• Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
  • Marriage
    ✔ Legal
  • Changing Gender
    Varies by Region
  • Adoption
    ✔ Legal
  • Discrimination
    Illegal in some contexts
  • Housing Discrimination
    Varies by Region
  • Employment Discrimination
    Sexual orientation only
  • Military
    ✔ Legal
  • Age of Consent
    ✖ Unequal
  • Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (5-year deferral)
  • Conversion Therapy
    Varies by Region

Public Opinion

"Should Society Accept Homosexuality?"

Canada ranks #3 out of 39 countries surveyed. (Source: Pew Research Center, June 4, 2013)
(14%) No
Yes (80%)


Homosexual activity in Canada

Current status
(since May 14, 1969)
Canada decriminalizes homosexuality with the introduction of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69.
Added by alexkillby  ·  26 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Jul 1, 1867–May 14, 1969
Illegal (imprisonment as punishment)
Indefinite Imprisonment as "Dangerous Sex Offender" - origin of law was included from confederation in 1867.
Added by alexkillby  ·  13 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Canada

Current status
(since Jul 20, 2005)
Same-sex marriage in Canada became legal with The Civil Marriage Act.
Added by danlev  ·  28 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Right to change legal gender in Canada

Current status
(since 2012)
Varies by Region
Legal gender change has many different contexts within Canada. Birth certificate is arguably the most recognized authoritative statement of gender. Changes to this document are regulated province by province. Some require proof of surgery for a certificate change, others require a psychologist's statement. For citizens born outside of Canada, recognition is at the federal level in the form of changes to one's certificate of Canadian citizenship and/or passport which at present requires proof of surgery to obtain.

Legal, surgery not required

  1. Newfoundland and Labrador 2015
  2. Quebec 2015
  3. Manitoba 2015
  4. British Columbia 2014
  5. Alberta 2014
  6. Ontario 2012
  7. Yukon Territory

Legal, but requires surgery

  1. Saskatchewan 2009
  2. Nova Scotia 2001
  3. New Brunswick
  4. Northwest Territories
  5. Nunavut
  6. Prince Edward Island

Same-sex adoption in Canada

Current status
(since May 25, 1995)
Added by alexkillby  ·  25 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Canada

Current status
(since Apr 17, 1985)
Illegal in some contexts
Non-inclusion of Gender Identity in Charter.
Added by alexkillby  ·  7 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Apr 17, 1985–Nov 25, 2016
just passed gender identity and expression protection. under Bill C-16 makes it illegal to spread hate propaganda.
Added by Ausyk  ·  4 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Canada

Current status
Varies by Region
Housing and tenancy typically falls under provincial jurisdiction.
Added by litui  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sexual orientation and gender identity

  1. British Columbia 2016
  2. Ontario 2012
  3. Manitoba
  4. New Brunswick
  5. Northwest Territories
  6. Northwest Territories
  7. Northwest Territories
  8. Northwest Territories
  9. Northwest Territories
  10. Nova Scotia
  11. Prince Edward Island
  12. Quebec

Sexual orientation only

  1. Alberta 2009
  2. Newfoundland and Labrador
  3. Nunavut
  4. Saskatchewan
  5. Yukon Territory

LGBT employment discrimination in Canada

Current status
(since Jun 1, 1996)
Sexual orientation only
Federal human rights law applies directly to only federal government employment and employers which fall under federal jurisdiction. Gender identity is only implicitly protected under interpretation of the law by the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal. Attempts have been made to have gender identity and gender expression added as protected classes to both the Canadian Human Rights Act and Criminal Code, though none of these attempts so far has been successful.

Provincial human rights acts are separate, but Supreme Court precedent exists for requiring provinces to protect the same classes as the Canadian Human Rights Act. At this time all provinces protect against employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Of the provinces only Ontario has explicit protection on the basis of both gender identity and gender expression in its human rights code, though several provide implicit protections on the basis of gender identity or "transsexualism" under the category of "sex" or "gender".

Homosexuals serving openly in military in Canada

Current status
(since Oct 10, 1992)
LGBT soldiers are permitted to serve in the Canadian military.
Added by bradcoffey106  ·  19 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Canada

Current status
(since May 1, 2008)
The age of consent in for anal sex in Canada is 18, whereas the age of consent for acts of sex is 16.
Added by alexkillby  ·  21 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Canada

May 12, 2015–Jan 18, 2017
According to the NBC news.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Current status
(since Jul 22, 2013)
Banned (5-year deferral)
Health Canada changed the indefinite deferral period to a 5-year deferral, effective July 22, 2013.
Added by alexkillby  ·  14 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log
Sep 26, 1998–Jun 22, 2013
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Added by alexkillby  ·  7 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Canada

Current status
Varies by Region
Conversion therapy in Canada is not yet banned at a Federal level and many ex-gay organizations and groups who endorse conversion/reparative therapy continue to operate as registered charities. Some provinces have made gestures or passed laws to make conversion therapy illegal both for sexual orientation and gender identity.
Added by litui  ·  7 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log


  1. Ontario 2015
  2. Manitoba 2015

Not banned

  1. Alberta 2016
  2. New Brunswick
  3. Newfoundland and Labrador
  4. Northwest Territories
  5. Nova Scotia
  6. Saskatchewan


  1. British Columbia
  2. Nunavut
  3. Prince Edward Island
  4. Quebec
  5. Yukon Territory

LGBT Rights by Province

View the LGBT laws in each individual province of Canada.

    Search Interest