Entry #11234: Legal recognition of non-binary gender in France

Current Version

RegionFrance
IssueLegal recognition of non-binary gender
StatusNot legally recognized
Start DateMar 2016
End Datenow
DescriptionNon-binary gender is not available. In 2023, the European Court of Human Rights decided in the judgment "Y. v. France" (2023) on the legal recognition of the gender of an intersex person. Specifically, on the case of a person who had been refused by French authorities the possibility to modify their gender marker to reflect the term "neutral" or "intersex". The ECHR rejected that such a decision was in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, stating that, given the relevance of such a change to the otherwise binary French legal system, it was for the French state itself to reform its legislation beforehand. However, it acknowledged that future developments in Council of Europe member states could change its interpretation. A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. This decision was overturned by a French appeals court.
Sourceshttps://database.ilga.org/france-lgbti https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition


Revision History (6)

Revision by Notdog1996. Fixing start date

Old Value New Value (Current)

Revision by Notdog1996. Fixing start date

Old Value New Value
Start Date(NONE)Mar 2016

Revision by Nathan. Correction. Source added

Old Value New Value
Value(REMOVED)Not legally recognized
Value SpecialAmbiguous(REMOVED)
Start DateAug 2015(NONE)
NoteA court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents.
But “it would require recognising, in the guise of a simple rectification of his personal records, the existence of another sexual category.”
Non-binary gender is not available. In 2023, the European Court of Human Rights decided in the judgment "Y. v. France" (2023) on the legal recognition of the gender of an intersex person. Specifically, on the case of a person who had been refused by French authorities the possibility to modify their gender marker to reflect the term "neutral" or "intersex". The ECHR rejected that such a decision was in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, stating that, given the relevance of such a change to the otherwise binary French legal system, it was for the French state itself to reform its legislation beforehand. However, it acknowledged that future developments in Council of Europe member states could change its interpretation.

A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. This decision was overturned by a French appeals court.
Show Difference
A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. But “it would require recognising, in the guise of a simple rectification of his personal records, the existence of another sexual category.” Non-binary gender is not available. In 2023, the European Court of Human Rights decided in the judgment "Y. v. France" (2023) on the legal recognition of the gender of an intersex person. Specifically, on the case of a person who had been refused by French authorities the possibility to modify their gender marker to reflect the term "neutral" or "intersex". The ECHR rejected that such a decision was in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights, stating that, given the relevance of such a change to the otherwise binary French legal system, it was for the French state itself to reform its legislation beforehand. However, it acknowledged that future developments in Council of Europe member states could change its interpretation. A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. This decision was overturned by a French appeals court.
Sourceshttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender

https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html

https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition
https://database.ilga.org/france-lgbti
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender
https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html

https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition
Show Difference
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition https://database.ilga.org/france-lgbti https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition

Revision by Clara. Neutral Gender Recognition on Legal Documents

Old Value New Value

Revision by Clara. Neutral Gender Recognition on Legal Documents

Old Value New Value
ValueNot legally recognized(REMOVED)
Value Special(REMOVED)Ambiguous
Start DateMar 2016Aug 2015
NoteThe Orleans appeals court overturned the previous decision of the lower court. A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents.
But “it would require recognising, in the guise of a simple rectification of his personal records, the existence of another sexual category.”
Show Difference
The Orleans appeals court overturned the previous decision of the lower court. A court ruled in August 2015 that an intersex plaintiff who was designated male at birth, could use the term “neutral gender” on personal official documents. But “it would require recognising, in the guise of a simple rectification of his personal records, the existence of another sexual category.”
Sourceshttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-genderhttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender

https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html

https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition
Show Difference
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html https://nonbinary.wiki/wiki/Gender_recognition

Revision by beeurd

Old Value (Original) New Value
Start Date(NONE)Mar 2016
NoteIn 2015 a court in Tours ruled in favour of an intersex plaintiff who sought to have a third gender legally recognised. However, in 2016 the Orleans appeals court overturned the decision. The Orleans appeals court overturned the previous decision of the lower court.
Show Difference
In 2015 a court in Tours ruled in favour of an intersex plaintiff who sought to have a third gender legally recognised. However, in 2016 the Orleans appeals court overturned the decision. The Orleans appeals court overturned the previous decision of the lower court.
Sourceshttps://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender
Show Difference
https://slate.com/human-interest/2015/10/frances-new-third-gender-is-just-as-narrow-as-the-first-two.html https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/mar/23/french-appeals-court-refuses-to-recognise-third-gender
Reports (1)
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beeurd created this entry.