• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
  • Feb 11 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Egypt
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

40
Legal
123
Somewhere in between
74
Illegal
Legal
40 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
123 countries (54%)
Illegal
74 countries (32%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
6 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
8 countries (22%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (39%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

88
Legal
57
Somewhere in between
38
Illegal
Legal
88 countries (38%)
Somewhere in between
57 countries (25%)
Illegal
38 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (20%)
Legal
15 countries (30%)
Somewhere in between
25 countries (50%)
Illegal
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Legal
12 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (25%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
14 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (17%)
Illegal
5 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (32%)
Africa
Legal
16 countries (35%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (26%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

104
Legal
64
Somewhere in between
39
Illegal
Legal
104 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
64 countries (28%)
Illegal
39 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (10%)
Legal
24 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (32%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (21%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (27%)
Illegal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (24%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

71
Protected
43
Some protections
114
No protections
Protected
71 countries (31%)
Some protections
43 countries (19%)
No protections
114 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
31 countries (62%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
4 countries (17%)
No protections
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
12 countries (33%)
Some protections
8 countries (22%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
9 countries (15%)
No protections
42 countries (71%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

91
Protected
6
Some protections
117
No protections
Protected
91 countries (40%)
Some protections
6 countries (3%)
No protections
117 countries (51%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Protected
40 countries (80%)
Some protections
3 countries (6%)
No protections
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
No protections
46 countries (78%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Protected
7 countries (15%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
32 countries (70%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

80
Protected
30
Some protections
113
No protections
Protected
80 countries (35%)
Some protections
30 countries (13%)
No protections
113 countries (49%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Protected
28 countries (56%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Protected
14 countries (58%)
Some protections
1 countries (4%)
No protections
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
16 countries (44%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
16 countries (44%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (5%)
Africa
Protected
8 countries (17%)
Some protections
3 countries (7%)
No protections
29 countries (63%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

151
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
30
Illegal
Legal
151 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
30 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
42 countries (18%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
10 countries (42%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
35 countries (59%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (5%)
Illegal
12 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (15%)
Africa
Legal
29 countries (63%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

157
Equal
44
Unequal
Equal
157 countries (69%)
Unequal
44 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (12%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
17 countries (71%)
Unequal
8 countries (33%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
21 countries (58%)
Unequal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (11%)
North America
Equal
33 countries (56%)
Unequal
15 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (19%)
Africa
Equal
25 countries (54%)
Unequal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (30%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

148
Legal
75
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
75 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
12 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Illegal
14 countries (39%)
North America
Legal
53 countries (90%)
Illegal
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
28 countries (61%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

28
Banned
34
Not banned
Banned
28 countries (12%)
Not banned
34 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
167 countries (73%)
Banned
9 countries (18%)
Not banned
18 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Banned
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (36%)
South America
Banned
2 countries (6%)
Not banned
6 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
56 countries (95%)
Africa
Banned
8 countries (17%)
Not banned
5 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 6114 LGBT-related laws.

38
LAWS CHANGED
this year
150
LAWS CHANGED
last year
18
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
101.3% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


80 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Vietnam
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Conversion therapy in Andrijevica
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Blood donations by MSMs in Andrijevica

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region