2013 in LGBT Rights

In 2013, there were 123 recorded legal changes made affecting LGBT people. In the previous year, there were 84 changes made and 96 in the following year. A total of 735 legal changes have been made so far in the 2010s.

  • December 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    New non-discrimination law protects LGBT persons from discriminations in the workplace. Language does not strictly protects people of other gender identities however.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under the election reform law.
  • December 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Federal judge strikes down Utah's same-sex marriage ban.
  • December 19
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    State's highest court rules gay marriage ban unconstitutional
  • December 18
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    In a landmark ruling, the Supreme Court ruled in favour of not requiring surgery to change one's gender on official documents.
  • December 11
    Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    The Delhi High Court ruling, IPC 377, was overruled by the Supreme Court of India. Sexual intercourse between two people of the same sex is illegal, being punishable by up to 10 years imprisonment.
  • Homosexual activity becomes illegal (imprisonment as punishment).
    10 years to life in prison.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Homosexual relations in India was ruled illegal and thus so is homosexual union.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • December 9
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Still the same as before, it requires psychiatric evaluations and sexual reassignment surgeries for an individual's gender identity to be recognized.
  • December 2
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Gay couples tie the knot in Hawaii as same-sex marriage law kicks in
  • December 1
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    .
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    .
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    .
  • November 27
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    .
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • November 20
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2013, Illinois legalized same-sex marriage.
  • November 15
    Same-sex marriage becomes ambiguous.
    Same-sex marriage celebrated via judicial proceedings / court order.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes foreign same-sex marriages recognized only.
    Legally married same sex couples from outside the state can file joint tax returns, analogous with the state recognizing their union. The actual state of marriage is still currently in question.
  • November 12
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Proposition 110 still states that same sex union is not legal. However, it removed all penalty involved with marriage ceremony or attempts to register, effectively de-criminalizing the act.
  • October 22
    Same-sex marriage becomes unrecognized.
    Passed in ACT only but overturned by the High Court
  • October 10
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • September 27
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2013, New Jersey legalized same-sex marriage.
  • September 19
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Hate speech banned. Criminal Justice (Amendment) Act 2013.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (1-year deferral).
    Not all clinics/hospitals follow this law.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • September 13
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    under the anti-discrimination law. also the 2013 admentment.
  • August 19
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Only for married couples and individuals. Banned still for any couples who are unmarried or in a civil union.
  • August 8
    Same-sex marriage becomes ambiguous.
    Same-sex marriage celebrated via judicial proceedings / court order.
  • August 2
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Socially accepted there.
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    Completely legal in EU.
  • August 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Governor Mark Dayton signed a bill into law overturning a previous law which banned marriage between anyone other than one man and one woman.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2013, Rhode Island legalized same-sex marriage.
  • August
    Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    Conversion therapy was banned by the state legislature and signed into law by the governor in August of 2013. It was contested in court and the ban was upheld by the courts.
  • July 31
    LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • July 29
    LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    Signed into law by President Vladimir Putin, the law on “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations among minors” criminalizes public expression of support for nontraditional relationships.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes no protections.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes no protections.
    LGBT people can be fired.
  • July 22
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    Health Canada changed the indefinite deferral period to a 5-year deferral, effective July 22, 2013.
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes banned (5-year deferral).
    MSMs were previously put on indefinite deferral until the 2013 announcement by Canadian Blood Services.
  • July 17
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Came into force as of March 29th, 2014 . Same-sex marriage is still unrecognized fully in some parts of the UK (such as Northern Ireland).
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Legal from March 13th 2014
  • July 4
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    The Human Rights bill is amended to include protection clauses for sexual orientation (but not gender identity explicitly)
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under Bermuda's anti discrimination law.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Yes
  • July 3
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    .
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    .
  • July 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2013, Delaware legalized same-sex marriage.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    only in employment on sexual orientation.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    one of the conditions for entering the pacific agreement. Section 55(e) of the Employment Relations Act 2012
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Under the Cook Island Criminal Code.
  • June 28
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    In 2013, California legalized same-sex marriage.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Act 2013
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    as being a territory of Australia.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    as being a territory of Australia.
  • June 26
    Same-sex marriage becomes varies by region.
    Legal status is extremely variable based on the individual state. Recognized at a Federal level, but not in all states, for all intents and purposes except Social Security. Social Security is based on the state of residence's recognition of marital status.
  • June 10
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    People are protected from discrimination based upon both sexual orientation and gender identification.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    This state explicitly bans housing discrimination based upon sexual orientation and gender identification. Additionally, the Human Rights Campaign states, "The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires grantees and participants of HUD programs to comply with local and state non-discrimination laws that include sexual orientation and gender identity. HUD also prohibits inquiries regarding the sexual orientation or gender identity of a prospective tenant or applicant for assisted housing in every state (March 2012)."
