• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • Aug 10 2016Became Legal in Belize
  • Jun 3 2016Became Legal in Nauru
  • May 19 2016Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Ethiopia
  • May 18 2016Became Legal in Seychelles
  • May 1 2016Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Guyana
  • Dec 22 2015Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Tunisia
  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

41
Legal
107
Somewhere in between
88
Illegal
Legal
41 countries (18%)
Somewhere in between
107 countries (47%)
Illegal
88 countries (38%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (25%)
Illegal
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
10 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (53%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (36%)
Illegal
33 countries (56%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
25 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

63
Legal
81
Somewhere in between
75
Illegal
Legal
63 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
81 countries (35%)
Illegal
75 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (4%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (17%)
Illegal
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
21 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
16 countries (27%)
Somewhere in between
26 countries (44%)
Illegal
18 countries (31%)
Africa
Legal
9 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
18 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

70
Legal
52
Somewhere in between
99
Illegal
Legal
70 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
52 countries (23%)
Illegal
99 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
20 countries (40%)
Illegal
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Legal
10 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
11 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
16 countries (44%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
14 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
12 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
12 countries (20%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
Africa
Legal
7 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
26 countries (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

66
Protected
42
Some protections
119
No protections
Protected
66 countries (29%)
Some protections
42 countries (18%)
No protections
119 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (1%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
9 countries (38%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Protected
8 countries (14%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Protected
2 countries (4%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

82
Protected
10
Some protections
125
No protections
Protected
82 countries (36%)
Some protections
10 countries (4%)
No protections
125 countries (55%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Protected
38 countries (76%)
Some protections
3 countries (6%)
No protections
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
13 countries (36%)
Some protections
3 countries (8%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Protected
5 countries (11%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

68
Protected
37
Some protections
124
No protections
Protected
68 countries (30%)
Some protections
37 countries (16%)
No protections
124 countries (54%)
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
18 countries (75%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
13 countries (36%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Protected
5 countries (11%)
Some protections
4 countries (9%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

111
Legal
13
Somewhere in between
55
Illegal
Legal
111 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (6%)
Illegal
55 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (22%)
Legal
42 countries (84%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (33%)
North America
Legal
17 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (14%)
Illegal
23 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (19%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
23 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

140
Equal
83
Unequal
Equal
140 countries (61%)
Unequal
83 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Equal
49 countries (98%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Equal
15 countries (63%)
Unequal
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
19 countries (53%)
Unequal
13 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Equal
26 countries (44%)
Unequal
35 countries (59%)
Africa
Equal
20 countries (43%)
Unequal
20 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

119
Legal
104
Illegal
Legal
119 countries (52%)
Illegal
104 countries (45%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
21 countries (42%)
Illegal
26 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Illegal
18 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
16 countries (44%)
Illegal
19 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
45 countries (76%)
Illegal
14 countries (24%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
25 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

36
Banned
181
Not banned
Banned
36 countries (16%)
Not banned
181 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Banned
13 countries (26%)
Not banned
34 countries (68%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
19 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
2 countries (6%)
Not banned
28 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
37 countries (80%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 5039 LGBT-related laws.

22
LAWS CHANGED
this year
86
LAWS CHANGED
last year
5
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


6 contributions
2 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Faroe Islands
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Czech Republic
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Hungary

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region