• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 3 2016Became Legal in Nauru
  • May 18 2016Became Legal in Seychelles
  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • May 18 2015Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Trinidad and Tobago
  • Jan 1 2015Became Legal in Zimbabwe
  • Oct 16 2014Became Legal in Palau
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

143
Legal
74
Illegal
Legal
143 countries (62%)
Illegal
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
15 countries (63%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
21 countries (36%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

35
Legal
86
Somewhere in between
77
Illegal
Legal
35 countries (15%)
Somewhere in between
86 countries (38%)
Illegal
77 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (14%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (4%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (58%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (42%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (31%)
North America
Legal
7 countries (12%)
Somewhere in between
12 countries (20%)
Illegal
32 countries (54%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (14%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
24 countries (52%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

24
Legal
46
Somewhere in between
32
Illegal
Legal
24 countries (10%)
Somewhere in between
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
32 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
127 countries (55%)
Legal
14 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Legal
1 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (11%)
Illegal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
3 countries (5%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (48%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

30
Legal
33
Somewhere in between
46
Illegal
Legal
30 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
33 countries (14%)
Illegal
46 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
120 countries (52%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
4 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (6%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Legal
2 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
13 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (71%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (13%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (54%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

56
Protected
29
Some protections
79
No protections
Protected
56 countries (24%)
Some protections
29 countries (13%)
No protections
79 countries (34%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
65 countries (28%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
30 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (36%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

22
Protected
9
Some protections
30
No protections
Protected
22 countries (10%)
Some protections
9 countries (4%)
No protections
30 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
168 countries (73%)
Protected
13 countries (26%)
Some protections
6 countries (12%)
No protections
10 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (42%)
Europe
Protected
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (50%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
Some protections
2 countries (6%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (81%)
North America
Protected
3 countries (5%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
53 countries (90%)
Africa
No protections
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

31
Protected
38
Some protections
41
No protections
Protected
31 countries (14%)
Some protections
38 countries (17%)
No protections
41 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
119 countries (52%)
Protected
18 countries (36%)
Some protections
16 countries (32%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Protected
3 countries (13%)
No protections
9 countries (38%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (50%)
Oceania
Protected
4 countries (29%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (36%)
South America
Protected
4 countries (11%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
20 countries (56%)
North America
Protected
2 countries (3%)
Some protections
7 countries (12%)
No protections
9 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
41 countries (69%)
Africa
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (67%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

68
Legal
5
Somewhere in between
26
Illegal
Legal
68 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (2%)
Illegal
26 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
130 countries (57%)
Legal
33 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
11 countries (31%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (64%)
North America
Legal
2 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
13 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (73%)
Africa
Legal
5 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

20
Legal
66
Illegal
Legal
20 countries (9%)
Illegal
66 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
143 countries (62%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
28 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
6 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 countries (75%)
North America
Illegal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
13 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
32 countries (70%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

97
Equal
28
Unequal
Equal
97 countries (42%)
Unequal
28 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
104 countries (45%)
Equal
48 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
8 countries (57%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
7 countries (19%)
Unequal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (67%)
North America
Equal
11 countries (19%)
Unequal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (61%)
Africa
Equal
15 countries (33%)
Unequal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (52%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
1
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
226 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 2329 LGBT-related laws.

22
LAWS CHANGED
this year
67
LAWS CHANGED
last year
315
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
93.5% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
80% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


349 contributions
11 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Niger
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Blood donations by MSMs in Chad
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in Chad

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region