• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
  • Feb 11 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Egypt
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

43
Legal
115
Somewhere in between
79
Illegal
Legal
43 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
115 countries (50%)
Illegal
79 countries (34%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
34 countries (68%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
6 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (58%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
32 countries (54%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

105
Legal
62
Somewhere in between
57
Illegal
Legal
105 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
62 countries (27%)
Illegal
57 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
30 countries (51%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
15 countries (25%)
Africa
Legal
18 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

103
Legal
66
Somewhere in between
54
Illegal
Legal
103 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
66 countries (29%)
Illegal
54 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (31%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

70
Protected
41
Some protections
118
No protections
Protected
70 countries (31%)
Some protections
41 countries (18%)
No protections
118 countries (52%)
Protected
30 countries (60%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
4 countries (17%)
No protections
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
12 countries (33%)
Some protections
7 countries (19%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
8 countries (14%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

89
Protected
8
Some protections
127
No protections
Protected
89 countries (39%)
Some protections
8 countries (3%)
No protections
127 countries (55%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Protected
39 countries (78%)
Some protections
3 countries (6%)
No protections
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Protected
6 countries (13%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

72
Protected
38
Some protections
122
No protections
Protected
72 countries (31%)
Some protections
38 countries (17%)
No protections
122 countries (53%)
Protected
27 countries (54%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
10 countries (42%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
49 countries (83%)
Africa
Protected
6 countries (13%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

150
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
35
Illegal
Legal
150 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
35 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (17%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
10 countries (42%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
34 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (5%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
29 countries (63%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

142
Legal
84
Illegal
Legal
142 countries (62%)
Illegal
84 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (1%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
20 countries (56%)
Illegal
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
52 countries (88%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
26 countries (57%)
Illegal
19 countries (41%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

164
Equal
63
Unequal
Equal
164 countries (72%)
Unequal
63 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (1%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
17 countries (71%)
Unequal
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
21 countries (58%)
Unequal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
39 countries (66%)
Unequal
24 countries (41%)
Africa
Equal
26 countries (57%)
Unequal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

40
Banned
180
Not banned
Banned
40 countries (17%)
Not banned
180 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Banned
11 countries (22%)
Not banned
36 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Banned
9 countries (38%)
Not banned
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
3 countries (8%)
Not banned
30 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
37 countries (80%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 5932 LGBT-related laws.

150
LAWS CHANGED
this year
151
LAWS CHANGED
last year
0
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
101.3% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


38 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Mongolia
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region