• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
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Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

40
Legal
94
Somewhere in between
102
Illegal
Legal
40 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
94 countries (41%)
Illegal
102 countries (45%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
16 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (53%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
9 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
38 countries (64%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
27 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

60
Legal
95
Somewhere in between
58
Illegal
Legal
60 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
95 countries (41%)
Illegal
58 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
17 countries (34%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (21%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
10 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (19%)
Illegal
13 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
29 countries (49%)
Illegal
17 countries (29%)
Africa
Legal
7 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (50%)
Illegal
13 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

58
Legal
40
Somewhere in between
118
Illegal
Legal
58 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
40 countries (17%)
Illegal
118 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (6%)
Legal
19 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
13 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
11 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
7 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (7%)
Illegal
46 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
6 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
27 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

62
Protected
45
Some protections
118
No protections
Protected
62 countries (27%)
Some protections
45 countries (20%)
No protections
118 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
10 countries (28%)
Some protections
11 countries (31%)
No protections
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
6 countries (13%)
No protections
39 countries (85%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

56
Protected
19
Some protections
138
No protections
Protected
56 countries (24%)
Some protections
19 countries (8%)
No protections
138 countries (60%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Protected
27 countries (54%)
Some protections
11 countries (22%)
No protections
16 countries (32%)
Europe
Protected
6 countries (25%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (33%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
9 countries (25%)
Some protections
3 countries (8%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
52 countries (88%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
41 countries (89%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

55
Protected
49
Some protections
127
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
49 countries (21%)
No protections
127 countries (55%)
Protected
24 countries (48%)
Some protections
15 countries (30%)
No protections
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
4 countries (29%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
11 countries (31%)
No protections
15 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
9 countries (15%)
No protections
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Protected
2 countries (4%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
37 countries (80%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

102
Legal
18
Somewhere in between
49
Illegal
Legal
102 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (8%)
Illegal
49 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
60 countries (26%)
Legal
39 countries (78%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (6%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
11 countries (79%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (7%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
18 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (15%)
Illegal
20 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (29%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (9%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

24
Legal
193
Illegal
Legal
24 countries (10%)
Illegal
193 countries (84%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
37 countries (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Illegal
23 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
28 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Illegal
42 countries (91%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

146
Equal
75
Unequal
Equal
146 countries (64%)
Unequal
75 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Equal
49 countries (98%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Equal
15 countries (63%)
Unequal
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
19 countries (53%)
Unequal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Equal
31 countries (53%)
Unequal
30 countries (51%)
Africa
Equal
21 countries (46%)
Unequal
19 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

43
Banned
142
Not banned
Banned
43 countries (19%)
Not banned
142 countries (62%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (19%)
Banned
14 countries (28%)
Not banned
22 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (28%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
20 countries (83%)
Oceania
Banned
8 countries (57%)
Not banned
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Banned
4 countries (11%)
Not banned
22 countries (61%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (28%)
North America
Banned
4 countries (7%)
Not banned
43 countries (73%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (20%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 4621 LGBT-related laws.

60
LAWS CHANGED
this year
99
LAWS CHANGED
last year
0
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


20 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Finland
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Algeria
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region