• Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
  • Marriage
    ✖ Unrecognized
  • Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
  • Adoption
    Ambiguous
  • Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
  • Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
  • Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
  • Military
    Ambiguous
  • Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
  • Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (6-month deferral)
  • Conversion Therapy
    ✔ Banned

Public Opinion

"Should Society Accept Homosexuality?"

Japan ranks #15 out of 39 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 4, 2013)
(36%) No
Yes (54%)

By The Numbers

42.3%
of Japanese adults support or somewhat supported same-sex marriage
7.7%
of Japanese people between 20 and 59 identify as LGBT

History

Homosexual activity in Japan

?
Current status
(since 1881)
Legal
Anal sodomy was decriminalized in 1881 when the provision was dropped from Japan's Penal Code. It was eliminated by supervision of Gustave Boissonade, a French legal scholar who served as an advisor to develop the legal system in Japan.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  11 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Illegal (other penalty)
Sodomy ("keikan") was criminalized in 1873 with article 266 of the Meiji Legal Code, however, it was hardly ever punished, with only 20 recorded instances of sodomy during 1876 to 1881.
Sources:
Homosexuality in Modern Japan: Cultural Myths and Social Realities by Mark J. McLelland
books.google.com/books?id=d… Male
iglhrc.org/sites/default/fi…
Added by danlev  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Japan

?
May 3, 1947–Mar 21, 2017
Unrecognized
still in process of recognizing it by cities.
Sources:
No
Added by Ausyk  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
(since May 3, 1947)
Unrecognized
Article 24 of the Japanese Constitution states that "marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with the equal rights of husband and wife as a basis".
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  10 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Japan

?
Current status
(since 2008)
Legal, but requires surgery
Transgender citizens have the option to legally change their gender only after undergoing sex-reassignment surgery.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  13 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Japan

?
Current status
Ambiguous
The United States State Department states: "there are no laws regulating or addressing same-sex couples adopting in Japan, but there have been no known cases of this happening."
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Japan

?
Current status
(since May 3, 1947)
No protections
Japan does not have LGBT protections from discrimination in employment, housing, etc. The Japanese Constitution promises equal rights to all and this is widely interpretted as extending to LGBT citizens.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Japan

?
Current status
No protections
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including employment.
Added by danlev  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Japan

?
Current status
No protections
In a 2008 report by the UN Human Rights Committee, they expressed concern about discrimination against LGBT people in several areas, including housing. According to Article 23(1) of Japan’s Public Housing Law, it only applies to married and unmarried different-sex couples. However, in October of 2012, the Japanese government stated that Article 23(1) was abolished and, therefore, same-sex partners were no longer excluded.

However, the Human Rights Committee report states that in reality, "municipalities decide who can rent public houses under the amended Public Housing Law and few municipal policies allow same-sex couples to qualify. Thus, in practice same-sex couples remain excluded from public housing."
Added by danlev  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Japan

?
Current status
(since May 3, 1947)
Ambiguous
The Japanese do not have a specific policy either banning or encouraging LGBT participation in the Self Defense Forces. Research by Sabine Fruhstuck has shown that many Japanese do not object to open LGBT service in the military provided it does not interfere with their performance.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Japan

?
Current status
(since May 3, 1947)
Equal
The national age of consent is 13 for both same-sex couples and opposite-sex couples. Cities and prefectures may set higher ages of consent.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Japan

?
Current status
(since Apr 1, 2011)
Banned (6-month deferral)
Red Cross Japan reduces deferral for high HIV risk individual from 12 months to 6 months.
Added by vviet93  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Apr 1, 2011–Jan 20, 2017
Legal
According to the Japanese Blood Blank.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
2005–Apr 1, 2011
Banned (1-year deferral)
Gay men in Japan are banned from donating blood following one (1) year after male-male sexual contact. Japanese Red Cross opposses this practice.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  5 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Japan

?
Current status
(since Jun 9, 2015)
Banned
both sexual and gender conversation therapy is banned.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log



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