  • June
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    From a Federal standpoint, you can change your gender with proof that you have undergone treatment for a gender change (surgery no longer required in any agency as of June 2013)
  • May 29
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    Pursuant to NRS 201.195, the law prohibiting sexual contact with minors 16+ has been repealed. NRS 201.195.2 previously disallowed homosexual persons under the age of 18 from having sexual contact, but allowed heterosexual couples aged 16+ to attain such acts. In May 29, 2013, that subsection was repealed, and the law applied equally to both Homosexual and Heterosexual persons aged 16+
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Law does not protect against property rentals.
  • May 22
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    Homophobia is now considered hate speech
  • May 17
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Being a French collective, french law applies here
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    French law applies
  • May 14
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Since May 14, 2013, any same-sex civil union can be converted into marriage, according to the Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) resolution.
  • May 13
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Hong Kong Supreme Court ruled that post-operative transsexuals could change their legal gender for purposes including marriage.
  • May 7
    Homosexuals serving openly in military becomes legal.
    Hate crime law allows LGBTQ+ individuals to serve openly without discrimination in the military
  • May 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes civil unions.
    The Colorado General Assembly passed SB-11, the Colorado Civil Union Act.
  • April 24
    Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    The Chilean Health Ministry repeals the blood ban after a year of lobbying by the country's leading LGBT organization, Chilean Homosexual Integration and Liberation Movement (MOVILH).
  • April 18
    Homosexual activity becomes legal.
    Though the US Supreme Court and the Montana Supreme Court both ruled the law unconstitutional and unenforceable as early as 2003, it remained on the books until officially removed on 4/18/2013.
  • April 17
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    Follows from French laws
  • Conversion therapy becomes banned.
    No country in Asia has banned it.
  • April 10
    Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    Same-sex marriage became legal in Uruguay after the passing of the Equal Marriage Act. Uruguay became the twelfth country in the world to legalize gay marriage and the second Latin American country, after Argentina.
  • April 2
    Equal age of consent becomes equal.
    The Criminal Law Act of 2013 raised the age of consent for homosexual sex and heterosexual sex to 18.
  • April
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
  • March 22
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    Transgender persons are permitted to change their gender without having had sexual reassignment surgeries.
  • February 22
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    Article 321 of the penal code was amended to protect LGBT individual from discrimination. Implementation of this law however has not yet been found.
  • February 21
    LGBT discrimination becomes illegal.
    A penal code change in 2013 made it illegal to discriminate according to sexual orientation and identity.
  • February 19
    Same-sex adoption becomes step-child adoption only.
    Same-sex couples in Germany can legally adopt a step-child, biological or not of the other partner.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    No
  • January 22
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
  • January 1
    Same-sex marriage becomes not legal.
    Wasn't legal
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    No
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    as being a department of France.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    as being a department of France.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    as being a department of France.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    as being a department of France.
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    No
  • Same-sex marriage becomes legal.
    No
  • January
    Same-sex adoption becomes step-child adoption only.
    Only step child adoption can take place
  • January 1
    Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    No
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    legalized when they recognized gay marriage.
  • Same-sex adoption becomes legal.
    as being an oversees territory of France.
  • LGBT discrimination becomes no protections.
    At this time there is no discrimination protection at the State level
  • LGBT discrimination becomes illegal in some contexts.
    A law protecting LGBTQ+ population from labour law discrimination took effect on January 1st 2013
  • (date unknown)
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, but requires surgery.
    DECISION T-918-12 The Constitutional Court rules on the right to sexual identity, its relationship with the right to health in the case of transgender people and the change of the marital status of persons on the grounds on gender reassignment. The Chamber rules that it is the duty of the Health Promotion Agency to which the plaintiff is registered, to apply the procedures needed for the gender reassignment surgery, since these are covered by the Compulsory Health Plan (POS). Additionally, in the action for protection it is requested the application of all the procedures required for the normalization of the process of feminization and changing registration of gender from MALE to FEMALE, without leaving in this document any record of the biological condition. DECREE 1227 OF 2015 On June 5, the Colombian President signed Decree 1227, which authorizes citizens to change their sex on identification documents through a Notary Public and without having to prove their sexual identity through psychiatric or physical evaluations.
  • January 1
    Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No
  • Right to change legal gender becomes legal, surgery not required.
    No
  • Blood donations by MSMs becomes legal.
    No
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    Under the Cuban Criminal Code.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Under the Cuban Criminal Code.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation only.
    Under the Cuban Criminal Code.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As being a territory of USA. US laws apply.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As being a territory of USA. US laws apply.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    As being a territory of USA. US laws apply.
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    under the Sex Discrimination admendment act
  • LGBT employment discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • LGBT housing discrimination becomes sexual orientation and gender identity.
    No
  • Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    No
  • Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    As far as I know
  • Conversion therapy becomes not banned.
    No

LGBT Organizations Founded in 2013

  • Outbound FaviconOutbound
    Global
    An organization that makes sure that no one is alone when coming out of the closet by facilitating relevant and personalized mentorship.
  • Vocal Organization for International Courage & Equality (V.O.I.C.E.) FaviconVocal Organization for International Courage & Equality (V.O.I.C.E.)
    Global
    The Vocal Organization for International Courage & Equality (V.O.I.C.E.) was established in 2013 as a result of the overwhelming support of our visual equality campaign, “So…
  • Diversity PRO FaviconDiversity PRO
    Global
    Diversity PRO is a Non-Government Organization (NGO) aimed at raising awareness to workplace Diversity & Inclusion, and promoting Diversity visibility and leadership.