• Homosexuality
  • Marriage
  • Changing Gender
  • Adoption
  • Discrimination
  • Employment Discrimination
  • Housing Discrimination
  • Military
  • Donating
    Blood
  • Age of
    Consent
  • Conversion Therapy
Loading map of LGBT rights...

Homosexual Activity

Consensual sexual activity between individuals of the same sex.

  • Legal
  • Male illegal, female legal
  • Male illegal, female uncertain
  • Illegal (other penalty)
  • Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
  • Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment)
  • Illegal (death penalty as punishment)
  • Unknown, N/A, or ambiguous

Recent Changes

  • Sep 4 2017Became Legal in Republic of the Congo
  • Aug 10 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Aug 10 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Saint Lucia
  • Aug 8 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Kiribati
  • Mar 6 2017Became Illegal (imprisonment as punishment) in Maldives
  • Mar 5 2017Became Illegal (up to life in prison as punishment) in Barbados
  • Feb 12 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Palestine
  • Feb 11 2017Became Male illegal, female legal in Egypt
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Status of LGBT Laws by Country

Homosexual activity

148
Legal
73
Illegal
Legal
148 countries (65%)
Illegal
73 countries (32%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
8 countries (3%)
Legal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Legal
17 countries (71%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
27 countries (75%)
Illegal
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
35 countries (59%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Legal
19 countries (41%)
Illegal
21 countries (46%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Same-sex marriage

43
Legal
115
Somewhere in between
79
Illegal
Legal
43 countries (19%)
Somewhere in between
115 countries (50%)
Illegal
79 countries (34%)
Legal
13 countries (26%)
Somewhere in between
34 countries (68%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Somewhere in between
9 countries (38%)
Illegal
6 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
5 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
7 countries (50%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
9 countries (25%)
Somewhere in between
21 countries (58%)
Illegal
7 countries (19%)
North America
Legal
8 countries (14%)
Somewhere in between
22 countries (37%)
Illegal
32 countries (54%)
Africa
Somewhere in between
22 countries (48%)
Illegal
22 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Asia

Right to change legal gender

105
Legal
62
Somewhere in between
57
Illegal
Legal
105 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
62 countries (27%)
Illegal
57 countries (25%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Legal
18 countries (36%)
Somewhere in between
24 countries (48%)
Illegal
6 countries (12%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (4%)
Europe
Legal
13 countries (54%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (13%)
Illegal
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Legal
7 countries (50%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (14%)
Illegal
11 countries (31%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (3%)
North America
Legal
30 countries (51%)
Somewhere in between
14 countries (24%)
Illegal
15 countries (25%)
Africa
Legal
18 countries (39%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (7%)
Asia

Same-sex adoption

103
Legal
66
Somewhere in between
54
Illegal
Legal
103 countries (45%)
Somewhere in between
66 countries (29%)
Illegal
54 countries (24%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (3%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Somewhere in between
17 countries (34%)
Illegal
10 countries (20%)
Europe
Legal
14 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
2 countries (8%)
Illegal
7 countries (29%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Legal
9 countries (64%)
Somewhere in between
5 countries (36%)
South America
Legal
19 countries (53%)
Somewhere in between
13 countries (36%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
North America
Legal
25 countries (42%)
Somewhere in between
18 countries (31%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
Africa
Legal
13 countries (28%)
Somewhere in between
11 countries (24%)
Illegal
17 countries (37%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT discrimination

70
Protected
41
Some protections
118
No protections
Protected
70 countries (31%)
Some protections
41 countries (18%)
No protections
118 countries (52%)
Protected
30 countries (60%)
Some protections
12 countries (24%)
No protections
8 countries (16%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
Some protections
4 countries (17%)
No protections
9 countries (38%)
Oceania
Protected
7 countries (50%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
4 countries (29%)
South America
Protected
12 countries (33%)
Some protections
7 countries (19%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
7 countries (12%)
Some protections
8 countries (14%)
No protections
44 countries (75%)
Africa
Protected
3 countries (7%)
Some protections
7 countries (15%)
No protections
36 countries (78%)
Asia

LGBT housing discrimination

89
Protected
8
Some protections
127
No protections
Protected
89 countries (39%)
Some protections
8 countries (3%)
No protections
127 countries (55%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (2%)
Protected
39 countries (78%)
Some protections
3 countries (6%)
No protections
11 countries (22%)
Europe
Protected
11 countries (46%)
No protections
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
1 countries (7%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (21%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
1 countries (3%)
No protections
18 countries (50%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (6%)
North America
Protected
10 countries (17%)
Some protections
1 countries (2%)
No protections
50 countries (85%)
Africa
Protected
6 countries (13%)
Some protections
2 countries (4%)
No protections
33 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

