the state are protected based on both sexual orientation as well as gender identities.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 23, 2017–Sep 9, 2018
Sexual orientation and gender identity
Protection under section VII under sex discrimination covers sexual orientation and gender identity. As well protections for state employees only.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Ohio

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Ohio is no protections.

Current status
No protections
This state does not provide any legal protections from discrimination based upon sexual orientation or gender identification.

However, the Human Rights Campaign states, "The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires grantees and participants of HUD programs to comply with local and state non-discrimination laws that include sexual orientation and gender identity.
HUD also prohibits inquiries regarding the sexual orientation or gender identity of a prospective tenant or applicant for assisted
housing in every state (March 2012)."
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Mar 1, 2012–Sep 1, 2018
Ambiguous
Various by city. Pending state wide.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Ohio

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Same-sex adoption in Ohio is single only.

Current status
Since 1998
Single only
Single LGBT individuals may adopt children, but same-sex couples may not adopt jointly or by way of second parent adoption.
Added by imullin01  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Jan 1, 1998–Sep 7, 2018
Legal
Under state and federal law. Under a ruling by the supreme court.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Ohio

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Serving openly in military in Ohio is legal.

Current status
Since Sep 20, 2011
Legal
Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
Added by imullin01  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Ohio

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Blood donations by MSMs in Ohio is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since Apr 2, 2020
Banned (3-month deferral)
Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 21, 2015–Apr 2, 2020
Banned (1-year deferral)
Blood donation centers followed the non-binding FDA one year deferral guidance.
Added by JerofDoorhandle  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

1983–Dec 21, 2015
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Ohio

?

Conversion therapy in Ohio is ambiguous.

Current status
Ambiguous
Conversion Therapy is currently legal. No law currently bans it, despite organizations such as the American Psychological Association denouncing it. Though it's not actually ambiguous (It is in fact legal), this is the best indicator of the available options.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 9, 2015–Sep 5, 2018
Ambiguous
In five cities. it is banned federally under the Therapeutic Fraud Prevention Act which was signed by Obama. Conversion therapy ban pending state wide.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Ohio

?

Equal age of consent in Ohio is equal.

Current status
Equal
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log