• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

40
Legal
97
Somewhere in between
99
Illegal
Legal
40 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
97 countries (42%)
Illegal
99 countries (43%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
5 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
15 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
19 countries (53%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
9 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (25%)
Illegal
38 countries (64%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
18 countries (39%)
Illegal
26 countries (57%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

63
Legal
95
Somewhere in between
54
Illegal
Legal
63 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
95 countries (41%)
Illegal
54 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (7%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (21%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (17%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
11 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (19%)
Illegal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
30 countries (51%)
Illegal
15 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (50%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

66
Legal
49
Somewhere in between
91
Illegal
Legal
66 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
49 countries (21%)
Illegal
91 countries (40%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (10%)
Legal
19 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (36%)
Illegal
12 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
11 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
14 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
14 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
9 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (19%)
Illegal
30 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (15%)
Africa
Legal
8 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (20%)
Illegal
23 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

63
Protected
43
Some protections
119
No protections
Protected
63 countries (28%)
Some protections
43 countries (19%)
No protections
119 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
11 countries (31%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
13 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
6 countries (13%)
No protections
39 countries (85%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

57
Protected
20
Some protections
135
No protections
Protected
57 countries (25%)
Some protections
20 countries (9%)
No protections
135 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (7%)
Protected
27 countries (54%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
15 countries (30%)
Europe
Protected
6 countries (25%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (33%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
9 countries (25%)
Some protections
3 countries (8%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
52 countries (88%)
Africa
Protected
2 countries (4%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
40 countries (87%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

55
Protected
49
Some protections
127
No protections
Protected
55 countries (24%)
Some protections
49 countries (21%)
No protections
127 countries (55%)
Protected
24 countries (48%)
Some protections
15 countries (30%)
No protections
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Protected
8 countries (33%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
4 countries (29%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
11 countries (31%)
No protections
15 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
9 countries (15%)
No protections
45 countries (76%)
Africa
Protected
2 countries (4%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
37 countries (80%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

102
Legal
18
Somewhere in between
49
Illegal
Legal
102 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (8%)
Illegal
49 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
60 countries (26%)
Legal
39 countries (78%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (6%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
11 countries (79%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (7%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
18 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
13 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (15%)
Illegal
20 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (29%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (9%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

25
Legal
192
Illegal
Legal
25 countries (11%)
Illegal
192 countries (84%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
37 countries (74%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Illegal
23 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
7 countries (50%)
South America
Legal
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
28 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Illegal
42 countries (91%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

156
Equal
64
Unequal
Equal
156 countries (68%)
Unequal
64 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Equal
49 countries (98%)
Unequal
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Equal
15 countries (63%)
Unequal
11 countries (46%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
19 countries (53%)
Unequal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (17%)
North America
Equal
36 countries (61%)
Unequal
24 countries (41%)
Africa
Equal
26 countries (57%)
Unequal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

42
Banned
107
Not banned
Banned
42 countries (18%)
Not banned
107 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
80 countries (35%)
Banned
14 countries (28%)
Not banned
14 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (44%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
19 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
8 countries (57%)
Not banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (36%)
South America
Banned
2 countries (6%)
Not banned
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (44%)
North America
Banned
4 countries (7%)
Not banned
34 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (36%)
Africa
Banned
10 countries (22%)
Not banned
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (33%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 4861 LGBT-related laws.

LAWS CHANGED
this year
77
LAWS CHANGED
last year
1
LAW ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


234 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Canada
FabianArtist
FabianArtist added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Mexico
FabianArtist
FabianArtist added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Coahuila

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region