• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • May 19 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Tuvalu
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

44
Legal
122
Somewhere in between
72
Illegal
Legal
44 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
122 countries (53%)
Illegal
72 countries (31%)
Legal
15 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
33 countries (66%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (39%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

110
Legal
47
Somewhere in between
51
Illegal
Legal
110 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
47 countries (21%)
Illegal
51 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (9%)
Legal
17 countries (34%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Legal
11 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (21%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
13 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
17 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
46 countries (78%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

47
Legal
147
Somewhere in between
29
Illegal
Legal
47 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
147 countries (64%)
Illegal
29 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
27 countries (54%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Legal
7 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (63%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (57%)
South America
Legal
13 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (61%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
6 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
45 countries (76%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
30 countries (65%)
Illegal
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

76
Protected
51
Some protections
102
No protections
Protected
76 countries (33%)
Some protections
51 countries (22%)
No protections
102 countries (45%)
Protected
31 countries (62%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Protected
12 countries (50%)
Some protections
6 countries (25%)
No protections
6 countries (25%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
14 countries (39%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
13 countries (36%)
North America
Protected
9 countries (15%)
Some protections
13 countries (22%)
No protections
37 countries (63%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

99
Protected
4
Some protections
123
No protections
Protected
99 countries (43%)
Some protections
4 countries (2%)
No protections
123 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (1%)
Protected
40 countries (80%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Protected
12 countries (50%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
18 countries (50%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
15 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
11 countries (19%)
No protections
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Protected
10 countries (22%)
No protections
35 countries (76%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

90
Protected
29
Some protections
93
No protections
Protected
90 countries (39%)
Some protections
29 countries (13%)
No protections
93 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (7%)
Protected
30 countries (60%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Protected
15 countries (63%)
Some protections
1 countries (4%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
18 countries (50%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
33 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (22%)
Africa
Protected
12 countries (26%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
29 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

166
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
24
Illegal
Legal
166 countries (72%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
24 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (14%)
Legal
40 countries (80%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (6%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
26 countries (72%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Legal
42 countries (71%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (8%)
Africa
Legal
32 countries (70%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

183
Equal
42
Unequal
Equal
183 countries (80%)
Unequal
42 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
21 countries (88%)
Unequal
6 countries (25%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
23 countries (64%)
Unequal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
47 countries (80%)
Unequal
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Equal
31 countries (67%)
Unequal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

168
Legal
55
Illegal
Legal
168 countries (73%)
Illegal
55 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
23 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
16 countries (67%)
Illegal
8 countries (33%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
32 countries (89%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
55 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
29 countries (63%)
Illegal
16 countries (35%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

17
Banned
196
Not banned
Banned
17 countries (7%)
Not banned
196 countries (86%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Banned
2 countries (4%)
Not banned
42 countries (84%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Banned
5 countries (21%)
Not banned
18 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
2 countries (14%)
Not banned
11 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Banned
1 countries (3%)
Not banned
31 countries (86%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
54 countries (92%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Banned
5 countries (11%)
Not banned
40 countries (87%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 9035 LGBT-related laws.

54
LAWS CHANGED
this year
151
LAWS CHANGED
last year
169
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


1153 contributions
4 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Laos
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT housing discrimination in Montana
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Qatar

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region