• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • May 19 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Tuvalu
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

40
Legal
123
Somewhere in between
74
Illegal
Legal
40 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
123 countries (54%)
Illegal
74 countries (32%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
6 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (39%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

109
Legal
45
Somewhere in between
55
Illegal
Legal
109 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
45 countries (20%)
Illegal
55 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (9%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
16 countries (44%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
14 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
42 countries (71%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
17 countries (37%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

118
Legal
56
Somewhere in between
46
Illegal
Legal
118 countries (52%)
Somewhere in between
56 countries (24%)
Illegal
46 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Legal
24 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (32%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
16 countries (67%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (28%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
29 countries (49%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
14 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
18 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
15 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

73
Protected
53
Some protections
101
No protections
Protected
73 countries (32%)
Some protections
53 countries (23%)
No protections
101 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (1%)
Protected
31 countries (62%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
7 countries (29%)
No protections
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
13 countries (36%)
Some protections
10 countries (28%)
No protections
13 countries (36%)
North America
Protected
8 countries (14%)
Some protections
14 countries (24%)
No protections
37 countries (63%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

96
Protected
6
Some protections
121
No protections
Protected
96 countries (42%)
Some protections
6 countries (3%)
No protections
121 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Protected
41 countries (82%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
16 countries (44%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Protected
10 countries (22%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

87
Protected
32
Some protections
97
No protections
Protected
87 countries (38%)
Some protections
32 countries (14%)
No protections
97 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (6%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
14 countries (58%)
Some protections
2 countries (8%)
No protections
12 countries (50%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
17 countries (47%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
13 countries (36%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (17%)
Africa
Protected
12 countries (26%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
29 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

168
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
168 countries (73%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
37 countries (16%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Legal
42 countries (71%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (8%)
Africa
Legal
30 countries (65%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (22%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

185
Equal
39
Unequal
Equal
185 countries (81%)
Unequal
39 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
20 countries (83%)
Unequal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
24 countries (67%)
Unequal
9 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
49 countries (83%)
Unequal
14 countries (24%)
Africa
Equal
31 countries (67%)
Unequal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

165
Legal
60
Illegal
Legal
165 countries (72%)
Illegal
60 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
32 countries (89%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
55 countries (93%)
Illegal
4 countries (7%)
Africa
Legal
28 countries (61%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

29
Banned
187
Not banned
Banned
29 countries (13%)
Not banned
187 countries (82%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (6%)
Banned
6 countries (12%)
Not banned
41 countries (82%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Banned
3 countries (13%)
Not banned
17 countries (71%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Banned
5 countries (36%)
Not banned
9 countries (64%)
South America
Banned
4 countries (11%)
Not banned
29 countries (81%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
53 countries (90%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (7%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 7087 LGBT-related laws.

40
LAWS CHANGED
this year
147
LAWS CHANGED
last year
0
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
101.3% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


582 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Kémo-Gribingui
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Equal age of consent in Mambéré-Kadéï
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Mambéré-Kadéï

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region