• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Jun 3 2016Became Legal in Nauru
  • May 18 2016Became Legal in Seychelles
  • Jun 30 2015Became Legal in Mozambique
  • May 18 2015Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Trinidad and Tobago
  • Oct 16 2014Became Legal in Palau
  • Aug 1 2014Became Male illegal, female uncertain in Uganda
  • Feb 24 2014Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Uganda
  • Dec 11 2013Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in India
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

140
Legal
74
Illegal
Legal
140 countries (61%)
Illegal
74 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (7%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
15 countries (63%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
25 countries (69%)
Illegal
10 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
18 countries (31%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

29
Legal
86
Somewhere in between
71
Illegal
Legal
29 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
86 countries (38%)
Illegal
71 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
43 countries (19%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
4 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
6 countries (17%)
Somewhere in between
15 countries (42%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (33%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
12 countries (20%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (25%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
17 countries (37%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

21
Legal
44
Somewhere in between
20
Illegal
Legal
21 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
44 countries (19%)
Illegal
20 countries (9%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
144 countries (63%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Legal
1 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Legal
3 countries (21%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
1 countries (3%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (83%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
54 countries (92%)
Africa
Legal
2 countries (4%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 countries (59%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

29
Legal
32
Somewhere in between
34
Illegal
Legal
29 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
32 countries (14%)
Illegal
34 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
134 countries (59%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
15 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (10%)
Europe
Legal
3 countries (13%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
19 countries (79%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
4 countries (11%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
2 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
29 countries (81%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (3%)
Illegal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Legal
3 countries (7%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (13%)
Illegal
9 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (61%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

56
Protected
29
Some protections
76
No protections
Protected
56 countries (24%)
Some protections
29 countries (13%)
No protections
76 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
68 countries (30%)
Protected
29 countries (58%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Europe
Protected
5 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
8 countries (22%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
18 countries (50%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
2 countries (3%)
No protections
28 countries (47%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (39%)
Africa
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
31 countries (67%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (20%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

20
Protected
8
Some protections
24
No protections
Protected
20 countries (9%)
Some protections
8 countries (3%)
No protections
24 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
177 countries (77%)
Protected
13 countries (26%)
Some protections
5 countries (10%)
No protections
9 countries (18%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
23 countries (46%)
Europe
Protected
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Protected
3 countries (21%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (64%)
South America
Protected
1 countries (3%)
Some protections
2 countries (6%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
30 countries (83%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
No protections
3 countries (5%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
55 countries (93%)
Africa
No protections
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (83%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

28
Protected
31
Some protections
27
No protections
Protected
28 countries (12%)
Some protections
31 countries (14%)
No protections
27 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
143 countries (62%)
Protected
18 countries (36%)
Some protections
16 countries (32%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Protected
3 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
21 countries (88%)
Oceania
Protected
4 countries (29%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Protected
2 countries (6%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
3 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Protected
1 countries (2%)
Some protections
5 countries (8%)
No protections
6 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
47 countries (80%)
Africa
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
11 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
33 countries (72%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

63
Legal
5
Somewhere in between
22
Illegal
Legal
63 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (2%)
Illegal
22 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
139 countries (61%)
Legal
33 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (4%)
Illegal
4 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (43%)
South America
Legal
10 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
25 countries (69%)
North America
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
46 countries (78%)
Africa
Legal
4 countries (9%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
35 countries (76%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

88
Equal
23
Unequal
Equal
88 countries (38%)
Unequal
23 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
118 countries (52%)
Equal
48 countries (96%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Equal
8 countries (33%)
Unequal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
15 countries (63%)
Oceania
Equal
7 countries (50%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Equal
5 countries (14%)
Unequal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
26 countries (72%)
North America
Equal
7 countries (12%)
Unequal
8 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (75%)
Africa
Equal
13 countries (28%)
Unequal
6 countries (13%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
27 countries (59%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

20
Legal
50
Illegal
Legal
20 countries (9%)
Illegal
50 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
159 countries (69%)
Legal
10 countries (20%)
Illegal
28 countries (56%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (24%)
Europe
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
22 countries (92%)
Oceania
Legal
6 countries (43%)
Illegal
4 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (29%)
South America
Legal
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
5 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
28 countries (78%)
North America
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
57 countries (97%)
Africa
Legal
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
9 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (78%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

2
Banned
1
Not banned
Banned
2 countries (1%)
Not banned
1 countries (0%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
226 countries (99%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
50 countries (100%)
Europe
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
24 countries (100%)
Oceania
Banned
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (93%)
South America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
36 countries (100%)
North America
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
59 countries (100%)
Africa
Banned
1 countries (2%)
Not banned
1 countries (2%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
44 countries (96%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 2172 LGBT-related laws.

18
LAWS CHANGED
this year
66
LAWS CHANGED
last year
165
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
92.6% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
74.3% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


192 contributions
11 contributions
3 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Homosexuals serving openly in military in New Caledonia
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in New Caledonia
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT employment discrimination in New Caledonia

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region