• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

Equaldex is a collaborative
LGBT
Lesbain,
Gay,
Bisexual,
Transgender,
Questioning,
Intersex...
knowledge base
built by people like you.
Global
Equaldex will become a global LGBT knowledge base for every country and region.
Collaborative
Equaldex is editable by users, allowing anyone in the world to contribute their knowledge.
Community-verified
Data is supplied with sources and verified by other users.

Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

41
Legal
101
Somewhere in between
93
Illegal
Legal
41 countries (18%)
Somewhere in between
101 countries (44%)
Illegal
93 countries (41%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
15 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (53%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
9 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (32%)
Illegal
34 countries (58%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
18 countries (39%)
Illegal
26 countries (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

69
Legal
93
Somewhere in between
58
Illegal
Legal
69 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
93 countries (41%)
Illegal
58 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Legal
19 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (21%)
Illegal
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (17%)
Illegal
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
19 countries (32%)
Somewhere in between
30 countries (51%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
Africa
Legal
9 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (46%)
Illegal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

76
Legal
52
Somewhere in between
93
Illegal
Legal
76 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
52 countries (23%)
Illegal
93 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
22 countries (44%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (32%)
Illegal
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
17 countries (47%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
13 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
12 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
33 countries (56%)
Africa
Legal
9 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

67
Protected
42
Some protections
119
No protections
Protected
67 countries (29%)
Some protections
42 countries (18%)
No protections
119 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
43 countries (73%)
Africa
Protected
2 countries (4%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
37 countries (80%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

71
Protected
18
Some protections
134
No protections
Protected
71 countries (31%)
Some protections
18 countries (8%)
No protections
134 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Protected
32 countries (64%)
Some protections
9 countries (18%)
No protections
13 countries (26%)
Europe
Protected
7 countries (29%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
2 countries (14%)
No protections
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Protected
11 countries (19%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Protected
4 countries (9%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
39 countries (85%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

64
Protected
41
Some protections
130
No protections
Protected
64 countries (28%)
Some protections
41 countries (18%)
No protections
130 countries (57%)
Protected
26 countries (52%)
Some protections
14 countries (28%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
4 countries (29%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
8 countries (14%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Protected
4 countries (9%)
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
37 countries (80%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

116
Legal
13
Somewhere in between
50
Illegal
Legal
116 countries (51%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (6%)
Illegal
50 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (22%)
Legal
41 countries (82%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (33%)
North America
Legal
18 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (12%)
Illegal
22 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (20%)
Africa
Legal
17 countries (37%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
20 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

166
Equal
58
Unequal
Equal
166 countries (72%)
Unequal
58 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Equal
49 countries (98%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Equal
15 countries (63%)
Unequal
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Equal
12 countries (86%)
Unequal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Equal
20 countries (56%)
Unequal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Equal
43 countries (73%)
Unequal
19 countries (32%)
Africa
Equal
27 countries (59%)
Unequal
13 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

113
Legal
110
Illegal
Legal
113 countries (49%)
Illegal
110 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Illegal
29 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Illegal
19 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
15 countries (42%)
Illegal
20 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
41 countries (69%)
Illegal
18 countries (31%)
Africa
Legal
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

33
Banned
177
Not banned
Banned
33 countries (14%)
Not banned
177 countries (77%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (8%)
Banned
11 countries (22%)
Not banned
35 countries (70%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
19 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
1 countries (3%)
Not banned
28 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (19%)
North America
Banned
3 countries (5%)
Not banned
50 countries (85%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Banned
8 countries (17%)
Not banned
37 countries (80%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 4986 LGBT-related laws.

6
LAWS CHANGED
this year
86
LAWS CHANGED
last year
7
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


99 contributions
3 contributions
2 contributions

Recent Edits

DerekCaldera
DerekCaldera added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Sri Lanka
DerekCaldera
DerekCaldera added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Sri Lanka
DerekCaldera
DerekCaldera added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Sri Lanka

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region