• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

39
Legal
92
Somewhere in between
104
Illegal
Legal
39 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
92 countries (40%)
Illegal
104 countries (45%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
16 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (47%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
39 countries (66%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
27 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

43
Legal
48
Somewhere in between
118
Illegal
Legal
43 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
48 countries (21%)
Illegal
118 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (9%)
Legal
16 countries (32%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
11 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
5 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (28%)
North America
Legal
6 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
50 countries (85%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
5 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (28%)
Illegal
26 countries (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

42
Legal
36
Somewhere in between
137
Illegal
Legal
42 countries (18%)
Somewhere in between
36 countries (16%)
Illegal
137 countries (60%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (6%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
19 countries (38%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
19 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (19%)
North America
Legal
5 countries (8%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (7%)
Illegal
49 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (15%)
Illegal
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

60
Protected
43
Some protections
117
No protections
Protected
60 countries (26%)
Some protections
43 countries (19%)
No protections
117 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
7 countries (29%)
Some protections
6 countries (25%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
10 countries (28%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
46 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
6 countries (13%)
No protections
38 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

35
Protected
13
Some protections
122
No protections
Protected
35 countries (15%)
Some protections
13 countries (6%)
No protections
122 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (26%)
Protected
17 countries (34%)
Some protections
8 countries (16%)
No protections
18 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
4 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Protected
4 countries (29%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
6 countries (43%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
6 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
15 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (39%)
North America
Protected
4 countries (7%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
49 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (7%)
Africa
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (33%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

44
Protected
52
Some protections
132
No protections
Protected
44 countries (19%)
Some protections
52 countries (23%)
No protections
132 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
20 countries (40%)
Some protections
18 countries (36%)
No protections
10 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Protected
7 countries (29%)
Some protections
6 countries (25%)
No protections
18 countries (75%)
Oceania
Protected
6 countries (43%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
7 countries (19%)
Some protections
12 countries (33%)
No protections
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (14%)
North America
Protected
4 countries (7%)
Some protections
8 countries (14%)
No protections
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
40 countries (87%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

85
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
82
Illegal
Legal
85 countries (37%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
82 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (24%)
Legal
38 countries (76%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (6%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
11 countries (79%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
16 countries (44%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (42%)
North America
Legal
4 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
40 countries (68%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (24%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
29 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

126
Equal
92
Unequal
Equal
126 countries (55%)
Unequal
92 countries (40%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (5%)
Equal
48 countries (96%)
Unequal
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Equal
13 countries (54%)
Unequal
12 countries (50%)
Oceania
Equal
10 countries (71%)
Unequal
4 countries (29%)
South America
Equal
15 countries (42%)
Unequal
14 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (19%)
North America
Equal
21 countries (36%)
Unequal
41 countries (69%)
Africa
Equal
19 countries (41%)
Unequal
19 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

23
Legal
189
Illegal
Legal
23 countries (10%)
Illegal
189 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (7%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
37 countries (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Illegal
23 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
9 countries (64%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
25 countries (69%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Illegal
40 countries (87%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

7
Banned
206
Not banned
Banned
7 countries (3%)
Not banned
206 countries (90%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
46 countries (92%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Banned
1 countries (4%)
Not banned
21 countries (88%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Banned
2 countries (14%)
Not banned
12 countries (86%)
South America
Not banned
26 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (28%)
North America
Not banned
57 countries (97%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Banned
3 countries (7%)
Not banned
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 4427 LGBT-related laws.

33
LAWS CHANGED
this year
78
LAWS CHANGED
last year
31
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
99.1% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


2401 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Qatar
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexual activity in Botswana
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexuals serving openly in military in Sierra Leone

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region