💬 NEW! Join Equaldex's LGBTQ+ Discord to discuss LGBT rights and chat!

State

    Homosexuality
    ✔ Legal
    Gay Marriage
    ✔ Legal
    Censorship
    ✖ State-enforced
    Changing Gender
    ✔ Legal, but requires surgery
    Non-binary gender recognition
    ✖ Not legally recognized
    Discrimination
    Illegal in some contexts
    Employment Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Housing Discrimination
    ✖ No protections
    Adoption
    ✖ Single only
    Military
    ✔ Legal
    Donating Blood
    ✖ Banned (3-month deferral)
    Conversion Therapy
    ✖ Not banned
    Age of Consent
    ✔ Equal
Suggest Public Opinion Data

Public Opinion

Support for LGBT protections by US state

Ranked #1 out of 50 regions surveyed. (Source: PRRI, 2018)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose laws that would protect gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people against discrimination in jobs, public accommodations, and housing?"

 
Favor (59%)

Opposition of religiously based refusals to serve gay and lesbian people

Ranked #1 out of 50 regions surveyed. (Source: PRRI, 2018)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose allowing a small business owner in your state to refuse to provide products or services to gay or lesbian people, if doing so violates their religious beliefs"

 
Oppose (49%)

Support of same-sex marriage by US state

Ranked #50 out of 51 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research, 2014)

Question: "Do you strongly favor, favor, oppose or strongly oppose allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally?"

(57%) Oppose
Favor (33%)

Support of homosexuality by US state

Ranked #49 out of 51 regions surveyed. (Source: Pew Research, 2014)

Question: "Which statement comes closer to your own views: homosexuality should be accepted by society OR homosexuality should be discouraged by society?"

(52%) Oppose
Support (41%)

History

Homosexual activity in Alabama

?

Homosexual activity in Alabama is legal.

Current status
Since Jun 26, 2003
Legal
Lawrence v. Texas, U.S. Supreme Court (2003)
Sources:
Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)
Added by garrettdietz  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex marriage in Alabama

?

Same-sex marriage in Alabama is legal.

Current status
Since Feb 12, 2015
Legal
After the ban on same sex marriage was found to be unconstitutional, federal judge ordered that marriage licenses be issued.
Added by vviet93  ·  3 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Aug 29, 1996–Feb 12, 2015
Unrecognized, only same-sex marriage official
There is a ban on same sex marriage
Added by robertshippey  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Alabama

?

Censorship of LGBT Issues in Alabama is state-enforced.

Current status
Since Jul 1, 2022
State-enforced
AL HB322 mandates that:
An individual or group of individuals providing classroom instruction to students in kindergarten through the fifth grade at a public K-12 school shall not engage in classroom discussion or provide classroom instruction regarding sexual orientation or gender identity in a manner that is not age appropriate or developmentally appropriate for students in accordance with state standards.

The State Board of Education shall adopt rules for the implementation and enforcement of this section.

It was signed by Gov. Kay Ivey on April 7th 2022 and will go into effect on the first day of the third month following said signature.
Added by JerofDoorhandle  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

1975–Jul 1, 2022
State-enforced
AL HB385 (2021), signed by Governor Kay Ivey in April of 2021, amended Section 16-40A-2, Code of Alabama 1975 to strike an emphasis in the state's public sex education that "in a factual manner and from a public health perspective, homosexuality is not a lifestyle acceptable to the general public and that homosexual conduct is a criminal offense under the laws of the state."

In 2003 the US Supreme Court under LAWRENCE V. TEXAS made unconstitutional state anti-sodomy laws. Regardless, teachers in Alabama still had to emphasize that homosexuality was illegal.

Right to change legal gender in Alabama

?

Right to change legal gender in Alabama is legal, but requires surgery.

Current status
Legal, but requires surgery
To change birth certificate and drivers license. Missing non binary options on documents.
Added by Ausyk  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Alabama

?

Legal recognition of non-binary gender in Alabama is not legally recognized.

Current status
Not legally recognized
Not currently recognized.
Added by Notdog1996  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT discrimination in Alabama

?

LGBT discrimination in Alabama is illegal in some contexts.

Current status
Since Oct 16, 2017
Illegal in some contexts
There is full discrimination protections in the city of Birmingham, Montevallo. Full state employment discrimination protections pending. Also protected under Section VII, as well under the case of Glenn v. Brumby.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Until Oct 16, 2017
No protections
No protections against discrimination.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT employment discrimination in Alabama

?

LGBT employment discrimination in Alabama is no protections.

Current status
No protections
As of 2022, there are no legal protections for people who are LGBT in regards to employment.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Oct 16, 2017–Aug 7, 2018
Ambiguous
In the city of Birmingham, Montevallo. Full state employment discrimination protections pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

LGBT housing discrimination in Alabama

?

LGBT housing discrimination in Alabama is no protections.

Current status
No protections
This state does not provide any legal protections from discrimination based upon sexual orientation or gender identification.

However, the Human Rights Campaign states, "The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires grantees and participants of HUD programs to comply with local and state non-discrimination laws that include sexual orientation and gender identity. HUD also prohibits inquiries regarding the sexual orientation or gender identity of a prospective tenant or applicant for assisted housing in every state (March 2012)."
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Oct 16, 2017–Aug 6, 2018
Ambiguous
City protections in the city of Birmingham and Montevallo.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Same-sex adoption in Alabama

?

Same-sex adoption in Alabama is single only.

Current status
Single only
Single Parent Adoption: married individuals wishing to adopt must be in a male-female marriage. An LGBT individual may adoption if they are unmarried. See Alabama State Statute § 26-10A-5.
Joint Adoption: Illegal for same-sex couples.
Second Parent Adoption: No legal under hostile Alabama case law regarding same-sex, second parent adoption. See Ex parte J.M.F., 730 So.2d 1190(Ala. 1998)
Sources:
hrc.org/states/alabama
www.lambdalegal.org/states-region/alabama
Alabama § 26-10A-5
Ex PArte J.M.F., 730 So.2d 1190(Ala. 1998)
Added by imullin01  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Feb 1, 2015–Sep 20, 2018
Single only
Under state law only.
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Serving openly in military in Alabama

?

Serving openly in military in Alabama is legal.

Current status
Since Sep 20, 2011
Legal
Don't Ask, Don't Tell is officially repealed throughout the United States, and gays and lesbians may openly serve.
Added by imullin01  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Blood donations by MSMs in Alabama

?

Blood donations by MSMs in Alabama is banned (3-month deferral).

Current status
Since Apr 2, 2020
Banned (3-month deferral)
Blood donation centers follow the new FDA 3-month deferral guidance.
Added by JerofDoorhandle  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Dec 21, 2015–Apr 2, 2020
Banned (1-year deferral)
Blood donation centers followed the non-binding FDA one year deferral guidance.
Added by JerofDoorhandle  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

1983–Dec 21, 2015
Banned (indefinite deferral)
Ban on blood donations from MSMs applies to any man who has had sex, even once, with another man on or after January 1, 1977.
Added by imullin01  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Conversion therapy in Alabama

?

Conversion therapy in Alabama is not banned.

Current status
Not banned
Alabama government passed “Negative law“ preventing any future bans.
Added by imullin01  ·  0 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Sep 7, 2016–Aug 9, 2018
Not banned
Conversion therapy ban pending.
Added by Ausyk  ·  1 accurate vote  ·  Report Error  ·  Log

Equal age of consent in Alabama

?

Equal age of consent in Alabama is equal.

Current status
Equal
Added by Ausyk  ·  2 accurate votes  ·  Report Error  ·  Log