• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

143
Legal
74
Illegal
Legal
143 countries (62%)
Illegal
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
15 countries (63%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
21 countries (36%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

35
Legal
87
Somewhere in between
77
Illegal
Legal
35 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
87 countries (38%)
Illegal
77 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (13%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (4%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (42%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (31%)
North America
Legal
7 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (22%)
Illegal
32 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
24 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

24
Legal
46
Somewhere in between
33
Illegal
Legal
24 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
33 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
126 countries (55%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Legal
1 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
6 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (69%)
North America
Legal
3 countries (5%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (48%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

30
Legal
33
Somewhere in between
47
Illegal
Legal
30 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
33 countries (14%)
Illegal
47 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
119 countries (52%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
4 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (69%)
North America
Legal
2 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
13 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (71%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (13%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (54%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

56
Protected
29
Some protections
80
No protections
Protected
56 countries (24%)
Some protections
29 countries (13%)
No protections
80 countries (35%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
64 countries (28%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
30 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (36%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

22
Protected
9
Some protections
30
No protections
Protected
22 countries (10%)
Some protections
9 countries (4%)
No protections
30 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
168 countries (73%)
Protected
13 countries (26%)
Some protections
6 countries (12%)
No protections
10 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Protected
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
Some protections
2 countries (6%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (81%)
North America
Protected
3 countries (5%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
53 countries (90%)
Africa
No protections
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

31
Protected
38
Some protections
43
No protections
Protected
31 countries (14%)
Some protections
38 countries (17%)
No protections
43 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
117 countries (51%)
Protected
18 countries (36%)
Some protections
16 countries (32%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Protected
3 countries (13%)
No protections
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (50%)
Oceania
Protected
4 countries (29%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (36%)
South America
Protected
4 countries (11%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (53%)
North America
Protected
2 countries (3%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
10 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
40 countries (68%)
Africa
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

69
Legal
5
Somewhere in between
27
Illegal
Legal
69 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (2%)
Illegal
27 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
128 countries (56%)
Legal
34 countries (68%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
11 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (61%)
North America
Legal
2 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
13 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (73%)
Africa
Legal
5 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

20
Legal
67
Illegal
Legal
20 countries (9%)
Illegal
67 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
142 countries (62%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
28 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Illegal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
13 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

99
Equal
28
Unequal
Equal
99 countries (43%)
Unequal
28 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
102 countries (45%)
Equal
48 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
8 countries (57%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
8 countries (22%)
Unequal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (64%)
North America
Equal
12 countries (20%)
Unequal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (59%)
Africa
Equal
15 countries (33%)
Unequal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (52%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
8
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
8 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
219 countries (96%)
Not banned
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (94%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
Not banned
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (71%)
South America
Not banned
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (97%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 2357 LGBT-related laws.

22
LAWS CHANGED
this year
68
LAWS CHANGED
last year
342
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
93.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
80.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


377 contributions
11 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Idaho
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Washington
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Conversion therapy in Oregon

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region