• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

41
Legal
101
Somewhere in between
93
Illegal
Legal
41 countries (18%)
Somewhere in between
101 countries (44%)
Illegal
93 countries (41%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
15 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (53%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
9 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (32%)
Illegal
34 countries (58%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
18 countries (39%)
Illegal
26 countries (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

67
Legal
90
Somewhere in between
62
Illegal
Legal
67 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
90 countries (39%)
Illegal
62 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (4%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (17%)
Illegal
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (17%)
Illegal
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
18 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
29 countries (49%)
Illegal
13 countries (22%)
Africa
Legal
9 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
20 countries (43%)
Illegal
15 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

75
Legal
51
Somewhere in between
95
Illegal
Legal
75 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
51 countries (22%)
Illegal
95 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
21 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (32%)
Illegal
13 countries (26%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
17 countries (47%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
13 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
12 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (22%)
Illegal
34 countries (58%)
Africa
Legal
9 countries (20%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

68
Protected
42
Some protections
118
No protections
Protected
68 countries (30%)
Some protections
42 countries (18%)
No protections
118 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
43 countries (73%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

73
Protected
16
Some protections
134
No protections
Protected
73 countries (32%)
Some protections
16 countries (7%)
No protections
134 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Protected
32 countries (64%)
Some protections
8 countries (16%)
No protections
14 countries (28%)
Europe
Protected
7 countries (29%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Protected
11 countries (19%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Protected
5 countries (11%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
38 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

65
Protected
41
Some protections
129
No protections
Protected
65 countries (28%)
Some protections
41 countries (18%)
No protections
129 countries (56%)
Protected
26 countries (52%)
Some protections
14 countries (28%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
4 countries (29%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
8 countries (14%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Protected
5 countries (11%)
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

117
Legal
13
Somewhere in between
50
Illegal
Legal
117 countries (51%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (6%)
Illegal
50 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
49 countries (21%)
Legal
42 countries (84%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (33%)
North America
Legal
18 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (14%)
Illegal
22 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (19%)
Africa
Legal
17 countries (37%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
20 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

165
Equal
60
Unequal
Equal
165 countries (72%)
Unequal
60 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Equal
49 countries (98%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Equal
15 countries (63%)
Unequal
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Equal
12 countries (86%)
Unequal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Equal
20 countries (56%)
Unequal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Equal
43 countries (73%)
Unequal
20 countries (34%)
Africa
Equal
26 countries (57%)
Unequal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

115
Legal
108
Illegal
Legal
115 countries (50%)
Illegal
108 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Illegal
29 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Illegal
18 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
15 countries (42%)
Illegal
20 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
41 countries (69%)
Illegal
18 countries (31%)
Africa
Legal
23 countries (50%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

32
Banned
181
Not banned
Banned
32 countries (14%)
Not banned
181 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Banned
9 countries (18%)
Not banned
37 countries (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
19 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
1 countries (3%)
Not banned
28 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (19%)
North America
Banned
3 countries (5%)
Not banned
52 countries (88%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (7%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
37 countries (80%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 4990 LGBT-related laws.

8
LAWS CHANGED
this year
83
LAWS CHANGED
last year
4
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


56 contributions
3 contributions
2 contributions

Recent Edits

b_ashh
b_ashh added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Finland
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Northern Ireland
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Russia

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region