• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
  • Feb 11 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Egypt
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

43
Legal
117
Somewhere in between
77
Illegal
Legal
43 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
117 countries (51%)
Illegal
77 countries (34%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
34 countries (68%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
6 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (64%)
Illegal
5 countries (14%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
32 countries (54%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

105
Legal
61
Somewhere in between
53
Illegal
Legal
105 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
61 countries (27%)
Illegal
53 countries (23%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (4%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
8 countries (33%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
30 countries (51%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
15 countries (25%)
Africa
Legal
18 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

102
Legal
66
Somewhere in between
53
Illegal
Legal
102 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
66 countries (29%)
Illegal
53 countries (23%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
24 countries (41%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (31%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

71
Protected
41
Some protections
116
No protections
Protected
71 countries (31%)
Some protections
41 countries (18%)
No protections
116 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
31 countries (62%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
4 countries (17%)
No protections
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
12 countries (33%)
Some protections
7 countries (19%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
8 countries (14%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

91
Protected
7
Some protections
125
No protections
Protected
91 countries (40%)
Some protections
7 countries (3%)
No protections
125 countries (55%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Protected
40 countries (80%)
Some protections
3 countries (6%)
No protections
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Protected
7 countries (15%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

79
Protected
32
Some protections
118
No protections
Protected
79 countries (34%)
Some protections
32 countries (14%)
No protections
118 countries (52%)
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
14 countries (58%)
Some protections
1 countries (4%)
No protections
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Protected
8 countries (17%)
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

150
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
35
Illegal
Legal
150 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
35 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (17%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
10 countries (42%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
34 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (5%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
29 countries (63%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

165
Equal
62
Unequal
Equal
165 countries (72%)
Unequal
62 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (1%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
17 countries (71%)
Unequal
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
21 countries (58%)
Unequal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
40 countries (68%)
Unequal
23 countries (39%)
Africa
Equal
26 countries (57%)
Unequal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

145
Legal
80
Illegal
Legal
145 countries (63%)
Illegal
80 countries (35%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
20 countries (56%)
Illegal
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
52 countries (88%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
28 countries (61%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

36
Banned
184
Not banned
Banned
36 countries (16%)
Not banned
184 countries (80%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Banned
11 countries (22%)
Not banned
35 countries (70%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Banned
6 countries (25%)
Not banned
17 countries (71%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
3 countries (8%)
Not banned
30 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
56 countries (95%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Banned
8 countries (17%)
Not banned
38 countries (83%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 5950 LGBT-related laws.

150
LAWS CHANGED
this year
151
LAWS CHANGED
last year
1
LAW ADDED
THIS WEEK
101.3% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


50 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Hong Kong
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Florida
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Hong Kong

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region