• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • May 19 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Tuvalu
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

42
Legal
123
Somewhere in between
72
Illegal
Legal
42 countries (18%)
Somewhere in between
123 countries (54%)
Illegal
72 countries (31%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
35 countries (70%)
Illegal
9 countries (18%)
Europe
Legal
6 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
12 countries (50%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
10 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (67%)
Illegal
3 countries (8%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
23 countries (39%)
Illegal
31 countries (53%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

121
Legal
46
Somewhere in between
46
Illegal
Legal
121 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
46 countries (20%)
Illegal
46 countries (20%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
16 countries (7%)
Legal
17 countries (34%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Legal
4 countries (29%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
16 countries (44%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (8%)
Illegal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (14%)
North America
Legal
52 countries (88%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Somewhere in between
10 countries (22%)
Illegal
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
7 countries (15%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

123
Legal
59
Somewhere in between
39
Illegal
Legal
123 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
59 countries (26%)
Illegal
39 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
24 countries (48%)
Somewhere in between
16 countries (32%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
2 countries (8%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
31 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
14 countries (24%)
Africa
Legal
20 countries (43%)
Somewhere in between
8 countries (17%)
Illegal
12 countries (26%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

75
Protected
52
Some protections
101
No protections
Protected
75 countries (33%)
Some protections
52 countries (23%)
No protections
101 countries (44%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (0%)
Protected
31 countries (62%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
6 countries (12%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
7 countries (29%)
No protections
5 countries (21%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
14 countries (39%)
Some protections
9 countries (25%)
No protections
13 countries (36%)
North America
Protected
9 countries (15%)
Some protections
13 countries (22%)
No protections
37 countries (63%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

100
Protected
4
Some protections
121
No protections
Protected
100 countries (44%)
Some protections
4 countries (2%)
No protections
121 countries (53%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Protected
41 countries (82%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
10 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (13%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
18 countries (50%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
15 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
12 countries (20%)
No protections
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Protected
10 countries (22%)
No protections
35 countries (76%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

90
Protected
29
Some protections
96
No protections
Protected
90 countries (39%)
Some protections
29 countries (13%)
No protections
96 countries (42%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
14 countries (6%)
Protected
30 countries (60%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
5 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
15 countries (63%)
Some protections
1 countries (4%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
18 countries (50%)
Some protections
5 countries (14%)
No protections
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
34 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (20%)
Africa
Protected
12 countries (26%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

171
Legal
4
Somewhere in between
23
Illegal
Legal
171 countries (75%)
Somewhere in between
4 countries (2%)
Illegal
23 countries (10%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
31 countries (14%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (22%)
North America
Legal
42 countries (71%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
11 countries (19%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (8%)
Africa
Legal
33 countries (72%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
8 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (9%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

186
Equal
39
Unequal
Equal
186 countries (81%)
Unequal
39 countries (17%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (2%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
20 countries (83%)
Unequal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
25 countries (69%)
Unequal
8 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
49 countries (83%)
Unequal
14 countries (24%)
Africa
Equal
31 countries (67%)
Unequal
7 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (17%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

167
Legal
56
Illegal
Legal
167 countries (73%)
Illegal
56 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
15 countries (63%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
32 countries (89%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
55 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (3%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
30 countries (65%)
Illegal
15 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

23
Banned
194
Not banned
Banned
23 countries (10%)
Not banned
194 countries (85%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
12 countries (5%)
Banned
3 countries (6%)
Not banned
43 countries (86%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (8%)
Europe
Banned
4 countries (17%)
Not banned
18 countries (75%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (8%)
Oceania
Banned
5 countries (36%)
Not banned
9 countries (64%)
South America
Banned
1 countries (3%)
Not banned
32 countries (89%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Banned
3 countries (5%)
Not banned
52 countries (88%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
4 countries (7%)
Africa
Banned
7 countries (15%)
Not banned
40 countries (87%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 7789 LGBT-related laws.

44
LAWS CHANGED
this year
147
LAWS CHANGED
last year
211
LAWS ADDED
THIS WEEK
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.4% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


718 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Blood donations by MSMs in Thailand
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex adoption in Indonesia
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Same-sex marriage in Estonia

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region