LGBT Rights in Hauts-de-France Metropolitan Regions

Hauts-de-France is governed by federal France law. Learn more
    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✔ No censorship
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, no restrictions
    Gender-Affirming Care
    ✔ Legal
    Non-Binary Gender Recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    ✔ Illegal
    Employment Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Housing Discrimination
    ✔ Sexual orientation and gender identity
    Adoption
    ✔ Legal
    Intersex Infant Surgery
    ✖ Parental approval required
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✔ Legal
    Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
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Public Opinion

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History

Homosexual activity in Hauts-de-France

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Homosexual activity in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Since Sep 25, 1791
Legal
The law of 1791 decriminalized homosexual activity, however, it does not recognize homosexuality itself.
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Same-sex marriage in Hauts-de-France

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Same-sex marriage in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Since May 18, 2013
Legal
France passed comprehensive same-sex marriage legislation in 2013; entitling gay and lesbian people to equal marriage rights in Metropolitan France and all its overseas departments. France was the ninth European country and the thirteenth country in the world to legalise gay marriage.
Sources:
legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000027414540&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id
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Nov 15, 1999–May 17, 2013
Civil unions (limited rights)
Under French law, both same sex and different sex couples can get a PACS, a civil union with limited rights. PACS are still available today.
Sources:
web.archive.org/web/2007050…//www.legislation.cnav.fr/textes/loi/TLR-LOI_99944_15111999.htm
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Censorship of LGBT issues in Hauts-de-France

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Censorship of LGBT issues in Hauts-de-France is no censorship.

Current status
No censorship
In France, there are no laws restricting to discussion or promotion of LGBTQ+ topics.
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Right to change legal gender in Hauts-de-France

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Right to change legal gender in Hauts-de-France is legal, no restrictions.

Current status
Since Sep 1, 2018
Legal, no restrictions
Individuals can legally change their gender in France. Sex reassignment surgery is state-funded. Requires court approval to change gender marker and first-name.

According to media reports, in 2010, France became the first country to remove "transsexualism" from their official list of mental illnesses.
Jan 1, 1992–Sep 1, 2018
Legal, no restrictions
No surgery required since 2018. Missing non binary options on documents.
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Until Jan 1, 1992
Illegal
Legal gender change is impossible
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Gender-affirming care in Hauts-de-France

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Gender-affirming care in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Since Jan 1, 1975
Legal
France allows transition care for adults and minors.
Minors can access puberty blockers, hormone replacement therapy, and in some cases, mastectomies. Genital surgeries are however reserved for adults.
Jan 1, 1920–Jan 1, 1975
Restricted
France banned gender reassignment surgeries on people who were not intersex until 1975. However, hormones were accessible without a prescription.

Trans people would often go to Germany or Morocco to get reassignment surgeries.
Sources:
memoire-sexualites.org/chro…
web.archive.org/web/2006042…//www.symposion.com/ijt/cauldwell/cauldwell_01.htm
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Until Jan 1, 1920
Banned
Medical transition was not possible at the time.
Sources:
ourworldindata.org/grapher/…
web.archive.org/web/2006042…//www.symposion.com/ijt/cauldwell/cauldwell_01.htm
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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Hauts-de-France

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Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Hauts-de-France is not legally recognized.

Current status
Since Mar 2016
Not legally recognized
Non-binary gender is not available. In 2023, the European Court of Human Rights decided in the judgment "Y. v. France" (2023) on the legal recognition of the gender of an intersex person. Specifically, on the case of a person who had been refused by French authorities the possibility to modify their gender marker to reflect the term "neutral" or "intersex". The ECHR rejected that such a decision was in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, stating that, given the relevance of such a change to the otherwise binary French legal system, it was for the French state itself to reform its legislation beforehand. However, it acknowledged that future developments in Council of Europe member states could change its interpretation.

A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. This decision was overturned by a French appeals court.
Aug 20, 2015–Mar 2016
Intersex only
A court in Tours ruled in favour of an intersex plaintiff who sought to have a third gender option recognised on official identification documents.
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Until Aug 20, 2015
Not legally recognized
France does not recognize non-binary people.
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LGBT discrimination in Hauts-de-France

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LGBT discrimination in Hauts-de-France is illegal.

Current status
Since Dec 30, 2004
Illegal
Discrimination aimed toward an individual's sexual orientation or gender identity is banned in France.
Sources:
legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTe…
web.archive.org/web/2014020…//www.ilga-europe.org/home/news/latest/france_adds_sexual_identity_to_the_protected_grounds_of_discrimination
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LGBT employment discrimination in Hauts-de-France

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LGBT employment discrimination in Hauts-de-France is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jul 31, 2012
Sexual orientation and gender identity
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Nov 27, 2000–Jul 31, 2012
Sexual orientation only
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LGBT housing discrimination in Hauts-de-France

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LGBT housing discrimination in Hauts-de-France is sexual orientation and gender identity.

Current status
Since Jul 6, 1989
Sexual orientation and gender identity

Same-sex adoption in Hauts-de-France

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Same-sex adoption in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Since May 17, 2013
Legal
Same-sex couples have been legally able to adopt children since May 2013, when the same-sex marriage law took effect. The first joint adoption by a same-sex couple was announced on 18 October 2013.
Sources:
legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do;jsessionid=?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000027414540&dateTexte=&oldAction=rechJO&categorieLien=id
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Intersex infant surgery in Hauts-de-France

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Intersex infant surgery in Hauts-de-France is parental approval required.

Current status
Parental approval required
Intersex people, especially minors on the decision of their parents or doctors, may undergo medical interventions not felt to make their body more typically male or female. The associations denounce these interventions as mutilations suffered by intersex childs115, as the UN Committee against Torture which recommended to France “to take legislative, administrative or other measures necessary to ensure the physical integrity of intersex persons”
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Serving openly in military in Hauts-de-France

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Serving openly in military in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Legal
LGBT people have never been legally banned from serving in the French army.
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Blood donations by MSMs in Hauts-de-France

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Blood donations by MSMs in Hauts-de-France is legal.

Current status
Since Mar 16, 2022
Legal
In 2022, France removed the deferral period for gay and bi men donating blood, replacing it with a new policy that applies to all donors, regardless of sexual orientation.
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Apr 2, 2020–Mar 15, 2022
Banned (less than 6-month deferral)
In July 2019, Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn announced that the deferral period would be reduced to four months of abstinence from 2 April 2020.
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Jul 10, 2016–Apr 2, 2020
Banned (1-year deferral)
Proposed in 2015, the indefinite deferral was replaced by a 1 year deferral in 2016.
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Jan 1, 1983–Jul 9, 2016
Banned (indefinite deferral)
In 1983, in response to the HIV epidemic, the Directorate General of Health banned MSMs from donating blood indefinitely. This ban was reiterated in 2009.
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Until Jan 1, 1983
Legal
Blood donations in France were legal before 1983.
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Conversion therapy in Hauts-de-France

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Conversion therapy in Hauts-de-France is banned.

Current status
Since Jan 26, 2022
Banned
The National Assembly approved the new law unanimously, voting 142-0 on Tuesday evening.
Until Jan 26, 2022
Not banned
Not banned, although a legislation to criminalise conversion therapy is currently progressing.
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Equal age of consent in Hauts-de-France

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Equal age of consent in Hauts-de-France is equal.

Current status
Since Aug 4, 1982
Equal
The age of consent in France is 15 for both male-male, female-female, and male-female sex.
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