LGBT employment discrimination

72
Protected
38
Some protections
121
No protections
Protected
72 countries (31%)
Some protections
38 countries (17%)
No protections
121 countries (53%)
Protected
27 countries (54%)
Some protections
13 countries (26%)
No protections
7 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Protected
10 countries (42%)
Some protections
5 countries (21%)
No protections
17 countries (71%)
Oceania
Protected
8 countries (57%)
Some protections
3 countries (21%)
No protections
2 countries (14%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Protected
15 countries (42%)
Some protections
6 countries (17%)
No protections
17 countries (47%)
North America
Protected
6 countries (10%)
Some protections
6 countries (10%)
No protections
48 countries (81%)
Africa
Protected
6 countries (13%)
Some protections
5 countries (11%)
No protections
30 countries (65%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
5 countries (11%)
Asia

Homosexuals serving openly in military

150
Legal
6
Somewhere in between
35
Illegal
Legal
150 countries (66%)
Somewhere in between
6 countries (3%)
Illegal
35 countries (15%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
38 countries (17%)
Legal
43 countries (86%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
3 countries (6%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
10 countries (42%)
Illegal
1 countries (4%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
13 countries (54%)
Oceania
Legal
12 countries (86%)
Illegal
1 countries (7%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (7%)
South America
Legal
22 countries (61%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (3%)
Illegal
4 countries (11%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (25%)
North America
Legal
34 countries (58%)
Somewhere in between
3 countries (5%)
Illegal
16 countries (27%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (10%)
Africa
Legal
29 countries (63%)
Somewhere in between
1 countries (2%)
Illegal
10 countries (22%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Equal age of consent

164
Equal
63
Unequal
Equal
164 countries (72%)
Unequal
63 countries (28%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (1%)
Equal
50 countries (100%)
Europe
Equal
17 countries (71%)
Unequal
10 countries (42%)
Oceania
Equal
11 countries (79%)
Unequal
3 countries (21%)
South America
Equal
21 countries (58%)
Unequal
12 countries (33%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Equal
39 countries (66%)
Unequal
24 countries (41%)
Africa
Equal
26 countries (57%)
Unequal
14 countries (30%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
6 countries (13%)
Asia

Blood donations by MSMs

143
Legal
83
Illegal
Legal
143 countries (62%)
Illegal
83 countries (36%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (1%)
Legal
23 countries (46%)
Illegal
24 countries (48%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Legal
8 countries (33%)
Illegal
16 countries (67%)
Oceania
Legal
13 countries (93%)
Illegal
2 countries (14%)
South America
Legal
20 countries (56%)
Illegal
16 countries (44%)
North America
Legal
52 countries (88%)
Illegal
7 countries (12%)
Africa
Legal
27 countries (59%)
Illegal
18 countries (39%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (2%)
Asia

Conversion therapy

40
Banned
180
Not banned
Banned
40 countries (17%)
Not banned
180 countries (79%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
9 countries (4%)
Banned
11 countries (22%)
Not banned
36 countries (72%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (6%)
Europe
Banned
9 countries (38%)
Not banned
14 countries (58%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
1 countries (4%)
Oceania
Banned
6 countries (43%)
Not banned
8 countries (57%)
South America
Banned
3 countries (8%)
Not banned
30 countries (83%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
3 countries (8%)
North America
Banned
2 countries (3%)
Not banned
55 countries (93%)
No data, no laws, N/A, or ambiguous
2 countries (3%)
Africa
Banned
9 countries (20%)
Not banned
37 countries (80%)
Asia

Equaldex is tracking 5933 LGBT-related laws.

150
LAWS CHANGED
this year
151
LAWS CHANGED
last year
1
LAW ADDED
THIS WEEK
101.3% COUNTRIES WITH 1+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 2+ LAWS
100.9% COUNTRIES WITH 3+ LAWS

Top Contributors (Month)


39 contributions

Recent Edits

Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Cuba
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
LGBT discrimination in Mongolia
Ausyk
Ausyk added an entry.
Right to change legal gender in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti

LGBT Rights by Country

Explore the status and timelines of LGBT rights in each country, state, province, and region; same-sex marriage, adoption, serving openly in the military, discrimination protections, age of consent differences, blood donation restrictions, gender changing restrictions, and gay conversion therapy bans.

Antarctica

1 Region